John Hopwood Bleazard
(1803 - 1871)

by Joan Bleazard Thomas
(This is definitely not a finished product and if you have suggestions corrections or additions to make the pages more accurate and useful for us and our descendants, please get in touch with me.)




EARLY LIFE OF JOHN HOPWOOD BLEAZARD, 1803 to 1840

1803 - John Hopwood Bleazard was born 22 February 1803, and (chr) on 26 February 1803 in Newton Yorkshire, England. 

John's father was Robert Bleazard who was born about 1 May 1768 in Newton, Yorkshire, England. Robert Bleazard died in 1841 in Slaidburn, Yorkshire, England at age 63.

                                                                                                                                                                                     


John's father's (Robert Bleazard) parents were John Bleazard (chr) 22 March 1740, and Matty (Mattie) Parsons (b) about 1746 (England). John's great grandfather was Joshua Bleazard b 1715 in Slaidburn, m. Dorothy Brennand in Slaidburn; this Joshua's father was also named Joshua Bleazard b. 8 Sept 1689 in Slaidburn, m. Maria Dodgshon in 1712, d. April 1720; and this Joshua's father was the Robert Bleazard b 1649, d 1692 (age 43) who married Ann Foart in Slaidburn about 1688. Ann Foart b. 1649, d. 1691 (age 42).; this Robert Bleazard's father was Richard Bleazard b. 1640, married Agnes, their children were born in Slaidburn. Richard died in 1702-1704.

 

John's mother was Ann Hopwood and she was born on 13 July 1777 in Newton Slaidburn, Yorkshire England, and his maternal grandparents were James Hopwood who was born March 21, 1741 and Margaret Smith who was born in 1744.

Ann Hopwood (Bleazard) died on 29 June 1833 in Newton, Yorkshire, England at age 55.

Chris Spencer emailed Stan Thomas on February 10, 2010. 

"...The Bleazards are numerous in Slaidburn post 1725, and it is tricky to work out the genealogy. I've done some preliminary work on them in the past, but I feel this family really needs some dedicated time assigning to it to fully explore the various lines, say, 1700 to 1850.

The Ribble Valley, to the east of Preston, was fertile territory in the 1830s onwards for recruiting members for the Latter Day Saints... 

I deposited a large bundle of deeds in the Lancashire Record Office a few years ago relating to Bleazard's farm at Easington, Slaidburn. The Bleazards all originate from Easington pre 1730 or so. They appear in Slaidburn as early as the 1620s and may have migrated from the Garstang/Cockerham areas of Lancashire.

Well, I hope this is of some help to you. Please do let me know about the dates for Robert Bleazard, as I'd like to confirm his identity here in the Slaidburn records."

Elaine Bleazard Buckley lived in New Mills, England in 2000/2001. Elaine mailed the following postcards with pictures of the St. Andrews Church in Slaidburn, and photos of Slaidburn. Elaine and I became Facebook friends in 2009.

   

Elaine wrote this on the back of the St Andrews Church/Slaidburn postcard:

"17 Feb 2001

Dear Joan:

At last a photo of the awesome village from where the Bleazards originated in England. We now have the same relatives. Jane, one of my Greats, was a sister of Robert Bleazard who married Ann Hopwood ... Also going back we have the same Greats in Robert Bleazard who married Agnes Foart. Enjoy the info and imagine the families being there. This is the Church where they were all (born), christened, married, etc. Love, Elaine."
 
Robert and Ann Hopwood Bleazard married on the 26 September 1797 in Slaidburn, St. Andrews, York, England. They were the parents of (11 children ?) and John Hopwood Bleazard was their 3rd child.

Robert and Ann's children (John Hopwood Bleazard's siblings) were: Mary chr 28 Oct 1799, buried 28 March 1800; James chr. 11 Jan 1801 married Nancy Howell (or Nowell ?) 24 Sep 1821; John Hopwood chr. 26 Feb 1803 and died January 12-13, 1871; Robert Jr. chr 21 Oct 1805 married Ellen Simpson 30 Aug 1828; Joshua chr 2 Feb 1807; Ann and Mark (twins) chr. 7 Oct 1810; Molly chr 3 June 1816 and Margaret and Jane (twins) chr 17 Oct 1819.   (John's siblings names and birthdays vary on records. Joseph is mentioned b 1792, Joshua Chr 2 Feb 1807 and a William )


WIFE #1. SARAH NOWEL or Nowell

John was 19 years old and his first wife, Sarah Nowel, was 17 years old when they married.  They were married on 21 December 1922 in the lovely St. Andrews Church in Slaidburn, Yorkshire, England.  

* Joan has not changed the dates/spellings in the following information provided by Jennifer Banks.  Jennifer uses the spelling of the last name as Blazzard. The correct spelling of the name at that time would have been Bleazard.  Children of John's 3rd wife, Sarah Searcy Miller, changed the spelling from Bleazard to Blazzard about the time of John's death in 1871, and the spelling was Blazzard in Court documents when Sarah Searcy's children were Plaintiffs in action relating to John's Will in the 1890s.   

Jennifer Banks on her Family Group Records provides the following information about John Hopwood and Sarah Newell Bleazard.

"Sarah Newell was born 6 February 1801 in Newton, Western Yorkshire, England; and died before 31 January 1846. John and Sarah married about 1819 Of Yorkshire, England.

Their children are listed as:

Robert Blazzard, Chr. 24 April 1825 at Slaidburn, Yorkshire, England

(This child noted as over age 8 in Nauvoo First Ward list. List probably made in spring 1842)

Sarah Ann Blazzard, Born in Newton, Yorkshire, England; Chr. 21 Dec 1828 at Slaidburn, Yorkshire, England; married Philander Jackson Perry on 9 August 1841 at Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois; Died 16 February 1849 at Montrose, Lee, Iowa.

(This child noted as over age 8 in Nauvoo First Ward list. List probably made in spring 1842)

John Blazzard, Born about 1834 Of Yorkshire, England

(This child is noted as under age 8 on Nauvoo First Ward list. List probably made in spring of 1842)

Eliza Blazzard, Born about 1836 Of Yorkshire, England

(This child is noted as under age 8 on Nauvoo First Ward list. List probably made in spring of 1842)

Elijah Blazzard, Born about 1838" 

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10 November 2013  -THE FOLLOWING IS WHAT I CONCLUDE IS THE NAME OF JOHN HOPWOOD BLEAZARD'S WIFE #1. (joan thomas)

On Page 138 under Marriages in The Registers of the Parish Church of St. Andrew, Slaidburn - Lancashire (Yorkshire Pre-1974) as transcribed and edited by C. J. Spencer BSc, ARCS - R. H. Postlethwaite is the following:  

Dec. 21, 1822 (No. 168) John Bleazard, carpenter, & Sarah (x) Nowel, spinster, were married by H.P. (Henry Wiglesworth, rector), itpo: (in the presence of) Isaac Tomlinson, Robert Hopwood.  

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Other persons have suggested her name may have been different. but I will correct her name to Sarah Nowel. 

SARAH NOWEL

On Page 138 under Marriages in The Registers of the Parish Church of St. Andrew, Slaidburn - Lancashire (Yorkshire Pre-1974) as transcribed and edited by C. J. Spencer BSc, ARCS - R. H. Postlethwaite is the following:  

"Dec. 21, 1822 (No. 168) John Bleazard, carpenter, & Sarah (x) Nowel, spinster, were married by H.P. (Henry Wiglesworth, rector), itpo: (in the presence of) Isaac Tomlinson, Robert Hopwood. 

***Jerry Shepherd provided John and Sarah's marriage date from the "Bishop's Transcripts of Slaidburn, Family History Library film number 919158  (FHL919158)"  

SARAH ANN is the name used by Bertha Bleazard Miles in her stories. 

SARAH EVELYN NOWELL is listed as John's Wife #1 on Ancestry.com records found by Stan Thomas on 01.11.2011.  

SARAH ANN NEWELL is the name of Wife #1 in "Sarah Searcy and Martha Ann Miller: Their Marriages and Children" by Jennifer DeAnn Johnson Banks, 2006, page 14.

SARAH ANN NOWELL is Wife #1 in Steve Pogue's email dated July 28, 2008 "my understanding and research indicates that Sarah Ann Nowell was his first wife, the mother of Robert and Sarah, and the one who accompanied him to the US."

ANN KNOWELLS is Wife #1 in Kate Curtis' Sketch about John's life,  15 June 1964. 


HISTORY OF COMMON FOLKS IN ENGLAND BETWEEN 1803 and 1840:

The lives of the common people in England was very difficult during the middle of the nineteenth century.  Men would work twelve to fifteen hours a day for a wage too small for basic necessities.

Kate Curtis, a granddaughter of JHB and Wife #3, Sarah Searcy Miller, quotes from "Political and Social History of Europe" by Hayes:

"The city of Manchester was full of starved factory workers, and in the country of Lancashire there were great manufacturing towns where men, women and children hurried out of ill-drained hovels and through snow and slush on dark streets to get to the cotton mill.

"Children, some four years old, were employed for sixteen hours a day to hold bobbins or skeins in the cotton factory. An overseer walked up and down the aisles lashing out with a long whip to keep overtired men, women and children awake and working.

"They returned at night to the cheerless one-room windowless hovels, with their damp dirt floors and with their leaky thatched roofs sagging and dripping water.

"The winter nights were bitterly cold and fuel was expensive. Many people of the poor class went to bed hungry and shivering on their bed which was a pile of straw.

"The peasants in Europe had no voice in making laws but they were liable for heavy fines and even capital punishment for breaking laws. They had no voice in the levying of taxes but bore the burden of paying taxes. They paid outrageous fees for the use of a Lord's mill to grind their grist or heavy tolls to cross a bridge or to use a wine press. They were hauled into court for imagined offenses. They worked on roads without pay and went hungry while fat deer ran in every yard. The deer could not be killed because the masters used them for the dogs and for the chase.

"It is family history that our paternal grandfather's brother, William Bleazard, was banished to the penal colony in far off Australia for poaching on the King's domain.

"The peasants paid the heaviest of triple taxes to the Lord, to the Church and to the King. To the Lord went three days labor a week and portions of grain and poultry. To the Church went a one-twelfth or a one-fifteenth tithe and to the King was paid a salt tax, a property tax and a food tax.

"With the best of harvest the families could barely survive. They ate the coarsest of bread and little of that. Meat was a luxury and delicacies were for the rich. The starving peasants in some parts tried to appease hunger with roots and herbs and in hard times succumbed to famine by the thousands.

"Surely if ever a country needed reform, it was Great Britain at that time. The country was filled with paupers maintained by the taxes. Poor people might be shut up in work-houses and see their children carted off to factories. Sailors were kidnapped for the Royal Navy. The farm hand was practically bound to the soil like a serf. Over 200 offenses such as stealing a shilling or cutting down an apple tree were punishable by death. Religious intolerance flourished. Quakers were imprisoned and Roman Catholics removed from office and Parliament."

Kate Curtis concludes with: "These adverse conditions in England and over most of Europe caused restlessness and discontent among the poor and made America in general and the Utah (Mormon) Church in particular seem like a haven of rest and prosperity as it was presented by the Utah missionaries.

"As a young man in England, John Hopwood Bleazard worked as a wheelwright and he was also a ship carpenter. Her was apprenticed out in his youth where he learned these trades and skills. Little is known about his life as a child in his parent's home or until he was approached by missionaries and converted to Mormonism."

Bertha Bleazard Miles writes about John Hopwood Bleazard, her grandfather:

"The first that I was able to find recorded about my grandfather, JHB, was his meeting with the Mormon leaders on July 1837. A group of Mormon leaders were called to go to England and open a Mission and Apostle Heber C. Kimball was called as President of the Mission and others called were Orson Hyde, Willard Richards and Joseph Fielding. They were joined in New York by John Goodson, Isaac Russell and John Snyder. They sailed from New York on the ship 'Garick' in July 1837 and they were penniless when they arrived in Liverpool, England."

"Kimball, Hyde and five other missionaries arrived in Preston, England on July 22, 1837. These early missionaries lived in rooms on Wilfrid Street. One of the missionaries, Joseph Fielding, had a brother, Reverend James Fielding, who allowed the missionaries to preach to his congregation in the Vauxhall Chapel three days after their arrival in Preston. It was the first public speaking opportunity for the missionaries in England. Seven days later they baptized nine people.

Elaine Bleazard provided the following information in May 2009:

"...the town of Preston where he (John Hopwood Bleazard) was converted to being a Mormon now has a Mormon Temple which was opened a couple of years ago." 

The missionaries soon rented "The Cook Pit" which was a large building in Preston where they held meetings and conferences. Joseph Fielding became President of the Mission. The first conference was held on December 25, 1837 and three hundred people were present.

1838. The second conference was held on April 1, 1838 and it is believed that John Hopwood Bleazard was present. It is recorded that JHB was one of the first persons to become a member of the CJCofLDS and many of the leaders of this Mission were lifelong friends of John.

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1840

The original of the following 'Letter of Commendation" is in the possession of Marie Johnson who shared it with us 05.28.2010. Marie writes, "The letter was in with my great Aunt Lydia's things. Lydia is Caleb Bleazard's daughter."  Caleb is the son of John Hopwood Bleazard.

Here are the words in the letter:

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN

This certifies that John Blazard has been received into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, organized by the will and commandment of God in the United States of America, on the Sixth Day of April, in the year our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty; and has been ordained an Elder in a branch of the same in Samlesbury England, according to the rules and regulations of the said church and is duly authorized to Preach the Gospel agreeably to the authority of that office, we, herefore, in the name, and by the authority of this Church, grant unto this our Brother  in the Lord, this letter of commendation as a proof of our fellowship and esteem, praying for his success and prosperity in our Redeemer's cause.

Given under our hands at Manchester this 7th Day of July in the year of our Lord 1840.

P. P Pratt  Pres.

Wm. Clayton  Clerk 


Marie Johnson on 05.29.2010 writes, "I have a copy of the TIB card which gives JHB's baptism as 18 May 1851 in Nauvoo. The endowment date is 28 January 1846.  We know that is not the original baptism date."  The above letter proves he was a member of the CJCofLDS on 7 July 1840.  His baptism was likely in 1838. 

John was baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and his obituary states he was baptized in 1836 under the hands of Parley P. Pratt.  History of the early missionaries in England suggests they arrived in Preston, England in July 1837 and some have said that John may have been baptized during the 2nd Conference of the Mission held in 1838. Regardless, he was one of the first persons in England to become a member of the CJCofLDS.

1840. John was ordained a Priest in Preston, England on April 15, 1840 by the Mission President Joseph Fielding.  He was ordained an Elder 6 July 1840 by Brigham Young. Brigham Young asked for volunteers to serve as missionaries and "John Bleazard" volunteered and he was appointed to serve his Mission at Cornslaw on July 2, 1840.

The Mormon leaders at this time were suggesting that new converts,  "Prepare to come (to Utah) by the tens of thousands and to think not that your way is going to be opened to come in chariots and that you will immediately feast on the fat of the land. We have been willing to live on bread and water and many times and for years there was not much bread. We wanted to search out and then to plant the Saints in a goodly land...and we now invite you to a feast on fat things and in a land (Utah) that will supply all your wants with reasonable labor. Therefore let all who can procure a bit of bread and a garment for their back to do so, and be assured that there is water and it is plenty and pure (in Utah)." History of Utah, by Bancroft

John Hopwood Bleazard

LEAVING LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND FOR NAUVOO, ILLINOIS (earlier known as Commerce).

1840

Bertha Bleazard Miles writes: "John Hopwood Bleazard sailed from Liverpool, England on September 8, 1840 on the ship North America,… and the U.S. Census listed his family as: John H. Bleazard age 42; Sarah Ann age 40 and children Ann age 18; Robert age 15; Peter age 12, John age 3 and Elijah, an infant."  They arrived in Nauvoo (Commerce), Illinois on November 24, 1840. 

Mark Hopwood Bleazard, John's son, left a note saying that Sarah had 8 children and 2 were stillborn. He listed the eight children as Ann, Robert, Peter, Joshua, Sarah, Fanny, Elijah, Jarad and 2 stillborn.

From this it appears that 5 of their 8 children came to America with John and Sarah in 1840, with three either not living or perhaps they remained in England. Joshua, Sarah, Fanny and Jarad are not listed on the Census.

Kate Curtis writes:

"The members of his family who came to American with him is uncertain. In addition to Sarah (#1 wife) and her children, Mark Hopwood Bleazard wrote in his diary that his father, John Hopwood Bleazard, brought a wife named Ann and a young daughter named Ann. It may also be that he was accompanied by two sons and two daughters, Robert, John, Mattie and Ann. Two of them, Robert and Ann, once visited Sarah Searcy and John H. Bleazard in Salt Lake City. The grown children probably remained in the East and came West at a later date."

John and Sarah Bleazard's destination when they left Liverpool England in 1840 was Nauvoo (Commerce) Illinois in America.

From William Clayton's Diary:( http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/WClayton40-42.html/ ) It is clear that John and his first wife, Sarah, and their children were on the ship North America and that it sailed from Liverpool, England on September 8, 1840. What follows are excerpts from the Clayton Diary that leads me to conclude John was on this ship. Mr. Clayton's entire Diary and information regarding the journey is a good read. Mr. Clayton writes:

"…September 7, 1840. Breakfast at Perkins. Sister Jane Hardman sent me a watch guard and four penny - box to remember her by. Brother Thomas Miller gave me a new hat. Left Perkins about eleven for railway. Was obliged to get a cab in St. Ann's Square. Was a few minutes too late at the office. Went to Mr. Thompson's where I took dinner. She gave me a glass of wine. Took first carriage at two. Arrived at Liverpool a little after three o'clock. When I arrived at the ship I found Elder Richards. He seemed to object to my going. This gave me some trouble; I was yet very poorly. At night preparations was made for sailing on the morrow. Ship North America, Captain Lowbar."

From Clayton's Diary: "…October 12, 1840 Monday. This p.m. a lighter came to the ships side into which we put our luggage. We slept on board the North America again.…"

According to Clayton's Diary November 24, 1840 was the date of the end of the journey from Liverpool England to Commerce (Nauvoo),

Clayton writes: "...November 24, 1840 Tuesday. This a.m. Elder Turley having been in company with a man from Commerce said that if any choose to walk that man would conduct them at which William Poole myself and several others went along with him by land to Commerce where we arrived at about 12 o'clock. We called at the upper stone house and found Sister Garner from Manchester. They had arrived about one week previous having been six months on their way. We then went to Sister Hyrum Clarks and on our way called at Francis Moon's. After we had been here a little while we perceived Elder Turley and some others coming. Knowing then that the boat had arrived we returned to the boat and after taking a little dinner we proceeded according to the appointment of Committee to move our luggage to a new house on the banks of the Mississippi River. Thus ended a journey of over 5000 miles having been exactly 11 weeks and about 10 hours between leaving Liverpool and arriving at our journey's end. We had been much exposed to cold weather and suffered many deprivations and disconveniences yet through the mercy of God we landed safe and in good health with the exception of two persons one of whom died soon after landing. We were pleased to find ourselves once more at home and felt to praise God for His goodness. We did not get all our luggage unloaded that night and having no fire we concluded to take the invitation of Brother Henry Moore and stay overnight at his house. He kindly gave us our breakfast the following morning. We slept on the floor.

"On the morning of the 25th we proceeded to unload the remainder of our luggage. Brother Thompson lent us a small stove. The house being small for 14 of us viz William Poole and family, Richard Jenkinson and wife, Mary Ware and my father-in-law's family and my family; we was some crowded but we were pretty comfortable." (William Poole, mentioned in Clayton's diary, may have been the brother or a relative of John's 2nd wife, Elizabeth Betsy Miller Poole [Bleazard]. Her husband was Daniel Poole and he had remained in England.)

The following from the Clayton Diary provides further proof that JHB was on the ship North America that left Liverpool England on September 8, 1840.

Clayton writes,

"...March 26, 1841 Friday. I went over the river to see Brother Ripley and ask his council. I called at the store and made Joseph acquainted with the circumstance who ordered Brother Thompson to write a few lines to Bishop Ripley in his name requesting him to take the matter into his own hands and appear with me before the justice. I saw Brother Ripley who said I need trouble myself no further he would see to it. I would here state that during the past few months I have had much trouble concerning the boat which was made at Dixonville. I have repeatedly endeavored to see Mr. Benbow who owns one half of it and settle with him but have yet been disappointed. He has been for council to Brother Law and has divided the boat and taken away his share. Soon as I learned this I also went to Brother Law for council who advised me to get two men to value the portion of the boat which fell to us and then charge the whole company with the whole of the deficiency.

"This I immediately attended to and made out bills for all our own family taking an equal share of the loss. Some of the accounts I took in and the first man who complained was John Blezard. He did not believe it was a just debt and did not intend to pay except others did etc. His conduct since has fully proved that he does not intend to pay for he has been insolent both to myself and Lydia and her mother who have been to ask repeatedly for the money. But hitherto we can get no satisfaction whether he will pay or no."

 

LIFE IN NAUVOO, ILLINOIS (aka COMMERCE):

In 1824, a Fox Indian village, located on land that became Nauvoo, was sold for 200 sacks of corn. The area was laid out and named Commerce. Commerce saw little success until 1839 when Joseph Smith purchased 135 acres of swamp land along a horseshoe bend in the Mississippi River. Smith changed the name of Commerce to Nauvoo, which is Hebrew for "beautiful situation."

More than 5,000 Mormons arrived at Nauvoo in 1839. (John Hopwood Bleazard and wife #1, Sarah, and children arrived in 1840). They drained the swampy land and began building Nauvoo. Mormon missionaries were responsible for bringing several thousand new converts to Nauvoo. By 1842 the population had reached 15,000. Nauvoo had more than 8,000 homes, its own government, schools, and militia and by 1845 it was the largest city in Illinois with more than 20,000 residents.

John and Sarah lived in the Nauvoo 5th Ward where Edward Hunter was Bishop. (*Jennifer Banks, Page 15)

John's 1st wife, Sarah Evelyn Nowell Bleazard, died in Nauvoo. (Please! please! someone give me information about this woman and some documentation or source for her name. thanks, Joan Thomas.)

 Wife #2 ELIZABETH BETSY MILLER POOLE (BLEAZARD) was born 19 November 1805 at Dublin, Ireland, a daughter of Charles Miller and Ann Dutton. In 1838 Betsy joined the Church but her husband, Daniel Poole, did not join the Church. In 1840 Betsy left Daniel in England and brought their three children with her to Nauvoo. (I do not know if Betsy and her children came to Nauvoo on the same ship 'North America' that John and Sarah and children were on.) Betsy and John married in 1840 and the ceremony was held on an island in the Mississippi River opposite Nauvoo. John and Betsy were both excommunicated for a brief time in 1843 because it was found that Betsy remained legally married to Daniel Poole. Their membership in the CJCofLDS was reinstated. Betsy died in Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois in October 1843, and as far as known, no children resulted from this union. 

1841

Bertha Bleazard Miles writes: "...The Nauvoo Temple records have two lists of people that John did temple work for. He was baptized in the River for both males and females. The Temple was not completed in 1841.  Baptism for the dead was not understood then as it is now. They told me at the Genealogical Library that John's work would all have to be done over."

John Hopwood Bleazard was baptized for some of his relatives in the Mississippi River in 1841. The names and relationships of those for whom he was baptized are in the NAUVOO TEMPLE BOOK.

TEMPLE BOOK A, Page 14:

TEMPLE BOOK A, 75:
JOHN HOPWOOD BLEAZARD JOHN HOPWOOD BLEAZARD

Ann Hopwood Bleazard - Son* (Bertha Miles Bleazard listed Ann as Son. She may be John's daughter?)

Betty Bleazard - Niece

James Bleazard - Cousin

James Bleazard - Nephew

John Bleazard - Nephew

Joshua Bleazard - Nephew

John Bleazard - Grandson

Joshua Bleazard - Grand Nephew

Jushua Bleazard - Brother

Marcy Bleazard - Brother

Mattey Bleazard - Granddaughter

Peter Bleazard - Nephew

Robert Bleazard - Son * (Bertha Miles Bleazard lists Robert as "Son." He may be John's father or is son)             

James Hopwood - Grandson

Margaret Hopwood - Granddaughter

Mark Hopwood - Nephew

Ginny Hopwood - Niece

Phoebe Hopwood - Niece

Thomas Winter (A 174) - Grand Nephew

Joshua Parsons (A 124) - Nephew

Molly Parsons - Niece

Thomas Carr (A 22) - Nephew

Margaret Carr - Niece

Marcy Carr - Cousin

 

 

 

 

WIFE #3 - SARAH SEARCY MILLER 

1843 

John Hopwood Bleazard's 3rd wife was Sarah Searcy Miller. She was born on March 15, 1815 in Rutherford, North Carolina. John and Sarah were married in Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois by Willard Richards in November 1843. John and wife #3, Sarah Searcy Miller, had six children.  They were later sealed while living at Winter Quarters and at the same time Sarah's daughter, Mary Jane Miller, was sealed to John. 

Sarah Searcy Miller's (Bleazard) children changed the spelling of Bleazard to Blazzard.

In the book about the Mormon Redress Petitions, the names of John Blezard and Sarah Blezard appear on the Scroll Petition dated November 28, 1843. The petition was sent to Congress asking for redress for the wrongs experienced by the Latter-day Saints in Missouri.  

John played a clarinet in the Nauvoo Brass Band.

1844

In 1844, Joseph and Hyrum Smith were killed while incarcerated in the Carthage jail. The Nauvoo Brass Band went before the wagon that was carrying their bodies, and as they "lay in state" the Band played outside the house.

In 1844,  John "operated a saw pit."

While living in Commerce/Nauvoo, John served in the Nauvoo Legion.

1845

John was a member of the 11th Quorum of the Seventies (P. 73)

Dorcas Searcy Blazzard,- (John and Sarah Searcy's first child) was born 24 September 1845 in Nauvoo (SSM/JHB  #1 child)

At the bottom of the Blessing after "Amen" is written: City of Joseph, July 27, 1845. (Check the 1st paragraph and note the date April 3, 1847 ? - I believe the date of the Blessing is July 27, 1845 because they were not in Nauvoo in 1847, maybe it was recorded on April 3, 1847 ? - jbt)

HEART THROBS OF THE WEST, by Carter. Volume 7: (Joan wonders if this John Smith is the same person who officiated at the first (civil) marriage of Mary Jane Miller to John Hopwood Bleazard?)

A Patriarchal blessing by John Smith given July 27, 1845 in Nauvoo.  (Recorded in Book D Page 60, No. 189) A Blessing given upon the head of John Hopwood, son of Robert and Ann Hopwood Bleazard, born February 26, 1803, Newton, Yorkshire, England:

BROTHER JOHN, I lay my hands upon Thy head as a Patriarch in the Church of Jesus Christ and in His name I seal a Father's blessing upon thee. Thou art of the House of Jacob, through the loins of Joseph. Thine inheritance and priesthood has been in reserve for thee through thy fathers for many generations; and they have sought diligently to obtain the blessing even the fullness of the gospel which thou hast received, and they were not able because darkness covered the earth. God hath brought thee to a knowledge of these things and sealed on thee the Holy Priesthood to make thee a saviour on Mount Zion to gather together the remnants of Jacob and to preach the gospel to many nations, bringing thousands into the Church of Jesus Christ, to lead them to Zion with mighty power and with much riches to beautify the place. Also, to redeem thy father's house and bring them up in the morning of the Resurrection clear back to when they died in the gospel, joining the dispensation of the fullness of times with every dispensation of the Gospel which has been committed to man, and thou shall be blessed abundantly in all thy labors So mighty miracles, even to removing every obstacle which comes in thy way for no power shall stay thy hand. Thy posterity shall become very numerous and continue to increase forever; thy years shall be multiplied upon thee according to thy desire, and no good thing shall be withheld from thee, if thy faith does not fail These words shall all be fulfilled, even so Amen.

City of Joseph, July 27 1845

 

1846

On February 9, 1846 and at Brigham Young's request, the Nauvoo Brass Band members assembled in the upper room of the Nauvoo Temple to play. 

The Mormons came to Nauvoo/Commerce in search of religious freedom and experienced it for several years before the persecution began. After their leader, Joseph Smith, was murdered by an anti-Mormon mob, for survival the group concluded that it was time to travel West in search of a new location.  Nauvoo was abandoned in 1846 with the majority of Mormons leaving for Utah under the direction of Brigham Young. It was February 11, 1846 when the first group left Nauvoo with Young, and they crossed the frozen Mississippi River. The Nauvoo Brass Band crossed with them and as they traveled, the Band stopped at settlements and played, earning money for the journey. The musicians also provided nightly entertainment for the pioneer travelers.

While living in Nauvoo, John Hopwood Bleazard was able to get together wagons and a good 'outfit' for the anticipated move to the Salt Lake Valley.

WIFE #4 - MARY JANE MILLER.  (Civil ceremony in Nauvoo) 

Mary Jane Miller, Sarah Searcy Miller's daughter, was first married to John Hopwood Bleazard in a civil ceremony. Sarah Searcy (wife #3) may have also been married to him in Nauvoo in a 'civil' ceremony. Mary Jane says, " I was married more than once to Blazzard. The Smith who first married me to Blazzard was an old man, an Uncle of Joseph and Hyrum. I think they used to call him Uncle John Smith."

In her Court testimony in the 1880s, Mary Jane says she lived with John Blazzard as his wife for about five years and that they had two children. A daughter, Sarah Ann, was born 

October 14, 1849

 at Winter Quarters, and a "son" was born (about 1851) in Salt Lake and after she and her mother, Sarah Searcy, had left John. The Mother and Daughter wives shared a home after leaving John, and Mary Jane's son died. 

The family left Nauvoo (aka City of Joseph and aka Commerce) in about 1846 and shortly thereafter they arrived in Winter Quarters.


WINTER QUARTERS (CUTLER'S PARK) in NEBRASKA

1846 - Bancroft in his "History of Utah" describes the conditions at Winter Quarters as follows:

"These years were dreadful because of starvation, sickness and death. During the autumn months of the first year, 1846, more than one-third of the encampment was sick and not one escaped the fever. Some who were mortally ill staggered from tent to tent carrying water and food to others. For weeks the graves could not be dug fast enough to keep up with the dying people. One might see in the open tents wasted away women brushing flies away from the putrefying corpses of their dead children.

"Six hundred persons died at Winter Quarters from the 'fever' during the first year. The fever and typhoid scurvy and black canker caused deaths. They did not have much milk and few vegetables. The first relief they got was from a bag of potatoes that was brought from Missouri, and the sick were fed scraped raw potatoes a spoonful at a time."

Wikipedia about Winter Quarters:

"Winter Quarters, or Cutler's Park, was an encampment formed by approximately 3,500 members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as they awaited better conditions for their trek westward during the winter of 1846-1847. Over 800 shelters were built at the settlement, which was referred to as Cutler's Park by residents and Winter Quarters by later church officials. Located in present-day North Omaha, the settlement remained populated until 1848. In 1853, the town of Florence was established in the same area which was part of the Nebraska Territory by that point."

Wintering Saints had left their homes in Nauvoo, Illinois on relatively short notice and brought limited useful supplies. An influential non-Mormon Thomas L. Kane seeking to confer with LDS leadership regarding establishing a Mormon Battalion, received permission from the U.S. federal government for the troop to encamp in Omaha Tribe lands, including the site of Cutler's Park. Conditions at the settlement remained primitive, though efforts were made to provide shelter by building cabins and sod houses. One group of cabins became known as Kimball Row. It consisted of thirteen adjacent cabins, with the homes of church leaders Heber C. Kimball and Newel K. Whitney at either end. The Latter-day Saints actively traded with settlements in northern Missouri and Iowa, exchanging household goods and small amounts of cash for foodstuffs, such as hogs, grain and vegetables, and supplies for the emigration effort. Young Mormon men also produced such handcrafted items as willow baskets and washboards for sale. Church funds also allowed the community to build a much needed water-powered gristmill.

Peter Hansen drawing of Cutler's Park, Nebraska, 1846.

Even with trade, diet in the camp was mainly cornbread, salt bacon and a little milk, with occasional fresh game or domestic meat. Scurvy, known as "blackleg" during this period, became a major problem. Missouri potatoes and horseradish found at old Fort Atkinson helped ease the level of disease, but all residents lacked fresh vegetables in their diet. Tuberculosis (known as consumption), malaria, and unidentified fevers and chills also plagued the temporary settlement. Church member Louisa Barnes Pratt recalled in her memoirs:

"I hired a man to build me a sod cave. He took turf from the earth, laid it up, covered it with willow brush and sods. Built a chimney of the same. . .  I paid a five dollar gold piece for building my sod house, 10 x 12. . . . A long cold rain storm brought more severely again the chills and fever. These with scurvy made me helpless indeed! . . . Many of my friends sickened and died in that place, when I was not able to leave my room, could not go to their bedside to administer comfort to them in the last trying hours, not even to bid them farewell. Neither could I go to see their remains carried to their final resting place where it was thought I would shortly have to be conveyed."

Church records for the first summer do not contain information on disease victims, however later records indicate that, from mid-September 1846 to May 1848, disease caused the deaths of 359 residents.

These pages include information about residents of the Winter Quarters 1st Ward area. The 23 Winter Quarters wards were only in existence from 1846-1848:
Winter Quarters Ward 1 Residential Area (or copy/paste: http://winterquarters.byu.edu/pages/ward1/pafg01.htm 

In Winter Quarters were:  John Hopwood Bleazard, Sarah Searcy Miller (Miller children are by her first husband, James Miller), Mary Jane Miller, Martha Ann Miller, Elijah Miller, Samuel Robert Miller, John Miller, Jacob Miller; and Elizabeth Bleazard, Dorcas Searcy Bleazard, John Searcy Bleazard b. 24 Oct 1847 in Winter Quarters, Nebraska Territory and Mariam Bleazard b. 23 Dec 1849 in Winter Quarters, Nebraska Territory.

Brigham Young instructed John as follows: 
"Brother Bleazard, we need this outfit of yours so that needy immigrants can go on to the Salt Lake Valley. Let me have them. Some wagons and handcarts of the immigrants are broken and some of their oxen and teams have died. You can build other wagons and get together a new outfit and come to the Valley later."

Bertha Bleazard Miles writes, "John H. Bleazard was a wheelwright and he was left at Winter Quarters to fix and repair wagons because so many of the Saints had such poor outfits and were not able to make the trip over the mountains.  He obviously also made and repaired handcarts.  It was not until 1850 that John and his families left Winter Quarters to cross the plains to Salt Lake.

"Some of the family of his son, Robert, who now lives in Washington State claim that John was a very wealthy man and that he left Nauvoo with a fortune and with the very best of outfits. They say John passed right by his son, who lived in Kansas, and took his fortune to Salt Lake and used it to help build the Temple and Tabernacle.  They claim that Robert couldn't get along with his father and that he ran away from home and joined the army and fought in the Mexican War. Maybe he, John, was hard to get along with but he must have had some attractions to get nine wives and I hear lately that there were ten wives."

1847
John Searcy Blazzard was born 24 October 1847 in Winter Quarters, Nebraska Territory. (SSB/JHB  child #2)
1847 - "Joseph Herring threatens to get a bowie knife and kill John H. Bleazard"
1847 - June 27, 1847 "John H. Bleazard on trial for taking an oxen from a guard"

Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847 - 1868

1848

Source of Trail Excerpt: Bullock, Thomas, [Letter], Journal History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 29 May 1848.

This day Thomas Bullock also wrote from Elkhorn to Elder Willard Richards at Winter Quarters as follows:

"After much difficulty I am here. On the 2nd day's journey with the whole six yoke on the record wagon, one of [John] Mercer's and one of Blezard's oxen gave out and got stuck in the mud, had four fresh yoke to pull me over the Tapion. Three small yoke of Father [Isaac] Morley's pulled it up the steep hill west of the Tapion easy, but for the sick, poor team it was hard work. On Saturday the sick oxen were put together and the two odd steers put together and they went pretty well, but Brother [Daniel] Thomas is afraid they won't get through.
Pres. [Brigham] Young told me last night that part of my load must be cached up till the teams came from the mountains

January 28, 1848 "John H. Bleazard offers hand of friendship to Bishop Cairns."

(Joan is somewhat confused about the dates and facts of the civil marriages of JHB to Sarah Searcy and her daughter, Mary Jane. The civil ceremonies may have occurred in Nauvoo. The following Sealing ceremony appears to be well documented).

Mary Jane Miller
  (Bleazard) Hill, born 9 Jan 1832

WIFE #3 and WIFE #4 are SARAH SEARCY MILLER and her daughter, MARY JANE MILLER.  (1848. Winter Quarters Sealing Ceremony)

1848 - Mary Jane Miller (Wife #4), and her mother, Sarch Searcy Miller (Wife #3), were both sealed to John Hopwood Bleazard on March 16, 1848  (or was it March 30 ?) at Winter Quarters, Indian Territory (Holt County Missouri). They were sealed to JHB by President Brigham Young at 6:00pm, and the ceremony was witnessed by Wilford Woodruff and Willard Richards. At this time Mary Jane would have been 16 years old and JHB was 45 years old. 

In the "Life Sketch of John Hopwood Bleazard" Kate Curtis writes:
"I've heard through Uncle Mark's (Mark Hopwood Bleazard) line that Brigham Young promised John Hopwood Bleazard that Sarah Searcy's daughter, Mary Jane Miller, would be assigned to him as a plural wife if John agreed to stay at Winter Quarters and make and repair wagons for the Church."

Kate Curtis writes: "Mary Jane had two children by John Hopwood Bleazard. Sarah Jane was born October 14, 1849, and (a daughter Mary Ann was born in 1850 and died as an infant.")  See below: 

(Joan notes that in Mary Jane's testimony during the Court proceedings in the 1890s she mentions the birth of Sarah Jane at Winter Quarters, but states that her second child was a 'son' and that he was born in Salt Lake and after she had left Bleazard, and was living with her mother, Sarah Searcy. This is confusing -- Mary Jane was 88 years old when she testified in Court but I doubt that any mother would forget the facts about a child.  Joan believes that the Mary Ann mentioned by Kate Curtis is the 1st child of John and Lydia Davis.) 

1848 - Some of John's children claim that Brigham Young promised to assign another of Sarah Searcy's daughters, MARTHA ANN MILLER, to John. Martha Ann was younger than her sister, Mary Jane, and it is said that they were asked to wait until she "grew up a little more." 

In 1918 John and Sarah Searcy's son, Thomas Blazzard, is said to have told his children, including his daughter, Georgeanne Blazzard Jennings, many times that his father, John Hopwood Blazzard, had been assigned in marriage to both Mary Jane Miller and her sister Martha Ann Miller.

1849 - Martha's daughter, Sarah Jane Blazzard (perhaps not Sarah Jane Marsh), was born in October 1849 in Holt County Missouri.

Martha Ann Miller has recorded marriages and sealings and divorces to and from four men. She married James Henry Marsh in 1850; she married Isaac Hill August 28, 1851.  Sarah Ann was born eight months after Martha married Hill.  Martha married James P. Brown on November 15, 1858; and she married John Social Rolph in 1878.

Martha Ann's daughter, Sarah Ann, always believed that Martha's 1st husband, James Henry Marsh, was her father.

Georgeanne Blazzard Jennings writes that in a visit with her mother, Sarah Ann, that her mother told her and several other people that her mother, Martha Ann Miller, had called her to her room when she was near death and told her that Marsh was not her father, that her father was John Hopwood Blazzard.

Kate Curtis wrote: "...Ma said that these two girls, Mary and Martha, were beautiful and that Martha was in love with a young man about her own age and was crazy about him. She wouldn't give him up when commanded to do so by the Priesthood. The young man disappeared and she never saw him again. A few years later, a young man's body was found in an old cellar and it was thought to be the body of the young man, but positive identification was not possible."

John and his families stayed at Winter Quarters for over three years and John worked building and repairing wagons, equipment and handcarts, and did his duties in the Church and took care of his families. It has been written that it was his testimony and his faith in the Church and in Brigham Young and other leaders that caused JHB and others to do whatever was asked of them whether it was time, money or anything else. Some have said that it was as if God, himself, was asking - it was the Law and the Gospel."

1849 - Mariam Blazzard was born 23 December 1849 in Winter Quarters, Nebraska Territory. (SSM/JHB child #3)

1850 

John Hopwood Blazzard and his family(ies) left Winter Quarters June 14-16, 1850 and they reached the Salt Lake Valley five months later on October 14, 1850

Narrative:
In early 1850, Church leaders advised emigrants that pioneer companies would travel on a new route on the south side of the Platte River. By taking this new route they avoided some river crossings on the north side that had proved dangerous because of high water in the previous year. They also expected to receive additional military protection on a new army supply road. This was a factor in their decision because they wanted to avoid conflict with the Plains Indians, who had been agitated during the 1849 California gold rush. The 200-mile long army road connected "Old Fort Kearny," located 50 miles below Kanesville on the Missouri River, to "New Fort Kearny" following the south side of the Platte River to the west. 

Outfitted emigrants traveled 18 miles south from Kanesville on the east bank of the Missouri River to the Bethlehem Ferry (across the river from present-day Plattsmouth, Nebraska). In mid-June they began ferrying over and assembling on the west bank of the river. Wilford Woodruff called the camp together and organized the company on June 21. The next day 209 people and 44 wagons started out, following the Plattsmouth-Fort Kearny trail south. After crossing Weeping Water Creek they followed a new trail west where they connected with the northward-arching new military road, which became known as the Ox-Bow Trail. 

The company was somewhat spread out with the 1st and 2nd Fifties led by Leonard Hardy and Edson Whipple. Elder Woodruff, traveling with the 1st Fifty, crossed Salt Creek on June 28. After leaving Salt Creek they turned west on a cutoff trail (near present-day Swedesburg, Nebraska). All of the companies except Andrus used this cutoff (which passed near present-day David City and Bellwood, Nebraska). This cutoff trail, which bypassed the Cottonwood/Wahoo Creek drainage, saved them 12 miles. On this shortcut route, they reached the Platte about 20 miles west of the regular route taken earlier by Andrus. During this early leg of the journey, a number of people died from cholera. 

The two divisions reunited on July 7 on the Platte. They followed the south bank of the Platte River a hundred miles west past Grand Island, where they joined with the Oregon Trail coming north from Missouri. At this juncture they continued 15 more miles to "New Fort Kearny", which they reached on July 15, although army reserved grazing rights and companies weren't permitted to camp within a mile of the fort. On this day they were visited by a tremendous thunderstorm, and lightning killed three oxen and one member of the company. They continued up the south side and miraculously escaped any serious accident or wagon breakage during an exciting wagon stampede on July 30. The next day they reached the Upper Crossing of the South Platte (located about three miles west of present-day Brule, Nebraska). They finished crossing here on August 1 and followed a long dry ridge for 20 miles to Ash Hollow on the south bank of the North Platte. 

From Ash Hollow they traveled up the Platte River, arriving at Fort Laramie on August 18. Leaving there, they skirted the Black Hills by taking the river road. They were delayed some days looking for lost cattle but reached the Upper Crossing (at present-day Casper, Wyoming) on September 3. Along much of the road west from Fort Laramie until they reached the Sweetwater, they found little grass, which caused their cattle to wander and slowed their pace. They reached Devil's Gate on September 8. On September 14 they bypassed the established road over the Rocky Ridges by veering to the north through a draw. This variant road, scouted out by J.A. Stratton and three other men who were sent out by Brigham Young to locate better routes and help guide the companies to the Salt Lake Valley, it reportedly had an abundance of feed and water. Unfortunately, Elder Woodruff found no feed or water and said that companies should not take that road. 

They rejoined the established road just east of Rock Creek. One day west of South Pass they met with a war party of 500 Snake Indians, but were able to avoid conflict. They crossed the Green River on September 23 and reached Fort Bridger on September 27. Some in the 1st Fifty began murmuring, Elder Woodruff advised that division to move on ahead of them to the valley. Woodruff's Fifty found the road very rough between Big and Little Mountain but reached Salt Lake on October 14. Deaths in the company numbered at least 17, many from cholera.


Wilford Woodruff Company 1850
Persons known to have traveled with this Company were:

Bleazard, John Hopwood (46); Bleazard, Sarah Searcy (35); Bleazard, Mary Jane Miller (18) and her daughter, Sarah Ann Bleazard (1); Bleazard, Dorcas Searcy (5); Bleazard, John Searcy (2) and Bleazard, Mariam (infant)

Sarah's daughter, Martha Miller, MAY have also been with this company. (Martha birthed a daughter named Sarah Ann, in 1852).

 1850 Wilford Woodruff Company, Departure: 14-16 June 1850

Arrival in Salt Lake Valley: 14 October 1850
Company Information: About 209 individuals and about 44 wagons were in the company when it began its journey from the outfitting post at Kanesville, Iowa (present day Council Bluffs).

In early 1850, Church leaders advised emigrants that pioneer companies would travel on a new route on the south side of the Platte River. By taking this new route they avoided some river crossings on the north side that had proved dangerous because of high water in the previous year. They also expected to receive additional military protection on a new army supply road. This was a factor in their decision because they wanted to avoid conflict with the Plains Indians, who had been agitated during the 1849 California gold rush. The 200-mile long army road connected "Old Fort Kearny," located 50 miles below Kanesville on the Missouri River, to "New Fort Kearny" following the south side of the Platte River to the west.

 

Outfitted emigrants traveled 18 miles south from Kanesville on the west bank of the Missouri River to the Bethlehem Ferry (across the river from present-day Plattsmouth, Nebraska). In mid-June they began ferrying over and assembling on the west bank of the river. Wilford Woodruff called the camp together and organized the company on June 21. The next day 209 people and 44 wagons started out, following the Plattsmouth-Fort Kearny trail south. After crossing Weeping Water Creek they followed a new trail west where they connected with the northward-arching new military road, which became known as the Ox-Bow Trail.

The company was somewhat spread out with the 1st and 2nd Fifties led by Leonard Hardy and Edson Whipple. Elder Woodruff, traveling with the 1st Fifty, crossed Salt Creek on June 28. After leaving Salt Creek they turned west on a cutoff trail (near present-day Swedesburg, Nebraska). All of the companies except Andrus used this cutoff (which passed near present-day David City and Bellwood, Nebraska). This cutoff trail, which bypassed the Cottonwood/Wahoo Creek drainage, saved them 12 miles. On this shortcut route, they reached the Platte about 20 miles west of the regular route taken earlier by Andrus. During this early leg of the journey, a number of people died from cholera.

The two divisions reunited on July 7 on the Platte. They followed the south bank of the Platte River a hundred miles west past Grand Island, where they joined with the Oregon Trail coming north from Missouri. At this juncture they continued 15 more miles to "New Fort Kearny", which they reached on July 15, although army reserved grazing rights and companies weren't permitted to camp within a mile of the fort. On this day they were visited by a tremendous thunderstorm, and lightning killed three oxen and one member of the company. They continued up the south side and miraculously escaped any serious accident or wagon breakage during an exciting wagon stampede on July 30. The next day they reached the Upper Crossing of the South Platte (located about three miles west of present-day Brule, Nebraska). They finished crossing here on August 1 and followed a long dry ridge for 20 miles to Ash Hollow on the south bank of the North Platte.

From Ash Hollow they traveled up the Platte River, arriving at Fort Laramie on August 18. Leaving there, they skirted the Black Hills by taking the river road. They were delayed some days looking for lost cattle but reached the Upper Crossing (at present-day Casper, Wyoming) on September 3. Along much of the road west from Fort Laramie until they reached the Sweetwater, they found little grass, which caused their cattle to wander and slowed their pace. They reached Devil's Gate on September 8. On September 14 they bypassed the established road over the Rocky Ridges by veering to the north through a draw. This variant road, scouted out by J.A. Stratton and three other men who were sent out by Brigham Young to locate better routes and help guide the companies to the Salt Lake Valley, it reportedly had an abundance of feed and water. Unfortunately, Elder Woodruff found no feed or water and said that companies should not take that road. They rejoined the established road just east of Rock Creek. One day west of South Pass they met with a war party of 500 Snake Indians, but were able to avoid conflict. They crossed the Green River on September 23 and reached Fort Bridger on September 27. Some in the 1st Fifty began murmuring, Elder Woodruff advised that division to move on ahead of them to the valley. Woodruff's Fifty found the road very rough between Big and Little Mountain but reached Salt Lake on October 14. Deaths in the company numbered at least 17, many from cholera.

 

A day by day description of the journey to the Salt Lake Valley written by Sophia Lois Goodridge in her Journal.

"June 7, 1850. We started from Kanesville at 1:00 P.M. for Bethlehem. Rode ten miles and camped at Margarets Creek, a very beautiful shady spot. We heard the wolves howl in the night for the first time. Our horses were frightened.

June 8, Saturday. Traveled seven miles, camped three miles from Bethlehem. We enjoyed ourselves very much at the last two places we camped. Had two violins in our tent. Had some music and dancing. Good feed for the cattle and good water. We stopped at this place until June 14.

June 14. Went three miles, camped at Bethlehem, had a pleasant time, some music and dancing.

June 18. We traveled six miles today, camped at a creek, good feed and water. Our company was organized today. Captain Petty was chosen Captain over a hundred. Captain Leonard W. Hardy over the first fifty. George Gardner, Captain over ten, our company. All well.

June 19. Did not travel. Did our washing; June 20. Still in camp. Did our ironing. Picked some wild gooseberries on the banks of the creek; June 21. Traveled four miles. Camped on the bank of a creek;

June 23. Went four miles. Raining and June 24. Went two miles. Still raining. Camped by a creek.

June 25. Crossed the creek this morning. Passed five graves; they died the 15th of June. They all had grave tablets made of wood rudely hewn with the name engraved with a knife. A verse was written on the grave of Mr. Done, which was very touching. We crossed three more creeks today without accident. Went ten miles and camped at Weeping Water Creek.

June 26. We traveled ten miles today. Passed three graves, no names on them. Came up with a government Company. One man was sick with the cholera, died, was buried in the forenoon. In the afternoon we passed three more graves. No names, died June 22. One of our company taken sick with cholera. Camped at Salt Creek tonight

June 27. Sister Green died of cholera this morning. Brother Blazerd taken sick. Crossed the creek, went on to the bluff and camped for the night. The first fifty caught up with us today. They are on the other side of the creek. One man with the cholera among them.

June 28. We started about noon and traveled six miles and camped on the open prairie without wood or water. Found water about one-half mile from camp. Passed the grave of a child.

June 29. Our company all in good spirits this morning, and I feel grateful to my Heavenly Father for his kindness in preserving our lives and health thus far, and that He has preserved us from accident and danger of every kind. We traveled four miles and camped on the open prairie without wood or water, except what we brought with us. There is nothing to see but one endless sea of grass, waving and rolling like the waves of the sea, and now and then a tree. We had a very heavy thunder storm this morning.

June 30. Jane Green died this morning of cholera. She was eighteen years old. Our first fifty came up with us this morning. They had buried a Brother Smith this morning. The rest of the camp all well. We went four miles and camped where we found wood and water. We killed a rattlesnake.

July 1. Joseph Green died this morning of cholera, age 19 months, making three on one family that have died within 5 days. Came up with our first fifty, found Brother Hall dead with cholera. Our camp felt afflicted and distressed. We felt like humbling ourselves before the Lord, and pray that He might turn from us the sickness and distress among us. We therefore met together, the speakers exhorting us to be diligent in our devotions and united. A vote was taken to that effect. Then they called upon the Lord in prayer that He would bless and preserve us on our journey to the valley. We then started on our journey rejoicing. We met the mail from the valley. Met Brother Crosby and seven other brethren on their way on a mission to England. We were very glad to see them, -- they brought cheering news from the valley, which caused us to rejoice. We traveled six miles and camped on the prairie without wood, but found water.

July 2. Very warm and pleasant, we traveled sixteen miles, all level prairie; July 3. We traveled about fifteen miles. Camped on the bluff on the north side of the Platt River. Good wood and water. Our first fifty camped about a mile from us. Samuel Hardy buried his youngest child this morning; July 4. Stopped to wash. Lucy Johnson was taken sick this afternoon and died at twelve o'clock; July 5. Went twelve miles, stopped at Clear Creek; July 6. Traveled sixteen miles; July 7. Camped for the day. Sister Snow died this morning, making five that have died in our division.

July 8. We traveled sixteen miles and camped on the Platt River, good camping ground. Our two companies together. All pretty well.

July 9. Had a heavy thunder shower last night. This morning cool and cloudy. Bro. Woodruff baptized twelve persons. Father, Mary Jane and George among the number. We traveled twelve miles. Camped on the Platt River. Passed some bluffs, the road very sandy and cracked in some places.

July 10. Cool and pleasant. We traveled fifteen miles, camped on the banks of the Platt River. Heavy showers.

July 11. Heavy showers, very warm and sultry. Sister Huntington of the first division died of a fever. The road very wet and hard to travel. We went ten miles and camped on the Platt. Brother Hyde passed us on his way to the valley.

July 12. Had a heavy rain last night. The river rose two feet. One horse drowned. Traveled about ten miles and camped on the open prairie. Had very heavy thunder showers. The cattle of the first division strayed away. Found them all again.

July 13. The weather cool and clear. Went ten miles. Camped on the Platt River.

July 14. Sunday. Camped for the day, both divisions camped in one corral. We held a meeting in the afternoon. Bros. Whipple, Hardy and Woodruff were the speakers. We felt very much encouraged by what was said.

July 15. We traveled seven miles, came to Ft. Childer, formerly Fort Carney. A thunder shower came up and William Ridges was struck by lightning and instantly killed. Three of his cattle were killed at the same time and one of his children injured, but not seriously. A number of people felt the shock. We went about two miles farther and camped.

July 16. A child or Mrs. Burnes died of cholera this morning. The weather is clear and cool, it is very muddy. We were delayed this morning. Traveled about 8 miles, camped on prairie. Used buffalo chips for fuel.

July 17. We traveled fourteen miles, saw some antelope. Did not kill any.

July 18. Went eighteen miles and camped on Plum Creek. We passed a number of groves of trees. We say some animals on the bluffs, probably buffalo. The weather fine, the roads good. The camp in good health.

July 19. This morning is clear and beautiful. We traveled sixteen miles and camped on the open prairie without wood or water.

July 20. Traveled about fourteen miles. The weather cloudy. Bro. Emmet killed an antelope. It was distributed among his ten. We found it excellent eating. We camped on the bank of the river, a beautiful place. The bluffs begin to look higher and more rough and rugged.

July 21. Sunday, so we did not travel today according to council. We held meetings in the forenoon and afternoon and received some excellent instructions that served to cheer us on our journey.

July 22. We started this morning in good spirits. David Cook shot a sage hen. We saw some antelope and some wolves, did not kill any. We passed Brother Woodruff's company about noon; they were camped on the Platt. Brother Petty was sick, had buried one of his children the day before. We traveled about sixteen miles and camped on the banks of the Platt River -- a grand place for bathing. Brother Woodruff's company caught up with us tonight.

July 23. Traveled fourteen miles and camped near the Platt River. Bro. Emmet killed an antelope. We had a steak from it, very good. Bro. Woodruff's company camped with us tonight.

July 24. Laid over today to do some repairing; July 25. We traveled about eight miles and camped. We passed near a number of herds of buffalo. Our vision killed one, and brought into camp. The first division killed two. The food for the cattle is growing shorter. We see quite a number of buffalo dead on the ground. We made a rule in our camp not to kill any more than we need to eat.

July 26. It is very warm today. We traveled about eight miles and camped on the Platt South Fork. Our folk killed a buffalo cow this evening and brought it to camp.

July 27. Cloudy. Saw two big white wolves and four antelope. Passed a number of head of buffalo. Went about four miles and camped. Out wagon wheels are very musical. We had to stop and burn coal. Our men cut wood and started a coal pit. In the afternoon part of our company remained at the last camping place on account of the excellent hunting. There was no wood there but cedars, which they thought would not make as good coal as the willows. We found this last place grand for wood and water. It is situated on the South Forks of the Platt River. There is quite a large island covered with cottonwood trees, and excellent feed for the cattle

July 28. Sunday -- did not travel. Had a meeting in the fore part of the day. Had a heavy shower which we needed very much. It tightened our wagon wheels and saved our men the trouble of taking off the tires and resetting them. Bro. Woodruff is sick today -- worn out with fatigue and care.

July 29. We traveled about seventeen miles and camped near a small creek about two miles from the Platt. Saw a herd of buffalo.

July 30. We traveled about ten miles when a stampede started in the first division. There were three wagons smashed. It was caused by a runaway horse. Traveled about eighteen miles. The first division stayed to fix up their cattle and wagons, a number of tongues and yokes of wagons were broken. Bro. Woodruff's beautiful buggy horse had his leg broken. The buffalo cows bellowed all night, and we expected they would be down among us before morning, but fortunately they kept back among the bluffs. Their bellowing sounded like distant thunder. Bro. Leonard Hardy is quite sick with cholera.

July 31. Took an early start this morning. Traveled thirteen miles and came to the crossing of the South Fork of the Platt River. Our wagons all crossed safely before dark. Camped on the bank of the river. It is about one-fourth of a mile wide.

Aug. 1. We ascended to the bluffs this morning and came upon an extensive plain or rolling prairie. Had some tremendous steep bluffs to descend. It seemed impossible for such heavy loaded teams to descend in safety, but we all reached Ash Hollow without an accident. We traveled eighteen miles and camped on the North Fork of the Platt.

Aug. 2. We washed today. Ash Hollow is a beautiful place. Bluffs on both sides of the hollow which appears to have been the bed of a river once, and opens onto the North Fork of the Platt which runs from the east and to the west. Bro. Woodruff's company joined us tonight with the exception of six wagons which were left, two broken down and became too dark to come down the steep hills. Bro. Hardy's health was poor, getting better slowly of the cholera.

Aug. 3. Remained in Ash Hollow to fix up our wagons; Aug. 4. Sunday. Had a meeting. Brother Woodruff made a proposition that he stop with his ten baggage wagons, and let the rest of the first and second divisions or as many as wish to go ahead. He felt he had so much care on his shoulders. Bro. Whipple said that he would take the burden of the ten baggage wagons on his shoulders. Bro. Gardner, the blacksmith worked all day and had a number of men to help him repair the wagons, but did not get all done.

Aug. 5. Bro. Hardy is better this morning and started out with sixteen of his division to go ahead. Bro. Green started out alone without council and out of order. Bro. Whipple started with a part of his divisions and went four miles in search of feed for our cattle which was very short. Captain Hardy also camped with us for the day. The land on the north side of the river is prairie, while on the south side is high towering bluffs, which look like fortifications in many places.

Aug. 6. Bro. Hardy started off this morning feeling much better. Mr. Wallace saw a bear which was asleep. He did not disturb him.

Aug. 7. Bro. Woodruff came up with us this morning. We had a meeting this afternoon. Had a new organization; Bros. Whipple, Gardner, Goodridge and Rawson were transferred into Bro. Woodruff's division, making twenty-four wagons in that division and leaving twenty in Bro. Whipple's. Bro. Moffet was chosen Captain over the remainder.

Aug. 8. Very warm. Started out about eight o'clock this morning, the second division taking the lead. We had a very hard road today, very sandy and steep bluffs to climb. We traveled about twelve miles and camped near the Platt river. Feed rather short.

Aug. 9. Had very heavy showers last night, very sharp lightening and loud thunder. The wolves killed a calf belonging to Bro. Whipple. We traveled about fifteen miles and camped on the Platt.

Aug. 10. Saw some antelope this morning and some wolves. We traveled about fifteen miles and camped on the Platt, found good feed.

Aug. 11. Sunday. We laid over. Held a meeting this afternoon. We had a very excellent discourse by Bro. Whipple on the difference between the Jews and the Gentiles. Bros. Woodruff and Gardner gave us some excellent instructions. This evening we saw the prairie on fire. It was a grand and imposing scene.

Aug. 12. We started on our journey at four o'clock, all well. We passed a high bluff called Exchange, on account of its resemblance to a large building. Passed Clear creek, a small stream of very clear water. It comes from the bluffs and flows into the Platt. We traveled eighteen miles, had very good roads. We met some Government trains from Ft. Laramie. They said the first division was about fifteen miles ahead of us. Killed two rattle snakes.

Aug. 13. Started about eight o'clock and traveled about sixteen miles. Camped about three o'clock on the Platt. A heavy rain came just before we stopped. We passed Chimney Rock. This is a notable curiosity. It is 834 yards around the base, and 200 feet high. The main shaft is 100 feet in diameter. It appears to be formed of clay and sand of two colors, gray and white. It also has the appearance of cement between the two columns. It is supposed by some to be the work of the Nephites.

Aug. 14. It is a clear beautiful morning. We made an early start and went about nineteen miles. We saw some Indians for the first time since we started. Their wigwams were spread along the road. They were Sioux. They looked very neat and clean for Indians. The men came out on horses to look at us. The squaws with their papooses stood along the road and tried to sell us some moccasins. One of the men wanted to trade a horse for a white squaw. We passed Scotts bluff on the right. We leave the river here and strike into the bluffs. We found choke cherries and wild plums, there were not quite ripe. We camped on the open prairie. There is a beautiful cold spring here.

Aug. 15. We did not start until late this morning. We had a long meeting to settle some difficulties between some members of the company not worth mentioning. We crossed Horse Creek and camped about half a mile further on. This creek is several rods wide, about a foot deep and very muddy. The water after standing a few minutes, became perfectly clear and very good to drink. A very heavy shower came up just after we camped. We traveled twelve miles.

Aug. 16. We started at seven o'clock and traveled about fifteen miles over rolling prairies and sandy bluffs and camped on the Platt River; Aug. 17. We traveled about ten miles. We passed a great many traders and Indians, some of them had the small pox. The feed is very poor.

Aug. 18. Sunday. On account of the feed being so poor, we thought it best to travel. We went twelve miles. Passed Ft. Laramie. We camped on the Platt river. We found Captain Hardy's train about one-fourth mile from us. We had not seen them for two weeks. They were all well. Mrs. Bird had a still-born child on Saturday morning.

Aug. 19. Cold and stormy all day. We did not travel any today; Aug. 20. We traveled about two and one-half miles. The feed is so good we thought it best to let the animals feed up and rest. A company of Shian Indians came along in the afternoon and camped beside us. They had been out on a buffalo hunt and were returning to Fort Laramie to sell their skins. They looked very friendly. We traded some with them. Bro. Woodruff lost an ox last night and had to go back to the Fort Aug. 21. We started about two P.M. and traveled about four miles. We had a very bad hill to go down. Bro. Woodruff's carriage horse got frightened and ran away. Phebia Foss was in the carriage but jumped out. The horse ran until he got tangled up in the brush, no damage was done. We camped on the Platt.

Aug 22. Started early, traveled about twenty-one miles over a very uneven road. We passed through a band of Shian Indians. They were camped on the bank of a beautiful clear creek. There were several hundred of them. We crossed another creek and camped.

Aug. 23. We started early and traveled about 25 miles. We crossed three creeks. One of them about three rods and one and one-half feet deep. The roads were uneven and dangerous in some places, and in others nice and smooth. Camped on the Platt River. Cool and pleasant. There were some buffalo on the banks where we camped tonight.

Aug. 24. We are in the midst of the Black Hills. They look black at a distance, but when near they are green and covered with straggling pines. We traveled eight and one-half miles and camped for the day. We met Bros. Stratton and Hanks from Salt Lake who had been sent out to meet and cheer us on our way. They brought us some potatoes, which tasted so good. They will tell us where to find good camping places. We held a meeting in the afternoon. Bro. Stratton read a letter from President Brigham Young. It was truly cheering to us to hear from the valley and know that we were not forgotten by the Saints in the Valley, while we are traveling in the wilderness. It caused us to rejoice and feel like starting anew on our journey. Camped on the Platt River.

Aug. 25. We took a vote last night to travel today on account of the delay we had the fore part of the week. We traveled nineteen and one-half miles to the Lebout Crossing. This is a beautiful River about two rods wide and one foot deep, pleasant and cool. The road is rough today. Our first and second divisions left this place this morning. Bro. Hardy had lost an ox and his horses were giving out. We found some cherries along the river. Camped on the Lebout River.

Aug. 26. We traveled eighteen miles. Came up with the two first divisions. They were all well but Bro. Hardy who is still suffering from the cholera. Only three families came up. Bros. Gardner, Goodridge and Rawson. The rest of our division camped back about a mile and a half.

Aug. 27. Our division that stayed back lost more than half of their cattle last night. We have got to lay by and hunt them up. The first and second divisions went ahead today. Bro. Stratton and Hanks killed a buffalo and brought it to camp. They saw a grizzly bear.

Aug. 28. No cattle found yet. We cannot travel today. We went out this morning and picked fourteen quarts of cherries. to get some more, which delayed us some.

Aug. 29. Part of the cattle were found last night. They are out hunting the rest today. It is very sandy here. The last day we traveled about three miles through it. We saw some mountain sheep on the hills.

Aug. 30. We started this morning before breakfast and went to the place where the remainder of our division was camped on the Laforella Creek. Our company killed two buffalo today. The rest of the cattle were found today all but three. Bro. Smoot passed us today. Bros. Heywood and Wooley camped with us tonight. We held a meeting together. They had had but one death in their company and had got along remarkably well.

Aug. 31. We started this morning about ten o'clock. We crossed Boxelder Creek. Bro. Badlam has got his roadameter going today. We traveled fourteen miles. Camped on the Platt.

Sept. 1. We started about ten o'clock and crossed Deer Creek. Traveled about thirteen and one-half miles. We passed Bro. Smoot's company. We had strong winds and some rains.

Sept. 2. Started at ten o'clock. Crossed Crooked Muddy Creek, also Muddy Creek, and camped on the Platt. Traveled thirteen miles. We picked thirty-three quarts buffalo berries. They taste very much like currants and are red. They have one seed in them and make excellent sauce and pies.

Sept. 3. Started at nine o'clock and came to the Platt crossing. We stopped two hours to rest and feed our cattle, and then crossed the river. The scenery along the Platt river is very grand. A very high and long mountain chain extends southwest. We have followed it for three days and have not come to the end of it yet. We crossed the North Fork of the Platt without any accidents. We traveled nine and one-half miles and camped on the Platt River. Saw a grizzly bear.

Sept. 5. Planned an early start, but our cattle got mixed up with Smoot's on account of our herdsmen not attending to duty. George caught some bass and some suckers. We traveled fourteen miles and camped by a beautiful clear spring. We passed quite a number of dead cattle, perhaps twenty-five, caused by a poisoned spring of water which we passed today. The country here is not quite so rocky and barren as it has been the past few days. We came through a place called Rock Avenue. It is about a quarter of a mile in length and lined with rocks on each side.

Sept. 6. We traveled sixteen miles today and camped on Greasewood Creek, a beautiful creek and good feed. The weather is very pleasant. We camped with Bro. Smoot's company. Brother Stratton left to start. They took a beautiful wild horse with them that they had captured.

Sept. 7. We traveled eight miles today. We passed a salaratus lake and camped at the foot of Independence Rock. This evening we had a dance on the banks of Sweetwater. The whole camp participated. We had a good time.

Sept. 8. The air is cool this morning. I have just climbed Independence Rock and the view is beautiful. The Sweetwater flows southwest at the base of the rock and winds around the foot of the mountain. The Salaratus Lake is seen in the northeast, the Devils Gate in the west, while mountains are to be seen on all sides. We crossed the Sweetwater and traveled on until we came to the Devils Gate. We stopped and ate our dinner here. This is a curious freak of nature. The rocks are perpendicular four hundred feet high and in one place the gap between them is only two feet wide. The Sweetwater flows through the gap. Some of us crossed it on foot just for the novelty of it. We traveled fifteen miles and camped on Sweetwater.

Sept. 9. Traveled eight miles over a heavy sandy road, crossed the Sweetwater and camped. We were detained in the morning until nearly noon on account of Brother Woodruff's teamsters; one of them was fired and the other two left. They were rough, obscene men, did not belong to the church and were stealing the supplies. We crossed a creek bed.

Sept. 11. We started early, crossed the Sweetwater three times. Camped at Ice Springs. Traveled eight miles, windy and dusty. Many rocks and hills. The Ice Springs are a great curiosity. About one or two feet below the surface of the spring, any quantity of ice may be found. It is not good for use; it has a bad smell. The ground is soft and marshy above it. Very little feed here.

Sept. 12. We started early this morning. We passed a fine Salaratus Lake. We gathered what we wanted, -- it was very white and clean. All we had to do was scrape it up. We crossed the Sweetwater. Good feed. Found ice in our pails this morning.

Sept. 13. We started at noon and went eight miles and camped on the Sweetwater. Plenty good feed and wood. Some of our cattle gave out last night, so our Captain thought it best that we rest part of the day.

Sept. 14. We started at seven o'clock and traveled about two miles and came to a new route to the pass made by Captain Andrus. We took it and went eleven and one-half miles and lost three miles and camped on Quaken Asp Creek. We met several head of cattle and one wagon for Heywood and Wooley.

Sept. 15. We traveled about five miles and camped on Sweetwater. We started a coal pit and held a meeting. Four wagons came up tonight from Hunter's company.

Sept. 16. We crossed the Sweetwater for the last time. We traveled fifteen miles and camped at Pacific Springs. We met Captain Hardy in search of his horses. They had been lost two days. Captain Currie's horse is gone also and one belonging to another man.

Sept. 17. We stopped to do some repairing this morning. We let Captain Hardy have a yoke of oxen so he could travel on. We started out about noon. Just as we were starting, five Indians came up. One was a squaw who could speak English. They said they had found two horses. Brothers Woodruff and Atwood went with them to theirup the horses. Aunt Hattie sent a blanket shawl. We wait the result. We crossed two creeks. Traveled thirteen miles and camped on Pacific Bitter Creek.

Sept. 19. We have heard nothing from Bros. Woodruff and Atwood, and we feel somewhat alarmed at their long absence. We sent two messengers back to Captain Wooley's camp to see if they have heard from them, and if not to have him join us and send our united forces of men after them. Our messengers had not been gone more than one-half hour when we saw them returning with Brothers Woodruff and Atwood with one of Brother Hardy's horses and one Brother Currie's. We were glad to see them. It appears that the Indians had stolen them and then wanted to be paid for returning them. When the brethren got to their camp they found three hundred warriors and about one thousand horses. They were going to war with the Shians. These Indians were Shoshonies. They had lost one of the horses, he was an ugly horse and got away from them, and took several of the Indian horses with him. We traveled eleven miles and camped on the Big Sandy River. William Nealey shot an antelope.

Sept. 20. We camped last night with Heywood and Wooley Company and our first division. We started out about the o'clock. Captain Hardy moving out first, Brother Wooley next. We traveled sixteen miles and camped with Captain Hardy's company on the Big Sandy River.

Sept. 21. Bro. Woodruff's ox died this morning. He was at a dead stand, he could not go another rod without help. We concluded to let him take Brother Goodridge's oxen on Brother Hardy's team and Brother Hardy take a yoke of Brother Barrows, so as to have all the borrowed cattle in their division. We traveled six miles and met Brother Brigham Young from the valley, who stated there was no feed on Green River, so we camped on the Big Sandy River.

Sept. 22. Sunday. Held a meeting and felt very much instructed with the remarks of the speakers. We made a coal pit, set some tires, and made some shoes and nails.

Sept. 23. We traveled nine miles and camped on Green River. George caught a cat fish a foot long.

Sept. 24. Started at eight o'clock, went nineteen and one-half miles and camped at Ham's Fork. We passed some beautiful scenery on the banks of the river. We met two brothers from the valley, stating that the Snake Indians were hostile to the Mormons and some of them had been killed, that four hundred Indians were in the mountains armed to the teeth, so we had better be on our guard.

Sept. 25. Started at ten o'clock, went ten miles and camped on Sunset Creek, a beautiful stream of water two rods wide and two feet deep.

Sept. 26. Started at ten o'clock, traveled twelve and one-half miles. Camped on Black Fork.

Sept. 27. Started about ten. Went eight and one-half miles. Camped on Bridger Creek, about a mile from Fort Bridger.

Sept. 28. We drove up our cattle in order to make an early start. Found after we got started about ten cattle were missing. All hands went to search for them, and finally concluded they had gone back. Brothers Atwood and Nealey mounted horses and went back and found them about fourteen miles on the back trail. Got in with them about dusk. We were very glad to see them. We spent the day fishing. There are some beautiful trout in the streams and very large.

Sept. 29. Started early and traveled eleven miles. Camped on a small creek. We had a very bad hill to descend. One of Brother Woodruff's wagons had the ex broken, one of our wagons had a wheel broken.

Sept. 30. Had to lay by to mend our broken wagons. The first divisions were sent ahead. Some of them complained a good deal at being detained so much.

Oct. 1. We started early and traveled fifteen miles. We had an excellent road. It was rather hilly, but even and smooth. One of Brother Woodruff's cows died in the yoke today. We passed the highest summit of the journey today. There is some splendid scenery around the mountains. We camped in a valley at the feet of the mountains.

Oct. 2. We had rain, thunder and lightning last night. It cleared up this morning. We traveled six miles. We had a very steep hill to climb; had to double teams. We camped on Bear River. We caught a glimpse of our first division climbing the mountains ahead of us.

Oct. 3. We picked twelve quarts of Haw berries. We intend to make vinegar of them. We traveled six and one-half miles and camped on a small creek. Joseph Webb tipped his wagon over which prevented us from going any further today. Our road winds along at the foot of the mountains, very wild and picturesque. We camped on Yellow Creek.

Oct. 4. Very cold last night, froze the water over in our pails one four inch thick. It has been a beautiful day. We met Brother Hyde on his way to the states. He brought good news from the Valley. We traveled ten miles.

Oct. 5. Started early, traveled eighteen miles, camped on Echo Creek. Brother Hunter came up and camped with us. We had to cross the creek a number of times. In some places it was bad, and we had to stop and mend the roads. Brother Gibson tipped over without doing any damage.

Oct. 6. We traveled eight miles and camped on the Reed Fork of the Weber River camp. They took a few articles with them, supposing they were not willing to give. Our road was very rough and bad on account of having to cross the creek so many times.

Oct. 11. We traveled three miles and came to the foot of the mountain. We had dinner, and then started for the top, the second division being in head. We found the road very bad, but we made out to get to the top without any accident, but the second division broke three wagons. We made seven miles and camped on top of the mountain.

Oct. 12. We took out teams and went down the mountain and helped the others up, then traveled down the other side of the mountain about nine miles and camped at the foot of another mountain.
Oct. 13. We traveled nine miles and camped at the mouth of a canyon.

Oct. 14, 1850. Mrs. Delin had a daughter born last night. Brother Woodruff came up with us this morning and we all drove into the valley of Salt Lake and camped in the Fort. It was a rather dreary home-coming. It was very dry and dusty, and the wind was blowing the dust in clouds. Only a few little log and adobe houses to the seen fenced in with rail and willow fences. A few shade trees and fruit trees were to be seen here and there. I thought at first--"Have I got spend the rest of my days here in this dreary looking place?" But I soon felt all right about it and loved my mountain home."

Read a narrative of this company. Wilford Woodruff Company 1850

View a list of individuals known to have traveled in this company.

View a list of sources to learn more about this company

(Variant version of text also in Our Pioneer Heritage, 20 vols. [1958-77], 15:254-64)

 

LIFE IN THE SALT LAKE VALLEY


Bertha Bleazard Miles writes: "I never heard of my grandfather, John Hopwood Bleazard, having a fortune, but he got several pieces of property and built homes in Salt Lake. One home was about 37 West 100 South, right near the Dinwoody Furniture Store. Mary Ison Worthington, his last wife, and her family lived there when I was a child. I lived with my grandmother Rhoda Ison who was Mary's sister, and my grandma used to leave me with them when she went to the Temple. I knew this home in the 14th Ward where John lived with Mary Ison and where he died. Grandmother Lydia Davis Bleazard's home (Wife #7) was in the 7th Ward just off the corner of 500 South on West Temple. The 7th Ward home and area is where my father, Mark Hopwood Bleazard, grew up as a child and where he and Annie Ison Danks lived when they married. John William 'Will' and Lydia Bleazard were born at this home."

Note:  Mary Ison (Worthington) became John Hopwood Bleazard's 9th and last wife.  John lived with Mary the last three years of his life. Mary Ison and Rhoda Ison were sisters.  Rhoda's daughter, Annie Ison Danks married John and Lydia Davis's son, Mark Hopwood Bleazard. 

Bertha continues, "My father, Mark Hopwood Bleazard, talked about his father, JHB, and the thing he remembered most was how everyone liked his beer. They said he made the best beer in the Territory, and he remembered that John knew all the swear words. I've been curious why there is so little, almost nothing, about grandfather, John Hopwood Bleazard, in Church History and I asked a close acquaintance of John's  Brother Iverson.  Brother Iverson said that John was friendly with and closely associated with all the major leaders of the Church. He said that John always did his duty to the Church but that he was not a man who wanted to be in the public eye.  He took care of the horses, carriages and wagons and saw that everything was repaired and ready so that the leaders could go and do their duties."

Kate Curtis writes that "Two of Sarah Ann's (wife #1) children, Robert and Ann, once visited Grandma Sarah Searcy Bleazard and their father, John Hopwood Bleazard, in Salt Lake City. "

1850 - The following advertisement of notice appeared in the Deseret News, November 1, 1850 while John Hopwood Bleazard lived in North Cottonwood:
 
NOTICE:

Strayed, a yoke of oxen sometime in September last. The nigh ox, red and white spotted, one loop horn end off and the other straight out. Crop off the right ear and slit, under bit off the left ear, with a red yoke, ring and staple.

Also, seven sheep both ears square crop.

Any information left at the Editor's office or at the subscribers in Little Cottonwood will be thankfully received.

J. H. Bleazard, North Cottonwood

Deseret News.

1851 - Sarah Searcy and Mary Jane Miller both divorced John four months after their arrival in the Salt Lake Valley.  Mary Jane said in Court testimony that she had a second child, a 'son', after she divorced JHB and when she was living with her mother. The son died when an infant.

Although divorced in 1851, John and Sarah Searcy continued in an intimate  relationship for about another ten years (1861).  James was born in 1852;  Ellen and Dorcus were born in 1854; and their last child, Thomas Blazzard, was born on 14 August 1857 in Salt Lake City. Thomas was four years old when his mother, Sarah Searcy, left John for the last time. 

Kate Curtis writes: "“Sarah Searcy Miller, my grandmother, got a temple divorce from John Hopwood Bleazard in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City on July 7, 1873. Sarah was then 58 years old and at that time she was sealed to her first husband, James Miller, by Daniel H. Wells."
 

WIFE #5 - MARGARET BIRCH.

1851 - John married Margaret Birch and their sealing date was October 15, 1851.  It is not believed that they had children. (* See Jennifer Banks, P 20, Jennifer says they were married in July 1952 and on P 21 "Margaret divorced John."  

1851 - John was re-baptized in Salt Lake City by N. V. Jones on May 18, 1851.

1852 - James Searcy Blazzard was born on August 7, 1852 in Salt Lake City (JHB/Sarah Searcy)

1852 - After Mary Jane divorced John Hopwood Blazzard she married Isaac Hill on October 28, 1852.

1852 - Mary Jane and Isaac Hill had ten children. Mary Jane's posterity lived around the Green River area.

1853 - John was ordained a High Priest April 2, 1853 by John Young (Record No. 1 High Priest B. Page 3).

1853 - It is recorded in the Salt Lake Council Minutes dated 14 January 1853: "No 7 - The petition of John H Blazzard was presented to the Council praying for permission to sell and Manufacture Malt Liquor." And on July 1, 1853 the Council Minutes record: "The petition of J. H. Blazzard was presented praying for license to Brew and Sell Ale at his old establishment - which was granted on his payng $15 for the year into the City Treasury (quarterly)."

The Council minutes record of July 30, 1853: "The petition of J. H. Blazzard was presented to the Council praying for the privilege of withdrawing his License to Brew and sell at his old establishment, and asking a license to open an establishment back of "Lowe's Shoemaker's Shop." On motion, petition withdrawn."

1853 - John and Sarah Searcy Miller Blazzard were again sealed in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City on January 17, 1853.

1854- Sarah Searcy birthed two little girls,  Ellen Searcy and Dorcus. Ellen Searcy Blazzard was born 13 Oct 1854 in Salt Lake City. Ellen is listed by Jennifer Banks as dying in 1874, both girls died young and are buried in Washington, Utah where their mother is also buried.

1854 - On July 1, 1854 the Salt Lake City Council Minutes record: "Petition No. 5. of J. H. Blazzard was presented praying the Council grant him license another year to carry on his Brewery for the Sale of Beer at his Establishment. On motion, the license was granted by paying twenty dollars for the ensuing year."

Also in 1854 in September 20th Council Minutes is found the following: "J. H. Blazzard appeared and asked the Council to grant him license to Brew and Sell Ale and Beer at his new house in the 13th Ward. It was motioned and carried that license to Sell Ale and Beer at the said place at the former rates."

"The Best in the Territory!"

 

A History of the Bleazard Brewery
1852-1871

Compiled by Jerry Shepherd
July 2009

John Hopwood Bleazard, a native of Slaidburn, England, arrived in Utah in September of 1850 with the Wilford Woodruff Company. A skilled wheelwright by trade, Bleazard also owned a saw pit at Nauvoo, Illinois and seems to have had a second saw pit located in Big Cottonwood, Utah. But of all his business enterprises, he is best remembered for his brewery. His son, Mark Hopwood Bleazard, told of men saying how much they liked Bleazard beer and that it was the best in the territory. Among the Utah pioneer brewers, John Hopwood Bleazard alone did not advertise his product. In absence of contradictory records, it can be said that John Hopwood Bleazard was the fourth Euro-American to brew beer in Utah Territory, and the third to establish a brewery in the same territory.

The first official mention of the Bleazard Brewery comes from the Salt Lake City Council minutes of 30 July 1853, when John withdrew his petition to sell at his old establishment and sought a license to operate behind Lowe's Shoemakers Shop. The following year, on 1 July 1854, John paid $20 for a business license to brew beer for a year. On 20 September 1854, he sought a license to brew beer at his new house in the Thirteenth Ward. It appears that for the first three years his brewery had no permanent home. In that short space of time, Bleazard resided in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Wards where he must have operated his brewery.

On September 24, 1854, the Salt Lake City Council passed an ordinance declaring saloons, breweries, and distilleries nuisances, effectively putting Bleazard out of business four days after he petitioned for his latest business license.

John Hopwood Bleazard next appeared before the city council on September 17, 1858, at which time his petition to operate a brewery was laid over indefinitely.

But the Bleazard Brewery apparently did operate again, this time at the Bleazard property located in the Fourteenth Ward on the south side of First South between Whiskey Street (Main) and West Temple, for the descendants of John Hopwood Bleazard recalled the still located in his cellar, and at his death on 13 January 1871, the inventory of his estate listed items necessary for the brewing of beer.


WIFE #6 -MATILDA MURCH PENNY.

1855.


John married Matilda Murch Penny on January 17, 1855. Her husband, Robert, had died on the plains. (* Jennifer Banks, P 21). Matilda Murch Penny was a widow with a son named Richard, and she birthed a son by JHB, named Tom Penny Blazzard. (Thomas Murch Bleazard )  *Jennifer Banks, P 25.

Kate Curtis writes: "Matilda Murch Penny soon left JHB and after that the boy always went by the name Tom Penny. Tom Penny was present in the Salt Lake Court in 1892 when John's Will was broken."

1855 or 1856 - In about 1855 or 1856 George Goddard notes that he made an exchange of a house and half a lot in the 7th Ward and with the wife of John Hopwood "Blazard" (Probably Sarah Searcy) for a certain property immediately adjoining John's property on the east in Lot 5 Block 70 S.L. City Survey containing 21 1/2 feet north and 415 feet East and West, with a small two story house and a four foot right of way leading to said property and this exchange was made by the consent and advice of "her" friends, as she was then more or less dependent on others for subsistance, and she thought that by having some land to cultivate by the aid of her children she could maintain herself and family without other assistance. John Bleazard was on a mission to Las Vegas at this time. (Check year 1971 for Mr. Goddard's petition to the Probate Court.)

 


JOHN'S MISSION TO THE INDIANS - LAS VEGAS --- ALSO JOHNSON'S ARMY


Bertha Miles Bleazard writes that the date JHB left on his mission was January 10, 1856. 

1855 - In Salt Lake City on April 6, 1855, Brigham Young called William Bringhurst to take thirty men to Las Vegas Springs to convert the Indians, to open an Indian Mission in Las Vegas. In addition to conversion, they were to draft a Treaty with the Indians which would allow them to build a Fort on their land.They were to teach the Indians how to raise livestock and grain. The missionaries were to create a half-way place for immigrants going to and coming from California.

The missionaries left Salt Lake City on May 10, 1855. They had forty wagons drawn by oxen, saddle horses and fifteen cows. The caravan followed the old Spanish trail part of the way and after leaving Parowan. William Bringhurst was in charge of the Mission and of the men. They arrived in Las Vegas on June 14, 1855 and immediately began their work. Their camp was where the remains of the Fort is at this time. (1962)

The Fort was made with a foundation of rocks and on these were placed large adobes. The Fort was 150 feet square and the walls were two feet thick at the bottom and one foot wide at the top, and the wall was fourteen feet high. For defense, there were loop holes from which guns could shoot. One large opening on the north was left where the oxen could pull the wagons inside the Fort. This Fort was just above the stream that Fremont wrote about. They built fences, put in crops, gathered grass seed, preached to, fed and clothed the Indians. The Fort is gone now (1962) and the water has been diverted.

Bringhurst and the other Missionaries built The Old Mormon Fort which was a crude defense against the Indians. They also had a guarded stock corral and built a dam and four bridges across the little stream that flowed from the Springs. A plot of land was taken up by each of the first white settlers and fenced with Mesquite and crops were planted in the rich soil. The Mormons reclaimed the land and preached to the Indians.
1855 - May 10th. Heart Throbs of the West, Kate B. Carter, Vol.6, p.139:

"In 1855, President Brigham Young appointed a company of men to open a mission in Las Vegas. Part of this group left Salt Lake on May 10 and were joined by other members from different settlements along their route. When they were all assembled, there were thirty missionaries and their families, 40 wagons, 15 cows, and several riding horses. William Bringhurst was appointed president, Wm. S. Covert, first counselor, and Ira S. Miles, second counselor. Other members of the group were: Ariot Hale, James Dickenson, William Bruston, Albert Miles, George G. Snyder, William A. Follet, John W. Turner, Judge Shaver, Amasa Meriam, Sylvester Hulet, Artemus Millet, George W. Bean, William Vance, John Steele, Thomas E. Ricks, Brother Knapp, C. A. Smoot, Brother Foster, James T. S. Allred, Edward Cuthbert, J. S. Milam, Stephen C. Perry, Benjamin R. Hulse, James A. Bean, John Bleazard, Aaron Farr and Lemuel Redd.

"After a very long and hard journey the first division of the company reached Las Vegas at 3:30 p.m. Thursday, June 14, 1855. They established their camp near where the old fort building now stands. After looking over the surrounding country for the purpose of selecting the most suitable location for a settlement, they decided to locate on the spot where they had first camped.

"Sunday, June 17th, they built a bowery and held their first religious service, during which they gave thanks to the Almighty for their safe arrival at their destination.

"They at once began to lay off the ground for the fort, measure off garden plots and farm lands. The fort was laid off one hundred and fifty feet square on a slope a few rods from the creek and was to be fourteen feet high, walls two feet thick at the base and one foot thick at top. The residences were to be built inside of the fort and were to be two stories high. After gardens and other crops were planted, a survey of the country was made for timber for building. Found it very far away and hard to get. Early in August some of the men began making the adobe bricks for the walls and three or four teams went to Cottonwood Springs to get poles and also some iron they found lying there. Others went for rock for the foundation. The fort and residences were completed before winter set in. On December 2nd, President Bringhurst and others staked out their preemption claims, taking in the whole valley on both sides of the creek, probably eight miles long and one or more miles wide. Early in the Fall, probably in September, a school was established for both white and Indian children, and A. A. Lemon was appointed the teacher. January 10, 1856, a post office was established with Wm. Bringhurst as postmaster.

"The year 1855 saw the advent of more pretentious school buildings, the Seminary, located at First North and Fifth West, was the first. It was a two story adobe structure and was used for many purposes aside from school. Its first teachers included George W. Bean, Charles D. Evans, Moses Mecham, and C. Waudell. A Mr. Hudson and a Mr. Benson also taught there."

In the fall a school was started and both Indians and white children attended the school. In January, 1856 a Post Office was established. From a newspaper we get the following information:

POST OFFICE APPOINTED

Thursday January 10, 1856. Early this morning Brothers Benjamin R. Hulse and John H. Bleazard arrived at Las Vegas from the Valley. Three other brethren also arrived at sundown - George Reed, Robert Reed and John Allen. They had been sent from Cedar City by Erastus Snow and they were all in destitute circumstances and had little or no provisions.

 

Brother Hulse brought the document appointing a Post Office at Las Vegas to be called Bringhurst Post Office, Las Vegas County, Territory of New Mexico with William Bringhurst appointed Postmaster. This would be convenient after the postmaster took the necessary measure for making the appointment legal. (Editor's note: The reason for calling the Post Office Bringhurst was because Las Vegas was at that time in the Territory of New Mexico - farther to the south. The name of the Post Office here was probably changed to Las Vegas with the formation of the State of Nevada in 1864.)

In another clipping dated Thursday August 26, 1856 a portion of it reads: "Brother John Hopwood Bleazard gave the brethren an exhortation to faithfulness and perserverance in the duties as missionaries etc. ..."

1856: "On the first day of January, 1856, Follett and myself took a bath in the Vegas Spring 4 miles above our fort, which shows the mildness of the climate and warmth of the water. Not a flake of snow fell here all winter. In February a few of us took a tour up the Colorado, then across and up the Rio Virgin to the Muddy, then up that stream to the California road and back again to Vegas. While out we many Indians viewed in the Salt Mines, and acquired a better knowledge of the country. The latter part of February I started for home with Bringhurst, Thomas Ricks and Jones. We got to Parowan and was [sic] hindered about a week by a snowstorm. We then pushed through snow several feet deep between Beaver and Fillmore, and arrived at Provo March 25, found my family well. I remained at home until 10 of June, then went back again to Vegas. Several families had got there by this time. The Lead mines were opened about August, by N V Jones, assisted by us. I got a load of lead ore, and in company with Tom Ricks, started again for Provo in the first days of September. I arrived the 25th. Went to see President Young, and he told me to stay home, that he was going to call all away as soon as there was sufficient lead obtained.

"During the October Conference there was quite a revival preached by President Jedidiah M. Grant. The handcart emigration were coming very late and hundreds of teams and loads of flour were sent back to assist them. They were brought in with feet and hands frozen, and distributed through all settlements. I and Follett took a 4-mule team and brought a load from G S L City to Provo. Dec 10th I took Emily Haws for my 2nd wife, and on the 15th, Mary Jane Wall became my 3rd. The ceremony for both was performed by Patriarch Isaac Morely. There was a great awakening among the Saints in Provo this winter. Many confessed their sins and turned away their evil practices."

1857: "The beginning of 1857 was very severe cold and deep snow. About the 1st of April we were all re-baptized for the remission of our sins. This spring I had farming going on by William Dowdle. On the 24th of July the Presidency got word from the frontiers that President Buchanan was sending a large Army out here in Utah, to 'use up the Mormons', and preparations were immediately made to defend ourselves. On the 16th day of August I, in company with others, was sent across to Carson Valley to call in the Mission. From there, we took the cut-off South of Salt Lake and Humbolt, and came near being cut-off ourselves, for some of the party were very ill [having been] provided with provisions which in fifteen days brought us all without food, ... and nearly crazy for lack of water we all suffered extremely, but we slew an old mare of Dr. Riggs' which gave out. We feasted on poor horse flesh, filled its entrails with water, for lack of canteens, jerked the meat, packed it up and pushed on for Sink of Carson, which was reached in safety. We replenished our larder at Ragtown, and two days after reached Washoe Valley, the head quarters of the Saints. In a short time all was bustle and excitement preparatory to removal. I was detailed with others to take surplus stock over to California, make sales thereof, and purchase wagons, teams & goods. I enjoyed this task very much , notwithstanding a severe cold that operated considerably against my natural feelings. I had charge of Brother J. C. Naile's cattle, who was back in Utah. I sold to a man named Douglass, and came into possession of $1100 dollars in gold, at Placerville. With this I took [a] stage for Folsom, thence by Railroad to Sacramento. This was my first acquaintance with that mode of travel and I was surprised to find everything so comfortable and pleasant. At Sacramento we put up at the Belvidere Hotel. Here we met with William R. Smith, agent of W. H. Hooper. He was very glad to see us and hear the news from home. He likewise felt very anxious about some cash drafts he had in possession, and upon consultation together, it was thought best to hurry him off to Carson in company with one of us. I was detached for that service, consequently only remained in Sacramento City, about 24 hours."

1857 - The President of the United States, Buchanan, removed Brigham Young as Governor of Utah in 1857. Thomas L. Kane gets the credit of settling the row between the Mormons and the US Government. Amnesty was granted to all Mormons and Johnson's Army entered Salt Lake City.

(1857.


The above note is in the possesion of Marie Johnson and reads: "General Tithing Office March 24th/57. This certifies that John H. Blazard has paid the P.E. Fund a fifty dollar (Donation).  J.M. Simmons, Clerk.  

In 1857 Brigham Young ordered the Mormons to evacuate Salt Lake City prior to occupation by Johnson's Army, His intent was to burn the city. 350 men (968 persons) sold their property to Gentiles at such prices as could be obtained on short notice as they obeyed Brigham Young order. 985 souls with 710 head of livestock - horses, mules and oxen, 148 wagons, goods, money and all moved out at Young's call and left behind lovely homes they had build in and around the Salt Lake Valley. They traveled to Southern Utah and some later returned to the Valley but many remained in Southern Utah.

John Hopwood Bleazard returned to his home(s) in Salt Lake in 1857 and in time to evacuate his home(s) with the other Mormons.

Journal History of the Church, December 2, 1857 -   Brother Southworth had been captured and held prisoner by Johnston's Army.  He escaped and returned to Salt Lake City where he reported on the enemy.  Of the future governor of Utah, Alfred Cumming, he said,  that "Gov. Cummings was a whiskey tub in appearance, about such a man as Bro. Blazzard would be if he drunk a quart of whiskey per day."

Alfred Cumming

1857 - "... A few Indians were baptized but all showed bad faith and stole every possible thing including cattle, clothes and supplies of every kind. In 1857 the Indians swooped down on the mission crops and took all of the crops. All that could not be carried back to Utah by the whites was abandoned to the Indians..."

Johnson's Army approached Utah and Brigham Young issued a call for all of the Mormons to return to Utah. He also called Mormons from San Bernadino to return to Utah.  "...The Indians stole Brother Bringhurst and Brother Bleazard's goods and provisions while they were in Church..."

These two years of hard labor helped pave the way for later Mormon settlements in Southern Nevada.

SARAH SEARCY MILLER BLEAZARD LEAVES JOHN.

1857 - Thomas Blazzard was born on 14 August 1857 in Salt Lake City. He is the last child of Sarah Searcy and JHB. Thomas was four years old when his mother, Sarah Searcy, left John for the last time.

1858 - The Salt Lake City Council Minutes for September 17, 1858 records: "The petition of J.H. Blazzard (to sell Beer) was held over indefinitely." 

On the 22 March 1858, Sarah Search Miller (Bleazard) who had divorced JHB, had a home in the Seventh (7th) Ward and was married to Niels C. Jorgenson by Bishop Willis. This marriage took place one day after the citizens of Salt Lake City agreed to abandon their homes and move south in advance of Johnson's Army. Sarah and her family would have joined in this migration. After returning to Salt Lake, Sarah divorced Jorgenson in January 1859. Sarah then moved to Manti where it appears that she entered into another short marriage. The June 1860 census indicates that Sarah and all of her unmarried children were residing in the household of John Demel. 

On 12 March 1861 Sarah Searcy married for the final time. Her husband was George Pectol. (information from the Jennifer Banks research paper on this site.)


Lydia Davis Bleazard

WIFE #7 - LYDIA DAVIS. 

1860 - John Hopwood Bleazard perhaps began an intimate  relationship with (and maybe married) LYDIA DAVIS, Wife #7 in about 1856. A baby girl was born to Lydia Davis on 30 March 1857 and Lydia listed her name as Mary Ann Bleazard. Little Mary Ann died on 27 Jan 1858.  A child, Mary Ann, is listed as the daughter of Mary Jane Miller in Find a Grave and other stories. I believe that she is Lydia Davis's little girl.  Mary Jane's two babies were Sarah Ann (Nauvoo) and the little boy she said she had after coming to Salt Lake.

John and Lydia had five other children. Joseph Davis was born 17 April 1860, and Joseph Davis died when he was a young boy; Mark Hopwood was born 21 March 1861. Lucy Davis was born 30 March 1863; Caleb Davis was born 1 March 1865, and Orson Davis was born 1 January 1867.

John and Lydia Davis Bleazard were not Sealed until 7 February 1863.

Lydia Davis, was born 23 June 1825 at Bowood, Netherbury, Dorsetshire, England. Her parents, William and Lucy Davis, joined the Mormon Church in 1847, but were not able to come to America until 1855. Their son, George Davis, came to America in 1853 and purchased land in Bountiful and built a home.

William and Lucy Davis, and eight of their fourteen children (including Lydia) left Liverpool on the 31st of March 1855. Four of their children had died in England. They may have had two other children. Lucy was 30 years old and her youngest child, Billy, was 6 years old when the family came to America. William Davis and a daughter died while crossing the plains and Lucy came on to Utah with her family. She and her children went to Bountiful, Utah, where her son, George, had a home and land.

WIFE #8 - MARY MATILDA HOLDEN.

John was married and sealed to Mary Matilda Holden, wife #8, on February 7, 1863, which was the same day John was sealed to Lydia Davis. Mary had been baptized in England on March 10, 1846 and came to Utah and lived in the 14th Ward.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
1865.


The above note is in the possession of Marie Johnson

"My son, Joseph Davis, died Monday 28 Day, buried the 29th 1865, 
___________________________________
Mark Hopwood Bleazad born March 21, 1861
Lucy born on the 30th day of March 1863,'
Caleb ...  Bleazard born March 1, 1865"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Exterior of Fourteenth Ward building


The above picture is the Fourteenth (14th) Ward, which was located in downtown Salt Lake City where the Salt Palace is located. It is where John Hopwood and Mary Ison Bleazard attended meetings. It is where Mary's sister, Rhoda Ison (Danks) and her daughter, Annie Ison, attended meetings. It is also where Mary Matilda Holden (Wife #8) attended meetings. John and Lydia's children, Mark Hopwood and Lucy Davis Bleazard, are also listed as members of the 14th Ward. Mark, Lucy and John's 9th wife, Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard, were all three "re-baptized" in the 14th Ward on
2 December 1875 by Edward Stephenson.

Interior of the Fourteenth Ward building



WIFE #9 - MARY ISON WORTHINGTON

Note:  Much of the information about John's 9th wife, Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard, was 
provided by Jerry Shepherd.  Jerry is in the process of researching and writing a history, a book, about the Ison Family.  

Mary Ison Worthington arrived in the Salt Lake Valley with the Joseph Rawlins Company on 30 September 1866. With her were three of her children.  A son, Thomas Worthington, had arrived in Utah four years before Mary and the other three children came to Utah.  Henry Worthington, Mary's 1st husband, remained in England.  Mary initially took the family to Nephi, Utah where Thomas had settled, but since they could not find work in Nephi, they returned to Salt Lake City.  

Approximately fourteen months after Mary arrived in Utah, she became the ninth wife of John Hopwood Bleazard. John was nearly twenty years older than Mary.  Their marriage took place in the old Endowment House on Temple Square on Saturday, 16 November 1867.  Wilford Woodruff performed the ceremony and Willliam Wines Phelps was a witness. 

John and Mary lived together in the Fourteen Ward home which was located at First South between Main and West Temple in Salt Lake City.  It was known as the Bleazard Block.  

John and Mary did not have any children together.  

(Note to Joan or Stan.   Insert photo of the Zions Bank that is now located where the Bleazard home was when JHB died - on the Bleazard Block where John, Lydia and Mary lived.

** In year 2011, the interesting and valuable location where Mary and John Bleazard lived is at 27 West (SW) corner of 100 So Main and on the site is the unique old Zions Bank Building with the clock. The site can be googled.  Surrounding the Bank is a parking lot.  It has been said that at the time the Bleazard home was on the site, that the farm animals occupied the current parking lot.  As one walks around downtown Salt Lake City in 2011, one is walking on land where our ancestors walked.  Lydia lived with John at this 'Zions Bank' location prior to moving to 5th So West Temple.  It was here that Mary lived with John and cared for him for the last three years of his life.  It was here that Mary worked for eighteen years as a businesswoman in downtown Salt Lake, and as she met the requirements of John's Will,  assisted Lydia and her children, provided for her own children and others, and as she dealt with some of the most powerful men in the area at the time. ** 

Jerry Shepherd writes: "... The two-story adobe house with rock foundation was built in the Greek temple form with the gable end facing the street.  A false front that was kept whitewashed covered the gable.  The house stood right up against the sidewalk and nearly took up the forty feet of the property, with the exception of an alley west of the house that led to the backyard.  In that backyard Mary kept a mule and hogs ... The house had three cellars, one of which housed the famous Bleazard Brewrey. When John died in 1871, his inventory listed the items necessary for brewing beer so it would appear that he engaged in that business for nearly twenty years. 

"Two long, commercial rooms that John and Mary referred to as the front and the back store occupied the street level of the building, and each had its own entrance and large display windows.  John and Mary occupied the apartment on the second level.  It had walls of lathe and plaster and skylights to illuminate the rooms.  This building was appraised at five thousand dollars at the time of John's death; in 1930 it had a value of one hundred fifty thousand dollars. 

"On 28 November 2, 1870, John became ill and required constant attention.  In December of that year he wrote his Will, and on 13 January 1871 he succumbed to typhoid fever.  The famed Dr. W. F. Anderson, in consultation with Dr. Bernhisel,  attended to John during his last illness.  Dr. Bernhisel represented the Territory of Utah in Congress for six consecutive terms ... The bill for the care of John totaled about ninety dollars." 

Bertha Bleazard Miles remembers that this home was a two story store-like building and was built right out to the sidewalk. It was the full width of the lot. There was only a narrow alley just wide enough to walk through to get to the back yard. There was a "printing business" on the ground floor and the home was upstairs. Through the years it has been referred to as the 14th Ward property.  

Jerry Shepherd writes that this Bleazard home was one block south of Temple Square and in the heart of the business district.  The business district consisted of grocery stores, factories and the meat arcade.  Brigham Young's Market was across the street from the Mary Bleazard home.  To the east of Mary's home stood the Eagle Emporium which in 1868 became the original Zions Co-operative Mercantile Institution (ZCMI).  

To the west of Mary Bleazard's home lived Henry Dinwoodey, and David O. Calder.  Still further west and almost exactly one block west of her home, was the Fourteenth Ward Assembly Rooms and school house.  The Fourteenth Ward was one of the original nineteen wards of Salt Lake City and it passed out of existence in 1958.  Currently in 2011, the Salt Palace is where the old Fourteenth Ward Assembly Rooms stood. 

Annie Danks and her mother Rhoda Ison Danks arrived in Utah on 4 November 1879. Since Rhoda Ison Danks and Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard were sisters, Rhoda and her daughter, Annie, went to the John Hopwood Bleazard 14th Ward home when they arrived in Utah. They stayed there until they could get settled. At this time Mark Hopwood Bleazard was 18 years old and met his wife, Annie, at this time, and perhaps that is when their romance began.

In Salt Lake City, John Hopwood Bleazard lived at 21 West First South (40 rd,X 165 rd.D).  In 1930 the property was valued at $150,000. He owned a row of houses and grounds at 5th South and West Temple. He also owned property at 54 West 10 North and property at 27 West 100 South.

"At the time of his death, the property at 21 West 100 South was in his name. At the time his Will was broken it was mortgaged for $30,000. It was not redeemed, yet the mortgage could not be foreclosed. The heirs, at one time, were offered $71,000 for it. Uncle Orson Bleazard told me this." (Kate Curtis)

"The property at 5th West and South Temple (10 rd.X 20 rd), where Mark Hopwood and Annie Bleazard lived was about 1/5 of the other at that time." (Kate Curtis)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1868.


These two items are in the possession of Marie Johnson, ancestor of Caleb Davis Bleazard, son of John Hopwood Bleazard. 

The first note reads: 

John H. Bleazard son of Robert and Ann Bleazard born Feb 26th 1803 at Newton Yorkshire England, Died January 12th 1871.

Lydia Davis Bleazard, Born June 23rd, 1825 at Boxwood Netherbury Dorsetshire, England Daughte o William and Lucy Davis,

Thomas Watts Esq

Crescent Court

Cambridge England 

The second note reads:

ADMIT

JOHN H. BLEAZARD 

to the

THEOLOGICAL LECTURES

            BRIGHAM YOUNG

Salt Lake City, March 13, 1868            

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1869.



  The document is in the possession of Marie Johnson. The words are:

DECLARATION OF INTENTION

To Become a Citizen of the United States 

    I, JOHN H. BLAZARD do declare, on oath, that it is bona fide my intention to become a Citizen oF the United States of America, and to renounce and abjure forever, all allegiance and fidelity to all and any Foreign Prince, Potentate, State and Sovereignty whatever, and particularly to VICTORIA QUEEN OF GREAT BRITAIN & IRELAND of whom I was a subject.

    Sworn and subscribed to before me at my office, at SALT LAKE CITY, this 15th day of February, A.D. 1869.  (signed by J.H. BLEZARD)

    W. S. APPLEBY, Clerk of the U.S. SUPREME Court, in and for the Territory of Utah.

    I, W.S. APPLEBY, Clerk of the U.S. SUPREME Court, in and for the Territory of Utah, do certify that the above is a true copy of the Original Declaration of Intention of JOHN H. BLAZARD to become a Citizen of the United States of America, remaining on record in my office. 

    In TESTIMONY WHEREOF,. I have hereunto subscribed my name, and affixed the Seal of said Court, at my office in SALT LAKE CITY in said Territory this Fifteenth day of February A.D. 1869

W.S. APPLEBY, Clerk

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 

1871 - Salt Lake City, June 6th, 1871 

"To the Probate Court of Salt Lake County

Your petitioner respectfully submits the following:

Some 14 or 15 years ago, I made an exchange of a house and half a lot in the 7th Ward with the wife of the deceased, John H. Blazard, for a certain property immediately adjoining mine on the east in Lot 5 Block 70 S. L. City Survey containing 21 ½ feet North and South and 415 feet East and West, with a small two story house and a four foot right of way leading to said property this exchange was made by the consent and advice of her friends, as she was then more or less dependent on others for subsistance, and she thought that by having some land to cultivate by the aid of her children she could maintain herself and family without any other assistance, at this time her husband was on a mission to Las Vegas.

On his return home he was unwilling to recognize the transaction and refused giving me a deed until I had satisfied him personally for the value of his property which I finally consented to by paying him Five Hundred Dollars in monthly installments, I have ten receipts of said monthly payments in my possession which reads as follows.

Salt Lake City, April 11th, 1869

Received of George Goddard the sum of Forty Dollars ($40.00) as the 8th monthly instalment towards Five Hundred Dollars, being the amount finally and mutually agreed upon as a final settlement for my property, adjoining his on the East.
J. H. Bleazard

One Hundred Dollars towards the above was had in merchandise as per ledger, etc.

After paying this sum as per agreement I never obtained a Deed of said property while the deceased, J.H. Bleazard was living.

I therefore pray your Honorable Court to issue a decree or order upon his Administratix for a Deed of the property I have twice paid for.

And as in duty bound, Your petitioner will ever pray,
George Goddard"

 

 

1871 - Last Will and Testament of John H. Bleazard

No 14 Recorded in probate records

Salt Lake County Book "D"pages 6 7, 8, 9 & 10

January 24, 1871; E. Smith, P. Judge; Territory of Utah

I, John H. Bleazard, of the city and county of Salt Lake Territory of Utah, being weak in body, but of sound mind and memory in view of this frail and transitory state of existence do make, ordain, publish and declare this to be my Last Will and Testament, that is to say; after my lawful debts, shall be paid and discharged, including the expenses of my last sickness and proper interment, my estate, real and personal, I give bequeath and dispose of as follows, to wit:

First. To my wife, Lydia Davis Bleazard. I give and bequeath the use and occupancy of the house and lot in which, and whereon she now resides, situated in the seventh Bishops Ward, Salt Lake City, aforesaid being lot number five of block forty two. Plot "A" Salt Lake City survey with all the rents and profits accruing there from, for the support and maintenance of my said wife Lydia and her children Mark H., Lucy D., Caleb D., and Orson D. Bleazard, during her lifetime or so long as she shall remain unmarried; but in the event of her marrying again or ceasing to occupy said house and lot, her right to the use and profits arising there from shall there after cease and determine.

Second. My wife Mary Ison Bleazard shall have the use and occupancy of so much of my house and lot situated in the fourteenth Bishops Ward, in said city wherein and whereon I now reside as shall be necessary for her comfort and convenience, during her life time or so long as she shall remain unmarried and continue to reside therein or thereon, the remainder residue of the said premises in the said 14th ward, to be rented to the best possible advantage as shall be deemed proper and just by my Executrix or Executors, and the rents and profits accruing or arising from suh leases or otherwise to be use and appropriated as hereinafter provided.

Third, It is my will and to so direct that in addition to the provisions herein before made for the support and maintenance of my said wives, Lydia Davis, and Mary Ison Bleazard that so much of the rents and profits arising from leases or sales of any portion of my estate as herein provided for any authorized or from any other source not other wise herein willed or disposed of shall be appropriated to the necessary and proper support and maintenance of my said wives during their natural lives or so long as they shall remain unmarried and continue to be members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in good standing and continue to reside severally on the premises as herein contemplated and designated.

Fourth. It is my will that my children the said Mark H., Lucy D., Caleb D., and Orson D. Bleazard shall each receive a proper support and education from my said estate during their minority.

Fifth. It s my will that no part nor parcel of my real estate shall be sold and only such portions of my personal effects and chattels as may be necessary for the payment of debts, the support of my said wives and children as herein provided, or that may be unproductive or subject to depreciation in value.

Sixth. All my estate, real and personal after the same shall cease to be occupied and used for the support and maintenance of my said wives and the support, maintenance, and education of my said children during their minority as herein provided. I will and bequeath to my said children who may be then living and to the heirs of those who may be dead, and their heirs and assigns taken by right of representation, sharer and share alike, provided always that if any of my said heirs shall not be members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, in good standing at the time the distribution shall be made the share that would be coming to them shall go to the Trustee in Trust for the said Church for the use of said Church, and no portion parcel thereof shall be distributed to such member.

Lastly. I hereby nominate and appoint my wife Mary Ison Bleazard to be the Executrix of this my last will and Testament, hereby revoking all other wills by me heretofore made.

The Witness whereof I hereunto set my hand and seal this fifth day of December, eighteen hundred and seventy.

J. H. Bleazard (seal)

The foregoing instrument was signed, sealed, published and declared by the said John H. Bleazard to be his last Will and Testament, and by his request and in his presence, we subscribe our names as witnesses thereto, the day and year last above and before written.

Edward Martin, Residing in Salt Lake City

Hyrum John Worthington, Residing in Salt Lake City.
(This witness was Mary's son)


Jerry Shepherd writes, "On 14 January 1871,  Mary made funeral arrangements with Joseph E. Taylor.  John's burial robe cost $15.75, while the coffin and funeral expense came to a total of  $46.50.  Sunday School was cancelled to accommodate his funeral which was held at ten in the morning on 15 January 1871, in the Fourteenth Ward. 

1871 - John Hopwood Bleazard died January 12, 1871 and is buried in the Salt Lake Cemetery (F_14_3_)

Lydia Davis is buried in the Bleazard Lot 1 (F-14-3) in the Salt Lake City Cemetery and at the right of John.  Mary Ison Worthington is buried in the same Lot 1 (F-14-3) and in an unmarked grave at the left of John. 

There are two Bleazard Lots in the SLC Cemetery.  The other (Lot 2) is located at F-12-12-5W

 

A clipping from the Deseret News, dated January 13, 1871 states:

"Died: In the City last night about 12:00 from Typhoid Fever died John Hopwood Bleazard age 67 years.

He was taken sick on the 28th of November last. He was born in Newton, Yorkshire England, and was one of the first to embrace the Gospel in that land.

Funeral services will take place on Sunday at 10 a.m. in the 14th Ward Meeting House. Friends of the family are invited to attend."

 

OBITUARY of John Hopwood Bleazard

Bro. John H. Bleazard, late of Salt Lake City, deceased, was born in Newton, Yorkshire, England, February 26th, 1803, and died in this city January 13th, 1871.

Bro Bleazard was baptized into the church in Preston, Lancashire, in the year of our Lord 1836. He was ordained an Elder in the Church, at Manchester, on the 7th of July 1840, under the hands of Elder Parley P. Pratt, and emigrated to America during the same year. He ever proved himself a faithful and tried friend to the Martyred Prophet. No sacrifice or exertions were wanting on his part to aid the cause of Zion in the days of the Prophet Joseph, and his integrity knew no bounds, and though not among the first to come to Utah, he voluntarily gave his outfit to others to aid them across the plains; and so soon as he could procure another outfit, he came to Salt Lake City with his family, where he underwent many trials and exhibited some peculiar traits of character: but amidst all his trials and vexations, his integrity to the cause did not in the least abate; and through persevering industry and strict economy, he has left his family in comfortable circumstances. He died in peace, and fully in the faith of the Gospel of Christ, and has gone to receive the reward of his labors. Peace be to his ashes."


1871 - On 24 January 1871, Mary submitted the necessary papers to the Probate Court of Salt Lake County and received her appointment as Executrix of the Bleazard Estate from Judge Elias Smith.  Mary had both the Seventh Ward property and the Fourteenth Ward, and the Fort Herriman property to manage.   Mary had only the Will and the letters of administration issued by Judge Smith on which to act.    

John Hopwood Bleazard mentioned only two of his wives, Lydia Davis #7 and Mary Ison Worthington #9 and his four children by Lydia in his 1971 final will.  John and Sarah Searcy’'s (Wife #3) daughter, Mariam, and others took the issue to Court in the 1890s.

1875 - John and Lydia's children, Mark Hopwood and Lucy Davis Bleazard, are listed as members of the 14th Ward. It is noted that Mark and Lucy and John's 9th wife, Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard were all three "re-baptized" in the 14th Ward on 2 December 1875 by Edward Stephenson.

1876. On 11 February 1876, Mary and Lydia Bleazard leased forty feet by one-hundred feet of the north portion of the Seventh Ward property to James M. Hawley for a term of thirteen years at $480.00 per year, payable in advance each quarter. 


THIRD JUDICIAL COURT DISTRICT,
TERRITORY UTAH SALT LAKE COUNTY
John married Mary Ison Worthington on November 16, 1867
John signed his final will on December 5, 1870
John died on January 12, 1871 - His gravestone lists his death as Jan 12th, His Obit lists his death as Jan 13th. His death certificate lists Jan 13th.
(Mary writes in her report to the Court that John's death was on the 13th.)
John's final will admitted to probate court on January 24, 1871. Mary Worthington Bleazard was Executrix of John's will.
Lydia Davis Bleazard died on November 3, 1878.
Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard died July 19, 1889. 

1885. Jerry Shepherd has the Appraisal of the Estate of John Hopwood Bleazard that Mary submitted to the Probate Court, and he shares with us:

At Lydia Blazards Seventh Ward:

2 shovels 1.00
2 spades 75 c
2 forks 1.00
1 garden sine 50c
3 old hoes & 1 garden rake 1.00
2 old ploughs 8.00

Harrows 3.00
2 hatchets, 1 hammer, & 1 auger 1.00
Whipple trees & collar 1.00
200 feet squared edged lumber 6.00
Old stove 5.00
2 buck saws, 2 axes 2.00

1 watch 5.00
Crockery ware 3.00
1 Bedstead & bedding 12.00
5 chairs 4.00
1 table cloth 1.00
1 barrel 1.00


Total of 7th Ward property 56.25

Amount of loose property in the 14th Ward under the care of Mary Hyson Blazards as follows:

In yard

2 old barrells 2 old tires and some shingles 14.00
Small lot of wagon timber 3.00
Bench & screw 3.00
Wagon timber, poles & lumber in yard 21.00
4 ladders 12.00
Adobes 1.00
1 old cart & 1 wagon 40.00
Lot of 4 x 6 scantting 5.00
8 old wagon wheels 20.00
1 hog 20.00
2 barrels, 1 iron kettle, 2 old wagon wheels, 3 wagon tongues, a lot of lumber on & in shed 15.00
1 mule & 1 mule on range 40.00
1 ox & 5 Sheep in cooperative herd at Fort Herriman
1 heifer & 1 grey mare on range
2 log chains 2.00
1 step stone 1.00

Upstairs

1 stove & furniture 15.00
15 chairs 5.00
1 bedstead & bedding 12.00
2 guns & 1 whip 8.00
1 flour bin table & c 12.00
1 watch 8.00
3 looking glasses 6.00
3 old wagon seat springs 10.00
1 block 4.00
1 box containing tools, old iron, etc 3.00
3 sacks hops 5.00
2 sacks old hops 25c
1 bell, 5 oil cans, 1 churn & 1 hoe, 1 sword, etc 3.00
Peas 1.00
1 old barrel 50c
1 lot of old iron 5.00
1 old stove and piping, 1 hay fork, etc 4.00
1 set of old harness and pieces of harness 8.00
1 saddle 5.00
1 bedstead 6.00

1 pit saw 5.00
1 wagon brake 2.00
1 sack wool 75c
1 buck saw 1.00
1 basket containing cruet stand 2 cream pots 1 coffee pot 1 teapot and dipper 4.00
4 wagon bows 1.50
Sash glazed & unglazed 4.00
1 lot of chair lumber 2.00
2 sides leather 4.00
5 mule collars & gent poles 4.00
1 wagon cover 4.00
1 pr shoes 1.50
Lot of books 2.00
1 funnel & 1 washboard 1.00
15 bdls old lath 4.50
3 tables 6.00
1 flour bin 2.00
1 whip paint brushes & etc 2.00
1 coat pants vest & hat 8.00
1 wash basin, jug etc. 3.00
1 blanket & quilt 5.00
1 can oil jar hearth stone & umbrella 3.00
50 (?) white lead 8.00
Plastering trowel 1.00
1 box with paints brushes etc 1.00
1 dish 1 jar 1 bowl etc 75c
5 old iron pans 1.50
1 bible 3.00
1 brass kettle flat irons tin bucket coal scoop and etc. 2.50
1 pr steelyards 1.00
1 box containing accounts etc.

In Cellar no. 1

9 bench planes 10.00
Musical instrument 2.00
Match planes, beads, hollows, & rounds, side fillester & plow, 13 in number 5.00
2 draw knives, 2 try squares, 2 rules, 1 oil stone & 1 barrel 1.50
5 spokeshaves 2 braces & bits 4.00
3 gauges 50c
5 pair pinchers 1.50
4 taper bits 1.50
2 old saws 1.50
1 adze 1 hammer & 3 axes 4.00
7 augers 3.00
32 files & 1 rasp 3.50
Lot no. 1 bold chisels tirner chisels plane irons 5.00
Lot no. 2 plane irons etc. 1.50
3 pairs compasses & 1 pair callipers 1.50
Paint & sundries in tin cans 1.50
1 grind stone 2.00
1 level 1.50
3 boxes nails 1.00
4 boxes botls & etc 1.00
1 brush & 1 hatchet 1.00
1 steel square 50c
lot of old Iron box, rods hoops and old hoop iron 6.00
14 wagon wheels 20.00
3 wheel barrow frames 3.00
1 old seive 25c
2 frame saws 2.00
1 turning lathe bench and lot of chisels, augers, hammers, 1 screw plate & old iron 20.00
1 wheel for turning lathe, saw, grind stones etc 15.00
2 sacks malt 2.00
2 barrells 2.00
2 thimbles & 1 box for wagon axles 1.00
1 iron vice 1.50
15 old hubs 4.00
3 circular saws 2.00
1 axe & handle 50c
2 iron axles 5.00
30 old tires 25.00
Lot of wagon timber consisting of spokes, felloes, axles, old & new wagon tongues & sundry other articles 125.00

Cellar no. 2

200 feet lumber 5.00
7 wagon tongues @ 3.00 21.00

Cellar no. 3

part of 2 kegs butter 30 lbs. At 30c 9.00
2 boxes salt 2 old barrels and small lot of wagon timber 10.00

Total of loose property at 14th Ward $787.25

House & whole lot in Seventh Ward 20 rods by 10 rods 2000.00

Store & lot in 14th Ward 40 feet north front and 10 rods back

7787.25


Salt Lake City, 30th January 1871

Appraisers; Charles Crismon,
William Cooper, William McLachlan




Jerry Shepherd shares the following from Mary's personal writings:

In one record, Mary records a purchase of "hand grenades" for sixteen dollars. I asked Jerry if she may have been writing about "germade." I know what germade is used for. Jerry checked the note and says that her writing is clear and it is "hand grenades." My question: Why would a pioneer woman purchase hand grenades?

1871.  Following John's death, Mary began to improve the properties in her care.  She made changes and alterations to the lot and house to attract renters.  At the Fourteenth Ward, she cleaned the lot and house and made repairs to the stores and home.  She hired Charles Edward Silverwood as her bookkeeper.

Lydia Davis Bleazard and her children lived at the Seventh Ward property at 43 West 500 South.  At this property, Mary contracted for the building of a new adobe and rock house, presumably for Lydia and her children to live in, or it may have been a rental property.  Mary left the management of that property to Lydia.  (Joan would really like to hear from someone with records of Lydia's business transactions, or her stories, photos and notes).  

1877.  Mary still owed a debt to the Perpetual Emigration Fund for passages of herself and three children.  The emigration debt, plus the fact that John and Mary did not marry until a year after Mary's arrival in Utah, puts to rest the assertion that John Hopwood Bleazard paid for Mary's passage. 

1879.  In 1879 Mary requested Robert Aveson to search the Deseret News for the notice she had published in 1871 following John's death in which she sought to settle the debts John owed and had owing to him.  Apparently, eight years after John's death, Mary was encountering unresolved debts.  Similar claims that there had been no notice given concerning the death or estate of John Hopwood Bleazard was later made by the Sarah Searcy family in Court during the 1890s. 

On 2 November 1879, Lydia Davis Bleazard died, and Mary became the legal guardian of Lydia's children and took over management of Lydia's homestead.  It is believed that some of Lydia's  children resided in Mary's home for a short time.   

1880.  In 1880, Lydia's four children were living in the Seventh Ward and Mark Hopwood Bleazard was listed as head of household.  Mary functioned as the administrator of their estate.  To Mark and Lucy she gave money and goods, while she paid the bills of the two younger boys.  Mary's accounts show her giving more than six hundred dollars per year to the Bleazard children for their maintenance.  She purchased clothing for them and paid to have their laundry washed. She paid for their education (Mark attended the Fourteenth Ward Seminary, while Lucy and Caleb attended Lambert's school.)  Mary paid for the boarding of Caleb and Orson until they reached their majority.  Mary rented one of the tenement houses in the Seventh Ward from Mark Bleazard, and it may have been for the boarding of Caleb and Orson.  Mary had the eight tenement houses constructed following the death of Lydia... These houses later became the homes of Lydia's four children when they reached adulthood. 

Jerry writes: "The Bleazard family claimed that Mary gave John's property to her own children.  John tightly controlled his property in life and he controlled it in death.  At no time was it even jointly Mary's to give away or sell.  She only had a life interest in it to support herself.  More likely, as existing evidence suggests, Mary used the property as stipulated by John to assist Lydia's children, and she would have assisted her own children. She also assisted the Church and anyone in need."

1882.  When Mary was 60 years old she became the guardian of four grandchildren, ranging in age from twenty months to eleven years of age.  

1886.  Jerry Shepherd writes: " On 26 November 1886, Mary appeared in Probate Court before Judge Elias Smith... Mary presented her accounts to the Court and asked that they be examined again as she had submitted them to be examined every year since 1871, and no action had been taken by the court.  Three of John Hopwood and Lydia Davis Bleazard's children had reached the age of majority and the youngest, Orson Davis Bleazard, neared his majority.  Mary planned to turn the deeds to the Seventh Ward properties over to Lydia's children and retire from managing their portion of the Bleazard estate.  The records indicate, however, that Lydia's children retained Mary's services to assist them with the property, and she was paid by them for this assistance until her death. At her appearance in Probate Court, Mary sought the sum of fifteen hundred dollars, or one hundred dollars per year, for her services as the Executrix of the Bleazard estate.  She also requested payment for her clerk, Charles Edward Silverwood, who she felt deserved additional compensation for his work as her bookkeeper.  George D. Pyper, famed manager of the Salt Lake Theater, served as the Notary Public who witnessed Mary's signature for the submitted court documents."

_________________________________
1886 (26 November 1886)

In the Probate Court in and for Salt Lake County, Utah Territory

Before the Hon. Elias A. Smith, Judge

In the matter of the Estate of John H. Blazard, decd

Report of Mary I. Blazard, Executrix of the last will and testament of John H. Blazard, decd

To the Hon. Probate Court in and for Salt Lake County, Territory of Utah

Your accountant, Mary Ison Blazard, the duly appointed and duly qualified Executrix of the last will and testament of John H. Blazard, deceased, now comes and reports to the Court her account, management and condition of said estate and says that he, the said John H. Blazard, was on the 5th day of December A.D. 1870, a resident of Salt Lake City in Salt Lake County and Territory of Utah.

And, that on that day he made, uttered, and published his last will and testament in due form of law.

And that afterward, on the 13th day of January A.D. 1871 he departed this life at said City and County and that afterward on the ... the said will and testament was duly admitted to Probate Court. Executrix of said will and testament was duly appointed by this Court. Executrix of said will and testament which will and testament is recorded in the records and proceedings of this Court, Book “D” pages 6,7,8,9, and 10 to which your accountant refers for its contents, and for the proof of these statements. That afterwards, your accountant took the oath and gave the bond required by law and entered upon the duties of the trust.

And that at the time of his death he left Lydia D. Blazard and Mary Ison Blazard, your accountant, his widows, and Mark H. Blazard, Lucy D. Blazard, Caleb D. Blazard, and Orson D. Blazard, his children by the said Lydia Blazard the sole devisees and legatees under his said last will and testament. The said children being then minors.

And that on the 3rd day of November A.D. 1878 the said Lydia D. Blazard departed this life at the City and County of Salt Lake, Utah Territory. That said Mark H. Blazard, Lucy D. Blazard and Caleb D. Blazard have now attained their majority. That said Orson D. Blazard is now about twenty years of age and that your accountant is his legally appointed guardian of his person and estate.

She further reports that at the time of the death of said testator, he was the owner of land in the possession of the improvement on Lot Five (5) in Block Thirty-three (33) as plotted in Plat “A” Salt Lake City Survey in the City and County of Salt Lake, Utah Territory. And that the said Lydia D. Blazard with her children resided on said lot at the time of said testators death as their homestead and continued to reside thereon up to the time of her death and from the time of her death until the present time the said children have resided thereon making that their home. She further says that upon the 11th day of February A.D. 1876 your accountant and the said Lydia D. Blazard leased twenty rods north front-ly one hundred feet south of the north part of the said lot to one James M. Hawley for the term of 13 years, at the amount of rent of Four hundred and eighty dollars payable quarterly in advance. That from the time of the death of said testator to the date of the aforesaid lease the said Lydia D. Blazard received the use and income of all of said lot for her use and the use of said children and that from the date of said lease until the time of her death, the said Lydia D. Blazard received the rents, issues, and profits of said Lot and applied the same to the support of herself and children. That from the time of the death of said Lydia D. Blazard up to the present time your accountant has received the rents and income from said Lot and applied the same for the use and benefit of said children. She further says that since the death of said testator the said lot has been improved by the erection of tenement houses and otherwise.

She further reports that said testator at the time of his death was the owner of and in the possession of improvement on part of Lot Six (6) in Block Sixty nine (69) as plotted in Plat “A” Salt Lake City Survey, described as follows, to wit: Commencing at a point 191 feet West from the North East corner of said Lot 6 thence West 40 feet, thence south 10 rods, thence East 40 feet thence North 10 rods to the place of beginnings. And that the said Mary I. Blazard resided on said lot at the time of said testators death as her homestead and ever since has continued to and now resides upon said land. That she during all this time has received the rents, issues, and profits of said property and applied a portion of the same to her own sustenance, another portion to the sustenance of the other legatees and devisees, and the balance to improving and keeping in repair the said estate by which the said estate has been greatly increased in value and rendered productive greatly in excess of what it would otherwise have been. This property with the exception of a small portion in which she resides is leased to various parties.

Subsequent to the death of said testator under the laws of Congress and of the Territory of Utah relating to townsites your accountant acquired the legal title to the aforesaid pieces or parcels of land and now holds them in trust for said estate.

Subsequent to the death of said testator she also acquired the legal title to Lot 3 in Block 11 of Herriman City Plot, together with the East ½ of the adjoining West Street and the South half of the adjoining North Street, situate in Salt Lake County, Utah Territory and holds the same in trust for the benefit of said Estate. That the three foregoing pieces of real estate is all the real estate belonging to said Estate which has come to her knowledge. And that all Territorial School & County Taxes and all City and School District Taxes assessed against the property of said estate has been paid by your accountant except those of the present year, which are not yet due.

She further reports that there is now forty sheep in the herd belonging to said estate.

The household and kitchen furniture on hand at the time of the death of the testator was distributed to and used by each of the families and is now substantially used up. There was also a small amount of personal property which was distributed to and used up by the families with the exception of a very few articles which now remain, and which your accountant asks may be ordered distributed to the heirs.

The testator at the time of his death and the legatees and devisees named in said will were members of the Church of Jesus Christ in good standing and that the survivors of them are now members of said church in good standing. That Lydia D. Blazard, now deceased, did not marry after the death of said testator, and your accountant has not married since his death.

She further says that the source from which she has been able to realize funds for her own support as one of the legatees and for the support of the other legatees, Lydia D. Blazard and the said children and for the improvement and maintenance of said estate has been from rents derived from the two pieces of land herein first described. A true and correct exhibit of receipts and expenditures she herewith files marked Exhibit “A” and makes it a part of the report.

She further reports that she has filed an annual statement of the receipts and disbursements of said Estate in this Court, but that no action has been taken on them and she now asks to have them examined in connection with Exhibit “A” and passed upon by this Court. From the sources named in said Exhibit “A” from the beginning of her trust up to the 31st day of July 1886, she has received in all the sum of $21,340.40. That she has paid out during said period the sum of $8050.30 as near as it can now be estimated for the support of Lydia D. Blazzard and her said children in addition to what the said Lydia D. Blazard received as herein before reported. That she used for her own support during said period the sum of $5638.44. That she used for the improvement and maintenance of said Estate during said period the sum of $7553.89 which leaves a balance in her hands of $97.37.

She now prays the Court to appoint a time and place for the hearing of this report and settling this account and cause due notice thereof to be given and that upon the hearing the Court approve and confirm the same and grant such other and further relief as law and equity may require.

Mary I. Bleazard

Executrix of the Last Will and Testament of John H. Bleazard, deceased

Territory of Utah; County of Salt Lake
I Mary I. Bleazzard being duly sworn depose and say: That I am the duly appointed and duly qualified executrix of the last will and testament of John H. Bleazzard, deceased, late of said County and the identical person who has signed and now files the foregoing account and report of the conditions of said estate, that I have heard the foregoing account and report read and understood the contents thereof, and that I of my own personal knowledge know that the same is in all respects true and just and that each and every item in said account charged has been actually paid by her. Mary I. Bleazard, Executrix, Subscribed and sworn to before me this 26th day of November 1886.

Geo. D. Pyper. Notary Public

 



1888. On 9 September 1888, Mary deeded to Lydia Bleazard's children the property on which their mother had resided during her lifetime.  This 'deed of partition' was dated September 9, 1888. (court papers say the date of this deed signing was Sept. 9, 1886.) 

1889. Sarah Searcy Miller died 18 March 1889.

1889. 
  It was in this year that the Hulbert Brothers continued to lease space from Mary, as did John E. Sherlock and C. L. Hannaman.

Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard died 19 July 1889 

Mary died intestate and she had attended to her church responsibilities to within two weeks of her death.  She died peacefully at 9:50pm on 19 July 1889 from chronic diarrhea.  Her funeral service was conducted by Bishop Hamlton Taylor on 21 July 1889.  Joseph E. Taylor handled the funeral for the family.  The cost of the casket, rental of five carriages and funeral expenses came to a total of  $72.50.  Mary was buried in Bleazard Lot #2 Plot F Block 33 Lot 14, ninety feet off Center Street in the Salt Lake Cemetery. 

Mary's death caused a sensation in Utah that would lead to a long Court case and set legal precedent.  Mariam Blazzard Steers, a daughter from John Hopwood Bleazard's third wife, Sarah Searcy, heard that her father owned significant proerty in Salt Lake City and she sued the children of Lydia Davis Bleazard for a share of the estate.  When the newspapers printed articles about the sensational Bleazard case, other half-siblings suddenly appeared for their share of the estate.  The children of the different wives had never met prior to going to Court. 

In December of 1890, Judge Charles Zane, famous for his prosecution of polygamists, gave his decision in the Bleazard case.  In it, he stated that Mary Ison Bleazard may have claimed to hold title to the property either by the deeds or the will.  By the deeds, she should have turned the property to the rightful heirs, or the legitimate children of John Hopwood Bleazard and his wife, Sarah Searcy.  Since Lydia was a polygamous wife and polygamy was against the laws of the United States, the court considered Lydia's children illegitimate, even though those living at that time were all born following the divorce of John and Sarah Bleazard.  If Mary held the property by the terms of the will, then she and Lydia Davis Bleazard and Lydia's children had claim to the property.  Judge Zane stated that the property should have been distributed as termed by the deeds, and that he believed that Mary Ison Bleazard sincerely thought that she and Lydia had rights to the property, as stipulated by the will.  If Mary had been wrong in her assumption, the Probate Court in 1871 did nothing to correct that assumption, and one would have to assume that Judge Elias Smith, who spent many years in the probate court, did not know what he was doing ...

Judge Zane awarded the children of Sarah Searcy, the Fourteenth Ward property, and to the son, John, who was referred to as the imbecile, he also awarded one fourth of the income from the Seventh Ward property.  Lydia's children retained the Seventh Ward property because they had resided on it for nearly thirty years.  The children of Lydia Davis Bleazard appealed the ruling and the Bleazard/Blazzard families remained in court for a total of five years.  None of the family received much after the division of the property and ironically, the Blazzards of southern Utah remained in court for nearly a decade. Following the settlement of John Hopwood Bleazard's estate they found themselves being sued for debts by their creditors.  Now even people outside of the Bleazard/Blazzard families wanted a slice of the pie. 

Mary Ison Bleazard's estate could not be settled until the court determined if any of the disputed Bleazard property belonged to her, and vice-versa.  During that time, the court did find that at no time did Mary or her children consider that they had any claim to the Bleazard property.  

At the time of Mary's death, an inventory was taken of her personal property. The inventory revealed that she owned one cook stove, one oil stove, one large rocking chair, one small rocking chair, six walnut rocking chairs, two maple rocking chairs, one bedstead with springs, one desk, two tables, one cupboard, one heating stove, two stands, one mattress, one feather bed, one mirror, and one rag carpet.  Her monetary assets consisted of that which she earned as executrix of the Bleazard estate. 

By the time of the final ruling on the Bleazard case in 1893, the lawyers for all parties grew rich and the Bleazard/Blazzards realized only a few hundred dollars from property worth thousands.  For Mary's family it meant even less.  Her personal property appraised at $44 and netted $43 when sold by order of the Probate Court in September of 1889.  All of that money went to pay her estate administrator, Ben W. Driggs, Jr., for his services.  Mary's children received nothing.  After four years, Henry and Thomas Worthington settled their account with Joseph E. Taylor, who had handled Mary's funeral arrangements. 

Note:  Much of the above information about John's 9th wife, Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard, was provided by Jerry Shepherd.   Jerry is in the process of writing a history, a book, about the Ison Family.   Jerry gave me permission to use some of his extensive research and records for John's story.  Thank you Jerry. 

1890. It was Sarah Searcy's children and other children who took Lydia's children to Court in January/February 1890 to break the Will and partition the land.  It was during this time that the children of John and Sarah Searcy changed the spelling of their last name from Bleazard to Blazzard.

In the Court Papers there are these dates when Court action occurred:
Jan 3, 1890
Jan 18, 1890
Feb 13, 1890
May 29, 1890 Mariam Blazzard Steers appointed as guardian ad litem of John Blazzard.
May 29, 1890 - Mary Jane Hill (who lived with JHB for 19 years (5 years as his wife) was on the stand. Page 54
Nov 20, 1890

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Dec 3, 1890, Blazzard Heirships, Salt Lake Tribune, Page 5

"THE BLAZZARD HEIRSHIPS, Salt Lake Tribune, 3 Dec 1890, Page 5 as follows:
JUDGE ZANE SETTLES SOME IMPORTANT POINTS IN POLYGAMIST ESTATES
STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS CONSIDERED

Probate of Will considered as regular John Blazzard has one-fourth interest in the Seventh Ward property – The plaintiff entitled to recover rents of Fourteenth Ward property.
(The remainder is not clear and I was unable to transcribe... joan)

DECISION IN THE BLAZZARD WILL CASE
Deseret News, December 13, 1890
In the Third District Court December 2nd, Judge Zane delivered his opinion in the well-known Blazzard Will case, which has occupied the Court’s almost constant attention for the past month. His honor said:
John Blazzard et al, plaintiffs, vs Lucy D. Watts et al, defendants:

In this case the plaintiffs ask that the court decree that the title to the real estate described in the complaint is in the plaintiffs, and that it order the defendants, or the person having the legal title, to execute deeds to the plaintiffs. There are four other cases that were submitted at the same time that this one was, which involve substantially the same questions. They all embrace two tracts of land, one in the Fourteenth Ward and the other in the Seventh Ward in this city.

It appears from the evidence that the late John H. Blazzard died on the 14th(?) day of January, 1871, and that he left surviving him Sarah Blazzard (whom I find under the evidence was his lawful wife), and his children, the plaintiffs, by her. That he also left a plural wife by the name of Lydia Blazzard, and his children by her, who are the defendants, and another plural wife by the name of Mary Ison Blazzard. He (John) was, at the time of his death and for years before, in possession of the two pieces of land mentioned and described in the complaint, on which he had made improvements. 

On the Seventh Ward tract Lydia was living at that time with her children, the defendants named. He (John) had lived with her for a number of years and until within a few years before his death, after which he resided with Mary Ison Blazzard, who was living on the tract situated in the Fourteenth Ward. He (John) had to this land the possessory right with the right to occupy it and enjoy it, and to obtain a deed from the mayor by complying with the provisions and enactment of the territorial legislature with respect to town site property. He also left a Will, in which he expressly devised to Lydia Blazzard a life estate in the Seventh Ward property for the benefit of herself and her children until they should reach their majority, and he devised to Mary Ison Blazzard a life estate in the Fourteenth Ward property with the right to live upon it and to rent such portions of it as she did not occupy, the proceeds to be appropriated to her own use for her support and maintenance, and to aid in the support and maintenance of Lydia Blazzard and her children, as their necessities might require.

The question arises first about who had a devisable interest in this property. The right to the possession and enjoyment of the property and to obtain a deed by complying with the law was a valuable one. It was a right that he had against all the world, except the United States, and I am of the opinion that it was a devisable interest. The continuance of the right and the interest of this estate depend, it is true, upon the action of the persons to whom he willed it and left in possession of it. It was dependent upon possession.

A question is also made as to the Will, that it was not properly probated and proven. I am of the opinion that at this late day, at least, the Will should be regarded as properly probated and proven to this case, by the evidence offered.

The question then arises upon its construction. As has been stated, the life estates were given up by the Will and the uses mentioned. By the sixth clause the deceased disposed of the remainder in these words: “"All my estate, real and personal, after the same shall cease to be occupied and used for the support and maintenance of my wives, and the support, maintenance and education of my said children during their minority, as herein provided, I will and bequeath to my said children, who may then be alive, and to the heirs of those who may be dead, and to their heirs and assigns, taking by right and representation share and share alike; provided always that if any of my said heirs shall not be members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in good standing at the time the distribution be made, the share that should be coming to them shall go to the trustee-in-trust for said Church for the use of said Church, and no part or parcel shall be distributed to such non-member.”"

Then these two conditions, when taken together, are conditions precedent to the vesting of the remainder in the devisees mentioned, and if the conditions are void, then the law would be that it would not vest in them; but if, on the contrary, they constitute together a condition subsequent, then the remainder would vest and it would not be divested by a void condition. (--) that it is important to determine whether the conditions mentioned are precedent or subsequent; In other words, whether the remainder of these heirs is a contingent remainder or a vested one. The provision is that after the life estate shall cease, he (John) wills and bequeaths to his children who may then be living this remainder. This time referred to there is the termination of the life estate. There is a difference of opinion as to whether this time refers to the time that the will took effect,, or to the time of the termination of the life estate. Some courts have held that, in view of this condition, the remainder vests, subject to be determined upon the death of any one of the devisees named before the termination of the life estate. That is based upon the fact that the courts favor the vesting of estates at once, without deferring them unless it is necessary to do so. But this is coupled with other provisions: "...“Provided always, that if any of my said heirs shall not be members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in good standing at the time the distribution shall be made, the share that should be coming to them shall go to the trustee-in-trust,” etc..." There the testator indicates an understanding and intention on his part that before the interest should vest in the devisee in the language of the will, ..."“that the share that should be coming to them shall go to the trustee-in-trust” ..." He did not understand that the share was to go to them before this distribution that he speaks of. It is said that that should be construed to mean that the right to the actual possession and use should not go to them until then; that it did not mean to say that the remainder should not vest at once; but the language is that if they should not be member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in good standing at the time the distribution shall be made, then the share that should come to them shall go to the Church.

The general rule is that where the event in which the remainder is to vest is one that must certainly happen, that the title vests at once; but it is an uncertain one, if it is contingent, then the remainder does not vest until the contingency happens. What a child'’s religion will be when he comes to form his religious beliefs, if he ever forms any, is a matter of conjecture. There is a great uncertainty about it. A great many follow the religion of their fathers, others do not, and some do not have any religion at all, in an orthodox sense; some have a natural religion, as they term it. This would seem to be an uncertain fact, and that, taken with the language used, leads the court to the conclusion that this remainder should not vest until the time the distribution occurs, and that the testator understood by the terms distribution the time that the contingent remainder should vest in the devisees mentioned.

The question then arises, is this a void condition. Reference has been made to the Constitution of the United States, first amendment which provides that Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion or prohibit the free exercise thereof. That of course was a prohibition upon Congress. It indicated the belief and the convictions of the American people with respect to the right of the government to establish religion, and to interfere with the free exercise of it. They had in view the oppression and cruelty and barbarity that had been practiced by governments in past times in attempting to form and shape the religious convictions of the people, and hence this provision is placed in the Constitution. They believed that the best interests of the American people required such a provision in their fundamental law. This can only have a bearing as indicating to some extent the public policy, and what is right with respect to individual belief and worship. It indicated the conviction that every man should be at liberty to form his religious beliefs and convictions without interference by any one, except by moral teaching and persuasion, which is tolerated of course. It indicated that no law at least should be adopted on the subject, and to some extent it is an indication that no individual should, by violence at least or by intimidation, undertake to regulate the religious beliefs of others, or that he should not by bribes or rewards or punishment interfere with them. Now, if this provision amounts to anything, it is this: This man said to his children. "“If you will join the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and so conduct yourself with respect to that Church as to be considered members in good standing of it, when this estate is distributed, you can have all of this land; that is your reward. If you do not, you are disinherited, and it shall go to another.”" Such an offer as that would be a powerful inducement with some people; with others it would not be, probably. The tendency of such provisions to make the heirs, or the children, confess at least that they are members of the Church mentioned, and it also with some might have a tendency to actually shape their convictions; because some people are so constituted that they believe what it is to their interest to believe; and this influence is a powerful one in that direction with some.

It would seem to me that the government through its court, which is the instrumentality it employs to interpret, construe and apply the law, should not sanction such a provision. While of course it is by making the law, yet it is saying to the man who makes it the will, that he may make the law and the government will enforce it; that he may impose such a condition, such a rule, such a restriction upon his children, and that the government will give it all the force and effect of a law of the land as to him and to all others. That would again seem to be contrary to the public policy of this country, and particularly as to this territory, with respect to the particular Church to which this property was to go in case the devisee could not take it, and the Church to which these persons were required to belong. If there is any one public policy that is established in this territory by the government of the United States it is that polygamy and unlawful cohabitation are wrong, and that they should be rooted out, and cut out like a cancer, as an enemy to society, and enemy to humanity, an enemy to one of the most important institutions upon which the social fabric stands, the strongest pillar in the great fabric that shelters and protects us all, that protects virtue and chastity among men and women.

This Church, at the time this will was made, recognized polygamy as a right, and held that in certain contingencies, that it was the duty of some to practice it. The public policy of the government of the United States, and of the laws relating to this Territory enacted by Congress is against inducing anyone to embrace such a faith. It has by an act of Congress forfeited several hundred thousand of dollars worth of property in order to suppress polygamy and unlawful cohabitation, and to take away from the Church that recognized and taught such a doctrine the power and means to extend the dominion of the Church, and to make (proselytes) in this and other lands. That being so, it certainly would be contrary to the public policy for the court to sanction a Will, and all Wills by which inducements of this kind were given to persons to embrace that faith. It is directly opposed to the public policy of this Territory as indicated by the laws of Congress and by the actions of the courts.
I am of the opinion that his provision is void.

These plaintiffs claim under a deed or deeds executed by the mayor of Salt Lake City, the testator, John H. Blazzard, appointed Mary Ison Blazzard his executrix, and also, in pursuance of the act of the territorial legislature and the town site law of Congress, filed a claim with the probate court as administrix of the estate of the late John Blazzard for and in behalf of the heirs of said estate; and in it she represented herself as administrix of the estate and not executrix. The hearing was set down for a certain time and time given for persons to file counter-claims; and at the time mentioned, this order was made; “ "Mary I. Blizzard, administered of the estate of J. H. Blizzard, claims all that part of lot 6, in block 69 etc," describing the property. It further states that she appeared on the 31st day of June 1872, and showed to the satisfaction of the court that she is in trust the rightful owner and occupant of said lands, and there being no adverse claims, it is ordered and adjudged that she is administrix, is entitled to a deed to fee simple, in trust, however, for the heirs of the estate of J. H. Blazzard. The proceedings seem to be regular, and the court had jurisdiction of the matter and the power to make that order.

In pursuance of the order and of the law, the Mayor deeded the land to Mary Ison Blazzard, administrix of the estate of J. H. Blazzard, deceased, in trust for the heirs of said estate and concluded by saying: "“By these present I do hereby grant and convey unto the said Mary Ison Blazzard, administrix the estate of the late J. H. Blazzard, deceased, in trust for the heirs of said estate," the land described.

The question is made here that the heirs of the estate meant the persons entitled to the estate under the Will; that it did not mean his lawful heirs; that if it had the term would have been used “heirs of John H. Blazzard, deceased The term heirs is a technical one, and embraces persons who are so related to the deceased, as in this case, by consanguinity or affinity, as under the law makes them heirs. The children, of course, would be heirs by consanguinity, and the wife, where she may inherit, would be an heir by the relationship of afflulty under the law. That is the usual meaning given to it. It refers to the persons to whom the law passes the estate in case of the death of the person owning property. The proper term would have been here, the devisors. It is possible and probable that the parties to this deed did not know the facts, or they may have understood that it referred to the devisees. But under the law and the language used, I am of the opinion that this should be held to refer to the lawful heirs of John H. Blazzard.

The property is given in trust without any further expression. It says, "“In trust for the heirs of said estate,"” which I am disposed to hold means the lawful heirs of John H. Blazzard. It is what is sometimes termed in equity a dry trust. It is not an active trust; there is nothing for the trustees to do. It is what is sometimes called a passive trust. The trustee is a passive agency of instrumentality used through which the title passes to the beneficiaries. The trustee is used as a conduit, so to speak, to pass the title, without requiring him to do anything.

One question is whether the law executes the trust at once, and vests the legal title in the (______ ___) trusts of beneficiaries. The statute of trusts in England would execute it. It might not have done so at some periods, because it might have been regarded as a use upon (____) but not so in this country. Here the deed passes the fee?, and the right to the heirs at once, and the only trust here is one in favor of the (_____ que ____)>

The question further is, inasmuch as Mary Ison Blazzard continued in the possession of this property, and never expressly at least renounced the trust, but continued to hold the possession and to exercise acts of ownership over the property, and that the defendants continued to do so after her death (which was but a short time before the suit was commenced) whether she should be regarded as holding for these plaintiffs, the lawful heirs, or whether she should be regarded as holding adversely to them. If her rights and her possession are regarded as adverse to them, then the statute of limitations would apply.

The general rule of law is that the statute of limitations does not (---) against an express trust, as this is, and in that case the laws that the statute will not commence to run until the trustee, by some equivocal conduct, brought to the attention of the (_____ que trust) renounces the trust. It is said in this case that Sarah Blazzard, the lawful wife, several years previous to the death of John H. Blazzard, on account of his cruel treatment towards her, and there is evidence to show partly on account of his marrying another woman, left him and went some three hundred miles into the county of Washington, near St. George, and lived there, that they were ignorant, and neither she nor her children were informed as to their rights and that they never had any notice that Mary Ison Blazzard was holding this property adversely to them, or holding it subject to the provisions of the will and not in accordance with the trust provided. I am of the opinion that where a trustee remains in possession and control of the property, the statute of limitations will not apply, unless on account of ___) In these cases of equity the law by analogy applies this statute of limitations very often where, as before stated, by unequivocal adverse possession where the trustee has brought the fact to the attention of the beneficiaries that he is holding adversely to them, and re______) the trust, the statue of limitations will be applied. I am of the opinion that the statute of limitations should not apply to the Fourteenth ward tract.

The other tract stands upon different principles. Lydia Blazzard was living upon that property, she was holding and claiming to hold by virtue of the Will. That Will professed to give her the right to the possession and use of it, and immediately on her death according to the Will, it passed to these heirs. She and her children were in possession some eighteen or nineteen years, a possession that was hostile to the trustee under this deed. It is true that Lydia Blazzard and her children recognized Mary Ison Blazzard as the executrix of the estate, and recognized her as having some rights with respect to the property under the Will, and as executrix, but the evidence I think shows that Lydia nor her children never recognized the right of Mary Ison Blazzard as trustee for these plaintiffs. Lydia claims by virtue of the Will, and her children claim by virtue of the Will. It is true that the Will did not pass the title to them but they claimed it, and held possession according to it; and if anyone had gone there and asked Lydia Blazzard what her claim was to that property, she would have said that she claimed it because the Will gave her the right to it, and gave her children the right to it. I do not think the evidence would leave any room for doubt on that point. (____ _____) claims under the provisions of the Will, and the plaintiffs claim under the provision of the deed. The deed they say gave the property to them. Lydia Blazzard and her children say that the Will gives it to them. Their possession and claim was antagonistic and was hostile by the claim of Mary Ison Blazzard and (________que ____) under the deed.

The question therefore arises; will the statute of limitations by analogy apply to this case? Here is a hostile possession and claim in direct conflict with the claim of these plaintiffs and with the claim of Mary Ison Blazzard, as she must have made it if she were holding for the plaintiffs. Lydia Blazzard does not claim under the trust created by the deed the claims under the provisions of the Will, and that the Will controlled the right and should transfer it from Mary Ison Blazzard under the deed to her, whereas, the plaintiffs claim that the deed passed it to them, and I think that provision of the statute of uses would apply which would pass the title to them if they demanded it. Because I am of the opinion that that statute of uses is regarded as passing with the common law into this country and this territory, being settled up by the people of the United States who had adopted the common law, the common law was to be brought with them, as well as this statute of uses. But I am of the opinion that inasmuch as the position of Mary Ison Blazzard to this Fourteenth Ward property was at least equivocal she could be holding under the deed or under the Will, she might be claiming under either, according to the provisions of the Will or according to the provisions of the deed, which gave it to the lawful heirs, but I am inclined to the opinion that she understood herself to be holding according to the provisions of the Will, and not under the deed.

I am of the opinion, therefore, and so find that the statute of limitations applies as to the tract in the Seventh Ward, held and possessed by Lydia Blazzard and her children and that it does not apply to the property in the Fourteenth Ward. I am further of the opinion that John Blazzard, the imbecile, is not barred by the statute of limitations; that he has a right to a one-fourth interest in all this property, and so far as the defendants have received the rents and profits of this Seventh Ward property, he is entitled to one-fourth of them, and to recover that against them. As to the Fourteenth

(The above is on 3 pages - and I do not have a 4th page. Some of the words have been difficult to translate, errr I mean transcribe correctly, and there may be minor errors. If you have a copy of this, please mail a copy to me so it can be accurate. Thanks, joan)

May 26, 1892 Page 32

May 28, 1892 The Blazzard Will Case, Salt Lake Tribune, Page 8

"Judge Zane rendered his decision in the Blazzard cases which were submitted the previous day. The decision was to the effect that all the children, whether legitimate or illegitimate, be allowed to inherit under the will, and deciding the issue upon the statute of limitations against the plea. Also that the right of action of the parties to inherit from the Seventh Ward property did not accrue until the youngest child became of age, and until then the statute did not have time to run. Believe that Ellen Blazzard was one of the heirs and stated that an opportunity would be given to furnish additional proofs as to her death."

June 11, 1892 Page 31

1893 - 
Kate (Catherine) Dixon writes: "My father (?) went back from Luna, New Mexico in 1893 at the time the Will was broken and Court was on. His share would have been about $1,000. He signed it over to James Andrus, and Andrus sold him horses for it... Uncle Tom’'s share purchased the farm in Washington Field after the Will was broken. The long, drawn-out Court proceedings lasted so long that some of the buildings were condemned and had to be removed, which left little of value to the heirs."

June 8, 1893,
"BLAZZARD CASES SETTLED, Salt Lake Tribune, June 8, 1893, Page 6
END OF A LONG AND INTRICATE SERIES OF LITIGATION
- THE POINTS OF AGREEMENT REACHED –

The famous Blazzard Will Cases, five in number, which have been in the courts for several years past, have been settled by the parties to the suits, and a decree was entered by stipulation in the Supreme Court yesterday morning in accordance with the agreement.

The cases are as follows: John Blazzard et al, plaintiffs and respondents, and Thomas M. Blazzard et al, interveners and respondents, vs Mark H. Blazzard et al. defendants and appellants, Caleb D. Blazzard et al defendants and appellants, Lucy D. Watts et al defendants and appellants, and Lucy D. Watts administratrix.

This agreement entered into as follows, substantially:

FIRST. The plaintiffs and interveners in the causes hereinabove entitled, agree to release the defendants in each of said causes respectively, all claims for damages, rents, issues, and profits and costs stated and given by the respective judgments therein, and convey by deeds to each of the defendants Lucy D. Watts, Caleb D. Blazzard, Orson D. Blazzard and Mark H. Blazzard, all of the interests of each of said plaintiffs and interveners in and to the several pieces or parcels of land in lot 5, block 33, plat A, Salt Lake City survey, and to pay to the defendants the sum of $8500 together with one-half of the total taxable costs of the defendants in this court to date, including one-half of the costs of printing abstracts etc.

SECOND. The defendants Lucy D. Watts, Caleb D. Blazzard and Mark H. Blazzard agree to release to the plaintiffs and interveners in the above entitled cause, No 8248, all claims for damages, rents, issues and profits of the land described in the pleadings, lot 6, block 69, plat A, and to convey by sufficient deeds unto said plaintiffs and interveners all their interest in said premises that is to say, one-seventh undivided to each of the interveners and the remaining five-sevenths undivided to the said plaintiffs, and to release unto said plaintiffs and interveners all money now in the hands of the receiver, or which may be received by him in the execution of his trust, as rents or profits from the property last herein described, one-seventh to the interveners and six-sevenths to the plaintiffs.

THIRD. Except as stipulated in the first paragraph herein, the plaintiffs, interveners and defendants are to their several costs in this court to date, and the costs subsequently occurring are to be paid one-half by the interveners and defendants and one-half by the defendants.

FOURTH- It is agreed and stipulated between the respective parties hereto that the several causes above mentioned shall be consolidated in this count, and that the several decrees in the five causes shall be vacated, and the judgment of this court, given and entered in each of said causes remanding the same to the District Court with directions to render decrees strictly as in this stipulation provided."




FOOTNOTES

Information gleaned from numerous sources and including the following sources, which are in the possession of Joan Bleazard Thomas, 5771 Beaumont Dr., Holladay, UT 84121.

1. "The Life Sketch of John Hopwood Bleazard" by Kate Bleazard Curtis which was copied June 15, 1964 and given to James H. Blazzard; copied by James H. Blazzard in 1975.  Anna Dee Bleazard Coupens had a copy in 1964.

July 29, 2008, Steven Pogue (descendant of Sarah Searcy Miller/JHB, and their son James Blazzard) writes in an email: "I knew Kate B. Curtis. Or, I should say, I met her. My mom (Charmaine Blazzard Pogue) knew her quite well. She was my grandpa's sister, Aunt Kate. She wrote Valiant Venture and Valiant Venture II, the first blue and the second red. . .

Also in this email, Steve, writes: "...One of the early brethren (I forget whether it was Hosea Stout or Orson Hyde) called him (John) the most disagreeable person he ever met."

Steven R. Pogue, email correspondence 7/08/08. Steve is descended from Sarah Searcy. He said, "I have been to John and Lydia's grave in Salt Lake. . . Steve said that his mother's family spell the name Blazzard. His mother’'s grandfather was James Blazzard and James and his brother Tom (Washington, Utah) changed the spelling. "I have found it in church history as Blazard, Blezzard, etc., Most people's reports of encounters with old John described him as an ornery cuss. . . You may find it interesting that the court battle over John's estate resulted in an 1892 Utah Supreme Court opinion that is still cited for a particular principal with regard to apparent authority of agents. . . I found the court opinion notice through Google. I cannot remember just how. But it mentions nothing of the family battle, though I know more about it.  It just discusses the legal intricacies of agent-principal relationships."

2. "John Hopwood Bleazard", written by his granddaughter, Bertha May Bleazard Miles. Bertha is the daughter of Mark Hopwood and Annie Ison Danks Bleazard.

3. Notes by Erlene (Lynne) Slater Turner, Great Granddaughter of Sarah Ann (Marsh) Bleazard, daughter of Martha Ann Miller (Blazzard).

4. Notes by Georgeanna B. Jennings, St George, Utah. Daughter of Thomas Blazzard who is the son of John Hopwood Bleazard.

5. Letter to Mrs. Laura Hanson Stock. Genealogical Society, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Laura Hanson Stock lived in Afton Wyoming. Letter dated February 3, 1964. Laura Hanson Stock’s great grandmother was Martha Ann Miller (Blazzard).

6. William Clayton's Diary -on the net at http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/WClayton40-42.html/

7. Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847-1868

1848 - Source of Trail Excerpt: Bullock, Thomas, [Letter], Journal History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 29 May 1848, 2.

8. Wilford Woodruff Company 1850. View a list of sources to learn more about this company

(Variant version of text also in Our Pioneer Heritage, 20 vols. (1958-77), 15:254-64)

9. A day by day description of the journey to the Salt Lake Valley written by Sophia Lois Goodridge in her Journal.

10. Jerry Shepherd, descendant of Mary Ison Worthington, Wife #9, Salt Lake City, Utah

11. Marie Johnson, descendant of Lydia Davis, Wife #7. 

 +++++++++++++++++++++

1840 - "Letter of Commendation" to John Blazard. Signed by P.P. Pratt & Wm Clayton.  In England when he was called to serve a mission. 7 July 1840 - Marie Johnson

1855 - Handwritten note by JHB regarding marriage to Matilda Murch; a land issue, and President sent him to Vegas.  -Marie Johnson.
1857 -John pays tithing  24 March 1857 - Marie Johnson
1868 -John's admission to Theological Lectures March 13, 1868  and a handwritten note , Thomas Watts Esq - Crescent Court, Camebridge, England - Marie Johnson
1869 -John's Declaration of Intention To Become a Citizen of the United States. 5 February 1869 - Marie Johnson


*****Feb 18, 2010, Chris Spencer sent an email to my son, Stan, from Preston, England.  Chris notes correctly that John's father, Robert Bleazard, would not have died at age 63 if his birth/death dates are correct.
****Feb 18, 2010 -  Chris. I've included some of the good information in your email in this story. I'm certain that visitors to this site will find it useful. Chris Spencer is a historian and genealogist who specializes in Slaidburn and Bowland.  http://www.chrisspencer.co.uk/ 

****Feb 18, 2010 - Stan found 1 May 1777 as the date Robert was born in Newton. 
****Jan 11, 2011 - Joan found a record on Ancestry.com regarding John's Wife #1.  It indicates her name was Sarah Evelyn Nowell.

Notes from Joan


You may want to visit this site where you will see Slaidburn, St Andrews Church in England, and the lovely land where so many Bleazards lived (and still live).  Use the link or copy/paste this in your browser: http://www.picturesofengland.com/England/Lancashire/Slaidburn

June 12, 2009 - I have included Jennifer Banks Family Group Sheet information about John's 1st wife, Sarah Newell. You may find the information useful. On Jennifer's Family Sheet she includes Mormon Temple ordinance dates and if you need such, just let me know.

May 14, 2009 - (additions made in 1803 and in 1853, 1854 and 1858 - and an Appraisal of the Estate of JHB submitted to Probate Court 1885; and check for an addition in 1843 about the Mormon Redress Petition.) Thanks Jerry Shepherd!

 

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