LIFE OF JOHN HOPWOOD BLEAZARD, 1803 to 1840
- John Hopwood Bleazard was born 22 February 1803, and (chr) on 26 February 1803 in Newton Yorkshire,
John's father was Robert Bleazard who was born about 1 May 1768 in Newton,
Yorkshire, England. Robert Bleazard died in 1841 in Slaidburn,
Yorkshire, England at age 63.
father's (Robert Bleazard) parents were John Bleazard (chr) 22 March 1740,
and Matty (Mattie) Parsons (b) about 1746 (England). John's great
grandfather was Joshua Bleazard b 1715 in Slaidburn, m. Dorothy
Brennand in Slaidburn; this Joshua's father was also named Joshua
Bleazard b. 8 Sept 1689 in Slaidburn, m. Maria Dodgshon in 1712,
d. April 1720; and this Joshua's father was the Robert Bleazard
b 1649, d 1692 (age 43) who married Ann Foart in Slaidburn about
1688. Ann Foart b. 1649, d. 1691 (age 42).; this Robert Bleazard's
father was Richard Bleazard b. 1640, married Agnes, their children
were born in Slaidburn. Richard died in 1702-1704.
mother was Ann Hopwood and she was born on 13 July 1777 in
Newton Slaidburn, Yorkshire England, and his maternal grandparents
were James Hopwood who was born March 21, 1741 and Margaret Smith
who was born in 1744.
Hopwood (Bleazard) died on 29 June 1833 in Newton, Yorkshire,
England at age 55.
Chris Spencer emailed Stan Thomas on February 10, 2010.
"...The Bleazards are numerous in Slaidburn post 1725, and it is tricky to work out the genealogy. I've done some preliminary work on them in the past, but I feel this family really needs some dedicated time assigning to it to fully explore the various lines, say, 1700 to 1850.
The Ribble Valley, to the east of Preston, was fertile territory in the 1830s onwards for recruiting members for the Latter Day Saints...
I deposited a large bundle of deeds in the Lancashire Record Office a few years ago relating to Bleazard's farm at Easington, Slaidburn. The Bleazards all originate from Easington pre 1730 or so. They appear in Slaidburn as early as the 1620s and may have migrated from the Garstang/Cockerham areas of Lancashire.
Well, I hope this is of some help to you. Please do let me know about the dates for Robert Bleazard, as I'd like to confirm his identity here in the Slaidburn records."
Elaine Bleazard Buckley lived in New
Mills, England in 2000/2001. Elaine mailed
the following postcards with pictures of the St. Andrews Church
in Slaidburn, and photos of Slaidburn.
I became Facebook friends in 2009.
wrote this on the back of the St Andrews Church/Slaidburn postcard:
"17 Feb 2001
last a photo of the awesome village from where the Bleazards originated
in England. We now have the same relatives. Jane, one of my Greats,
was a sister of Robert Bleazard who married Ann Hopwood ... Also
going back we have the same Greats in Robert Bleazard who married
Agnes Foart. Enjoy the info and imagine the families being there.
This is the Church where they were all (born), christened, married,
etc. Love, Elaine."
Robert and Ann Hopwood Bleazard married on the 26 September 1797
in Slaidburn, St. Andrews, York, England. They were the parents
of (11 children ?) and John Hopwood Bleazard was their 3rd child.
Robert and Ann's children (John Hopwood Bleazard's siblings) were: Mary chr 28
Oct 1799, buried 28 March 1800; James chr. 11 Jan 1801 married
Nancy Howell (or Nowell ?) 24 Sep 1821; John Hopwood chr. 26 Feb 1803 and died
January 12-13, 1871; Robert Jr. chr 21 Oct 1805 married Ellen
Simpson 30 Aug 1828; Joshua chr 2 Feb 1807; Ann and Mark (twins)
chr. 7 Oct 1810; Molly chr 3 June 1816 and Margaret and Jane (twins)
chr 17 Oct 1819. (John's siblings names and birthdays vary on records. Joseph is mentioned b 1792, Joshua Chr 2 Feb 1807 and a William )
WIFE #1. SARAH NOWEL or Nowell
John was 19 years old and his first wife, Sarah Nowel, was 17 years old when they married. They were married on 21 December 1922 in the lovely St. Andrews Church in Slaidburn, Yorkshire, England.
* Joan has not changed the dates/spellings in the following information provided by Jennifer Banks. Jennifer uses the spelling of the last name as Blazzard. The correct spelling of the name at that time would have been Bleazard. Children of John's 3rd wife, Sarah Searcy Miller, changed the spelling from Bleazard to Blazzard about the time of John's death in 1871, and the spelling was Blazzard in Court documents when Sarah Searcy's children were Plaintiffs in action relating to John's Will in the 1890s.
Jennifer Banks on her Family
Group Records provides the following information about John Hopwood and Sarah Newell Bleazard.
Newell was born 6 February 1801 in Newton, Western Yorkshire,
England; and died before 31 January 1846. John and Sarah married
about 1819 Of Yorkshire, England.
children are listed as:
Blazzard, Chr. 24 April 1825 at Slaidburn, Yorkshire, England
child noted as over age 8 in Nauvoo First Ward list. List probably
made in spring 1842)
Ann Blazzard, Born in Newton, Yorkshire, England; Chr. 21 Dec
1828 at Slaidburn, Yorkshire, England; married Philander Jackson
Perry on 9 August 1841 at Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois; Died 16 February
1849 at Montrose, Lee, Iowa.
child noted as over age 8 in Nauvoo First Ward list. List probably
made in spring 1842)
Blazzard, Born about 1834 Of Yorkshire, England
child is noted as under age 8 on Nauvoo First Ward list. List
probably made in spring of 1842)
Blazzard, Born about 1836 Of Yorkshire, England
child is noted as under age 8 on Nauvoo First Ward list. List
probably made in spring of 1842)
Blazzard, Born about 1838"
10 November 2013 -THE FOLLOWING IS WHAT I CONCLUDE IS THE NAME OF JOHN HOPWOOD BLEAZARD'S WIFE #1. (joan thomas)
On Page 138 under Marriages in The Registers of the Parish Church of St. Andrew, Slaidburn - Lancashire (Yorkshire Pre-1974) as transcribed and edited by C. J. Spencer BSc, ARCS - R. H. Postlethwaite is the following:
Dec. 21, 1822 (No. 168) John Bleazard, carpenter, & Sarah (x) Nowel, spinster, were married by H.P. (Henry Wiglesworth, rector), itpo: (in the presence of) Isaac Tomlinson, Robert Hopwood.
Other persons have suggested her name may have been different. but I will correct her name to Sarah Nowel.
On Page 138 under Marriages in The Registers of the Parish Church of St. Andrew, Slaidburn - Lancashire (Yorkshire Pre-1974) as transcribed and edited by C. J. Spencer BSc, ARCS - R. H. Postlethwaite is the following:
"Dec. 21, 1822 (No. 168) John Bleazard, carpenter, & Sarah (x) Nowel, spinster, were married by H.P. (Henry Wiglesworth, rector), itpo: (in the presence of) Isaac Tomlinson, Robert Hopwood.
***Jerry Shepherd provided John and Sarah's marriage date from the "Bishop's Transcripts of Slaidburn, Family History Library film number 919158 (FHL919158)"
SARAH ANN is the name used by Bertha Bleazard Miles in her stories.
SARAH EVELYN NOWELL is listed as John's Wife #1 on Ancestry.com records found by Stan Thomas on 01.11.2011.
SARAH ANN NEWELL is the name of Wife #1 in "Sarah Searcy and Martha
Ann Miller: Their Marriages and Children" by Jennifer DeAnn
Johnson Banks, 2006, page 14.
SARAH ANN NOWELL is Wife #1 in Steve
Pogue's email dated July 28, 2008 "my understanding
and research indicates that Sarah Ann Nowell was his first wife,
the mother of Robert and Sarah, and the one who accompanied him
to the US."
ANN KNOWELLS is Wife #1 in Kate Curtis' Sketch about John's life, 15 June 1964.
OF COMMON FOLKS IN ENGLAND BETWEEN 1803 and 1840:
The lives of the common people in England was very difficult during the middle of the nineteenth century. Men would work twelve to fifteen hours a day for a wage too small for basic necessities.
Curtis, a granddaughter of JHB and Wife #3, Sarah Searcy Miller, quotes from "Political and Social History of Europe"
"The city of Manchester was full of starved factory workers,
and in the country of Lancashire there were great manufacturing
towns where men, women and children hurried out of ill-drained
hovels and through snow and slush on dark streets to get to the
some four years old, were employed for sixteen hours a day to
hold bobbins or skeins in the cotton factory. An overseer walked
up and down the aisles lashing out with a long whip to keep overtired
men, women and children awake and working.
returned at night to the cheerless one-room windowless hovels,
with their damp dirt floors and with their leaky thatched roofs
sagging and dripping water.
winter nights were bitterly cold and fuel was expensive. Many
people of the poor class went to bed hungry and shivering on their
bed which was a pile of straw.
peasants in Europe had no voice in making laws but they were liable
for heavy fines and even capital punishment for breaking laws.
They had no voice in the levying of taxes but bore the burden
of paying taxes. They paid outrageous fees for the use of a Lord's
mill to grind their grist or heavy tolls to cross a bridge or
to use a wine press. They were hauled into court for imagined
offenses. They worked on roads without pay and went hungry while
fat deer ran in every yard. The deer could not be killed because
the masters used them for the dogs and for the chase.
is family history that our paternal grandfather's brother,
William Bleazard, was banished to the penal colony in far off
Australia for poaching on the King's domain.
peasants paid the heaviest of triple taxes to the Lord, to the
Church and to the King. To the Lord went three days labor a week
and portions of grain and poultry. To the Church went a one-twelfth
or a one-fifteenth tithe and to the King was paid a salt tax,
a property tax and a food tax.
the best of harvest the families could barely survive. They ate
the coarsest of bread and little of that. Meat was a luxury and
delicacies were for the rich. The starving peasants in some parts
tried to appease hunger with roots and herbs and in hard times
succumbed to famine by the thousands.
if ever a country needed reform, it was Great Britain at that
time. The country was filled with paupers maintained by the taxes.
Poor people might be shut up in work-houses and see their children
carted off to factories. Sailors were kidnapped for the Royal
Navy. The farm hand was practically bound to the soil like a serf.
Over 200 offenses such as stealing a shilling or cutting down
an apple tree were punishable by death. Religious intolerance
flourished. Quakers were imprisoned and Roman Catholics removed
from office and Parliament."
Curtis concludes with: "These adverse conditions in England
and over most of Europe caused restlessness and discontent among
the poor and made America in general and the Utah (Mormon) Church in particular
seem like a haven of rest and prosperity as it was presented by
the Utah missionaries.
a young man in England, John Hopwood Bleazard worked as a wheelwright
and he was also a ship carpenter. Her was apprenticed out in his
youth where he learned these trades and skills. Little is known
about his life as a child in his parent's home or until he
was approached by missionaries and converted to Mormonism."
Bertha Bleazard Miles writes about John Hopwood Bleazard, her grandfather:
"The first that I was able to find recorded about my grandfather, JHB, was his meeting with the Mormon leaders on July 1837. A group of Mormon leaders were called to go to England and open a Mission and Apostle Heber C. Kimball was called as President of the Mission and others called were Orson Hyde, Willard Richards and Joseph Fielding. They were joined in New York by John Goodson, Isaac Russell and John Snyder. They sailed from New York on the ship 'Garick' in July 1837 and they were penniless when they arrived in Liverpool, England."
"Kimball, Hyde and five other missionaries arrived in Preston, England on July 22, 1837. These early missionaries lived in rooms on Wilfrid Street. One of the missionaries, Joseph Fielding, had a brother, Reverend James Fielding, who allowed the missionaries to preach to his congregation in the Vauxhall Chapel three days after their arrival in Preston. It was the first public speaking opportunity for the missionaries in England. Seven days later they baptized nine people.
Elaine Bleazard provided the following information in May 2009:
"...the town of Preston where he (John Hopwood Bleazard) was converted to being a Mormon now has a Mormon Temple which was opened a couple of years ago."
The missionaries soon rented "The Cook Pit" which was a large building in Preston where they held meetings and conferences. Joseph Fielding became President of the Mission. The first conference was held on December 25, 1837 and three hundred people were present.
1838. The second conference was held on April 1, 1838 and it is believed that John Hopwood Bleazard was present. It is recorded that JHB was one of the first persons to become a member of the CJCofLDS and many of the leaders of this Mission were lifelong friends of John.
The original of the following 'Letter of Commendation" is in the possession of Marie Johnson who shared it with us 05.28.2010. Marie writes, "The letter was in with my great Aunt Lydia's things. Lydia is Caleb Bleazard's daughter." Caleb is the son of John Hopwood Bleazard.
Here are the words in the letter:
TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN
This certifies that John Blazard has been received into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, organized by the will and commandment of God in the United States of America, on the Sixth Day of April, in the year our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty; and has been ordained an Elder in a branch of the same in Samlesbury England, according to the rules and regulations of the said church and is duly authorized to Preach the Gospel agreeably to the authority of that office, we, herefore, in the name, and by the authority of this Church, grant unto this our Brother in the Lord, this letter of commendation as a proof of our fellowship and esteem, praying for his success and prosperity in our Redeemer's cause.
Given under our hands at Manchester this 7th Day of July in the year of our Lord 1840.
P. P Pratt Pres.
Wm. Clayton Clerk
Marie Johnson on 05.29.2010 writes, "I have a copy of the TIB card which gives JHB's baptism as 18 May 1851 in Nauvoo. The endowment date is 28 January 1846. We know that is not the original baptism date." The above letter proves he was a member of the CJCofLDS on 7 July 1840. His baptism was likely in 1838.
was baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day
Saints and his obituary states he was baptized in 1836 under the
hands of Parley P. Pratt. History of the early missionaries in England suggests they arrived
in Preston, England in July 1837 and some have said that John
may have been baptized during the 2nd Conference of the Mission
held in 1838. Regardless, he was one of the first persons in England
to become a member of the CJCofLDS.
John was ordained a Priest in Preston, England on April 15, 1840 by the Mission President Joseph Fielding. He was ordained
an Elder 6 July 1840 by Brigham Young. Brigham Young asked
for volunteers to serve as missionaries and "John Bleazard" volunteered
and he was appointed to serve his Mission at Cornslaw on July
Mormon leaders at this time were suggesting that new converts, "Prepare to come (to Utah) by the tens of thousands and to
think not that your way is going to be opened to come in chariots
and that you will immediately feast on the fat of the land. We
have been willing to live on bread and water and many times and
for years there was not much bread. We wanted to search out and
then to plant the Saints in a goodly land...and we now invite
you to a feast on fat things and in a land (Utah) that will supply
all your wants with reasonable labor. Therefore let all who can
procure a bit of bread and a garment for their back to do so,
and be assured that there is water and it is plenty and pure (in
Utah)." History of Utah, by Bancroft
LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND FOR NAUVOO, ILLINOIS (earlier known as Commerce).
Bertha Bleazard Miles writes: "John Hopwood Bleazard
sailed from Liverpool, England on September 8, 1840 on the ship
and the U.S. Census listed his family
as: John H. Bleazard age 42; Sarah Ann age 40 and children Ann
age 18; Robert age 15; Peter age 12, John age 3 and Elijah, an
infant." They arrived in Nauvoo (Commerce), Illinois on November 24, 1840.
Hopwood Bleazard, John's son, left a note saying that Sarah had
8 children and 2 were stillborn. He listed the eight children
as Ann, Robert, Peter, Joshua, Sarah, Fanny, Elijah, Jarad and
this it appears that 5 of their 8 children came to America with
John and Sarah in 1840, with three either not living or perhaps they
remained in England. Joshua, Sarah, Fanny and Jarad are not listed
on the Census.
members of his family who came to American with him is uncertain.
In addition to Sarah (#1 wife) and her children, Mark Hopwood
Bleazard wrote in his diary that his father, John Hopwood Bleazard,
brought a wife named Ann and a young daughter named Ann. It may
also be that he was accompanied by two sons and two daughters,
Robert, John, Mattie and Ann. Two of them, Robert and Ann, once
visited Sarah Searcy and John H. Bleazard in Salt Lake City. The
grown children probably remained in the East and came West at
a later date."
and Sarah Bleazard's destination when they left Liverpool
England in 1840 was Nauvoo (Commerce) Illinois in America.
William Clayton's Diary:( http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/WClayton40-42.html/
) It is clear that John and his first wife, Sarah, and their children
were on the ship North America and that it sailed from Liverpool,
England on September 8, 1840. What follows are excerpts from the
Clayton Diary that leads me to conclude John was on this ship.
Mr. Clayton's entire Diary and information regarding the journey
is a good read. Mr. Clayton writes:
September 7, 1840. Breakfast at Perkins. Sister Jane Hardman sent
me a watch guard and four penny - box to remember her by. Brother
Thomas Miller gave me a new hat. Left Perkins about eleven for
railway. Was obliged to get a cab in St. Ann's Square. Was a few
minutes too late at the office. Went to Mr. Thompson's where I
took dinner. She gave me a glass of wine. Took first carriage
at two. Arrived at Liverpool a little after three o'clock. When
I arrived at the ship I found Elder Richards. He seemed to object
to my going. This gave me some trouble; I was yet very poorly.
At night preparations was made for sailing on the morrow. Ship
North America, Captain Lowbar."
Clayton's Diary: "
October 12, 1840 Monday. This
p.m. a lighter came to the ships side into which we put our luggage.
We slept on board the North America again.
to Clayton's Diary November 24, 1840 was the date of the
end of the journey from Liverpool England to Commerce (Nauvoo),
writes: "...November 24, 1840 Tuesday. This a.m. Elder
Turley having been in company with a man from Commerce said that
if any choose to walk that man would conduct them at which William
Poole myself and several others went along with him by land to
Commerce where we arrived at about 12 o'clock. We called at the
upper stone house and found Sister Garner from Manchester. They
had arrived about one week previous having been six months on
their way. We then went to Sister Hyrum Clarks and on our way
called at Francis Moon's. After we had been here a little while
we perceived Elder Turley and some others coming. Knowing then
that the boat had arrived we returned to the boat and after taking
a little dinner we proceeded according to the appointment of Committee
to move our luggage to a new house on the banks of the Mississippi
River. Thus ended a journey of over 5000 miles having been exactly
11 weeks and about 10 hours between leaving Liverpool and arriving
at our journey's end. We had been much exposed to cold weather
and suffered many deprivations and disconveniences yet through
the mercy of God we landed safe and in good health with the exception
of two persons one of whom died soon after landing. We were pleased
to find ourselves once more at home and felt to praise God for
His goodness. We did not get all our luggage unloaded that night
and having no fire we concluded to take the invitation of Brother
Henry Moore and stay overnight at his house. He kindly gave us
our breakfast the following morning. We slept on the floor.
the morning of the 25th we proceeded to unload the remainder of
our luggage. Brother Thompson lent us a small stove. The house
being small for 14 of us viz William Poole and family, Richard
Jenkinson and wife, Mary Ware and my father-in-law's family and
my family; we was some crowded but we were pretty comfortable."
(William Poole, mentioned in Clayton's diary, may have been
the brother or a relative of John's 2nd wife, Elizabeth Betsy
Miller Poole [Bleazard]. Her husband was Daniel Poole and he had
remained in England.)
following from the Clayton Diary provides further proof that JHB
was on the ship North America that left Liverpool England on September
26, 1841 Friday. I went over the river to see Brother Ripley and
ask his council. I called at the store and made Joseph acquainted
with the circumstance who ordered Brother Thompson to write a
few lines to Bishop Ripley in his name requesting him to take
the matter into his own hands and appear with me before the justice.
I saw Brother Ripley who said I need trouble myself no further
he would see to it. I would here state that during the past few
months I have had much trouble concerning the boat which was made
at Dixonville. I have repeatedly endeavored to see Mr. Benbow
who owns one half of it and settle with him but have yet been
disappointed. He has been for council to Brother Law and has divided
the boat and taken away his share. Soon as I learned this I also
went to Brother Law for council who advised me to get two men
to value the portion of the boat which fell to us and then charge
the whole company with the whole of the deficiency.
I immediately attended to and made out bills for all our own family
taking an equal share of the loss. Some of the accounts I took
in and the first man who complained was John Blezard. He did not
believe it was a just debt and did not intend to pay except others
did etc. His conduct since has fully proved that he does not intend
to pay for he has been insolent both to myself and Lydia and her
mother who have been to ask repeatedly for the money. But hitherto
we can get no satisfaction whether he will pay or no."
LIFE IN NAUVOO, ILLINOIS (aka COMMERCE):
1824, a Fox Indian village, located on land that became Nauvoo, was
sold for 200 sacks of corn. The area was laid out and named Commerce.
Commerce saw little success until 1839 when Joseph Smith purchased
135 acres of swamp land along a horseshoe bend in the Mississippi
River. Smith changed the name of Commerce to Nauvoo, which is
Hebrew for "beautiful situation."
than 5,000 Mormons arrived at Nauvoo in 1839. (John Hopwood Bleazard
and wife #1, Sarah, and children arrived in 1840). They drained
the swampy land and began building Nauvoo. Mormon missionaries
were responsible for bringing several thousand new converts to
Nauvoo. By 1842 the population had reached 15,000. Nauvoo had
more than 8,000 homes, its own government, schools, and militia
and by 1845 it was the largest city in Illinois with more than
and Sarah lived in the Nauvoo 5th Ward where Edward Hunter
was Bishop. (*Jennifer Banks, Page 15)
John's 1st wife, Sarah Evelyn Nowell Bleazard, died in Nauvoo. (Please! please! someone give me information about this woman and some documentation or source for her name. thanks, Joan Thomas.)
#2 ELIZABETH BETSY MILLER POOLE (BLEAZARD) was born 19 November
1805 at Dublin, Ireland, a daughter of Charles Miller
and Ann Dutton. In 1838 Betsy joined the Church but her husband,
Daniel Poole, did not join the Church. In 1840 Betsy left Daniel
in England and brought their three children with her to Nauvoo.
(I do not know if Betsy and her children came to Nauvoo on
the same ship 'North America' that John and Sarah and children
were on.) Betsy and John married in 1840 and the ceremony
was held on an island in the Mississippi River opposite Nauvoo.
John and Betsy were both excommunicated for a brief time in 1843
because it was found that Betsy remained legally married to Daniel
Poole. Their membership in the CJCofLDS was reinstated. Betsy
died in Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois in October 1843, and as
far as known, no children resulted from this union.
Bertha Bleazard Miles writes: "...The Nauvoo Temple
records have two lists of people that John did temple work for. He was
baptized in the River for both males and females. The Temple was
not completed in 1841. Baptism for the dead was not understood then
as it is now. They told me at the Genealogical Library that John's work would all have to be done over."
Hopwood Bleazard was baptized for some of his relatives in the
Mississippi River in 1841. The names and relationships of those
for whom he was baptized are in the NAUVOO TEMPLE BOOK.
BOOK A, Page 14:
BOOK A, 75:
Hopwood Bleazard - Son* (Bertha Miles Bleazard listed Ann as Son. She may be John's daughter?)
Bleazard - Niece
Bleazard - Cousin
Bleazard - Nephew
Bleazard - Nephew
Bleazard - Nephew
Bleazard - Grandson
Bleazard - Grand Nephew
Bleazard - Brother
Bleazard - Brother
Bleazard - Granddaughter
Bleazard - Nephew
Bleazard - Son * (Bertha Miles Bleazard lists Robert as "Son." He may be John's father or is son)
Hopwood - Grandson
Hopwood - Granddaughter
Hopwood - Nephew
Hopwood - Niece
Hopwood - Niece
Winter (A 174) - Grand Nephew
Parsons (A 124) - Nephew
Parsons - Niece
Carr (A 22) - Nephew
Carr - Niece
Carr - Cousin
WIFE #3 - SARAH SEARCY MILLER
John Hopwood Bleazard's 3rd wife was Sarah Searcy Miller.
She was born on March 15, 1815 in Rutherford, North Carolina. John and Sarah were married in Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois by Willard
Richards in November 1843. John and wife #3, Sarah Searcy Miller, had six children. They were later sealed while living at Winter Quarters and at the same time Sarah's daughter, Mary Jane Miller, was sealed to John.
Sarah Searcy Miller's (Bleazard) children changed the spelling of Bleazard to Blazzard.
In the book about the Mormon Redress Petitions, the names of
John Blezard and Sarah Blezard appear on the Scroll Petition dated
November 28, 1843. The petition was sent to Congress asking for
redress for the wrongs experienced by the Latter-day Saints in
In 1844, Joseph and Hyrum Smith were killed while incarcerated
in the Carthage jail. The Nauvoo Brass Band went before the wagon
that was carrying their bodies, and as they "lay in state"
the Band played outside the house.
In 1844, John "operated a saw pit."
While living in Commerce/Nauvoo, John served in the Nauvoo Legion.
John was a member of the 11th Quorum of the Seventies (P.
Dorcas Searcy Blazzard,- (John and Sarah Searcy's first child)
was born 24 September 1845 in Nauvoo (SSM/JHB #1 child)
At the bottom of the Blessing after "Amen" is
written: City of Joseph, July 27, 1845. (Check the 1st paragraph
and note the date April 3, 1847 ? - I believe the date of the
Blessing is July 27, 1845 because they were not in Nauvoo in 1847,
maybe it was recorded on April 3, 1847 ? - jbt)
THROBS OF THE WEST, by Carter. Volume 7: (Joan wonders if this
John Smith is the same person who officiated at the first (civil)
marriage of Mary Jane Miller to John Hopwood Bleazard?)
Patriarchal blessing by John Smith given July 27, 1845 in Nauvoo. (Recorded in Book D Page 60, No. 189) A Blessing given
upon the head of John Hopwood, son of Robert and Ann Hopwood
Bleazard, born February 26, 1803, Newton, Yorkshire, England:
JOHN, I lay my hands upon Thy head as a Patriarch in the
Church of Jesus Christ and in His name I seal a Father's
blessing upon thee. Thou art of the House of Jacob, through
the loins of Joseph. Thine inheritance and priesthood has
been in reserve for thee through thy fathers for many generations;
and they have sought diligently to obtain the blessing even
the fullness of the gospel which thou hast received, and
they were not able because darkness covered the earth. God
hath brought thee to a knowledge of these things and sealed
on thee the Holy Priesthood to make thee a saviour on Mount
Zion to gather together the remnants of Jacob and to preach
the gospel to many nations, bringing thousands into the
Church of Jesus Christ, to lead them to Zion with mighty
power and with much riches to beautify the place. Also,
to redeem thy father's house and bring them up in the
morning of the Resurrection clear back to when they died
in the gospel, joining the dispensation of the fullness
of times with every dispensation of the Gospel which has
been committed to man, and thou shall be blessed abundantly
in all thy labors So mighty miracles, even to removing every
obstacle which comes in thy way for no power shall stay
thy hand. Thy posterity shall become very numerous and continue
to increase forever; thy years shall be multiplied upon
thee according to thy desire, and no good thing shall be
withheld from thee, if thy faith does not fail These words
shall all be fulfilled, even so Amen.
of Joseph, July 27 1845
On February 9, 1846 and at Brigham Young's request, the Nauvoo
Brass Band members assembled in the upper room of the Nauvoo Temple to
The Mormons came to Nauvoo/Commerce in search of religious
freedom and experienced it for several years before the persecution
began. After their leader, Joseph Smith, was murdered by an anti-Mormon
mob, for survival the group concluded that it was time to travel West in search of a new location. Nauvoo was abandoned in 1846 with the
majority of Mormons leaving for Utah under the direction of Brigham
Young. It was February 11, 1846 when the first group left Nauvoo
with Young, and they crossed the frozen Mississippi River. The Nauvoo
Brass Band crossed with them and as they traveled, the Band stopped
at settlements and played, earning money for the journey. The
musicians also provided nightly entertainment for the pioneer travelers.
While living in Nauvoo, John Hopwood Bleazard was able to get together wagons and a good 'outfit' for the anticipated move to the Salt Lake Valley.
WIFE #4 - MARY JANE MILLER. (Civil ceremony in Nauvoo)
Mary Jane Miller, Sarah Searcy Miller's daughter, was first married to John Hopwood Bleazard in a civil ceremony. Sarah Searcy (wife #3) may have also been married to him in Nauvoo in a 'civil' ceremony. Mary Jane says, " I was married more than once to Blazzard. The Smith who first married me to Blazzard was an old man, an Uncle of Joseph and Hyrum. I think they used to call him Uncle John Smith."
In her Court testimony in the 1880s, Mary Jane says she lived with John Blazzard as his wife for about five years and that they had two children. A daughter, Sarah Ann, was born
at Winter Quarters, and a "son" was born (about 1851) in Salt Lake and after she and her mother, Sarah Searcy, had left John. The Mother and Daughter wives shared a home after leaving John, and Mary Jane's son died.
family left Nauvoo (aka City of Joseph and aka Commerce) in about 1846 and shortly thereafter they arrived in Winter Quarters.
WINTER QUARTERS (CUTLER'S PARK) in NEBRASKA
- Bancroft in his "History of Utah" describes the
conditions at Winter Quarters as follows:
"These years were dreadful because of starvation, sickness
and death. During the autumn months of the first year, 1846, more
than one-third of the encampment was sick and not one escaped
the fever. Some who were mortally ill staggered from tent to tent
carrying water and food to others. For weeks the graves could
not be dug fast enough to keep up with the dying people. One might
see in the open tents wasted away women brushing flies away from
the putrefying corpses of their dead children.
hundred persons died at Winter Quarters from the 'fever' during
the first year. The fever and typhoid scurvy and black canker
caused deaths. They did not have much milk and few vegetables.
The first relief they got was from a bag of potatoes that was
brought from Missouri, and the sick were fed scraped raw potatoes
a spoonful at a time."
about Winter Quarters:
Quarters, or Cutler's Park, was an encampment formed by approximately
3,500 members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
as they awaited better conditions for their trek westward during
the winter of 1846-1847. Over 800 shelters were built at the settlement,
which was referred to as Cutler's Park by residents and
Winter Quarters by later church officials. Located in present-day
North Omaha, the settlement remained populated until 1848. In
1853, the town of Florence was established in the same area which
was part of the Nebraska Territory by that point."
Saints had left their homes in Nauvoo, Illinois on relatively
short notice and brought limited useful supplies. An influential
non-Mormon Thomas L. Kane seeking to confer with LDS leadership
regarding establishing a Mormon Battalion, received permission
from the U.S. federal government for the troop to encamp in Omaha
Tribe lands, including the site of Cutler's Park. Conditions at
the settlement remained primitive, though efforts were made to
provide shelter by building cabins and sod houses. One group of
cabins became known as Kimball Row. It consisted of thirteen adjacent
cabins, with the homes of church leaders Heber C. Kimball and
Newel K. Whitney at either end. The Latter-day Saints actively
traded with settlements in northern Missouri and Iowa, exchanging
household goods and small amounts of cash for foodstuffs, such
as hogs, grain and vegetables, and supplies for the emigration
effort. Young Mormon men also produced such handcrafted items
as willow baskets and washboards for sale. Church funds also allowed
the community to build a much needed water-powered gristmill.
Hansen drawing of Cutler's Park, Nebraska, 1846.
with trade, diet in the camp was mainly cornbread, salt bacon
and a little milk, with occasional fresh game or domestic meat.
Scurvy, known as "blackleg" during this period, became
a major problem. Missouri potatoes and horseradish found at old
Fort Atkinson helped ease the level of disease, but all residents
lacked fresh vegetables in their diet. Tuberculosis (known as
consumption), malaria, and unidentified fevers and chills also
plagued the temporary settlement. Church member Louisa Barnes
Pratt recalled in her memoirs:
hired a man to build me a sod cave. He took turf from the earth,
laid it up, covered it with willow brush and sods. Built a chimney
of the same. . . I paid a five dollar gold piece for building
my sod house, 10 x 12. . . . A long cold rain storm brought more
severely again the chills and fever. These with scurvy made me
helpless indeed! . . . Many of my friends sickened and died in
that place, when I was not able to leave my room, could not go
to their bedside to administer comfort to them in the last trying
hours, not even to bid them farewell. Neither could I go to see
their remains carried to their final resting place where it was
thought I would shortly have to be conveyed."
Church records for the first summer do not contain information
on disease victims, however later records indicate that, from
mid-September 1846 to May 1848, disease caused the deaths of 359
These pages include information about residents of the Winter
Quarters 1st Ward area. The 23 Winter Quarters wards were only
in existence from 1846-1848:
In Winter Quarters were: John Hopwood Bleazard, Sarah Searcy Miller (Miller children are by her first
husband, James Miller), Mary Jane Miller, Martha Ann Miller,
Elijah Miller, Samuel Robert Miller, John Miller, Jacob Miller; and Elizabeth Bleazard, Dorcas Searcy Bleazard, John Searcy Bleazard
b. 24 Oct 1847 in Winter Quarters, Nebraska Territory and Mariam
Bleazard b. 23 Dec 1849 in Winter Quarters, Nebraska Territory.
Brigham Young instructed John as follows:
"Brother Bleazard, we need this outfit of yours so that needy
immigrants can go on to the Salt Lake Valley. Let me have them.
Some wagons and handcarts of the immigrants are broken and some
of their oxen and teams have died. You can build other wagons
and get together a new outfit and come to the Valley later."
Bleazard Miles writes, "John H. Bleazard was a wheelwright
and he was left at Winter Quarters to fix and repair wagons because so many of
the Saints had such poor outfits and were not able to make the
trip over the mountains. He obviously also made and repaired handcarts. It was not until 1850 that John and his families left Winter Quarters to cross the plains to Salt Lake.
"Some of the family of
his son, Robert, who now lives in Washington State claim that
John was a very wealthy man and that he left Nauvoo with a fortune
and with the very best of outfits. They say John passed right
by his son, who lived in Kansas, and took his fortune to Salt
Lake and used it to help build the Temple and Tabernacle. They claim that Robert
couldn't get along with his father and that he ran away from
home and joined the army and fought in the Mexican War. Maybe
he, John, was hard to get along with but he must have had some
attractions to get nine wives and I hear lately that there were
John Searcy Blazzard was born 24 October 1847 in Winter
Quarters, Nebraska Territory. (SSB/JHB child #2)
1847 - "Joseph Herring threatens to get a bowie knife and
kill John H. Bleazard"
1847 - June 27, 1847 "John H. Bleazard on trial for taking
an oxen from a guard"
Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847 - 1868
Source of Trail Excerpt: Bullock, Thomas, [Letter], Journal
History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 29
day Thomas Bullock also wrote from Elkhorn to Elder Willard Richards
at Winter Quarters as follows:
much difficulty I am here. On the 2nd day's journey with
the whole six yoke on the record wagon, one of [John] Mercer's
and one of Blezard's oxen gave out and got stuck in the mud, had four
fresh yoke to pull me over the Tapion.
Three small yoke of Father [Isaac] Morley's pulled it up the steep
hill west of the Tapion easy, but for the sick, poor team it was hard work. On Saturday the sick oxen were
put together and the two odd steers put together and they went pretty well, but Brother [Daniel] Thomas is afraid they won't
Pres. [Brigham] Young told me last night that part of my load
must be cached up till the teams came from the mountains
January 28, 1848 "John H. Bleazard offers hand of
friendship to Bishop Cairns."
is somewhat confused about the dates and facts of the civil marriages
of JHB to Sarah Searcy and her daughter, Mary Jane. The civil ceremonies
may have occurred in Nauvoo. The following Sealing ceremony appears
to be well documented).
(Bleazard) Hill, born 9 Jan 1832
WIFE #3 and WIFE #4 are SARAH SEARCY MILLER and her daughter, MARY JANE MILLER. (1848. Winter Quarters Sealing Ceremony)
- Mary Jane Miller (Wife #4), and her mother, Sarch Searcy
Miller (Wife #3), were both sealed to John Hopwood Bleazard
on March 16, 1848 (or was it March 30 ?) at Winter Quarters, Indian Territory (Holt County
Missouri). They were sealed to JHB by President Brigham Young
at 6:00pm, and the ceremony was witnessed by Wilford Woodruff
and Willard Richards. At this time Mary Jane would have been 16
years old and JHB was 45 years old.
the "Life Sketch of John Hopwood Bleazard" Kate
"I've heard through Uncle Mark's (Mark Hopwood Bleazard) line that Brigham Young
promised John Hopwood Bleazard that Sarah Searcy's daughter,
Mary Jane Miller, would be assigned to him as a plural wife if
John agreed to stay at Winter Quarters and make and repair wagons
for the Church."
Curtis writes: "Mary Jane had two children by John Hopwood
Bleazard. Sarah Jane was born October 14, 1849, and (a daughter Mary
Ann was born in 1850 and died as an infant.") See below:
(Joan notes that in Mary Jane's testimony during the Court
proceedings in the 1890s she mentions the birth of Sarah Jane at Winter Quarters,
but states that her second child was a 'son' and that he was born
in Salt Lake and after she had left Bleazard, and was living with
her mother, Sarah Searcy. This is confusing -- Mary Jane was 88
years old when she testified in Court but I doubt that any mother
would forget the facts about a child. Joan believes that the Mary Ann mentioned by Kate Curtis is the 1st child of John and Lydia Davis.)
1848 - Some of John's children claim that Brigham Young promised
to assign another of Sarah Searcy's daughters, MARTHA ANN MILLER,
to John. Martha Ann was younger than her sister, Mary Jane, and
it is said that they were asked to wait until she "grew up
a little more."
1918 John and Sarah Searcy's son, Thomas Blazzard, is said to have told his children, including his daughter, Georgeanne Blazzard
Jennings, many times that his father, John Hopwood Blazzard, had been assigned
in marriage to both Mary Jane Miller and her sister Martha Ann
- Martha's daughter, Sarah Jane Blazzard (perhaps not Sarah Jane
Marsh), was born in October 1849 in Holt County Missouri.
Ann Miller has recorded marriages and sealings and divorces to and from
four men. She married James Henry Marsh in 1850; she married Isaac
Hill August 28, 1851. Sarah Ann was born eight months after
Martha married Hill. Martha married James P. Brown on November
15, 1858; and she married John Social Rolph in 1878.
Ann's daughter, Sarah Ann, always believed that Martha's 1st husband,
James Henry Marsh, was her father.
Georgeanne Blazzard Jennings writes that in a visit with her mother, Sarah Ann, that her mother told her and several other people
that her mother, Martha Ann Miller, had called her to her room
when she was near death and told her that Marsh was not her father,
that her father was John Hopwood Blazzard.
Curtis wrote: "...Ma said that these two girls, Mary
and Martha, were beautiful and that Martha was in love with a
young man about her own age and was crazy about him. She wouldn't
give him up when commanded to do so by the Priesthood. The young
man disappeared and she never saw him again. A few years later,
a young man's body was found in an old cellar and it was thought
to be the body of the young man, but positive identification was
and his families stayed at Winter Quarters for over three years
and John worked building and repairing wagons, equipment and handcarts,
and did his duties in the Church and took care of his families.
It has been written that it was his testimony and his
faith in the Church and in Brigham Young and other leaders that caused
JHB and others to do whatever was asked of them whether it was
time, money or anything else. Some have said that it was as if
God, himself, was asking - it was the Law and the Gospel."
- Mariam Blazzard was born 23 December 1849 in Winter Quarters,
Nebraska Territory. (SSM/JHB child #3)
Hopwood Blazzard and his family(ies) left Winter Quarters June
14-16, 1850 and they reached the Salt Lake Valley five months
later on October 14, 1850
|In early 1850, Church leaders advised emigrants that pioneer companies would travel on a new route on the south side of the Platte River. By taking this new route they avoided some river crossings on the north side that had proved dangerous because of high water in the previous year. They also expected to receive additional military protection on a new army supply road. This was a factor in their decision because they wanted to avoid conflict with the Plains Indians, who had been agitated during the 1849 California gold rush. The 200-mile long army road connected "Old Fort Kearny," located 50 miles below Kanesville on the Missouri River, to "New Fort Kearny" following the south side of the Platte River to the west. |
Outfitted emigrants traveled 18 miles south from Kanesville on the east bank of the Missouri River to the Bethlehem Ferry (across the river from present-day Plattsmouth, Nebraska). In mid-June they began ferrying over and assembling on the west bank of the river. Wilford Woodruff called the camp together and organized the company on June 21. The next day 209 people and 44 wagons started out, following the Plattsmouth-Fort Kearny trail south. After crossing Weeping Water Creek they followed a new trail west where they connected with the northward-arching new military road, which became known as the Ox-Bow Trail.
The company was somewhat spread out with the 1st and 2nd Fifties led by Leonard Hardy and Edson Whipple. Elder Woodruff, traveling with the 1st Fifty, crossed Salt Creek on June 28. After leaving Salt Creek they turned west on a cutoff trail (near present-day Swedesburg, Nebraska). All of the companies except Andrus used this cutoff (which passed near present-day David City and Bellwood, Nebraska). This cutoff trail, which bypassed the Cottonwood/Wahoo Creek drainage, saved them 12 miles. On this shortcut route, they reached the Platte about 20 miles west of the regular route taken earlier by Andrus. During this early leg of the journey, a number of people died from cholera.
The two divisions reunited on July 7 on the Platte. They followed the south bank of the Platte River a hundred miles west past Grand Island, where they joined with the Oregon Trail coming north from Missouri. At this juncture they continued 15 more miles to "New Fort Kearny", which they reached on July 15, although army reserved grazing rights and companies weren't permitted to camp within a mile of the fort. On this day they were visited by a tremendous thunderstorm, and lightning killed three oxen and one member of the company. They continued up the south side and miraculously escaped any serious accident or wagon breakage during an exciting wagon stampede on July 30. The next day they reached the Upper Crossing of the South Platte (located about three miles west of present-day Brule, Nebraska). They finished crossing here on August 1 and followed a long dry ridge for 20 miles to Ash Hollow on the south bank of the North Platte.
From Ash Hollow they traveled up the Platte River, arriving at Fort Laramie on August 18. Leaving there, they skirted the Black Hills by taking the river road. They were delayed some days looking for lost cattle but reached the Upper Crossing (at present-day Casper, Wyoming) on September 3. Along much of the road west from Fort Laramie until they reached the Sweetwater, they found little grass, which caused their cattle to wander and slowed their pace. They reached Devil's Gate on September 8. On September 14 they bypassed the established road over the Rocky Ridges by veering to the north through a draw. This variant road, scouted out by J.A. Stratton and three other men who were sent out by Brigham Young to locate better routes and help guide the companies to the Salt Lake Valley, it reportedly had an abundance of feed and water. Unfortunately, Elder Woodruff found no feed or water and said that companies should not take that road.
They rejoined the established road just east of Rock Creek. One day west of South Pass they met with a war party of 500 Snake Indians, but were able to avoid conflict. They crossed the Green River on September 23 and reached Fort Bridger on September 27. Some in the 1st Fifty began murmuring, Elder Woodruff advised that division to move on ahead of them to the valley. Woodruff's Fifty found the road very rough between Big and Little Mountain but reached Salt Lake on October 14. Deaths in the company numbered at least 17, many from cholera.
Woodruff Company 1850
known to have traveled with this Company were:
John Hopwood (46); Bleazard, Sarah Searcy (35); Bleazard, Mary Jane Miller (18) and her daughter, Sarah Ann Bleazard (1); Bleazard, Dorcas Searcy (5); Bleazard, John Searcy (2) and Bleazard, Mariam (infant)
Sarah's daughter, Martha Miller, MAY have also been with this company. (Martha birthed a daughter named Sarah Ann, in 1852).
Wilford Woodruff Company, Departure: 14-16 June 1850
Arrival in Salt Lake Valley: 14 October 1850
Information: About 209 individuals and about 44 wagons were in
the company when it began its journey from the outfitting post
at Kanesville, Iowa (present day Council Bluffs).
In early 1850, Church leaders advised emigrants that pioneer companies
would travel on a new route on the south side of the Platte River.
By taking this new route they avoided some river crossings on
the north side that had proved dangerous because of high water
in the previous year. They also expected to receive additional
military protection on a new army supply road. This was a factor
in their decision because they wanted to avoid conflict with the
Plains Indians, who had been agitated during the 1849 California
gold rush. The 200-mile long army road connected "Old Fort
Kearny," located 50 miles below Kanesville on the Missouri
River, to "New Fort Kearny" following the south side
of the Platte River to the west.
emigrants traveled 18 miles south from Kanesville on the west
bank of the Missouri River to the Bethlehem Ferry (across the
river from present-day Plattsmouth, Nebraska). In mid-June they
began ferrying over and assembling on the west bank of the river.
Wilford Woodruff called the camp together and organized the company
on June 21. The next day 209 people and 44 wagons started out,
following the Plattsmouth-Fort Kearny trail south. After crossing
Weeping Water Creek they followed a new trail west where they
connected with the northward-arching new military road, which
became known as the Ox-Bow Trail.
company was somewhat spread out with the 1st and 2nd Fifties led
by Leonard Hardy and Edson Whipple. Elder Woodruff, traveling
with the 1st Fifty, crossed Salt Creek on June 28. After leaving
Salt Creek they turned west on a cutoff trail (near present-day
Swedesburg, Nebraska). All of the companies except Andrus used
this cutoff (which passed near present-day David City and Bellwood,
Nebraska). This cutoff trail, which bypassed the Cottonwood/Wahoo
Creek drainage, saved them 12 miles. On this shortcut route, they
reached the Platte about 20 miles west of the regular route taken
earlier by Andrus. During this early leg of the journey, a number
of people died from cholera.
two divisions reunited on July 7 on the Platte. They followed
the south bank of the Platte River a hundred miles west past Grand
Island, where they joined with the Oregon Trail coming north from
Missouri. At this juncture they continued 15 more miles to "New
Fort Kearny", which they reached on July 15, although army
reserved grazing rights and companies weren't permitted to camp
within a mile of the fort. On this day they were visited by a
tremendous thunderstorm, and lightning killed three oxen and one
member of the company. They continued up the south side and miraculously
escaped any serious accident or wagon breakage during an exciting
wagon stampede on July 30. The next day they reached the Upper
Crossing of the South Platte (located about three miles west of
present-day Brule, Nebraska). They finished crossing here on August
1 and followed a long dry ridge for 20 miles to Ash Hollow on
the south bank of the North Platte.
Ash Hollow they traveled up the Platte River, arriving at Fort
Laramie on August 18. Leaving there, they skirted the Black Hills
by taking the river road. They were delayed some days looking
for lost cattle but reached the Upper Crossing (at present-day
Casper, Wyoming) on September 3. Along much of the road west from
Fort Laramie until they reached the Sweetwater, they found little
grass, which caused their cattle to wander and slowed their pace.
They reached Devil's Gate on September 8. On September 14 they
bypassed the established road over the Rocky Ridges by veering
to the north through a draw. This variant road, scouted out by
J.A. Stratton and three other men who were sent out by Brigham
Young to locate better routes and help guide the companies to
the Salt Lake Valley, it reportedly had an abundance of feed and
water. Unfortunately, Elder Woodruff found no feed or water and
said that companies should not take that road. They rejoined the
established road just east of Rock Creek. One day west of South
Pass they met with a war party of 500 Snake Indians, but were
able to avoid conflict. They crossed the Green River on September
23 and reached Fort Bridger on September 27. Some in the 1st Fifty
began murmuring, Elder Woodruff advised that division to move
on ahead of them to the valley. Woodruff's Fifty found the road
very rough between Big and Little Mountain but reached Salt Lake
on October 14. Deaths in the company numbered at least 17, many
day by day description of the journey to the Salt Lake Valley
written by Sophia Lois Goodridge in her Journal.
7, 1850. We started from Kanesville at 1:00 P.M. for Bethlehem.
Rode ten miles and camped at Margarets Creek, a very beautiful
shady spot. We heard the wolves howl in the night for the first
time. Our horses were frightened.
8, Saturday. Traveled seven miles, camped three miles from Bethlehem.
We enjoyed ourselves very much at the last two places we camped.
Had two violins in our tent. Had some music and dancing. Good
feed for the cattle and good water. We stopped at this place until
14. Went three miles, camped at Bethlehem, had a pleasant time,
some music and dancing.
18. We traveled six miles today, camped at a creek, good feed
and water. Our company was organized today. Captain Petty was
chosen Captain over a hundred. Captain Leonard W. Hardy over the
first fifty. George Gardner, Captain over ten, our company. All
June 19. Did not travel. Did our washing; June 20. Still in camp.
Did our ironing. Picked some wild gooseberries on the banks of
the creek; June 21. Traveled four miles. Camped on the bank of
June 23. Went four miles. Raining and June 24. Went two miles.
Still raining. Camped by a creek.
25. Crossed the creek this morning. Passed five graves; they died
the 15th of June. They all had grave tablets made of wood rudely
hewn with the name engraved with a knife. A verse was written
on the grave of Mr. Done, which was very touching. We crossed
three more creeks today without accident. Went ten miles and camped
at Weeping Water Creek.
26. We traveled ten miles today. Passed three graves, no names
on them. Came up with a government Company. One man was sick with
the cholera, died, was buried in the forenoon. In the afternoon
we passed three more graves. No names, died June 22. One of our
company taken sick with cholera. Camped at Salt Creek tonight
27. Sister Green died of cholera this morning. Brother Blazerd
taken sick. Crossed the creek, went on to the bluff and camped
for the night. The first fifty caught up with us today. They are
on the other side of the creek. One man with the cholera among
28. We started about noon and traveled six miles and camped on
the open prairie without wood or water. Found water about one-half
mile from camp. Passed the grave of a child.
29. Our company all in good spirits this morning, and I feel grateful
to my Heavenly Father for his kindness in preserving our lives
and health thus far, and that He has preserved us from accident
and danger of every kind. We traveled four miles and camped on
the open prairie without wood or water, except what we brought
with us. There is nothing to see but one endless sea of grass,
waving and rolling like the waves of the sea, and now and then
a tree. We had a very heavy thunder storm this morning.
30. Jane Green died this morning of cholera. She was eighteen
years old. Our first fifty came up with us this morning. They
had buried a Brother Smith this morning. The rest of the camp
all well. We went four miles and camped where we found wood and
water. We killed a rattlesnake.
1. Joseph Green died this morning of cholera, age 19 months, making
three on one family that have died within 5 days. Came up with
our first fifty, found Brother Hall dead with cholera. Our camp
felt afflicted and distressed. We felt like humbling ourselves
before the Lord, and pray that He might turn from us the sickness
and distress among us. We therefore met together, the speakers
exhorting us to be diligent in our devotions and united. A vote
was taken to that effect. Then they called upon the Lord in prayer
that He would bless and preserve us on our journey to the valley.
We then started on our journey rejoicing. We met the mail from
the valley. Met Brother Crosby and seven other brethren on their
way on a mission to England. We were very glad to see them, --
they brought cheering news from the valley, which caused us to
rejoice. We traveled six miles and camped on the prairie without
wood, but found water.
2. Very warm and pleasant, we traveled sixteen miles, all level
prairie; July 3. We traveled about fifteen miles. Camped on the
bluff on the north side of the Platt River. Good wood and water.
Our first fifty camped about a mile from us. Samuel Hardy buried
his youngest child this morning; July 4. Stopped to wash. Lucy
Johnson was taken sick this afternoon and died at twelve o'clock;
July 5. Went twelve miles, stopped at Clear Creek; July 6. Traveled
sixteen miles; July 7. Camped for the day. Sister Snow died this
morning, making five that have died in our division.
8. We traveled sixteen miles and camped on the Platt River, good
camping ground. Our two companies together. All pretty well.
9. Had a heavy thunder shower last night. This morning cool and
cloudy. Bro. Woodruff baptized twelve persons. Father, Mary Jane
and George among the number. We traveled twelve miles. Camped
on the Platt River. Passed some bluffs, the road very sandy and
cracked in some places.
10. Cool and pleasant. We traveled fifteen miles, camped on the
banks of the Platt River. Heavy showers.
11. Heavy showers, very warm and sultry. Sister Huntington of
the first division died of a fever. The road very wet and hard
to travel. We went ten miles and camped on the Platt. Brother
Hyde passed us on his way to the valley.
12. Had a heavy rain last night. The river rose two feet. One
horse drowned. Traveled about ten miles and camped on the open
prairie. Had very heavy thunder showers. The cattle of the first
division strayed away. Found them all again.
13. The weather cool and clear. Went ten miles. Camped on the
14. Sunday. Camped for the day, both divisions camped in one corral.
We held a meeting in the afternoon. Bros. Whipple, Hardy and Woodruff
were the speakers. We felt very much encouraged by what was said.
15. We traveled seven miles, came to Ft. Childer, formerly Fort
Carney. A thunder shower came up and William Ridges was struck
by lightning and instantly killed. Three of his cattle were killed
at the same time and one of his children injured, but not seriously.
A number of people felt the shock. We went about two miles farther
16. A child or Mrs. Burnes died of cholera this morning. The weather
is clear and cool, it is very muddy. We were delayed this morning.
Traveled about 8 miles, camped on prairie. Used buffalo chips
17. We traveled fourteen miles, saw some antelope. Did not kill
18. Went eighteen miles and camped on Plum Creek. We passed a
number of groves of trees. We say some animals on the bluffs,
probably buffalo. The weather fine, the roads good. The camp in
19. This morning is clear and beautiful. We traveled sixteen miles
and camped on the open prairie without wood or water.
20. Traveled about fourteen miles. The weather cloudy. Bro. Emmet
killed an antelope. It was distributed among his ten. We found
it excellent eating. We camped on the bank of the river, a beautiful
place. The bluffs begin to look higher and more rough and rugged.
21. Sunday, so we did not travel today according to council. We
held meetings in the forenoon and afternoon and received some
excellent instructions that served to cheer us on our journey.
22. We started this morning in good spirits. David Cook shot a
sage hen. We saw some antelope and some wolves, did not kill any.
We passed Brother Woodruff's company about noon; they were camped
on the Platt. Brother Petty was sick, had buried one of his children
the day before. We traveled about sixteen miles and camped on
the banks of the Platt River -- a grand place for bathing. Brother
Woodruff's company caught up with us tonight.
23. Traveled fourteen miles and camped near the Platt River. Bro.
Emmet killed an antelope. We had a steak from it, very good. Bro.
Woodruff's company camped with us tonight.
24. Laid over today to do some repairing; July 25. We traveled
about eight miles and camped. We passed near a number of herds
of buffalo. Our vision killed one, and brought into camp. The
first division killed two. The food for the cattle is growing
shorter. We see quite a number of buffalo dead on the ground.
We made a rule in our camp not to kill any more than we need to
26. It is very warm today. We traveled about eight miles and camped
on the Platt South Fork. Our folk killed a buffalo cow this evening
and brought it to camp.
27. Cloudy. Saw two big white wolves and four antelope. Passed
a number of head of buffalo. Went about four miles and camped.
Out wagon wheels are very musical. We had to stop and burn coal.
Our men cut wood and started a coal pit. In the afternoon part
of our company remained at the last camping place on account of
the excellent hunting. There was no wood there but cedars, which
they thought would not make as good coal as the willows. We found
this last place grand for wood and water. It is situated on the
South Forks of the Platt River. There is quite a large island
covered with cottonwood trees, and excellent feed for the cattle
28. Sunday -- did not travel. Had a meeting in the fore part of
the day. Had a heavy shower which we needed very much. It tightened
our wagon wheels and saved our men the trouble of taking off the
tires and resetting them. Bro. Woodruff is sick today -- worn
out with fatigue and care.
29. We traveled about seventeen miles and camped near a small
creek about two miles from the Platt. Saw a herd of buffalo.
30. We traveled about ten miles when a stampede started in the
first division. There were three wagons smashed. It was caused
by a runaway horse. Traveled about eighteen miles. The first division
stayed to fix up their cattle and wagons, a number of tongues
and yokes of wagons were broken. Bro. Woodruff's beautiful buggy
horse had his leg broken. The buffalo cows bellowed all night,
and we expected they would be down among us before morning, but
fortunately they kept back among the bluffs. Their bellowing sounded
like distant thunder. Bro. Leonard Hardy is quite sick with cholera.
31. Took an early start this morning. Traveled thirteen miles
and came to the crossing of the South Fork of the Platt River.
Our wagons all crossed safely before dark. Camped on the bank
of the river. It is about one-fourth of a mile wide.
1. We ascended to the bluffs this morning and came upon an extensive
plain or rolling prairie. Had some tremendous steep bluffs to
descend. It seemed impossible for such heavy loaded teams to descend
in safety, but we all reached Ash Hollow without an accident.
We traveled eighteen miles and camped on the North Fork of the
2. We washed today. Ash Hollow is a beautiful place. Bluffs on
both sides of the hollow which appears to have been the bed of
a river once, and opens onto the North Fork of the Platt which
runs from the east and to the west. Bro. Woodruff's company joined
us tonight with the exception of six wagons which were left, two
broken down and became too dark to come down the steep hills.
Bro. Hardy's health was poor, getting better slowly of the cholera.
3. Remained in Ash Hollow to fix up our wagons; Aug. 4. Sunday.
Had a meeting. Brother Woodruff made a proposition that he stop
with his ten baggage wagons, and let the rest of the first and
second divisions or as many as wish to go ahead. He felt he had
so much care on his shoulders. Bro. Whipple said that he would
take the burden of the ten baggage wagons on his shoulders. Bro.
Gardner, the blacksmith worked all day and had a number of men
to help him repair the wagons, but did not get all done.
5. Bro. Hardy is better this morning and started out with sixteen
of his division to go ahead. Bro. Green started out alone without
council and out of order. Bro. Whipple started with a part of
his divisions and went four miles in search of feed for our cattle
which was very short. Captain Hardy also camped with us for the
day. The land on the north side of the river is prairie, while
on the south side is high towering bluffs, which look like fortifications
in many places.
6. Bro. Hardy started off this morning feeling much better. Mr.
Wallace saw a bear which was asleep. He did not disturb him.
7. Bro. Woodruff came up with us this morning. We had a meeting
this afternoon. Had a new organization; Bros. Whipple, Gardner,
Goodridge and Rawson were transferred into Bro. Woodruff's division,
making twenty-four wagons in that division and leaving twenty
in Bro. Whipple's. Bro. Moffet was chosen Captain over the remainder.
8. Very warm. Started out about eight o'clock this morning, the
second division taking the lead. We had a very hard road today,
very sandy and steep bluffs to climb. We traveled about twelve
miles and camped near the Platt river. Feed rather short.
9. Had very heavy showers last night, very sharp lightening and
loud thunder. The wolves killed a calf belonging to Bro. Whipple.
We traveled about fifteen miles and camped on the Platt.
10. Saw some antelope this morning and some wolves. We traveled
about fifteen miles and camped on the Platt, found good feed.
11. Sunday. We laid over. Held a meeting this afternoon. We had
a very excellent discourse by Bro. Whipple on the difference between
the Jews and the Gentiles. Bros. Woodruff and Gardner gave us
some excellent instructions. This evening we saw the prairie on
fire. It was a grand and imposing scene.
12. We started on our journey at four o'clock, all well. We passed
a high bluff called Exchange, on account of its resemblance to
a large building. Passed Clear creek, a small stream of very clear
water. It comes from the bluffs and flows into the Platt. We traveled
eighteen miles, had very good roads. We met some Government trains
from Ft. Laramie. They said the first division was about fifteen
miles ahead of us. Killed two rattle snakes.
13. Started about eight o'clock and traveled about sixteen miles.
Camped about three o'clock on the Platt. A heavy rain came just
before we stopped. We passed Chimney Rock. This is a notable curiosity.
It is 834 yards around the base, and 200 feet high. The main shaft
is 100 feet in diameter. It appears to be formed of clay and sand
of two colors, gray and white. It also has the appearance of cement
between the two columns. It is supposed by some to be the work
of the Nephites.
14. It is a clear beautiful morning. We made an early start and
went about nineteen miles. We saw some Indians for the first time
since we started. Their wigwams were spread along the road. They
were Sioux. They looked very neat and clean for Indians. The men
came out on horses to look at us. The squaws with their papooses
stood along the road and tried to sell us some moccasins. One
of the men wanted to trade a horse for a white squaw. We passed
Scotts bluff on the right. We leave the river here and strike
into the bluffs. We found choke cherries and wild plums, there
were not quite ripe. We camped on the open prairie. There is a
beautiful cold spring here.
15. We did not start until late this morning. We had a long meeting
to settle some difficulties between some members of the company
not worth mentioning. We crossed Horse Creek and camped about
half a mile further on. This creek is several rods wide, about
a foot deep and very muddy. The water after standing a few minutes,
became perfectly clear and very good to drink. A very heavy shower
came up just after we camped. We traveled twelve miles.
16. We started at seven o'clock and traveled about fifteen miles
over rolling prairies and sandy bluffs and camped on the Platt
River; Aug. 17. We traveled about ten miles. We passed a great
many traders and Indians, some of them had the small pox. The
feed is very poor.
18. Sunday. On account of the feed being so poor, we thought it
best to travel. We went twelve miles. Passed Ft. Laramie. We camped
on the Platt river. We found Captain Hardy's train about one-fourth
mile from us. We had not seen them for two weeks. They were all
well. Mrs. Bird had a still-born child on Saturday morning.
19. Cold and stormy all day. We did not travel any today; Aug.
20. We traveled about two and one-half miles. The feed is so good
we thought it best to let the animals feed up and rest. A company
of Shian Indians came along in the afternoon and camped beside
us. They had been out on a buffalo hunt and were returning to
Fort Laramie to sell their skins. They looked very friendly. We
traded some with them. Bro. Woodruff lost an ox last night and
had to go back to the Fort Aug. 21. We started about two P.M.
and traveled about four miles. We had a very bad hill to go down.
Bro. Woodruff's carriage horse got frightened and ran away. Phebia
Foss was in the carriage but jumped out. The horse ran until he
got tangled up in the brush, no damage was done. We camped on
22. Started early, traveled about twenty-one miles over a very
uneven road. We passed through a band of Shian Indians. They were
camped on the bank of a beautiful clear creek. There were several
hundred of them. We crossed another creek and camped.
23. We started early and traveled about 25 miles. We crossed three
creeks. One of them about three rods and one and one-half feet
deep. The roads were uneven and dangerous in some places, and
in others nice and smooth. Camped on the Platt River. Cool and
pleasant. There were some buffalo on the banks where we camped
24. We are in the midst of the Black Hills. They look black at
a distance, but when near they are green and covered with straggling
pines. We traveled eight and one-half miles and camped for the
day. We met Bros. Stratton and Hanks from Salt Lake who had been
sent out to meet and cheer us on our way. They brought us some
potatoes, which tasted so good. They will tell us where to find
good camping places. We held a meeting in the afternoon. Bro.
Stratton read a letter from President Brigham Young. It was truly
cheering to us to hear from the valley and know that we were not
forgotten by the Saints in the Valley, while we are traveling
in the wilderness. It caused us to rejoice and feel like starting
anew on our journey. Camped on the Platt River.
25. We took a vote last night to travel today on account of the
delay we had the fore part of the week. We traveled nineteen and
one-half miles to the Lebout Crossing. This is a beautiful River
about two rods wide and one foot deep, pleasant and cool. The
road is rough today. Our first and second divisions left this
place this morning. Bro. Hardy had lost an ox and his horses were
giving out. We found some cherries along the river. Camped on
the Lebout River.
26. We traveled eighteen miles. Came up with the two first divisions.
They were all well but Bro. Hardy who is still suffering from
the cholera. Only three families came up. Bros. Gardner, Goodridge
and Rawson. The rest of our division camped back about a mile
and a half.
27. Our division that stayed back lost more than half of their
cattle last night. We have got to lay by and hunt them up. The
first and second divisions went ahead today. Bro. Stratton and
Hanks killed a buffalo and brought it to camp. They saw a grizzly
28. No cattle found yet. We cannot travel today. We went out this
morning and picked fourteen quarts of cherries. to get some more,
which delayed us some.
29. Part of the cattle were found last night. They are out hunting
the rest today. It is very sandy here. The last day we traveled
about three miles through it. We saw some mountain sheep on the
30. We started this morning before breakfast and went to the place
where the remainder of our division was camped on the Laforella
Creek. Our company killed two buffalo today. The rest of the cattle
were found today all but three. Bro. Smoot passed us today. Bros.
Heywood and Wooley camped with us tonight. We held a meeting together.
They had had but one death in their company and had got along
31. We started this morning about ten o'clock. We crossed Boxelder
Creek. Bro. Badlam has got his roadameter going today. We traveled
fourteen miles. Camped on the Platt.
1. We started about ten o'clock and crossed Deer Creek. Traveled
about thirteen and one-half miles. We passed Bro. Smoot's company.
We had strong winds and some rains.
2. Started at ten o'clock. Crossed Crooked Muddy Creek, also Muddy
Creek, and camped on the Platt. Traveled thirteen miles. We picked
thirty-three quarts buffalo berries. They taste very much like
currants and are red. They have one seed in them and make excellent
sauce and pies.
3. Started at nine o'clock and came to the Platt crossing. We
stopped two hours to rest and feed our cattle, and then crossed
the river. The scenery along the Platt river is very grand. A
very high and long mountain chain extends southwest. We have followed
it for three days and have not come to the end of it yet. We crossed
the North Fork of the Platt without any accidents. We traveled
nine and one-half miles and camped on the Platt River. Saw a grizzly
5. Planned an early start, but our cattle got mixed up with Smoot's
on account of our herdsmen not attending to duty. George caught
some bass and some suckers. We traveled fourteen miles and camped
by a beautiful clear spring. We passed quite a number of dead
cattle, perhaps twenty-five, caused by a poisoned spring of water
which we passed today. The country here is not quite so rocky
and barren as it has been the past few days. We came through a
place called Rock Avenue. It is about a quarter of a mile in length
and lined with rocks on each side.
6. We traveled sixteen miles today and camped on Greasewood Creek,
a beautiful creek and good feed. The weather is very pleasant.
We camped with Bro. Smoot's company. Brother Stratton left to
start. They took a beautiful wild horse with them that they had
7. We traveled eight miles today. We passed a salaratus lake and
camped at the foot of Independence Rock. This evening we had a
dance on the banks of Sweetwater. The whole camp participated.
We had a good time.
8. The air is cool this morning. I have just climbed Independence
Rock and the view is beautiful. The Sweetwater flows southwest
at the base of the rock and winds around the foot of the mountain.
The Salaratus Lake is seen in the northeast, the Devils Gate in
the west, while mountains are to be seen on all sides. We crossed
the Sweetwater and traveled on until we came to the Devils Gate.
We stopped and ate our dinner here. This is a curious freak of
nature. The rocks are perpendicular four hundred feet high and
in one place the gap between them is only two feet wide. The Sweetwater
flows through the gap. Some of us crossed it on foot just for
the novelty of it. We traveled fifteen miles and camped on Sweetwater.
9. Traveled eight miles over a heavy sandy road, crossed the Sweetwater
and camped. We were detained in the morning until nearly noon
on account of Brother Woodruff's teamsters; one of them was fired
and the other two left. They were rough, obscene men, did not
belong to the church and were stealing the supplies. We crossed
a creek bed.
11. We started early, crossed the Sweetwater three times. Camped
at Ice Springs. Traveled eight miles, windy and dusty. Many rocks
and hills. The Ice Springs are a great curiosity. About one or
two feet below the surface of the spring, any quantity of ice
may be found. It is not good for use; it has a bad smell. The
ground is soft and marshy above it. Very little feed here.
12. We started early this morning. We passed a fine Salaratus
Lake. We gathered what we wanted, -- it was very white and clean.
All we had to do was scrape it up. We crossed the Sweetwater.
Good feed. Found ice in our pails this morning.
13. We started at noon and went eight miles and camped on the
Sweetwater. Plenty good feed and wood. Some of our cattle gave
out last night, so our Captain thought it best that we rest part
of the day.
14. We started at seven o'clock and traveled about two miles and
came to a new route to the pass made by Captain Andrus. We took
it and went eleven and one-half miles and lost three miles and
camped on Quaken Asp Creek. We met several head of cattle and
one wagon for Heywood and Wooley.
15. We traveled about five miles and camped on Sweetwater. We
started a coal pit and held a meeting. Four wagons came up tonight
from Hunter's company.
16. We crossed the Sweetwater for the last time. We traveled fifteen
miles and camped at Pacific Springs. We met Captain Hardy in search
of his horses. They had been lost two days. Captain Currie's horse
is gone also and one belonging to another man.
17. We stopped to do some repairing this morning. We let Captain
Hardy have a yoke of oxen so he could travel on. We started out
about noon. Just as we were starting, five Indians came up. One
was a squaw who could speak English. They said they had found
two horses. Brothers Woodruff and Atwood went with them to theirup
the horses. Aunt Hattie sent a blanket shawl. We wait the result.
We crossed two creeks. Traveled thirteen miles and camped on Pacific
19. We have heard nothing from Bros. Woodruff and Atwood, and
we feel somewhat alarmed at their long absence. We sent two messengers
back to Captain Wooley's camp to see if they have heard from them,
and if not to have him join us and send our united forces of men
after them. Our messengers had not been gone more than one-half
hour when we saw them returning with Brothers Woodruff and Atwood
with one of Brother Hardy's horses and one Brother Currie's. We
were glad to see them. It appears that the Indians had stolen
them and then wanted to be paid for returning them. When the brethren
got to their camp they found three hundred warriors and about
one thousand horses. They were going to war with the Shians. These
Indians were Shoshonies. They had lost one of the horses, he was
an ugly horse and got away from them, and took several of the
Indian horses with him. We traveled eleven miles and camped on
the Big Sandy River. William Nealey shot an antelope.
20. We camped last night with Heywood and Wooley Company and our
first division. We started out about the o'clock. Captain Hardy
moving out first, Brother Wooley next. We traveled sixteen miles
and camped with Captain Hardy's company on the Big Sandy River.
21. Bro. Woodruff's ox died this morning. He was at a dead stand,
he could not go another rod without help. We concluded to let
him take Brother Goodridge's oxen on Brother Hardy's team and
Brother Hardy take a yoke of Brother Barrows, so as to have all
the borrowed cattle in their division. We traveled six miles and
met Brother Brigham Young from the valley, who stated there was
no feed on Green River, so we camped on the Big Sandy River.
22. Sunday. Held a meeting and felt very much instructed with
the remarks of the speakers. We made a coal pit, set some tires,
and made some shoes and nails.
23. We traveled nine miles and camped on Green River. George caught
a cat fish a foot long.
24. Started at eight o'clock, went nineteen and one-half miles
and camped at Ham's Fork. We passed some beautiful scenery on
the banks of the river. We met two brothers from the valley, stating
that the Snake Indians were hostile to the Mormons and some of
them had been killed, that four hundred Indians were in the mountains
armed to the teeth, so we had better be on our guard.
25. Started at ten o'clock, went ten miles and camped on Sunset
Creek, a beautiful stream of water two rods wide and two feet
26. Started at ten o'clock, traveled twelve and one-half miles.
Camped on Black Fork.
27. Started about ten. Went eight and one-half miles. Camped on
Bridger Creek, about a mile from Fort Bridger.
28. We drove up our cattle in order to make an early start. Found
after we got started about ten cattle were missing. All hands
went to search for them, and finally concluded they had gone back.
Brothers Atwood and Nealey mounted horses and went back and found
them about fourteen miles on the back trail. Got in with them
about dusk. We were very glad to see them. We spent the day fishing.
There are some beautiful trout in the streams and very large.
29. Started early and traveled eleven miles. Camped on a small
creek. We had a very bad hill to descend. One of Brother Woodruff's
wagons had the ex broken, one of our wagons had a wheel broken.
30. Had to lay by to mend our broken wagons. The first divisions
were sent ahead. Some of them complained a good deal at being
detained so much.
1. We started early and traveled fifteen miles. We had an excellent
road. It was rather hilly, but even and smooth. One of Brother
Woodruff's cows died in the yoke today. We passed the highest
summit of the journey today. There is some splendid scenery around
the mountains. We camped in a valley at the feet of the mountains.
2. We had rain, thunder and lightning last night. It cleared up
this morning. We traveled six miles. We had a very steep hill
to climb; had to double teams. We camped on Bear River. We caught
a glimpse of our first division climbing the mountains ahead of
3. We picked twelve quarts of Haw berries. We intend to make vinegar
of them. We traveled six and one-half miles and camped on a small
creek. Joseph Webb tipped his wagon over which prevented us from
going any further today. Our road winds along at the foot of the
mountains, very wild and picturesque. We camped on Yellow Creek.
4. Very cold last night, froze the water over in our pails one
four inch thick. It has been a beautiful day. We met Brother Hyde
on his way to the states. He brought good news from the Valley.
We traveled ten miles.
5. Started early, traveled eighteen miles, camped on Echo Creek.
Brother Hunter came up and camped with us. We had to cross the
creek a number of times. In some places it was bad, and we had
to stop and mend the roads. Brother Gibson tipped over without
doing any damage.
6. We traveled eight miles and camped on the Reed Fork of the
Weber River camp. They took a few articles with them, supposing
they were not willing to give. Our road was very rough and bad
on account of having to cross the creek so many times.
11. We traveled three miles and came to the foot of the mountain.
We had dinner, and then started for the top, the second division
being in head. We found the road very bad, but we made out to
get to the top without any accident, but the second division broke
three wagons. We made seven miles and camped on top of the mountain.
12. We took out teams and went down the mountain and helped the
others up, then traveled down the other side of the mountain about
nine miles and camped at the foot of another mountain.
Oct. 13. We traveled nine miles and camped at the mouth of a canyon.
Oct. 14, 1850. Mrs. Delin had a daughter born last night. Brother
Woodruff came up with us this morning and we all drove into the
valley of Salt Lake and camped in the Fort. It was a rather dreary
home-coming. It was very dry and dusty, and the wind was blowing
the dust in clouds. Only a few little log and adobe houses to
the seen fenced in with rail and willow fences. A few shade trees
and fruit trees were to be seen here and there. I thought at first--"Have
I got spend the rest of my days here in this dreary looking place?"
But I soon felt all right about it and loved my mountain home."
Read a narrative of this company. Wilford Woodruff Company 1850
a list of individuals known to have traveled in this company.
a list of sources to learn more about this company
version of text also in Our Pioneer Heritage, 20 vols. [1958-77],
LIFE IN THE SALT LAKE VALLEY
Bertha Bleazard Miles writes: "I never heard of my
grandfather, John Hopwood Bleazard, having a fortune, but he got
several pieces of property and built homes in Salt Lake. One home
was about 37 West 100 South, right near the Dinwoody Furniture Store. Mary Ison Worthington, his last wife, and her family lived
there when I was a child. I lived with my grandmother Rhoda Ison who was Mary's sister,
and my grandma used to leave me with them when she went to the Temple.
I knew this home in the 14th Ward where John lived with Mary Ison
and where he died. Grandmother Lydia Davis Bleazard's home (Wife #7) was
in the 7th Ward just off the corner of 500 South on West Temple.
The 7th Ward home and area is where my father, Mark Hopwood Bleazard,
grew up as a child and where he and Annie Ison Danks lived when
they married. John William 'Will' and Lydia Bleazard were born at this home."
Note: Mary Ison (Worthington)
became John Hopwood Bleazard's 9th and last wife. John lived with Mary the last three years of
his life. Mary Ison and Rhoda Ison were sisters. Rhoda's daughter, Annie Ison Danks married John and Lydia Davis's son, Mark Hopwood Bleazard.
continues, "My father, Mark Hopwood Bleazard, talked
about his father, JHB, and the thing he remembered most was how everyone liked his beer. They said he made the best beer in the Territory,
and he remembered that John knew all the swear words. I've been curious why
there is so little, almost nothing, about grandfather, John Hopwood
Bleazard, in Church History and I asked a close acquaintance of
John's Brother Iverson. Brother Iverson said that John was friendly with and closely
associated with all the major leaders of the Church. He said that John always did his duty
to the Church but that he was not a man who wanted to be in the public eye. He took care of the horses, carriages
and wagons and saw that everything was repaired and ready so that the leaders
could go and do their duties."
Curtis writes that "Two of Sarah Ann's (wife #1) children,
Robert and Ann, once visited Grandma Sarah Searcy Bleazard and
their father, John Hopwood Bleazard, in Salt Lake City. "
1850 - The following advertisement of notice appeared in
the Deseret News, November 1, 1850 while John Hopwood Bleazard lived in North Cottonwood:
a yoke of oxen sometime in September last. The nigh ox,
red and white spotted, one loop horn end off and the other
straight out. Crop off the right ear and slit, under bit
off the left ear, with a red yoke, ring and staple.
seven sheep both ears square crop.
information left at the Editor's office or at the subscribers
in Little Cottonwood will be thankfully received.
H. Bleazard, North Cottonwood
1851 - Sarah
Searcy and Mary Jane Miller both divorced John four months after
their arrival in the Salt Lake Valley. Mary
Jane said in Court testimony that she had a second child, a 'son',
after she divorced JHB and when she was living with her mother. The son died when an infant.
Although divorced in 1851, John and Sarah Searcy continued in an intimate relationship for about another ten years (1861). James was born in 1852; Ellen and Dorcus were born in 1854; and their last child, Thomas Blazzard, was born on 14 August 1857 in Salt Lake City. Thomas was four years old when his mother, Sarah Searcy, left John for the last time.
Kate Curtis writes: "Sarah Searcy Miller, my grandmother, got a temple divorce from John Hopwood Bleazard in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City on July 7, 1873. Sarah was then 58 years old and at that time she was sealed to her first husband, James Miller, by Daniel H. Wells."
WIFE #5 - MARGARET BIRCH.
- John married Margaret Birch and their sealing date was October 15, 1851. It is not believed that they had children. (* See Jennifer Banks, P 20, Jennifer says they were married
in July 1952 and on P 21 "Margaret divorced John."
- John was re-baptized in Salt Lake City by N. V. Jones on May
- James Searcy Blazzard was born on August 7, 1852 in Salt Lake
City (JHB/Sarah Searcy)
- After Mary Jane divorced John Hopwood Blazzard she married Isaac
Hill on October 28, 1852.
- Mary Jane and Isaac Hill had ten children. Mary Jane's posterity
lived around the Green River area.
- John was ordained a High Priest April 2, 1853 by John Young
(Record No. 1 High Priest B. Page 3).
1853 - It is recorded in the Salt Lake Council Minutes dated 14
January 1853: "No 7 - The petition of John H Blazzard was
presented to the Council praying for permission to sell and Manufacture
Malt Liquor." And on July 1, 1853 the Council Minutes record:
"The petition of J. H. Blazzard was presented praying for
license to Brew and Sell Ale at his old establishment - which
was granted on his payng $15 for the year into the City Treasury
Council minutes record of July 30, 1853: "The petition of
J. H. Blazzard was presented to the Council praying for the privilege
of withdrawing his License to Brew and sell at his old establishment,
and asking a license to open an establishment back of "Lowe's
Shoemaker's Shop." On motion, petition withdrawn."
1853 - John and Sarah Searcy Miller Blazzard were again sealed
in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City on January 17, 1853.
1854- Sarah Searcy birthed two little girls, Ellen Searcy and Dorcus. Ellen Searcy Blazzard was born 13 Oct 1854 in Salt Lake
City. Ellen is listed by Jennifer Banks as dying in 1874, both
girls died young and are buried in Washington, Utah where
their mother is also buried.
- On July 1, 1854 the Salt Lake City Council Minutes record: "Petition
No. 5. of J. H. Blazzard was presented praying the Council grant
him license another year to carry on his Brewery for the Sale
of Beer at his Establishment. On motion, the license was granted
by paying twenty dollars for the ensuing year."
in 1854 in September 20th Council Minutes is found the following:
"J. H. Blazzard appeared and asked the Council to grant
him license to Brew and Sell Ale and Beer at his new house in
the 13th Ward. It was motioned and carried that license to Sell
Ale and Beer at the said place at the former rates."
Best in the Territory!"
History of the Bleazard Brewery
by Jerry Shepherd
Hopwood Bleazard, a native of Slaidburn, England,
arrived in Utah in September of 1850 with the Wilford
Woodruff Company. A skilled wheelwright by trade,
Bleazard also owned a saw pit at Nauvoo, Illinois
and seems to have had a second saw pit located in
Big Cottonwood, Utah. But of all his business enterprises,
he is best remembered for his brewery. His son,
Mark Hopwood Bleazard, told of men saying how much
they liked Bleazard beer and that it was the best
in the territory. Among the Utah pioneer brewers,
John Hopwood Bleazard alone did not advertise his
product. In absence of contradictory records, it
can be said that John Hopwood Bleazard was the fourth
Euro-American to brew beer in Utah Territory, and
the third to establish a brewery in the same territory.
The first official mention of the Bleazard Brewery
comes from the Salt Lake City Council minutes of
30 July 1853, when John withdrew his petition to
sell at his old establishment and sought a license
to operate behind Lowe's Shoemakers Shop. The following
year, on 1 July 1854, John paid $20 for a business
license to brew beer for a year. On 20 September
1854, he sought a license to brew beer at his new
house in the Thirteenth Ward. It appears that for
the first three years his brewery had no permanent
home. In that short space of time, Bleazard resided
in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Wards where he
must have operated his brewery.
On September 24, 1854, the Salt Lake City Council
passed an ordinance declaring saloons, breweries,
and distilleries nuisances, effectively putting
Bleazard out of business four days after he petitioned
for his latest business license.
John Hopwood Bleazard next appeared before the city
council on September 17, 1858, at which time his
petition to operate a brewery was laid over indefinitely.
But the Bleazard Brewery apparently did operate
again, this time at the Bleazard property located
in the Fourteenth Ward on the south side of First
South between Whiskey Street (Main) and West Temple,
for the descendants of John Hopwood Bleazard recalled
the still located in his cellar, and at his death
on 13 January 1871, the inventory of his estate
listed items necessary for the brewing of beer.
WIFE #6 -MATILDA MURCH PENNY.
John married Matilda Murch Penny on January 17, 1855.
Her husband, Robert, had died on the plains. (* Jennifer Banks,
P 21). Matilda Murch Penny was a widow with a son named Richard,
and she birthed a son by JHB, named Tom Penny Blazzard. (Thomas
Murch Bleazard ) *Jennifer Banks, P 25.
Curtis writes: "Matilda Murch Penny soon left JHB and after
that the boy always went by the name Tom Penny. Tom Penny was
present in the Salt Lake Court in 1892 when John's Will was broken."
1855 or 1856 - In about 1855 or 1856 George Goddard notes that
he made an exchange of a house and half a lot in the 7th Ward
and with the wife of John Hopwood "Blazard" (Probably
Sarah Searcy) for a certain property immediately adjoining John's
property on the east in Lot 5 Block 70 S.L. City Survey containing
21 1/2 feet north and 415 feet East and West, with a small two
story house and a four foot right of way leading to said property
and this exchange was made by the consent and advice of "her"
friends, as she was then more or less dependent on others for
subsistance, and she thought that by having some land to cultivate
by the aid of her children she could maintain herself and family
without other assistance. John Bleazard was on a mission to Las
Vegas at this time. (Check year 1971 for Mr. Goddard's petition
to the Probate Court.)
MISSION TO THE INDIANS - LAS VEGAS --- ALSO JOHNSON'S
Bertha Miles Bleazard writes that the date JHB left on
his mission was January 10, 1856.
1855 - In Salt Lake City on April 6, 1855, Brigham Young called
William Bringhurst to take thirty men to Las Vegas Springs to
convert the Indians, to open an Indian Mission in Las Vegas. In
addition to conversion, they were to draft a Treaty with the Indians
which would allow them to build a Fort on their land.They were
to teach the Indians how to raise livestock and grain. The missionaries
were to create a half-way place for immigrants going to and coming
missionaries left Salt Lake City on May 10, 1855. They had forty
wagons drawn by oxen, saddle horses and fifteen cows. The caravan
followed the old Spanish trail part of the way and after leaving
Parowan. William Bringhurst was in charge of the Mission and of
the men. They arrived in Las Vegas on June 14, 1855 and immediately
began their work. Their camp was where the remains of the Fort
is at this time. (1962)
Fort was made with a foundation of rocks and on these were placed
large adobes. The Fort was 150 feet square and the walls were
two feet thick at the bottom and one foot wide at the top, and
the wall was fourteen feet high. For defense, there were loop
holes from which guns could shoot. One large opening on the north
was left where the oxen could pull the wagons inside the Fort.
This Fort was just above the stream that Fremont wrote about.
They built fences, put in crops, gathered grass seed, preached
to, fed and clothed the Indians. The Fort is gone now (1962) and
the water has been diverted.
Bringhurst and the other Missionaries built The Old Mormon Fort
which was a crude defense against the Indians. They also had a
guarded stock corral and built a dam and four bridges across the
little stream that flowed from the Springs. A plot of land was
taken up by each of the first white settlers and fenced with Mesquite
and crops were planted in the rich soil. The Mormons reclaimed
the land and preached to the Indians.
- May 10th. Heart Throbs of the West, Kate B. Carter, Vol.6,
"In 1855, President Brigham Young appointed a company of
men to open a mission in Las Vegas. Part of this group left Salt
Lake on May 10 and were joined by other members from different
settlements along their route. When they were all assembled, there
were thirty missionaries and their families, 40 wagons, 15 cows,
and several riding horses. William Bringhurst was appointed president,
Wm. S. Covert, first counselor, and Ira S. Miles, second counselor.
Other members of the group were: Ariot Hale, James Dickenson,
William Bruston, Albert Miles, George G. Snyder, William A. Follet,
John W. Turner, Judge Shaver, Amasa Meriam, Sylvester Hulet, Artemus
Millet, George W. Bean, William Vance, John Steele, Thomas E.
Ricks, Brother Knapp, C. A. Smoot, Brother Foster, James T. S.
Allred, Edward Cuthbert, J. S. Milam, Stephen C. Perry, Benjamin
R. Hulse, James A. Bean, John Bleazard, Aaron Farr and Lemuel
a very long and hard journey the first division of the company
reached Las Vegas at 3:30 p.m. Thursday, June 14, 1855. They established
their camp near where the old fort building now stands. After
looking over the surrounding country for the purpose of selecting
the most suitable location for a settlement, they decided to locate
on the spot where they had first camped.
June 17th, they built a bowery and held their first religious
service, during which they gave thanks to the Almighty for their
safe arrival at their destination.
at once began to lay off the ground for the fort, measure off
garden plots and farm lands. The fort was laid off one hundred
and fifty feet square on a slope a few rods from the creek and
was to be fourteen feet high, walls two feet thick at the base
and one foot thick at top. The residences were to be built inside
of the fort and were to be two stories high. After gardens and
other crops were planted, a survey of the country was made for
timber for building. Found it very far away and hard to get. Early
in August some of the men began making the adobe bricks for the
walls and three or four teams went to Cottonwood Springs to get
poles and also some iron they found lying there. Others went for
rock for the foundation. The fort and residences were completed
before winter set in. On December 2nd, President Bringhurst and
others staked out their preemption claims, taking in the whole
valley on both sides of the creek, probably eight miles long and
one or more miles wide. Early in the Fall, probably in September,
a school was established for both white and Indian children, and
A. A. Lemon was appointed the teacher. January 10, 1856, a post
office was established with Wm. Bringhurst as postmaster.
year 1855 saw the advent of more pretentious school buildings,
the Seminary, located at First North and Fifth West, was the first.
It was a two story adobe structure and was used for many purposes
aside from school. Its first teachers included George W. Bean,
Charles D. Evans, Moses Mecham, and C. Waudell. A Mr. Hudson and
a Mr. Benson also taught there."
In the fall a school was started and both Indians and white children
attended the school. In January, 1856 a Post Office was established.
From a newspaper we get the following information:
January 10, 1856. Early this morning Brothers Benjamin R.
Hulse and John H. Bleazard arrived at Las Vegas from the
Valley. Three other brethren also arrived at sundown - George
Reed, Robert Reed and John Allen. They had been sent from
Cedar City by Erastus Snow and they were all in destitute
circumstances and had little or no provisions.
Hulse brought the document appointing a Post Office at Las Vegas
to be called Bringhurst Post Office, Las Vegas County, Territory
of New Mexico with William Bringhurst appointed Postmaster. This
would be convenient after the postmaster took the necessary measure
for making the appointment legal. (Editor's note: The
reason for calling the Post Office Bringhurst was because Las
Vegas was at that time in the Territory of New Mexico - farther
to the south. The name of the Post Office here was probably changed
to Las Vegas with the formation of the State of Nevada in 1864.)
another clipping dated Thursday August 26, 1856 a portion of it
reads: "Brother John Hopwood Bleazard gave the brethren an
exhortation to faithfulness and perserverance in the duties as
missionaries etc. ..."
"On the first day of January, 1856, Follett and myself took
a bath in the Vegas Spring 4 miles above our fort, which shows
the mildness of the climate and warmth of the water. Not a flake
of snow fell here all winter. In February a few of us took a tour
up the Colorado, then across and up the Rio Virgin to the Muddy,
then up that stream to the California road and back again to Vegas.
While out we many Indians viewed in the Salt Mines, and acquired
a better knowledge of the country. The latter part of February
I started for home with Bringhurst, Thomas Ricks and Jones. We
got to Parowan and was [sic] hindered about a week by a snowstorm.
We then pushed through snow several feet deep between Beaver and
Fillmore, and arrived at Provo March 25, found my family well.
I remained at home until 10 of June, then went back again to Vegas.
Several families had got there by this time. The Lead mines were
opened about August, by N V Jones, assisted by us. I got a load
of lead ore, and in company with Tom Ricks, started again for
Provo in the first days of September. I arrived the 25th. Went
to see President Young, and he told me to stay home, that he was
going to call all away as soon as there was sufficient lead obtained.
the October Conference there was quite a revival preached by President
Jedidiah M. Grant. The handcart emigration were coming very late
and hundreds of teams and loads of flour were sent back to assist
them. They were brought in with feet and hands frozen, and distributed
through all settlements. I and Follett took a 4-mule team and
brought a load from G S L City to Provo. Dec 10th I took Emily
Haws for my 2nd wife, and on the 15th, Mary Jane Wall became my
3rd. The ceremony for both was performed by Patriarch Isaac Morely.
There was a great awakening among the Saints in Provo this winter.
Many confessed their sins and turned away their evil practices."
"The beginning of 1857 was very severe cold and deep snow.
About the 1st of April we were all re-baptized for the remission
of our sins. This spring I had farming going on by William Dowdle.
On the 24th of July the Presidency got word from the frontiers
that President Buchanan was sending a large Army out here in Utah,
to 'use up the Mormons', and preparations were immediately made
to defend ourselves. On the 16th day of August I, in company with
others, was sent across to Carson Valley to call in the Mission.
From there, we took the cut-off South of Salt Lake and Humbolt,
and came near being cut-off ourselves, for some of the party were
very ill [having been] provided with provisions which in fifteen
days brought us all without food, ... and nearly crazy for lack
of water we all suffered extremely, but we slew an old mare of
Dr. Riggs' which gave out. We feasted on poor horse flesh, filled
its entrails with water, for lack of canteens, jerked the meat,
packed it up and pushed on for Sink of Carson, which was reached
in safety. We replenished our larder at Ragtown, and two days
after reached Washoe Valley, the head quarters of the Saints.
In a short time all was bustle and excitement preparatory to removal.
I was detailed with others to take surplus stock over to California,
make sales thereof, and purchase wagons, teams & goods. I
enjoyed this task very much , notwithstanding a severe cold that
operated considerably against my natural feelings. I had charge
of Brother J. C. Naile's cattle, who was back in Utah. I sold to
a man named Douglass, and came into possession of $1100 dollars
in gold, at Placerville. With this I took [a] stage for Folsom,
thence by Railroad to Sacramento. This was my first acquaintance
with that mode of travel and I was surprised to find everything
so comfortable and pleasant. At Sacramento we put up at the Belvidere
Hotel. Here we met with William R. Smith, agent of W. H. Hooper.
He was very glad to see us and hear the news from home. He likewise
felt very anxious about some cash drafts he had in possession,
and upon consultation together, it was thought best to hurry him
off to Carson in company with one of us. I was detached for that
service, consequently only remained in Sacramento City, about
- The President of the United States, Buchanan, removed Brigham
Young as Governor of Utah in 1857. Thomas L. Kane gets the credit
of settling the row between the Mormons and the US Government.
Amnesty was granted to all Mormons and Johnson's Army entered
Salt Lake City.
The above note is in the possesion of Marie Johnson and reads: "General Tithing Office March 24th/57. This certifies that John H. Blazard has paid the P.E. Fund a fifty dollar (Donation). J.M. Simmons, Clerk.
1857 Brigham Young ordered the Mormons to evacuate Salt Lake City
prior to occupation by Johnson's Army, His intent was to burn
the city. 350 men (968 persons) sold their property to Gentiles
at such prices as could be obtained on short notice as they obeyed
Brigham Young order. 985 souls with 710 head of livestock - horses,
mules and oxen, 148 wagons, goods, money and all moved
out at Young's call and left behind lovely homes they had build
in and around the Salt Lake Valley. They traveled to Southern
Utah and some later returned to the Valley but many remained in
John Hopwood Bleazard returned to his home(s) in Salt Lake in 1857 and in time to evacuate his home(s) with the other Mormons.
|Journal History of the Church, December 2, 1857 - Brother Southworth had been
captured and held prisoner by Johnston's Army. He escaped and returned to Salt
Lake City where he reported on the enemy. Of the future governor of Utah,
Alfred Cumming, he said, that "Gov. Cummings was a whiskey tub in appearance,
about such a man as Bro. Blazzard would be if he drunk a quart of whiskey per
- "... A few Indians were baptized but all showed bad faith and stole
every possible thing including cattle, clothes and supplies of
every kind. In 1857 the Indians swooped down on the mission crops
and took all of the crops. All that could not be carried back
to Utah by the whites was abandoned to the Indians..."
Army approached Utah and Brigham Young issued a call for all of
the Mormons to return to Utah. He also called Mormons from San Bernadino to return to Utah. "...The Indians
stole Brother Bringhurst and Brother Bleazard's goods and
provisions while they were in Church..."
two years of hard labor helped pave the way for later Mormon settlements
in Southern Nevada.
SEARCY MILLER BLEAZARD LEAVES JOHN.
1857 - Thomas Blazzard was born on 14 August 1857 in Salt Lake
City. He is the last child of Sarah Searcy and JHB. Thomas was
four years old when his mother, Sarah Searcy, left John for the
1858 - The Salt Lake City Council Minutes for September 17, 1858 records: "The petition of J.H. Blazzard (to sell Beer) was held over indefinitely."
On the 22 March 1858, Sarah Search Miller (Bleazard) who had
divorced JHB, had a home in the Seventh (7th) Ward and was married
to Niels C. Jorgenson by Bishop Willis. This marriage took place
one day after the citizens of Salt Lake City agreed to abandon
their homes and move south in advance of Johnson's Army. Sarah
and her family would have joined in this migration. After returning
to Salt Lake, Sarah divorced Jorgenson in January 1859. Sarah then
moved to Manti where it appears that she entered into another
short marriage. The June 1860 census indicates that Sarah and
all of her unmarried children were residing in the household of
On 12 March 1861 Sarah Searcy married for the final time. Her
husband was George Pectol. (information from the Jennifer Banks
research paper on this site.)
WIFE #7 - LYDIA DAVIS.
1860 - John Hopwood Bleazard perhaps began an intimate relationship with
(and maybe married) LYDIA DAVIS, Wife #7 in about 1856. A baby
girl was born to Lydia Davis on 30 March 1857 and Lydia listed her
name as Mary Ann Bleazard. Little Mary Ann died on 27 Jan 1858. A child, Mary Ann, is listed as the daughter of Mary Jane Miller in Find a Grave and other stories. I believe that she is Lydia Davis's little girl. Mary Jane's two babies were Sarah Ann (Nauvoo) and the little boy she said she had after coming to Salt Lake.
John and Lydia had five other children. Joseph Davis was born
17 April 1860, and Joseph Davis died when he was a young boy; Mark
Hopwood was born 21 March 1861. Lucy Davis was born 30 March 1863; Caleb Davis was born 1 March 1865, and Orson Davis was born 1 January
John and Lydia Davis Bleazard were not Sealed until 7 February
Lydia Davis, was born 23 June 1825 at Bowood, Netherbury, Dorsetshire,
England. Her parents, William and Lucy Davis, joined the Mormon
Church in 1847, but were not able to come to America until 1855.
Their son, George Davis, came to America in 1853 and purchased land in Bountiful and built a home.
and Lucy Davis, and eight of their fourteen children (including
Lydia) left Liverpool on the 31st of March 1855. Four of their
children had died in England. They may have had two other children.
Lucy was 30 years old and her youngest child, Billy, was 6 years
old when the family came to America. William Davis and a daughter
died while crossing the plains and Lucy came on to Utah with her
family. She and her children went to Bountiful, Utah, where her son, George, had a home and land.
WIFE #8 - MARY MATILDA HOLDEN.
John was married and sealed to Mary Matilda Holden, wife
#8, on February 7, 1863, which was the same day John was sealed
to Lydia Davis. Mary had been baptized in England on March 10,
1846 and came to Utah and lived in the 14th Ward.
The above note is in the possession of Marie Johnson.
"My son, Joseph Davis, died Monday 28 Day, buried the 29th 1865,
Mark Hopwood Bleazad born March 21, 1861
Lucy born on the 30th day of March 1863,'
Caleb ... Bleazard born March 1, 1865"
of Fourteenth Ward building
The above picture is the Fourteenth (14th) Ward, which was located
in downtown Salt Lake City where the Salt Palace is located. It
is where John Hopwood and Mary Ison Bleazard attended meetings.
It is where Mary's sister, Rhoda Ison (Danks) and her daughter,
Annie Ison, attended meetings. It is also where Mary Matilda
Holden (Wife #8) attended meetings. John and Lydia's children,
Mark Hopwood and Lucy Davis Bleazard, are also listed as members
of the 14th Ward. Mark, Lucy and John's 9th wife, Mary Ison
Worthington Bleazard, were all three "re-baptized" in
the 14th Ward on
2 December 1875 by Edward Stephenson.
of the Fourteenth Ward building
WIFE #9 - MARY ISON WORTHINGTON
Note: Much of the information about John's 9th wife, Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard, was
provided by Jerry Shepherd. Jerry is in the process of researching and writing a history, a book, about the Ison Family.
Mary Ison Worthington arrived in the Salt Lake Valley with the Joseph Rawlins Company on 30 September 1866. With her were three of her children. A son, Thomas Worthington, had arrived in Utah four years before Mary and the other three children came to Utah. Henry Worthington, Mary's 1st husband, remained in England. Mary initially took the family to Nephi, Utah where Thomas had
settled, but since they could not find work in Nephi, they returned
to Salt Lake City.
Approximately fourteen months after Mary arrived in Utah, she became the ninth wife of John Hopwood Bleazard. John was nearly twenty years older than Mary. Their marriage took place in the old Endowment House on Temple Square on Saturday, 16 November 1867. Wilford Woodruff performed the ceremony and Willliam Wines Phelps was a witness.
John and Mary lived together in the Fourteen
Ward home which was located at First South between
Main and West Temple in Salt Lake City. It was known as the Bleazard Block.
John and Mary did not have any children together.
(Note to Joan or Stan. Insert photo of the Zions Bank that is now located where the Bleazard home was when JHB died - on the Bleazard Block where John, Lydia and Mary lived.
** In year 2011, the interesting and valuable location where Mary and John Bleazard lived is at 27 West (SW) corner of 100 So Main and on the site is the unique old Zions Bank Building with the clock. The site can be googled. Surrounding the Bank is a parking lot. It has been said that at the time the Bleazard home was on the site, that the farm animals occupied the current parking lot. As one walks around downtown Salt Lake City in 2011, one is walking on land where our ancestors walked. Lydia lived with John at this 'Zions Bank' location prior to moving to 5th So West Temple. It was here that Mary lived with John and cared for him for the last three years of his life. It was here that Mary worked for eighteen years as a businesswoman in downtown Salt Lake, and as she met the requirements of John's Will, assisted Lydia and her children, provided for her own children and others, and as she dealt with some of the most powerful men in the area at the time. **
Jerry Shepherd writes: "... The two-story adobe house with rock foundation was built in the Greek temple form with the gable end facing the street. A false front that was kept whitewashed covered the gable. The house stood right up against the sidewalk and nearly took up the forty feet of the property, with the exception of an alley west of the house that led to the backyard. In that backyard Mary kept a mule and hogs ... The house had three cellars, one of which housed the famous Bleazard Brewrey. When John died in 1871, his inventory listed the items necessary for brewing beer so it would appear that he engaged in that business for nearly twenty years.
"Two long, commercial rooms that John and Mary referred to as the front and the back store occupied the street level of the building, and each had its own entrance and large display windows. John and Mary occupied the apartment on the second level. It had walls of lathe and plaster and skylights to illuminate the rooms. This building was appraised at five thousand dollars at the time of John's death; in 1930 it had a value of one hundred fifty thousand dollars.
"On 28 November 2, 1870, John became ill and required constant attention. In December of that year he wrote his Will, and on 13 January 1871 he succumbed to typhoid fever. The famed Dr. W. F. Anderson, in consultation with Dr. Bernhisel, attended to John during his last illness. Dr. Bernhisel represented the Territory of Utah in Congress for six consecutive terms ... The bill for the care of John totaled about ninety dollars."
Bertha Bleazard Miles remembers that this home was a two story store-like building and
was built right out to the sidewalk. It was the full width of
the lot. There was only a narrow alley just wide
enough to walk through to get to the back yard. There was a "printing
business" on the ground floor and the home was upstairs. Through
the years it has been referred to as the 14th Ward property.
Jerry Shepherd writes that this Bleazard home was one block south of Temple Square and in the heart of the business district. The business district consisted of grocery stores, factories and the meat arcade. Brigham Young's Market was across the street from the Mary Bleazard home. To the east of Mary's home stood the Eagle Emporium which in 1868 became the original Zions Co-operative Mercantile Institution (ZCMI).
To the west of Mary Bleazard's home lived Henry Dinwoodey, and David O. Calder. Still further west and almost exactly one block west of her home, was the Fourteenth Ward Assembly Rooms and school house. The Fourteenth Ward was one of the original nineteen wards of Salt Lake City and it passed out of existence in 1958. Currently in 2011, the Salt Palace is where the old Fourteenth Ward Assembly Rooms stood.
Annie Danks and her mother Rhoda Ison Danks arrived in Utah on 4 November
1879. Since Rhoda Ison Danks and Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard
were sisters, Rhoda and her daughter, Annie, went to the John
Hopwood Bleazard 14th Ward home when they arrived in Utah. They
stayed there until they could get settled. At this time Mark Hopwood
Bleazard was 18 years old and met his wife, Annie, at this time, and perhaps that is when their romance began.
Salt Lake City, John Hopwood Bleazard lived at 21 West First South
(40 rd,X 165 rd.D). In 1930 the property was valued at $150,000.
He owned a row of houses and grounds at 5th South and West Temple.
He also owned property at 54 West 10 North and property at 27
West 100 South.
the time of his death, the property at 21 West 100 South was in
his name. At the time his Will was broken it was mortgaged for
$30,000. It was not redeemed, yet the mortgage could not be foreclosed.
The heirs, at one time, were offered $71,000 for it. Uncle Orson
Bleazard told me this." (Kate Curtis)
property at 5th West and South Temple (10 rd.X 20 rd), where Mark
Hopwood and Annie Bleazard lived was about 1/5 of the
other at that time." (Kate Curtis)
These two items are in the possession of Marie Johnson, ancestor of Caleb Davis Bleazard, son of John Hopwood Bleazard.
The first note reads:
John H. Bleazard son of Robert and Ann Bleazard born Feb 26th 1803 at Newton Yorkshire England, Died January 12th 1871.
Lydia Davis Bleazard, Born June 23rd, 1825 at Boxwood Netherbury Dorsetshire, England Daughte o William and Lucy Davis,
Thomas Watts Esq
The second note reads:
JOHN H. BLEAZARD
Salt Lake City, March 13, 1868
The document is in the possession of Marie Johnson. The words are:
DECLARATION OF INTENTION
To Become a Citizen of the United States
I, JOHN H. BLAZARD do declare, on oath, that it is bona fide my intention to become a Citizen oF the United States of America, and to renounce and abjure forever, all allegiance and fidelity to all and any Foreign Prince, Potentate, State and Sovereignty whatever, and particularly to VICTORIA QUEEN OF GREAT BRITAIN & IRELAND of whom I was a subject.
Sworn and subscribed to before me at my office, at SALT LAKE CITY, this 15th day of February, A.D. 1869. (signed by J.H. BLEZARD)
W. S. APPLEBY, Clerk of the U.S. SUPREME Court, in and for the Territory of Utah.
I, W.S. APPLEBY, Clerk of the U.S. SUPREME Court, in and for the Territory of Utah, do certify that the above is a true copy of the Original Declaration of Intention of JOHN H. BLAZARD to become a Citizen of the United States of America, remaining on record in my office.
In TESTIMONY WHEREOF,. I have hereunto subscribed my name, and affixed the Seal of said Court, at my office in SALT LAKE CITY in said Territory this Fifteenth day of February A.D. 1869.
W.S. APPLEBY, Clerk
- Salt Lake City, June 6th, 1871
the Probate Court of Salt Lake County
petitioner respectfully submits the following:
Some 14 or 15 years ago, I made an exchange of a house and
half a lot in the 7th Ward with the wife of the deceased,
John H. Blazard, for a certain property immediately adjoining
mine on the east in Lot 5 Block 70 S. L. City Survey containing
21 ½ feet North and South and 415 feet East and West,
with a small two story house and a four foot right of way
leading to said property this exchange was made by the consent
and advice of her friends, as she was then more or less
dependent on others for subsistance, and she thought that
by having some land to cultivate by the aid of her children
she could maintain herself and family without any other
assistance, at this time her husband was on a mission to
On his return home he was unwilling to recognize the transaction
and refused giving me a deed until I had satisfied him personally
for the value of his property which I finally consented
to by paying him Five Hundred Dollars in monthly installments,
I have ten receipts of said monthly payments in my possession
which reads as follows.
Lake City, April 11th, 1869
of George Goddard the sum of Forty Dollars ($40.00) as the
8th monthly instalment towards Five Hundred Dollars, being
the amount finally and mutually agreed upon as a final settlement
for my property, adjoining his on the East.
J. H. Bleazard
Hundred Dollars towards the above was had in merchandise
as per ledger, etc.
paying this sum as per agreement I never obtained a Deed
of said property while the deceased, J.H. Bleazard was living.
therefore pray your Honorable Court to issue a decree or
order upon his Administratix for a Deed of the property
I have twice paid for.
as in duty bound, Your petitioner will ever pray,
- Last Will and Testament of John H. Bleazard
14 Recorded in probate records
Lake County Book "D"pages 6 7, 8, 9 & 10
24, 1871; E. Smith, P. Judge; Territory of Utah
I, John H. Bleazard, of the city and county of Salt Lake
Territory of Utah, being weak in body, but of sound mind
and memory in view of this frail and transitory state of
existence do make, ordain, publish and declare this to be
my Last Will and Testament, that is to say; after my lawful
debts, shall be paid and discharged, including the expenses
of my last sickness and proper interment, my estate, real
and personal, I give bequeath and dispose of as follows,
To my wife, Lydia Davis Bleazard. I give and bequeath the
use and occupancy of the house and lot in which, and whereon
she now resides, situated in the seventh Bishops Ward, Salt
Lake City, aforesaid being lot number five of block forty
two. Plot "A" Salt Lake City survey with all the
rents and profits accruing there from, for the support and
maintenance of my said wife Lydia and her children Mark
H., Lucy D., Caleb D., and Orson D. Bleazard, during her
lifetime or so long as she shall remain unmarried; but in
the event of her marrying again or ceasing to occupy said
house and lot, her right to the use and profits arising
there from shall there after cease and determine.
My wife Mary Ison Bleazard shall have the use and occupancy
of so much of my house and lot situated in the fourteenth
Bishops Ward, in said city wherein and whereon I now reside
as shall be necessary for her comfort and convenience, during
her life time or so long as she shall remain unmarried and
continue to reside therein or thereon, the remainder residue
of the said premises in the said 14th ward, to be rented
to the best possible advantage as shall be deemed proper
and just by my Executrix or Executors, and the rents and
profits accruing or arising from suh leases or otherwise
to be use and appropriated as hereinafter provided.
It is my will and to so direct that in addition to the provisions
herein before made for the support and maintenance of my
said wives, Lydia Davis, and Mary Ison Bleazard that so
much of the rents and profits arising from leases or sales
of any portion of my estate as herein provided for any authorized
or from any other source not other wise herein willed or
disposed of shall be appropriated to the necessary and proper
support and maintenance of my said wives during their natural
lives or so long as they shall remain unmarried and continue
to be members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day
Saints in good standing and continue to reside severally
on the premises as herein contemplated and designated.
It is my will that my children the said Mark H., Lucy D.,
Caleb D., and Orson D. Bleazard shall each receive a proper
support and education from my said estate during their minority.
It s my will that no part nor parcel of my real estate shall
be sold and only such portions of my personal effects and
chattels as may be necessary for the payment of debts, the
support of my said wives and children as herein provided,
or that may be unproductive or subject to depreciation in
All my estate, real and personal after the same shall cease
to be occupied and used for the support and maintenance
of my said wives and the support, maintenance, and education
of my said children during their minority as herein provided.
I will and bequeath to my said children who may be then
living and to the heirs of those who may be dead, and their
heirs and assigns taken by right of representation, sharer
and share alike, provided always that if any of my said
heirs shall not be members of the Church of Jesus Christ
of Latter Day Saints, in good standing at the time the distribution
shall be made the share that would be coming to them shall
go to the Trustee in Trust for the said Church for the use
of said Church, and no portion parcel thereof shall be distributed
to such member.
I hereby nominate and appoint my wife Mary Ison Bleazard
to be the Executrix of this my last will and Testament,
hereby revoking all other wills by me heretofore made.
Witness whereof I hereunto set my hand and seal this fifth
day of December, eighteen hundred and seventy.
H. Bleazard (seal)
foregoing instrument was signed, sealed, published and declared
by the said John H. Bleazard to be his last Will and Testament,
and by his request and in his presence, we subscribe our
names as witnesses thereto, the day and year last above
and before written.
Martin, Residing in Salt Lake City
Hyrum John Worthington, Residing in Salt Lake City.
(This witness was Mary's son)
Jerry Shepherd writes, "On 14 January 1871, Mary made funeral arrangements with Joseph E. Taylor. John's burial robe cost $15.75, while the coffin and funeral expense came to a total of $46.50. Sunday School was cancelled to accommodate his funeral which was held at ten in the morning on 15 January 1871, in the Fourteenth Ward.
- John Hopwood Bleazard died January 12, 1871 and is buried in
the Salt Lake Cemetery (F_14_3_)
Lydia Davis is buried in the Bleazard Lot 1 (F-14-3) in the Salt Lake City Cemetery and at the right of John. Mary Ison Worthington is buried in the same Lot 1 (F-14-3) and in an unmarked grave at the left of John.
There are two Bleazard Lots in the SLC Cemetery. The other (Lot 2) is located at F-12-12-5W
clipping from the Deseret News, dated January 13, 1871 states:
In the City last night about 12:00 from Typhoid Fever died John
Hopwood Bleazard age 67 years.
He was taken sick on the 28th of November last. He was born in
Newton, Yorkshire England, and was one of the first to embrace
the Gospel in that land.
Funeral services will take place on Sunday at 10 a.m. in the 14th
Ward Meeting House. Friends of the family are invited to attend."
of John Hopwood Bleazard
John H. Bleazard, late of Salt Lake City, deceased, was
born in Newton, Yorkshire, England, February 26th, 1803,
and died in this city January 13th, 1871.
Bleazard was baptized into the church in Preston, Lancashire,
in the year of our Lord 1836. He was ordained an Elder
in the Church, at Manchester, on the 7th of July 1840,
under the hands of Elder Parley P. Pratt, and emigrated
to America during the same year. He ever proved himself
a faithful and tried friend to the Martyred Prophet. No
sacrifice or exertions were wanting on his part to aid
the cause of Zion in the days of the Prophet Joseph, and
his integrity knew no bounds, and though not among the
first to come to Utah, he voluntarily gave his outfit
to others to aid them across the plains; and so soon as
he could procure another outfit, he came to Salt Lake
City with his family, where he underwent many trials and
exhibited some peculiar traits of character: but amidst
all his trials and vexations, his integrity to the cause
did not in the least abate; and through persevering industry
and strict economy, he has left his family in comfortable
circumstances. He died in peace, and fully in the faith
of the Gospel of Christ, and has gone to receive the reward
of his labors. Peace be to his ashes."
1871 - On 24 January 1871, Mary submitted the necessary papers to the Probate Court of Salt Lake County and received her appointment as Executrix of the Bleazard Estate from Judge Elias Smith. Mary had both the Seventh Ward property and the Fourteenth Ward, and the Fort Herriman property to manage. Mary had only the Will and the letters of administration issued by Judge Smith on which to act.
John Hopwood Bleazard mentioned only two of his wives, Lydia Davis #7 and Mary Ison Worthington #9 and his four children by Lydia in his 1971 final will. John and Sarah
Searcy's (Wife #3) daughter, Mariam, and others took the
issue to Court in the 1890s.
1875 - John and Lydia's children, Mark Hopwood and Lucy Davis
Bleazard, are listed as members of the 14th Ward. It is noted that
Mark and Lucy and John's 9th wife, Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard
were all three "re-baptized" in the 14th Ward on 2 December
1875 by Edward Stephenson.
1876. On 11 February 1876, Mary and Lydia Bleazard leased forty feet by one-hundred feet of the north portion of the Seventh Ward property to James M. Hawley for a term of thirteen years at $480.00 per year, payable in advance each quarter.
JUDICIAL COURT DISTRICT,
TERRITORY UTAH SALT LAKE COUNTY
John married Mary Ison Worthington on November 16, 1867
John signed his final will on December 5, 1870
John died on January 12, 1871 - His gravestone lists his death
as Jan 12th, His Obit lists his death as Jan 13th. His death
certificate lists Jan 13th.
(Mary writes in her report to the Court that John's death
was on the 13th.)
John's final will admitted to probate court on January 24,
1871. Mary Worthington Bleazard was Executrix of John's will.
Lydia Davis Bleazard died on November 3, 1878.
Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard died July 19, 1889.
1885. Jerry Shepherd has the Appraisal of the Estate of John
Bleazard that Mary submitted to the Probate Court, and he shares
Lydia Blazards Seventh Ward:
2 spades 75 c
2 forks 1.00
1 garden sine 50c
3 old hoes & 1 garden rake 1.00
2 old ploughs 8.00
2 hatchets, 1 hammer, & 1 auger 1.00
Whipple trees & collar 1.00
200 feet squared edged lumber 6.00
Old stove 5.00
2 buck saws, 2 axes 2.00
Crockery ware 3.00
1 Bedstead & bedding 12.00
5 chairs 4.00
1 table cloth 1.00
1 barrel 1.00
Total of 7th Ward property 56.25
of loose property in the 14th Ward under the care of Mary
Hyson Blazards as follows:
2 old barrells 2 old tires and some shingles 14.00
Small lot of wagon timber 3.00
Bench & screw 3.00
Wagon timber, poles & lumber in yard 21.00
4 ladders 12.00
1 old cart & 1 wagon 40.00
Lot of 4 x 6 scantting 5.00
8 old wagon wheels 20.00
1 hog 20.00
2 barrels, 1 iron kettle, 2 old wagon wheels, 3 wagon tongues,
a lot of lumber on & in shed 15.00
1 mule & 1 mule on range 40.00
1 ox & 5 Sheep in cooperative herd at Fort Herriman
1 heifer & 1 grey mare on range
2 log chains 2.00
1 step stone 1.00
1 stove & furniture 15.00
15 chairs 5.00
1 bedstead & bedding 12.00
2 guns & 1 whip 8.00
1 flour bin table & c 12.00
1 watch 8.00
3 looking glasses 6.00
3 old wagon seat springs 10.00
1 block 4.00
1 box containing tools, old iron, etc 3.00
3 sacks hops 5.00
2 sacks old hops 25c
1 bell, 5 oil cans, 1 churn & 1 hoe, 1 sword, etc 3.00
1 old barrel 50c
1 lot of old iron 5.00
1 old stove and piping, 1 hay fork, etc 4.00
1 set of old harness and pieces of harness 8.00
1 saddle 5.00
1 bedstead 6.00
pit saw 5.00
1 wagon brake 2.00
1 sack wool 75c
1 buck saw 1.00
1 basket containing cruet stand 2 cream pots 1 coffee pot
1 teapot and dipper 4.00
4 wagon bows 1.50
Sash glazed & unglazed 4.00
1 lot of chair lumber 2.00
2 sides leather 4.00
5 mule collars & gent poles 4.00
1 wagon cover 4.00
1 pr shoes 1.50
Lot of books 2.00
1 funnel & 1 washboard 1.00
15 bdls old lath 4.50
3 tables 6.00
1 flour bin 2.00
1 whip paint brushes & etc 2.00
1 coat pants vest & hat 8.00
1 wash basin, jug etc. 3.00
1 blanket & quilt 5.00
1 can oil jar hearth stone & umbrella 3.00
50 (?) white lead 8.00
Plastering trowel 1.00
1 box with paints brushes etc 1.00
1 dish 1 jar 1 bowl etc 75c
5 old iron pans 1.50
1 bible 3.00
1 brass kettle flat irons tin bucket coal scoop and etc. 2.50
1 pr steelyards 1.00
1 box containing accounts etc.
In Cellar no. 1
9 bench planes 10.00
Musical instrument 2.00
Match planes, beads, hollows, & rounds, side fillester
& plow, 13 in number 5.00
2 draw knives, 2 try squares, 2 rules, 1 oil stone & 1
5 spokeshaves 2 braces & bits 4.00
3 gauges 50c
5 pair pinchers 1.50
4 taper bits 1.50
2 old saws 1.50
1 adze 1 hammer & 3 axes 4.00
7 augers 3.00
32 files & 1 rasp 3.50
no. 1 bold chisels tirner chisels plane irons 5.00
Lot no. 2 plane irons etc. 1.50
3 pairs compasses & 1 pair callipers 1.50
Paint & sundries in tin cans 1.50
1 grind stone 2.00
1 level 1.50
3 boxes nails 1.00
4 boxes botls & etc 1.00
1 brush & 1 hatchet 1.00
1 steel square 50c
lot of old Iron box, rods hoops and old hoop iron 6.00
14 wagon wheels 20.00
3 wheel barrow frames 3.00
1 old seive 25c
2 frame saws 2.00
1 turning lathe bench and lot of chisels, augers, hammers,
1 screw plate & old iron 20.00
1 wheel for turning lathe, saw, grind stones etc 15.00
2 sacks malt 2.00
2 barrells 2.00
2 thimbles & 1 box for wagon axles 1.00
1 iron vice 1.50
15 old hubs 4.00
3 circular saws 2.00
1 axe & handle 50c
2 iron axles 5.00
30 old tires 25.00
Lot of wagon timber consisting of spokes, felloes, axles,
old & new wagon tongues & sundry other articles 125.00
Cellar no. 2
200 feet lumber 5.00
7 wagon tongues @ 3.00 21.00
Cellar no. 3
part of 2 kegs butter 30 lbs. At 30c 9.00
2 boxes salt 2 old barrels and small lot of wagon timber 10.00
Total of loose property at 14th Ward $787.25
House & whole lot in Seventh Ward 20 rods by 10 rods 2000.00
Store & lot in 14th Ward 40 feet north front and 10 rods
Salt Lake City, 30th January 1871
Appraisers; Charles Crismon,
William Cooper, William McLachlan
Jerry Shepherd shares the following from Mary's personal writings:
one record, Mary records a purchase of "hand grenades"
for sixteen dollars. I asked Jerry if she may have been writing
about "germade." I know what germade is used for. Jerry
checked the note and says that her writing is clear and it is
"hand grenades." My question: Why would a pioneer woman
purchase hand grenades?
1871. Following John's death, Mary began to improve the properties in her care. She made changes and alterations to the lot and house to attract renters. At the Fourteenth Ward, she cleaned the lot and house and made repairs to the stores and home. She hired Charles Edward Silverwood as her bookkeeper.
Lydia Davis Bleazard and her children lived at the Seventh Ward property at 43 West 500 South. At this property, Mary contracted for the building of a new adobe and rock house, presumably for Lydia and her children to live in, or it may have been a rental property. Mary left the management of that property to Lydia. (Joan would really like to hear from someone with records of Lydia's business transactions, or her stories, photos and notes).
1877. Mary still owed a debt to the Perpetual Emigration Fund for passages of herself and three children. The emigration debt, plus the fact that John and Mary did not marry until a year after Mary's arrival in Utah, puts to rest the assertion that John Hopwood Bleazard paid for Mary's passage.
1879. In 1879 Mary requested Robert Aveson to search the Deseret News for the notice she had published in 1871 following John's death in which she sought to settle the debts John owed and had owing to him. Apparently, eight years after John's death, Mary was encountering unresolved debts. Similar claims that there had been no notice given concerning the death or estate of John Hopwood Bleazard was later made by the Sarah Searcy family in Court during the 1890s.
On 2 November 1879, Lydia Davis Bleazard died, and Mary became the legal guardian of Lydia's children and took over management of Lydia's homestead. It is believed that some of Lydia's children resided in Mary's home for a short time.
1880. In 1880, Lydia's four children were living in the Seventh Ward and Mark Hopwood Bleazard was listed as head of household. Mary functioned as the administrator of their estate. To Mark and Lucy she gave money and goods, while she paid the bills of the two younger boys. Mary's accounts show her giving more than six hundred dollars per year to the Bleazard children for their maintenance. She purchased clothing for them and paid to have their laundry washed. She paid for their education (Mark attended the Fourteenth Ward Seminary, while Lucy and Caleb attended Lambert's school.) Mary paid for the boarding of Caleb and Orson until they reached their majority. Mary rented one of the tenement houses in the Seventh Ward from Mark Bleazard, and it may have been for the boarding of Caleb and Orson. Mary had the eight tenement houses constructed following the death of Lydia... These houses later became the homes of Lydia's four children when they reached adulthood.
Jerry writes: "The Bleazard family claimed that Mary gave John's property to her own children. John tightly controlled his property in life and he controlled it in death. At no time was it even jointly Mary's to give away or sell. She only had a life interest in it to support herself. More likely, as existing evidence suggests, Mary used the property as stipulated by John to assist Lydia's children, and she would have assisted her own children. She also assisted the Church and anyone in need."
1882. When Mary was 60 years old she became the guardian of four grandchildren, ranging in age from twenty months to eleven years of age.
1886. Jerry Shepherd writes: " On 26 November 1886, Mary appeared in Probate Court before Judge Elias Smith... Mary presented her accounts to the Court and asked that they be examined again as she had submitted them to be examined every year since 1871, and no action had been taken by the court. Three of John Hopwood and Lydia Davis Bleazard's children had reached the age of majority and the youngest, Orson Davis Bleazard, neared his majority. Mary planned to turn the deeds to the Seventh Ward properties over to Lydia's children and retire from managing their portion of the Bleazard estate. The records indicate, however, that Lydia's children retained Mary's services to assist them with the property, and she was paid by them for this assistance until her death. At her appearance in Probate Court, Mary sought the sum of fifteen hundred dollars, or one hundred dollars per year, for her services as the Executrix of the Bleazard estate. She also requested payment for her clerk, Charles Edward Silverwood, who she felt deserved additional compensation for his work as her bookkeeper. George D. Pyper, famed manager of the Salt Lake Theater, served as the Notary Public who witnessed Mary's signature for the submitted court documents."
1886 (26 November 1886)
In the Probate Court in and for Salt Lake County, Utah Territory
the Hon. Elias A. Smith, Judge
the matter of the Estate of John H. Blazard, decd
of Mary I. Blazard, Executrix of the last will and testament of
John H. Blazard, decd
the Hon. Probate Court in and for Salt Lake County, Territory
Your accountant, Mary Ison Blazard, the duly appointed and duly
qualified Executrix of the last will and testament of John H.
Blazard, deceased, now comes and reports to the Court her account,
management and condition of said estate and says that he, the
said John H. Blazard, was on the 5th day of December A.D. 1870,
a resident of Salt Lake City in Salt Lake County and Territory
And, that on that day he made, uttered, and published his last
will and testament in due form of law.
And that afterward, on the 13th day of January A.D. 1871 he departed
this life at said City and County and that afterward on the ... the said will and testament was duly
admitted to Probate Court. Executrix of said will and testament
was duly appointed by this Court. Executrix of said will and testament
which will and testament is recorded in the records and proceedings
of this Court, Book D pages 6,7,8,9, and 10 to which
your accountant refers for its contents, and for the proof of
these statements. That afterwards, your accountant took the oath
and gave the bond required by law and entered upon the duties
of the trust.
And that at the time of his death he left Lydia D. Blazard and
Mary Ison Blazard, your accountant, his widows, and Mark H. Blazard,
Lucy D. Blazard, Caleb D. Blazard, and Orson D. Blazard, his children
by the said Lydia Blazard the sole devisees and legatees under
his said last will and testament. The said children being then
And that on the 3rd day of November A.D. 1878 the said Lydia D.
Blazard departed this life at the City and County of Salt Lake,
Utah Territory. That said Mark H. Blazard, Lucy D. Blazard and
Caleb D. Blazard have now attained their majority. That said Orson
D. Blazard is now about twenty years of age and that your accountant
is his legally appointed guardian of his person and estate.
She further reports that at the time of the death of said testator,
he was the owner of land in the possession of the improvement
on Lot Five (5) in Block Thirty-three (33) as plotted in Plat
A Salt Lake City Survey in the City and County of
Salt Lake, Utah Territory. And that the said Lydia D. Blazard
with her children resided on said lot at the time of said testators
death as their homestead and continued to reside thereon up to
the time of her death and from the time of her death until the
present time the said children have resided thereon making that
their home. She further says that upon the 11th day of February
A.D. 1876 your accountant and the said Lydia D. Blazard leased
twenty rods north front-ly one hundred feet south of the north
part of the said lot to one James M. Hawley for the term of 13
years, at the amount of rent of Four hundred and eighty dollars
payable quarterly in advance. That from the time of the death
of said testator to the date of the aforesaid lease the said Lydia
D. Blazard received the use and income of all of said lot for
her use and the use of said children and that from the date of
said lease until the time of her death, the said Lydia D. Blazard
received the rents, issues, and profits of said Lot and applied
the same to the support of herself and children. That from the
time of the death of said Lydia D. Blazard up to the present time
your accountant has received the rents and income from said Lot
and applied the same for the use and benefit of said children.
She further says that since the death of said testator the said
lot has been improved by the erection of tenement houses and otherwise.
She further reports that said testator at the time of his death
was the owner of and in the possession of improvement on part
of Lot Six (6) in Block Sixty nine (69) as plotted in Plat A
Salt Lake City Survey, described as follows, to wit: Commencing
at a point 191 feet West from the North East corner of said Lot
6 thence West 40 feet, thence south 10 rods, thence East 40 feet
thence North 10 rods to the place of beginnings. And that the
said Mary I. Blazard resided on said lot at the time of said testators
death as her homestead and ever since has continued to and now
resides upon said land. That she during all this time has received
the rents, issues, and profits of said property and applied a
portion of the same to her own sustenance, another portion to
the sustenance of the other legatees and devisees, and the balance
to improving and keeping in repair the said estate by which the
said estate has been greatly increased in value and rendered productive
greatly in excess of what it would otherwise have been. This property
with the exception of a small portion in which she resides is
leased to various parties.
Subsequent to the death of said testator under the laws of Congress
and of the Territory of Utah relating to townsites your accountant
acquired the legal title to the aforesaid pieces or parcels of
land and now holds them in trust for said estate.
Subsequent to the death of said testator she also acquired the
legal title to Lot 3 in Block 11 of Herriman City Plot, together
with the East ½ of the adjoining West Street and the South
half of the adjoining North Street, situate in Salt Lake County,
Utah Territory and holds the same in trust for the benefit of
said Estate. That the three foregoing pieces of real estate is
all the real estate belonging to said Estate which has come to
her knowledge. And that all Territorial School & County Taxes
and all City and School District Taxes assessed against the property
of said estate has been paid by your accountant except those of
the present year, which are not yet due.
She further reports that there is now forty sheep in the herd
belonging to said estate.
The household and kitchen furniture on hand at the time of the
death of the testator was distributed to and used by each of the
families and is now substantially used up. There was also a small
amount of personal property which was distributed to and used
up by the families with the exception of a very few articles which
now remain, and which your accountant asks may be ordered distributed
to the heirs.
The testator at the time of his death and the legatees and devisees
named in said will were members of the Church of Jesus Christ
in good standing and that the survivors of them are now members
of said church in good standing. That Lydia D. Blazard, now deceased,
did not marry after the death of said testator, and your accountant
has not married since his death.
She further says that the source from which she has been able
to realize funds for her own support as one of the legatees and
for the support of the other legatees, Lydia D. Blazard and the
said children and for the improvement and maintenance of said
estate has been from rents derived from the two pieces of land
herein first described. A true and correct exhibit of receipts
and expenditures she herewith files marked Exhibit A
and makes it a part of the report.
She further reports that she has filed an annual statement of
the receipts and disbursements of said Estate in this Court, but
that no action has been taken on them and she now asks to have
them examined in connection with Exhibit A and passed
upon by this Court. From the sources named in said Exhibit A
from the beginning of her trust up to the 31st day of July 1886,
she has received in all the sum of $21,340.40. That she has paid
out during said period the sum of $8050.30 as near as it can now
be estimated for the support of Lydia D. Blazzard and her said
children in addition to what the said Lydia D. Blazard received
as herein before reported. That she used for her own support during
said period the sum of $5638.44. That she used for the improvement
and maintenance of said Estate during said period the sum of $7553.89
which leaves a balance in her hands of $97.37.
She now prays the Court to appoint a time and place for the hearing
of this report and settling this account and cause due notice
thereof to be given and that upon the hearing the Court approve
and confirm the same and grant such other and further relief as
law and equity may require.
Mary I. Bleazard
of the Last Will and Testament of John H. Bleazard, deceased
of Utah; County of Salt Lake
I Mary I. Bleazzard being duly sworn depose and say: That I am
the duly appointed and duly qualified executrix of the last will
and testament of John H. Bleazzard, deceased, late of said County
and the identical person who has signed and now files the foregoing
account and report of the conditions of said estate, that I have
heard the foregoing account and report read and understood the
contents thereof, and that I of my own personal knowledge know
that the same is in all respects true and just and that each and
every item in said account charged has been actually paid by her.
Mary I. Bleazard, Executrix, Subscribed and sworn to before me
this 26th day of November 1886.
D. Pyper. Notary Public
1888. On 9 September 1888, Mary deeded to Lydia Bleazard's children the property on which their mother had resided during her lifetime. This 'deed of partition' was dated September 9, 1888. (court papers
say the date of this deed signing was Sept. 9, 1886.)
1889. Sarah Searcy Miller died 18 March 1889.
It was in this year that the Hulbert Brothers continued to lease space from Mary, as did John E. Sherlock and C. L. Hannaman.
Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard died 19 July 1889
Mary died intestate and she had attended to her church responsibilities to within two weeks of her death. She died peacefully at 9:50pm on 19 July 1889 from chronic diarrhea. Her funeral service was conducted by Bishop Hamlton Taylor on 21 July 1889. Joseph E. Taylor handled the funeral for the family. The cost of the casket, rental of five carriages and funeral expenses came to a total of $72.50. Mary was buried in Bleazard Lot #2 Plot F Block 33 Lot 14, ninety feet off Center Street in the Salt Lake Cemetery.
Mary's death caused a sensation in Utah that would lead to a long Court case and set legal precedent. Mariam Blazzard Steers, a daughter from John Hopwood Bleazard's third wife, Sarah Searcy, heard that her father owned significant proerty in Salt Lake City and she sued the children of Lydia Davis Bleazard for a share of the estate. When the newspapers printed articles about the sensational Bleazard case, other half-siblings suddenly appeared for their share of the estate. The children of the different wives had never met prior to going to Court.
In December of 1890, Judge Charles Zane, famous for his prosecution of polygamists, gave his decision in the Bleazard case. In it, he stated that Mary Ison Bleazard may have claimed to hold title to the property either by the deeds or the will. By the deeds, she should have turned the property to the rightful heirs, or the legitimate children of John Hopwood Bleazard and his wife, Sarah Searcy. Since Lydia was a polygamous wife and polygamy was against the laws of the United States, the court considered Lydia's children illegitimate, even though those living at that time were all born following the divorce of John and Sarah Bleazard. If Mary held the property by the terms of the will, then she and Lydia Davis Bleazard and Lydia's children had claim to the property. Judge Zane stated that the property should have been distributed as termed by the deeds, and that he believed that Mary Ison Bleazard sincerely thought that she and Lydia had rights to the property, as stipulated by the will. If Mary had been wrong in her assumption, the Probate Court in 1871 did nothing to correct that assumption, and one would have to assume that Judge Elias Smith, who spent many years in the probate court, did not know what he was doing ...
Judge Zane awarded the children of Sarah Searcy, the Fourteenth Ward property, and to the son, John, who was referred to as the imbecile, he also awarded one fourth of the income from the Seventh Ward property. Lydia's children retained the Seventh Ward property because they had resided on it for nearly thirty years. The children of Lydia Davis Bleazard appealed the ruling and the Bleazard/Blazzard families remained in court for a total of five years. None of the family received much after the division of the property and ironically, the Blazzards of southern Utah remained in court for nearly a decade. Following the settlement of John Hopwood Bleazard's estate they found themselves being sued for debts by their creditors. Now even people outside of the Bleazard/Blazzard families wanted a slice of the pie.
Mary Ison Bleazard's estate could not be settled until the court determined if any of the disputed Bleazard property belonged to her, and vice-versa. During that time, the court did find that at no time did Mary or her children consider that they had any claim to the Bleazard property.
At the time of Mary's death, an inventory was taken of her personal property. The inventory revealed that she owned one cook stove, one oil stove, one large rocking chair, one small rocking chair, six walnut rocking chairs, two maple rocking chairs, one bedstead with springs, one desk, two tables, one cupboard, one heating stove, two stands, one mattress, one feather bed, one mirror, and one rag carpet. Her monetary assets consisted of that which she earned as executrix of the Bleazard estate.
By the time of the final ruling on the Bleazard case in 1893, the lawyers for all parties grew rich and the Bleazard/Blazzards realized only a few hundred dollars from property worth thousands. For Mary's family it meant even less. Her personal property appraised at $44 and netted $43 when sold by order of the Probate Court in September of 1889. All of that money went to pay her estate administrator, Ben W. Driggs, Jr., for his services. Mary's children received nothing. After four years, Henry and Thomas Worthington settled their account with Joseph E. Taylor, who had handled Mary's funeral arrangements.
Note: Much of the above information about John's 9th wife, Mary Ison Worthington Bleazard, was provided by Jerry Shepherd. Jerry is in the process of writing a history, a book, about the Ison Family. Jerry gave me permission to use some of his extensive research and records for John's story. Thank you Jerry.
1890. It was Sarah Searcy's children and other children who took
Lydia's children to Court in January/February 1890 to break the
Will and partition the land. It was during this time that the children of John and Sarah Searcy changed the spelling of their last name from Bleazard to Blazzard.
In the Court Papers there are these dates when Court action occurred:
Jan 3, 1890
Jan 18, 1890
Feb 13, 1890
May 29, 1890 Mariam Blazzard Steers appointed as guardian ad litem
of John Blazzard.
May 29, 1890 - Mary Jane Hill (who lived with JHB for 19 years
(5 years as his wife) was on the stand. Page 54
Nov 20, 1890
Dec 3, 1890, Blazzard Heirships, Salt Lake Tribune, Page 5
"THE BLAZZARD HEIRSHIPS, Salt Lake Tribune, 3 Dec 1890, Page
5 as follows:
ZANE SETTLES SOME IMPORTANT POINTS IN POLYGAMIST ESTATES
STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS CONSIDERED
Probate of Will considered as regular John Blazzard has
one-fourth interest in the Seventh Ward property The plaintiff
entitled to recover rents of Fourteenth Ward property.
(The remainder is not clear and I was unable to transcribe... joan)
DECISION IN THE BLAZZARD WILL CASE
News, December 13, 1890
In the Third District Court December 2nd, Judge Zane delivered
his opinion in the well-known Blazzard Will case, which has occupied
the Courts almost constant attention for the past month.
His honor said:
John Blazzard et al, plaintiffs, vs Lucy D. Watts et al, defendants:
this case the plaintiffs ask that the court decree that the title
to the real estate described in the complaint is in the plaintiffs,
and that it order the defendants, or the person having the legal
title, to execute deeds to the plaintiffs. There are four other
cases that were submitted at the same time that this one was,
which involve substantially the same questions. They all embrace
two tracts of land, one in the Fourteenth Ward and the other in
the Seventh Ward in this city.
It appears from the evidence that the late John H. Blazzard died
on the 14th(?) day of January, 1871, and that he left surviving
him Sarah Blazzard (whom I find under the evidence was his lawful
wife), and his children, the plaintiffs, by her. That he also
left a plural wife by the name of Lydia Blazzard, and his children
by her, who are the defendants, and another plural wife by the
name of Mary Ison Blazzard. He (John) was, at the time of his
death and for years before, in possession of the two pieces of
land mentioned and described in the complaint, on which he had
On the Seventh Ward tract Lydia was living at that time with her
children, the defendants named. He (John) had lived with her for
a number of years and until within a few years before his death,
after which he resided with Mary Ison Blazzard, who was living
on the tract situated in the Fourteenth Ward. He (John) had to
this land the possessory right with the right to occupy it and
enjoy it, and to obtain a deed from the mayor by complying with
the provisions and enactment of the territorial legislature with
respect to town site property. He also left a Will, in which he
expressly devised to Lydia Blazzard a life estate in the Seventh
Ward property for the benefit of herself and her children until
they should reach their majority, and he devised to Mary Ison
Blazzard a life estate in the Fourteenth Ward property with the
right to live upon it and to rent such portions of it as she did
not occupy, the proceeds to be appropriated to her own use for
her support and maintenance, and to aid in the support and maintenance
of Lydia Blazzard and her children, as their necessities might
The question arises first about who had a devisable interest
in this property. The right to the possession and enjoyment of
the property and to obtain a deed by complying with the law was
a valuable one. It was a right that he had against all the world,
except the United States, and I am of the opinion that it was
a devisable interest. The continuance of the right and the interest
of this estate depend, it is true, upon the action of the persons
to whom he willed it and left in possession of it. It was dependent
A question is also made as to the Will, that it was not properly
probated and proven. I am of the opinion that at this late
day, at least, the Will should be regarded as properly probated
and proven to this case, by the evidence offered.
The question then arises upon its construction. As has been stated,
the life estates were given up by the Will and the uses mentioned.
By the sixth clause the deceased disposed of the remainder in
these words: "All my estate, real and personal, after
the same shall cease to be occupied and used for the support and
maintenance of my wives, and the support, maintenance and education
of my said children during their minority, as herein provided,
I will and bequeath to my said children, who may then be alive,
and to the heirs of those who may be dead, and to their heirs
and assigns, taking by right and representation share and share
alike; provided always that if any of my said heirs shall not
be members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
in good standing at the time the distribution be made, the share
that should be coming to them shall go to the trustee-in-trust
for said Church for the use of said Church, and no part or parcel
shall be distributed to such non-member."
Then these two conditions, when taken together, are conditions
precedent to the vesting of the remainder in the devisees mentioned,
and if the conditions are void, then the law would be that it
would not vest in them; but if, on the contrary, they constitute
together a condition subsequent, then the remainder would vest
and it would not be divested by a void condition. (--) that it
is important to determine whether the conditions mentioned are
precedent or subsequent; In other words, whether the remainder
of these heirs is a contingent remainder or a vested one. The
provision is that after the life estate shall cease, he (John)
wills and bequeaths to his children who may then be living this
remainder. This time referred to there is the termination of the
life estate. There is a difference of opinion as to whether this
time refers to the time that the will took effect,, or to the
time of the termination of the life estate. Some courts have held
that, in view of this condition, the remainder vests, subject
to be determined upon the death of any one of the devisees named
before the termination of the life estate. That is based upon
the fact that the courts favor the vesting of estates at once,
without deferring them unless it is necessary to do so. But this
is coupled with other provisions: "...Provided always,
that if any of my said heirs shall not be members of the Church
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in good standing at the time
the distribution shall be made, the share that should be coming
to them shall go to the trustee-in-trust, etc..." There
the testator indicates an understanding and intention on his part
that before the interest should vest in the devisee in the language
of the will, ..."that the share that should be coming to
them shall go to the trustee-in-trust ..." He did not understand
that the share was to go to them before this distribution that
he speaks of. It is said that that should be construed to mean
that the right to the actual possession and use should not go
to them until then; that it did not mean to say that the remainder
should not vest at once; but the language is that if they should
not be member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
in good standing at the time the distribution shall be made, then
the share that should come to them shall go to the Church.
The general rule is that where the event in which the remainder
is to vest is one that must certainly happen, that the title vests
at once; but it is an uncertain one, if it is contingent, then
the remainder does not vest until the contingency happens. What
a child's religion will be when he comes to form his religious
beliefs, if he ever forms any, is a matter of conjecture. There
is a great uncertainty about it. A great many follow the religion
of their fathers, others do not, and some do not have any religion
at all, in an orthodox sense; some have a natural religion, as
they term it. This would seem to be an uncertain fact, and that,
taken with the language used, leads the court to the conclusion
that this remainder should not vest until the time the distribution
occurs, and that the testator understood by the terms distribution
the time that the contingent remainder should vest in the devisees
The question then arises, is this a void condition. Reference
has been made to the Constitution of the United States, first
amendment which provides that Congress shall make no law respecting
the establishment of religion or prohibit the free exercise thereof.
That of course was a prohibition upon Congress. It indicated the
belief and the convictions of the American people with respect
to the right of the government to establish religion, and to interfere
with the free exercise of it. They had in view the oppression
and cruelty and barbarity that had been practiced by governments
in past times in attempting to form and shape the religious convictions
of the people, and hence this provision is placed in the Constitution.
They believed that the best interests of the American people required
such a provision in their fundamental law. This can only have
a bearing as indicating to some extent the public policy, and
what is right with respect to individual belief and worship. It
indicated the conviction that every man should be at liberty to
form his religious beliefs and convictions without interference
by any one, except by moral teaching and persuasion, which is
tolerated of course. It indicated that no law at least should
be adopted on the subject, and to some extent it is an indication
that no individual should, by violence at least or by intimidation,
undertake to regulate the religious beliefs of others, or that
he should not by bribes or rewards or punishment interfere with
them. Now, if this provision amounts to anything, it is this:
This man said to his children. "If you will join the Church
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and so conduct yourself
with respect to that Church as to be considered members in good
standing of it, when this estate is distributed, you can have
all of this land; that is your reward. If you do not, you are
disinherited, and it shall go to another." Such an offer
as that would be a powerful inducement with some people; with
others it would not be, probably. The tendency of such provisions
to make the heirs, or the children, confess at least that they
are members of the Church mentioned, and it also with some might
have a tendency to actually shape their convictions; because some
people are so constituted that they believe what it is to their
interest to believe; and this influence is a powerful one in that
direction with some.
It would seem to me that the government through its court, which
is the instrumentality it employs to interpret, construe and apply
the law, should not sanction such a provision. While of course
it is by making the law, yet it is saying to the man who makes it the will, that he may make the law and the government will
enforce it; that he may impose such a condition, such a rule,
such a restriction upon his children, and that the government
will give it all the force and effect of a law of the land as
to him and to all others. That would again seem to be contrary
to the public policy of this country, and particularly as to this
territory, with respect to the particular Church to which this
property was to go in case the devisee could not take it, and
the Church to which these persons were required to belong. If
there is any one public policy that is established in this territory
by the government of the United States it is that polygamy and
unlawful cohabitation are wrong, and that they should be rooted
out, and cut out like a cancer, as an enemy to society, and enemy
to humanity, an enemy to one of the most important institutions
upon which the social fabric stands, the strongest pillar in the
great fabric that shelters and protects us all, that protects
virtue and chastity among men and women.
This Church, at the time this will was made, recognized polygamy
as a right, and held that in certain contingencies, that it was
the duty of some to practice it. The public policy of the government
of the United States, and of the laws relating to this Territory
enacted by Congress is against inducing anyone to embrace such
a faith. It has by an act of Congress forfeited several hundred
thousand of dollars worth of property in order to suppress polygamy
and unlawful cohabitation, and to take away from the Church that
recognized and taught such a doctrine the power and means to extend
the dominion of the Church, and to make (proselytes) in this and
other lands. That being so, it certainly would be contrary to
the public policy for the court to sanction a Will, and all Wills
by which inducements of this kind were given to persons to embrace
that faith. It is directly opposed to the public policy of this
Territory as indicated by the laws of Congress and by the actions
of the courts.
I am of the opinion that his provision is void.
These plaintiffs claim under a deed or deeds executed by the mayor
of Salt Lake City, the testator, John H. Blazzard, appointed Mary
Ison Blazzard his executrix, and also, in pursuance of the act
of the territorial legislature and the town site law of Congress,
filed a claim with the probate court as administrix of the estate
of the late John Blazzard for and in behalf of the heirs of said
estate; and in it she represented herself as administrix of the
estate and not executrix. The hearing was set down for a certain
time and time given for persons to file counter-claims; and at
the time mentioned, this order was made; "Mary I. Blizzard,
administered of the estate of J. H. Blizzard, claims all that
part of lot 6, in block 69 etc," describing the property.
It further states that she appeared on the 31st day of June 1872,
and showed to the satisfaction of the court that she is in trust
the rightful owner and occupant of said lands, and there being
no adverse claims, it is ordered and adjudged that she is administrix,
is entitled to a deed to fee simple, in trust, however, for the
heirs of the estate of J. H. Blazzard. The proceedings seem to
be regular, and the court had jurisdiction of the matter and the
power to make that order.
In pursuance of the order and of the law, the Mayor deeded the
land to Mary Ison Blazzard, administrix of the estate of J. H.
Blazzard, deceased, in trust for the heirs of said estate and
concluded by saying: "By these present I do hereby grant
and convey unto the said Mary Ison Blazzard, administrix the estate
of the late J. H. Blazzard, deceased, in trust for the heirs of
said estate," the land described.
The question is made here that the heirs of the estate meant the
persons entitled to the estate under the Will; that it did not
mean his lawful heirs; that if it had the term would have been
used heirs of John H. Blazzard, deceased. The
term heirs is a technical one, and embraces persons who are so
related to the deceased, as in this case, by consanguinity or
affinity, as under the law makes them heirs. The children, of
course, would be heirs by consanguinity, and the wife, where she
may inherit, would be an heir by the relationship of afflulty
under the law. That is the usual meaning given to it. It refers
to the persons to whom the law passes the estate in case of the
death of the person owning property. The proper term would have
been here, the devisors. It is possible and probable that the
parties to this deed did not know the facts, or they may have
understood that it referred to the devisees. But under the law
and the language used, I am of the opinion that this should be
held to refer to the lawful heirs of John H. Blazzard.
The property is given in trust without any further expression.
It says, "In trust for the heirs of said estate,"
which I am disposed to hold means the lawful heirs of John H.
Blazzard. It is what is sometimes termed in equity a dry trust.
It is not an active trust; there is nothing for the trustees to
do. It is what is sometimes called a passive trust. The trustee
is a passive agency of instrumentality used through which the
title passes to the beneficiaries. The trustee is used as a conduit,
so to speak, to pass the title, without requiring him to do anything.
One question is whether the law executes the trust at once, and
vests the legal title in the (______ ___) trusts of beneficiaries.
The statute of trusts in England would execute it. It might not
have done so at some periods, because it might have been regarded
as a use upon (____) but not so in this country. Here the deed
passes the fee?, and the right to the heirs at once, and the only
trust here is one in favor of the (_____ que ____)>
The question further is, inasmuch as Mary Ison Blazzard continued
in the possession of this property, and never expressly at least
renounced the trust, but continued to hold the possession and
to exercise acts of ownership over the property, and that the
defendants continued to do so after her death (which was but a
short time before the suit was commenced) whether she should be
regarded as holding for these plaintiffs, the lawful heirs, or
whether she should be regarded as holding adversely to them. If
her rights and her possession are regarded as adverse to them,
then the statute of limitations would apply.
The general rule of law is that the statute of limitations does
not (---) against an express trust, as this is, and in that case
the laws that the statute will not commence to run until the trustee,
by some equivocal conduct, brought to the attention of the (_____
que trust) renounces the trust. It is said in this case that Sarah
Blazzard, the lawful wife, several years previous to the death
of John H. Blazzard, on account of his cruel treatment towards
her, and there is evidence to show partly on account of his marrying
another woman, left him and went some three hundred miles into
the county of Washington, near St. George, and lived there, that
they were ignorant, and neither she nor her children were informed
as to their rights and that they never had any notice that Mary
Ison Blazzard was holding this property adversely to them, or
holding it subject to the provisions of the will and not in accordance
with the trust provided. I am of the opinion that where a trustee
remains in possession and control of the property, the statute
of limitations will not apply, unless on account of ___) In these
cases of equity the law by analogy applies this statute of limitations
very often where, as before stated, by unequivocal adverse possession
where the trustee has brought the fact to the attention of the
beneficiaries that he is holding adversely to them, and re______)
the trust, the statue of limitations will be applied. I am of
the opinion that the statute of limitations should not apply to
the Fourteenth ward tract.
The other tract stands upon different principles. Lydia Blazzard
was living upon that property, she was holding and claiming to
hold by virtue of the Will. That Will professed to give her the
right to the possession and use of it, and immediately on her
death according to the Will, it passed to these heirs. She and
her children were in possession some eighteen or nineteen years,
a possession that was hostile to the trustee under this deed.
It is true that Lydia Blazzard and her children recognized Mary
Ison Blazzard as the executrix of the estate, and recognized her
as having some rights with respect to the property under the Will,
and as executrix, but the evidence I think shows that Lydia nor
her children never recognized the right of Mary Ison Blazzard
as trustee for these plaintiffs. Lydia claims by virtue of the
Will, and her children claim by virtue of the Will. It is true
that the Will did not pass the title to them but they claimed
it, and held possession according to it; and if anyone had gone
there and asked Lydia Blazzard what her claim was to that property,
she would have said that she claimed it because the Will gave
her the right to it, and gave her children the right to it. I
do not think the evidence would leave any room for doubt on that
point. (____ _____) claims under the provisions of the Will, and
the plaintiffs claim under the provision of the deed. The deed
they say gave the property to them. Lydia Blazzard and her children
say that the Will gives it to them. Their possession and claim
was antagonistic and was hostile by the claim of Mary Ison Blazzard
and (________que ____) under the deed.
question therefore arises; will the statute of limitations by
analogy apply to this case? Here is a hostile possession and claim
in direct conflict with the claim of these plaintiffs and with
the claim of Mary Ison Blazzard, as she must have made it if she
were holding for the plaintiffs. Lydia Blazzard does not claim
under the trust created by the deed the claims under the provisions
of the Will, and that the Will controlled the right and should
transfer it from Mary Ison Blazzard under the deed to her, whereas,
the plaintiffs claim that the deed passed it to them, and I think
that provision of the statute of uses would apply which would
pass the title to them if they demanded it. Because I am of the
opinion that that statute of uses is regarded as passing with
the common law into this country and this territory, being settled
up by the people of the United States who had adopted the common
law, the common law was to be brought with them, as well as this
statute of uses. But I am of the opinion that inasmuch as the
position of Mary Ison Blazzard to this Fourteenth Ward property
was at least equivocal she could be holding under the deed or
under the Will, she might be claiming under either, according
to the provisions of the Will or according to the provisions of
the deed, which gave it to the lawful heirs, but I am inclined
to the opinion that she understood herself to be holding according
to the provisions of the Will, and not under the deed.
I am of the opinion, therefore, and so find that the statute of
limitations applies as to the tract in the Seventh Ward, held
and possessed by Lydia Blazzard and her children and that it does
not apply to the property in the Fourteenth Ward. I am further
of the opinion that John Blazzard, the imbecile, is not barred
by the statute of limitations; that he has a right to a one-fourth
interest in all this property, and so far as the defendants have
received the rents and profits of this Seventh Ward property,
he is entitled to one-fourth of them, and to recover that against
them. As to the Fourteenth
(The above is on 3 pages - and I do not have a 4th page. Some
of the words have been difficult to translate, errr I mean transcribe correctly, and there may be minor errors. If you have a copy of
this, please mail a copy to me so it can be accurate. Thanks,
May 26, 1892 Page 32
May 28, 1892 The Blazzard Will Case, Salt Lake Tribune, Page 8
"Judge Zane rendered his decision in the Blazzard cases which
were submitted the previous day. The decision was to the effect
that all the children, whether legitimate or illegitimate, be
allowed to inherit under the will, and deciding the issue upon
the statute of limitations against the plea. Also that the right
of action of the parties to inherit from the Seventh Ward property
did not accrue until the youngest child became of age, and until
then the statute did not have time to run. Believe that Ellen
Blazzard was one of the heirs and stated that an opportunity would
be given to furnish additional proofs as to her death."
June 11, 1892 Page 31
Kate (Catherine) Dixon writes: "My father (?) went back from Luna, New Mexico in 1893 at the time the Will was broken and Court was on. His share would have been about $1,000. He signed it over to James Andrus, and Andrus sold him horses for it... Uncle Tom's share purchased the farm in Washington Field after the Will was broken. The long, drawn-out Court proceedings lasted so long that some of the buildings were condemned and had to be removed, which left little of value to the heirs."
June 8, 1893,
CASES SETTLED, Salt Lake Tribune, June 8, 1893, Page 6
END OF A LONG AND INTRICATE SERIES OF LITIGATION
- THE POINTS OF AGREEMENT REACHED
The famous Blazzard Will Cases, five in number, which have been
in the courts for several years past, have been settled by the
parties to the suits, and a decree was entered by stipulation
in the Supreme Court yesterday morning in accordance with the
The cases are as follows: John Blazzard et al, plaintiffs and
respondents, and Thomas M. Blazzard et al, interveners and respondents,
vs Mark H. Blazzard et al. defendants and appellants, Caleb D.
Blazzard et al defendants and appellants, Lucy D. Watts et al
defendants and appellants, and Lucy D. Watts administratrix.
This agreement entered into as follows, substantially:
FIRST. The plaintiffs and interveners in the causes hereinabove
entitled, agree to release the defendants in each of said causes
respectively, all claims for damages, rents, issues, and profits
and costs stated and given by the respective judgments therein,
and convey by deeds to each of the defendants Lucy D. Watts, Caleb
D. Blazzard, Orson D. Blazzard and Mark H. Blazzard, all of the
interests of each of said plaintiffs and interveners in and to
the several pieces or parcels of land in lot 5, block 33, plat
A, Salt Lake City survey, and to pay to the defendants the sum
of $8500 together with one-half of the total taxable costs of
the defendants in this court to date, including one-half of the
costs of printing abstracts etc.
SECOND. The defendants Lucy D. Watts, Caleb D. Blazzard and Mark
H. Blazzard agree to release to the plaintiffs and interveners
in the above entitled cause, No 8248, all claims for damages,
rents, issues and profits of the land described in the pleadings,
lot 6, block 69, plat A, and to convey by sufficient deeds unto
said plaintiffs and interveners all their interest in said premises
that is to say, one-seventh undivided to each of the interveners
and the remaining five-sevenths undivided to the said plaintiffs,
and to release unto said plaintiffs and interveners all money
now in the hands of the receiver, or which may be received by
him in the execution of his trust, as rents or profits from the
property last herein described, one-seventh to the interveners
and six-sevenths to the plaintiffs.
Except as stipulated in the first paragraph herein, the plaintiffs,
interveners and defendants are to their several costs in this
court to date, and the costs subsequently occurring are to be
paid one-half by the interveners and defendants and one-half by
It is agreed and stipulated between the respective parties hereto
that the several causes above mentioned shall be consolidated
in this count, and that the several decrees in the five causes
shall be vacated, and the judgment of this court, given and entered
in each of said causes remanding the same to the District Court
with directions to render decrees strictly as in this stipulation
gleaned from numerous sources and including the following sources,
which are in the possession of Joan Bleazard Thomas, 5771 Beaumont
Dr., Holladay, UT 84121.
"The Life Sketch of John Hopwood Bleazard" by Kate Bleazard
Curtis which was copied June 15, 1964 and given to James H. Blazzard;
copied by James H. Blazzard in 1975. Anna Dee Bleazard Coupens had a copy in 1964.
29, 2008, Steven Pogue (descendant of Sarah Searcy Miller/JHB,
and their son James Blazzard) writes in an email: "I knew
Kate B. Curtis. Or, I should say, I met her. My mom (Charmaine
Blazzard Pogue) knew her quite well. She was my grandpa's sister,
Aunt Kate. She wrote Valiant Venture and Valiant Venture II, the
first blue and the second red. . .
in this email, Steve, writes: "...One of the early brethren
(I forget whether it was Hosea Stout or Orson Hyde) called him
(John) the most disagreeable person he ever met."
R. Pogue, email correspondence 7/08/08. Steve is descended from
Sarah Searcy. He said, "I have been to John and Lydia's grave
in Salt Lake. . . Steve said that his mother's family spell the
name Blazzard. His mother's grandfather was James Blazzard
and James and his brother Tom (Washington, Utah) changed the spelling.
"I have found it in church history as Blazard, Blezzard,
etc., Most people's reports of encounters with old John described
him as an ornery cuss. . . You may find it interesting that the
court battle over John's estate resulted in an 1892 Utah Supreme
Court opinion that is still cited for a particular principal with
regard to apparent authority of agents. . . I found the court
opinion notice through Google. I cannot remember just how. But
it mentions nothing of the family battle, though I know more about
it. It just discusses the legal intricacies of agent-principal
2. "John Hopwood Bleazard", written by his granddaughter, Bertha May
Bleazard Miles. Bertha is the daughter of Mark Hopwood and Annie
Ison Danks Bleazard.
Notes by Erlene (Lynne) Slater Turner, Great Granddaughter of
Sarah Ann (Marsh) Bleazard, daughter of Martha Ann Miller (Blazzard).
Notes by Georgeanna B. Jennings, St George, Utah. Daughter of
Thomas Blazzard who is the son of John Hopwood Bleazard.
Letter to Mrs. Laura Hanson Stock. Genealogical Society, Church
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Laura Hanson Stock lived
in Afton Wyoming. Letter dated February 3, 1964. Laura Hanson
Stocks great grandmother was Martha Ann Miller (Blazzard).
William Clayton's Diary -on the net at http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/WClayton40-42.html/
Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847-1868
- Source of Trail Excerpt: Bullock, Thomas, [Letter], Journal
History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 29
May 1848, 2.
Wilford Woodruff Company 1850. View
a list of sources to learn more about this company
version of text also in Our Pioneer Heritage, 20 vols. (1958-77),
A day by day description of the journey to the Salt Lake Valley
written by Sophia Lois Goodridge in her Journal.
Jerry Shepherd, descendant of Mary Ison Worthington, Wife #9, Salt Lake City, Utah
11. Marie Johnson, descendant of Lydia Davis, Wife #7.
1840 - "Letter of Commendation" to John Blazard. Signed by P.P. Pratt & Wm Clayton. In England when he was called to serve a mission. 7 July 1840 - Marie Johnson
1855 - Handwritten note by JHB regarding marriage to Matilda Murch; a land issue, and President sent him to Vegas. -Marie Johnson.
1857 -John pays tithing 24 March 1857 - Marie Johnson
1868 -John's admission to Theological Lectures March 13, 1868 and a handwritten note , Thomas Watts Esq - Crescent Court, Camebridge, England - Marie Johnson
1869 -John's Declaration of Intention To Become a Citizen of the United States. 5 February 1869 - Marie Johnson
*****Feb 18, 2010, Chris Spencer sent an email to my son, Stan, from Preston, England. Chris notes correctly that John's father, Robert Bleazard, would not have died at age 63 if his birth/death dates are correct.
****Feb 18, 2010 - Chris. I've included some of the good information in your email in this story. I'm certain that visitors to this site will find it useful. Chris Spencer is a historian and genealogist who specializes in Slaidburn and Bowland. http://www.chrisspencer.co.uk/
****Feb 18, 2010 - Stan found 1 May 1777 as the date Robert was born in Newton.
****Jan 11, 2011 - Joan found a record on Ancestry.com regarding John's Wife #1. It indicates her name was Sarah Evelyn Nowell.
You may want to visit
this site where you will see Slaidburn, St
Andrews Church in England, and the lovely land where so
many Bleazards lived (and still live). Use the link or
in your browser: http://www.picturesofengland.com/England/Lancashire/Slaidburn
12, 2009 - I have included Jennifer Banks Family Group
Sheet information about John's 1st wife, Sarah Newell.
You may find the information useful. On Jennifer's Family
Sheet she includes Mormon Temple ordinance dates and if
you need such, just let me know.
May 14, 2009 - (additions made in 1803 and in 1853, 1854
and 1858 - and an Appraisal of the Estate of JHB submitted
to Probate Court 1885; and check for an addition in 1843
about the Mormon Redress Petition.) Thanks Jerry Shepherd!