John Hopwood Bleazard

Talmage, Utah

"We had One Cow, Four Horses, no Fences or Ditches,
and no Well Water"

by Joan Bleazard Thomas, 2002

Mark Walker and Evelyn Dorothy (Pete) Jenson Bleazard lived the years
1937 to 1962 in Talmage, Duchesne County, Utah

Mark and Pete and their little girls, Barbara age 5, Joan age 3, and Marlene age 1, moved to Talmage, Utah in May 1937. Talmage is located in Duchesne County and is about twelve miles directly north of Duchesne. During the twenty-five years they lived in Talmage, Verl was born in 1941 and the girls were all married, and a few of their grandchildren were born. These are some of the memories of life in Talmage for this family. The family lived in Talmage until the spring of 1962 and then Mark and Pete moved to Arcadia Utah.


In 1911, the small town was called Winn, and in 1914 the name was changed to Talmage. The small rural town was named after James E. Talmage an apostle of the LDS Church.

In January of 1937, the year Mark and Pete moved from Mountain Home to Talmage, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was sworn in as President for his second term. Roosevelt said, "“I see one-third of our nation ill-housed ill-clad and ill-nourished.”" The Supreme Court had declared New Deal programs including the NRA (National Recovery Act) and (AAA) Agricultural Adjustment Act unconstitutional, and in February of this year, FDR moved to name up to six additional SC justices. Pablo Picasso painted "Guernica," a disturbing depiction of the horrors of war and the destructiveness of fascism in Europe.

About the same time Mark and Pete and their three little girls moved to Talmage the giant hydrogen-filled airship the Hindenburg exploded. Margaret Mitchell won the Pulitzer for "Gone With the Wind," Jean Harlow died, and Joe Lewis battered Jim Braddock and became the world heavyweight-boxing champion. Amelia Earhart was lost at sea while on an around the earth flight. In Germany the Nazis were taking children away from parents who were not teaching correct Nazi principles, and in the U.S. thirty six million citizens were on Social Security and eight million were unemployed.

Mark said, "“In the great Depression of the 1930s the banks went broke and they took in seventy percent of Duchesne County for taxes. In 1937 I went to Duchesne and met with the Commissioners. There was a little over 320 acres available and Farrell Mowers was bidding against me. I knew the Commissioners pretty well and one was Lyle Young from Mt Emmons. Me and Farrell decided how we were going to split the place and part of it I didn'’t want. Farrell agreed not to bid against me if I'd give him that lower 80 acres and deed him another 5 acres with the house on it. It runs in my mind that we got the 240 acres for $235.00 or about $1.00 an acre. Bert Mecham owned the place in Talmage before we got it and he'’d just pulled off and left it. It was Bert Mecham who built the slant roof cabin we lived in for so many years.

“"A man named Jolly, a relative of Dave Jolley in Vernal, had owned the place where Farrell lived and it just got to where Mecham and Jolly couldn’'t make it on this land because of the lack of water. Times were so tough and they just pulled off and left it. Negotiations went on for years and I finally got a county deed on it and went into court and got a title to the land.

“"We lived in that small log cabin with the one big room to the east and a very small room on the West for about ten years. The cabin did not have a pitched roof, it had a slant roof (high on the South and low on the North) and the roof was covered with dirt. The cabin door was on the south, and there was a window to the east and another one to the south."

Virgil Clifford (Jim) Stevenson, Rayda and Cliff’'s son, was about ten years old when his Aunt Pete and Uncle Mark moved to Talmage. Jim remembers how happy everyone was for them. When Jim came to visit, however, he remembers wondering how they could be happy with such a place and remembers the floor of the cabin was dirt when he first visited there.

During the second year after the move to Talmage (1938), the Nazis invaded Austria, and Italy placed curbs on books written by Jews. England'’s Chamberlain met with Hitler, and France and England called for partial mobilization. Orson Welles, who was the voice of “"The Shadow" radio program created panic while reading H.G. Well's’ "“War of the World." Kate Smith sang Irving Berlin’'s song "“God Bless America"” for the first time. The minimum wage in the U.S. was 40 cents                    an hour. On November 18th young Nazis went on an anti-Semitic rampage in Germany killing Jews and destroying stores owned by them. They set on fire or ransacked hundreds of homes and Jewish places of worship. The night is known as "Crystal Night."

Barbara began school in the fall of 1938. She remembers playing with Joyce and Rhea McDonald during the summer and they were the only children she knew in Talmage when she started school. Adaline Anderson was her teacher for the six years she attended school at Talmage Elementary. Talmage Elementary School had two large rooms with a hallway in the middle for coats, hats and boots, and back of the School were two outhouses, one for the boys, and one for the girls. Three grades were in each room.

In 1938 Rayda and Cliff Stevenson's little two-year-old daughter, Dorothy Dee, contracted polio (infantile paralysis) and was a very sick little girl for a long time. Hers was one of the few cases of polio in the county at this time. After several visits to doctors in Vernal, Price and Salt Lake City she was admitted to the Shriner’s Crippled Children’'s Hospital in Salt Lake City. She was isolated for over three months in a polio ward and when she was finally allowed to return home she had to wear braces and do exercises to strengthen her legs. Dorothy recalled that she did not like to do the exercises or wear the leg braces and that her family had to bribe her to wear them. She remembers “crying and crying for her mom.” Dorothy said, "“I was very lucky. I remember kids in iron lungs in the hospital. When kids died they never told us, they just said they had been moved."

President Franklin D. Roosevelt was also a victim of polio and confined to a wheelchair. In the book, "“A History of Duchesne County" 1998, the author, John D. Barton, quotes from an interview with Dorothy Stevenson (Hicken) on June 9, 1997. The following is recorded on pages 284-285, "“Between 1948 and 1953 a serious health crisis - poliomyelitis, or infantile paralysis swept the nation crippling and killing young and old alike. In 1951 there were more than 455 cases reported in the state, most victims living in the counties along the Wasatch front...”"

Rayda and Cliff constructed a wonderful little playhouse for Dorothy Dee at the south of their home. Joan thought her Aunt and Uncle were wealthy, not only because of the real little playhouse that all the cousins loved and played in, but because they lived in the nice, big Abe Lyon home. In addition, her Aunt Rayda and Uncle Cliff had a Three Holer Outhouse! It had a big hole, a middle-sized hole, and a very small hole. There was even was a little step-up for the tiny hole. Joan's dad and mom had a one size fits all outhouse!


It’s old and twisted out of shape, 
and the broken doorway stands agape.

It sits in back of our schoolhouse yard, 
like a soldier standing guard.

It's watched the children run and prance, 
And heard the sounds at the country-dance.

It's seen Old Santa come in his sleigh, 
To treat the kids at the Christmas play.

It's served its tenure of worthy deeds, 
And its fulfilled many a child'’s needs.

In the spring of the next year, 1939, Barbara, Joan and Marlene had whooping cough.

It was during this year while Mark and Pete were struggling to make the cabin a 
home and clearing the land of rocks, that 22,000 Nazis held a rally in New York, and Franco became leader in Spain. This was the year FDR placed William O. Douglas on the Supreme Court. The Nazis entered Prague and its public buildings and banks were taken over by the Germans and the Gestapo searched the city looking for Jews. Hitler (Germany) and Mussolini (Italy) congratulated Franco (Spain) as his troops seized control of Madrid marking an end to the bitter 32-month-old Spanish Civil War. The New York World’'s Fair opened and Joe Lewis KOd Jack Roper in the 1st round. Hungary enacted an anti-Jewish law authorizing the expulsion of 300,000 Jews, and Jews in exile were denied admission to Cuba. "The “Wizard of Oz"” starring Judy Garland premiered. Stock investments soared as a war boom was anticipated. In the U.S. a purge of communists holding government positions was begun. The Nazis invaded Poland, and on September 30, 1939, Britain (England) and France declared war on Germany, and President Roosevelt declared U.S. neutrality in the war in Europe. Sigmund Freud and Zane Grey both died this year, and Hitler said that he was just reclaiming land lost by Germany in 1918. The Soviets attacked Finland, and Hitler escaped a plot against his life. Steinbeck wrote "The Grapes of Wrath" and Henry Fonda starred in the film version the next year. The film “"Gone With the Wind"” opened to cheers. On the                    radio people were listening to “"Our Gal Sunday" "The Romance of Helen Trent" and “"Amos and Andy."

 On April 23, 1939 in the Talmage LDS Ward, Adaline Anderson was sustained as President of the LDS Primary, Evelyn Bleazard was sustained First Counselor with Donna Ottosen as Second Counselor. They were released from their assignments on August 29, 1943. 

Joan remembers the land in Talmage being covered with rocks and watching as her parents cleared the land of rocks and stacked them in large piles. One memory is of her Dad and Mother using a team of horses to pull a large flat piece of metal as they and the little girls threw rocks on it. She remembers that,                    although it was hard work, everyone worked together and was happy.

A root cellar was north of the cabin when Mark and Pete moved in. It was unstable and dangerous and Mark leveled it. There was also a pond to the south of the cabin and near it was a very deep uncovered well and Joan remembers throwing rocks into it and hearing the water splash. Some time later, Mark filled the well with rocks and dirt.

Mark said, "When we moved to Talmage we had one cow and four horses and there were no fences, no irrigation ditches, no grass and no well water. We also had two or three calves. They were outstanding calves and would have made great Fair calves. Out of 250 head of calves you don'’t often see even two or three that are that good. 

"“About the first animals we got when we moved to Talmage were pigs and we got about 150 little pigs. The sonsobitches would eat around the haystack and tip it over on them! We didn'’t have a thing to feed them. We decided we’'d keep one pig and fatten it on dishwater, ’cause that was all we had. I don't know what we did with the rest of the pigs. Our pig got up about a year and a half old and we thought, it's big enough and it’'ll be good to eat’, so we killed it. That SOB had no fat on it and it wasn'’t good! I always remembered after that that there must be a little fat on them to be good to eat.”

"Shortly after we moved to Talmage, we borrowed $1140 from the (FHA) Farmer’s Home Administration and bought 100 sheep from Paul Hansen. I would lay awake at night worrying about how I was going to pay the money back.

"We hauled water at first, usually from Mountain Home. I finally dug a four foot well just east of the cabin and soon hit hard-pan but continued to dig and at about seven feet we hit water - and it was very good water.”"

Barbara remembers she and her mother pumping lots of buckets of water and carrying them to the house for drinking, washing, cleaning and bathing.

Saturday night in the home was bath night. The water was heated on the wood stove. The large tub which was secured to the outside of the cabin on the east side, would be brought into the cabin, filled with water and the girls took turns bathing and shampooing. Joan remembers when she was tiny she always preferred taking her bath last so her play wouldn't be interrupted. When she became older and when she really looked at the water, she decided it might be better to take the bath first!

Mrs. Bates, their caseworker, cut Mark and Pete off the WPA (Work Projects Administration). The reason she gave was that when she drove by their place she saw what she thought was a lot of hay in the field. What she really saw were tumbleweeds that had been mowed and pushed into piles.  

During 1940 Hitler warned of total war and Auschwitz opened. The little five-year-old Dalai Lama was enthroned. Ronald Reagan was cast as Notre Dame’'s George Gipp in "‘Knute Rockne-All American’." Joe Lewis KOd Johnny Paychek in the 2nd round, and the population of the U.S. was 131 million. The Nazis entered Scandinavia and an anti-war coalition was organized in the U.S., Churchill became Britain’'s Prime Minister and said, "“I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, sweat and tears." He spoke against British appeasement of Hitler. Holland, and Belgium surrendered to the Nazis. 1100 bombs from 200 Reich planes hit Paris, France, and German troops paraded through Paris. Italy'’s Mussolini aligned with Germany in the war. Batista became the Cuban President. An aerial blitz lighted the skies above the English Channel and London. Trotsky died and Stalin was suspected of ordering his assassination. The Italian fascists pushed into Egypt and Somaliland. On September 16th the Selective Service Bill was signed and became law in the U.S. and all males between age 21 and 25 had to register for the draft. Italian fascists invaded Greece. Charlie Chaplin was Der Phooey, Adolf Hynkle, in the war satire film, "The Great Dictator." In November of year 1940 FDR was elected for his third term as President of the U.S., and citizens was singing, “"You Are My Sunshine". 

Joan remembers the day she arrived home from school and the power, the electricity, was activated. She turned the lights on and was totally frightened and amazed, but when she tried to turn the radio on she couldn'’t make it work and was terrified that she had ruined something. Prior to this day heat and light in the cabin were from the fire in the kitchen stove, or from coal oil lamps or candles.

In 1940 Mark and Pete were both about thirty years old, Barbara was eight years old, Joan six, and Marlene was four. On February 21, 1940, Lynn Cook was born. He was Verl’'s second husband. Mark and Pete'’s electric bill averaged about $3.25 a month in 1940. In December of that year a check was written for $9.49 for dresses, coat and gloves, $6.89 for toys from Montgomery Ward, $3.25 for overalls and overshoes; $4.65 for candy, nuts and toys for Xmas. In a 1940 farm income and expense record it notes that they sold cream and received an average of about $1.75 each week for the cream. They bought gold fish in September and paid 60 cents for them. They had a disc (est. $65.00), S.P. harrow (est. $10.00), gong plow (est. $50.00), H plow (est. $20.00), mower (est. $25.00), rake (est. $10.00), wagon (est. $25.00), harnesses (est. $60.00) 6 horses (est. $300.00), 2 colts (est. $75.00), 10 dairy cows (est. $350.00), 12 calves (est. $150.00), 1/3 bull (est. $25.00), they sold 30 turkeys in December (est. $53.00), 4 lambs (est. $10.00), 3 bucks (est. $30.00), 13 chickens (est. I $10.00), 1 steer (est. $40.00), 4 sows (est. $60.00), 1 fall pig (est. $4.00) and 130 ewes @6.00 ea = ($780.00). Mark and Pete had 300# of clover seed and they were raising oats, barley and wheat. In the home there was 1 double bed, 2 double springs, 1 double mattress, 9 quilts, 4 pillows, a davenport and chest of drawers. There were also five chairs, a table, rocking chair, cupboard, radio, two lamps, stove, heater, two tubs and one churn.

Christmas in this Talmage home was always exciting. Mark would select a tree from nearby, cut it down and put the stand on it. Pete and the girls decorated the cabin with red and green streamers placed all around the inside of the house. The tree had garlands of paper circles glued together by the girls, and threaded popcorn and decorations. Joan remembers a favorite little bird decoration that she loved to place on the tree each year.

The family always attended the Christmas Eve program at the Talmage Ward House. Joan remembers her Dad cranking the truck to get it going -and its running boards. The family rode in the truck to the Ward for the Christmas Program. Barbara would sit between Mark and Pete. Pete would hold Marlene, and Joan would stand in front of the others and look out the front windshield. Joan remembers the excitement of watching snow separating in front of the windshield and looking for Santa and his reindeer and sleigh because her Dad could always see them. It was a magic time for little girls.

The Christmas Eve program was the one occasion each year when Mark went with Pete and the girls to the Church. One year Joan was Mary in the program, and Lon Farnsworth was Joseph. Santa was always great with his bells, his HoHoHo and candy. Everyone knew that Santa was sometimes the school teacher, Adaline Anderson.

Pete and Mark hid the Christmas candy and presents under grain in the granary to the east of the cabin. The girls snooped and found the Santa toys hid in the grain and they played with them and checked them every night after school. Barbara remembers the large can of candy that was sampled each time the toys were checked. Joan remembers the sink that really worked and the stove and refrigerator that Barbara and Marlene got. She does not remember her parents commenting about the missing candy or the played-with-toys when Christmas morning arrived. Joan remembers loving the little doll she received, and remembers always feeling sorry for last year‘s doll when it got replaced, and putting the new doll clothes on the old doll to make it feel better.

One Christmas was particularly memorable. The old Highway 87 from Duchesne was not paved. There was a terrible snowstorm and many people who were coming home for Christmas got stranded. Joan remembers her dad harnessing his team of horses and rescuing travelers all night. The travelers who could not continue to their destination came to the home where Pete made them welcome and served lots of homemade bread and jam and hot chocolate.

For some time Joan and Barbara rode horses two miles to Betty Potter's home to take piano lessons each Saturday. The lessons cost 50 cents for two hours for both lessons. Joan remembers that she would ride her horse to the Church as often as possible to practice her piano lessons. Marlene also took piano lessons. Mark and Pete eventually purchased a used, upright, player piano for less than a hundred dollars. The player piano was a hit with the whole community and many young people in the town enjoyed it. Mark and Pete brought the piano to Joan in July of 1959, the year Blaine was born. At that time Joan'’s home was at 746 East 4255 South in Salt Lake City. Joan and Ken later had the piano completely restored and it was used and loved in their home at 5771 Beaumont Drive, Salt Lake City, Utah. (Note: Joan gave the player piano to her son, Blaine, who gave it to his daughter. In 2009 it is in the home of Koloa & Jody Thomas Niko.)

A note referring to a 1940 green Ford, 4 Dr-SDN, 8 cyls was found.

In 1941, the year that Verl was born, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the 40 hr work week was constitutional. The War in Europe, Africa and Asia continued and was spreading. Massive Nazi attacks were made on Russia and the lovely city of Leningrad was surrounded as the Germans attempted to starve its population to death. In Germany the Jews were required to wear the Star of David at all times. Joe Lewis won his 17th title defense, and Chinese troops stopped a Japanese offensive. ’"Dumbo", a Disney movie opened in the U.S., and a Japanese carrier force left its base in Japan and was moving east. A determined Russian counterattack stopped German forces advancing on Moscow. The movie “"How Green Was My Valley" won the Academy Award. On December 7th of this year, 360 Japanese war planes devastated Pearl Harbor a U.S. base in Hawaii, and on December 8th President Roosevelt announced a declaration of war against Japan, and on the 11th he announced a declaration of war against Italy and Germany. Herbert Brown Maw, Democrat, was elected Governor of Utah and served until 1949. He reorganized state government, retired the state'’s debt and helped secure military and defense facilities for the state during World War II.

It was during the year 1941 that Barbara and Joan had scarlet fever. Joan remembers that when they had scarlet fever and were quarantined, the girls could not go to school until all of them were over the illness. She remembers her mother, Pete, holding a whiskbroom and a pan and scooping up all the scales from the bed.

In January of 1941, Mark paid 50 cents for a 'Rabbit Hunt.' The center of town was considered the road running north and south by the store, school and church house. This road was the dividing line for the Rabbit Hunt. Rabbits were so numerous that crops and hay were being destroyed. The western part of the boundary of the town competed with the eastern part of the town to see who could kill the most rabbits. The losing side gave a party for the winning side. The east side won and the Mark and Pete family was among other families on the east that were treated to a party. The tails of the rabbits that were killed were counted.

A check was written on January 11th in the amount of $1.00 for "Joan's shoes sewed and shells".”

Joan remembers that her Dad would always buy a five-cent package of gum with five sticks of gum in it. Mark teased about the new baby that was coming and asked who would give their stick of gum to the baby.

Pete birthed their fourth daughter, Verl, in a nursing home in Roosevelt, Utah. Verl was born on December 2, 1941. The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor five days after Verl was born (December 7, 1941) and on the 7th Pete and the baby girl were still in the nursing home. Verl became profoundly deaf when quite young. She could hear as a child and learned to speak. She could always lip read and speak so well that at times one would forget she was unable to hear. It was amazing to know that she could say words that she had never heard. Verl graduated from high school with a good GPA. At one time Pete and Verl went on the train from Salt Lake to California to consult with a hearing specialist. While in California they stayed with Mark's sister, Rhoda Bleazard (Orton). They also went swimming in the ocean while on this trip.

Some have thought that the cause of Verl'’s hearing loss may have been the many childhood diseases she had when very young but the exact cause of her hearing loss was never determined. Her son, Kevin, is hearing impaired, and Kevin's son, Randy, is hearing impaired, so there may be a genetic component.

In 1942 Richard Eugene Lister was born on September 20th in Burley Idaho. Richard was Verl’'s first husband and the father of Tamara Sue Lister (Farnsworth), Grant Eugene Lister and Kevin Richard Lister.

In 1942 the Nazis devised the Final Solution for Jews in occupied territories and the extermination of the Jews occurred under the assumption that death was deserved by the "Untermenschen" or "sub-humans." Japanese forces moved into Manila in the Philippines, and FDR proposed several tax increases and a budget of $59 billion, with $53 billion earmarked for the war effort. FDR’s executive order authorized the removal of approximately 100,000 Japanese Americans living on the West Coast and they were placed in inland interment camps. FDR asked that the speed limit be 40mph to conserve rubber tires. For the first time, "Negro" recruits were allowed in the U. S. Navy, and Eisenhower took charge in Europe. Germany’'s ‘Desert Fox’, Rommel, and his troops plunged sixty miles into Egypt. On the home front in the U.S. there was rationing and sacrifice, jitterbugging, saddle shoes and zoot suits with pleats. Meat, coffee, butter, shoes and gas were scarce, and citizens were holding scrap metal, rubber and cooking fat drives and investing billions in war bonds. The government fixed wages and rents, settled labor management disputes, tried to limit racial discrimination, imposed censorship, opened overseas mail and controlled war news reports. Civil defense precautions were taken on both coasts. Women in droves entered the work force and ‘Rosie the Riveter’ was a national symbol. Victory gardens were in backyards and vacant lots, and the US built 488 ships during this year.

Young men all over the U.S. were being drafted or enlisting to serve in the war. Among the young men were Mark'’s brothers, William (Bill), Ralph and Grant Bleazard and Pete'’s brothers, Andrew and Hal Jenson. They all served our country in World War II. Jim Stevenson, Rayda's son, also served in WWII as did Pete's brother-in-law, Jerry Rosenberger, Ona's husband. Joan remembers the sugar rationing and other rationing during the war and remembers gathering wool from the barbed wire fences and looking for old tires, glass, iron and many other things to donate to the war effort. She remembers that after she got home from school and on weekends for a long time, she would ride her horse down the hills toward Duchesne to find pine trees and collect pine nuts. After the pine nuts were collected, she washed and dried the pine nuts and put them in cloth salt sacks. The sacks of pine nuts were mailed to her Uncle Bill who was in the army in the Pacific, but he never received the pine nuts. She remembers when women would draw black lines down the back of their legs to give the appearance of wearing nylons. Nylons at that time had seams down the back! American forces lead by Eisenhower landed in North Africa. The British removed Rommel from Egypt. Irving Berlin’'s ‘"White Christmas"’, Disney'’s "‘Bambi”" and "‘Praise the Lord and Pass the Ammunition’" were being watched and/or sung. It was this year that Enrico Fermi achieved the first controlled nuclear chain reaction, opening the way to the atomic bomb and nuclear energy.

William Walker "Bill" Bleazard 

Mark'’s brother, Bill, spoke about his time in the service: "I was working in Jensen, Utah on December 7, 1941 (Pearl Harbor) and I tried to volunteer but the doctor said ‘'You'’ve got a bad heart and you won'’t be going’ in.'’ Later my brother, Grant, and Ross Snyder and I went up to Vancouver and I got a good job as an electrician and was paid good money. At that time I was working on a housing project and the boss, Ernie Galdheim, was bidding on what was called Row Houses. He told me and the guy I had been working with that if we would run a crew of men on the housing project he would guarantee us $25,000, and nobody made that kind of money. Just a few days later I got greetings from Uncle Sam again and I went into the service... I joined about six months after the war started.

“"About two or three years later when I was in the Pacific there was concern about a phosgene chemical that the enemy might use on us. A few people from each outfit on those islands were sent to check on what could be done in case we did get hit with the chemical. I saw a guy with a big blister on his arm that I thought might be a chemical burn and when I looked up into his face, there was Ernie Galdheim! I said, ‘'Ernie, what in the hell happened to you?’' Ernie said, '‘Oh, I didn'’t get that bid on the Row Houses so here I am in the Seabees.'’ ”

"“I was inducted in Fort Lewis, Washington and a short time later I was sent to Camp Callen, California. I wasn’'t there long before they found out I was an electrician and they needed radar repairmen and well anyway, right after basic training in six weeks or so, I was headed overseas. The outfit I joined was a 250/350 First California National Guard. In those days they didn’'t have welfare and so if you were a bum you joined the National Guard. Some of those guys couldn'’t even count cadence, couldn'’t tell their left foot from their right foot, and they had little education. Yes, this was the group I was with all through the war.

"“First place I went was to New Caledonia not too far from Australia. My record as an electrician went with me and soon I was fixin'’ things for them, projectors and other things. I did so good on one project that this ole Colonel told me that if I wanted to stay on this island all during the war I could stay! I said 'I’'ve been with these guys for about a year and I want to stay with them.' I guess I don'’t regret that decision now, but I saw a lot of things and went a lot of places. I was on Guadalcanal, the Solomons, Bougainvillea, Philippines, New Hebrides, a lot of them, and Fiji.

“"I'’ll tell you one thing that bothered me. We’'d been on Bougainvillea that first time, and the ground was a swamp a jungle with perhaps the most rainfall in the world. The Major didn'’t think we could get the movie projector wired to work but I got it to work, and I made a lot of points by doing that.

"One of the first pictures they showed was a cartoon and it showed how the war was being fought, I guess. They showed Hitler, he was a Fox. Mussolini, Tojo, Roosevelt, Haile Selassi and about fifteen characters in it, the leaders, were all different animals. The cartoon showed them all fighting during the day and it reminded me of Guadalcanal with the trees you would hide behind and they would be all teamed up and shooting at each other They were fighting like that! Then at the end of the day the leaders went to something kinda like a PX where they all got together and partied and were dancin’' with each other.  All the leaders partying and dancin’' and I put two and two together and thought that maybe that’'s really the way war is.

"“I was a pretty conscientious soldier at that time and was, in fact, cited as being a good soldier. I claim that if everybody in the world had fifteen minutes of front line duty there’'d never be another war."

In the spring of 1942, Barbara, Joan, Marlene and Verl had chicken pox, and in December of that year the four girls had red measles.

In 1943 the German army was defeated at Stalingrad; and the Nazis mobilized women for military service. Canned food and shoes were rationed in the U.S., In Warsaw, Poland the 60,000 Jews still living there (the previous year there were 500,000 Jews in Warsaw) fought to the death knowing that if they did not die in their homes or in the sewers beneath the ghetto that they would be gassed to death in a concentration camp. The resistance was fierce and the SS German General, Jurgen Stroop, said his troops killed 56,065 Jews. Many, however, died by suicide, as they remained in their burning homes or jumped from roofs. It took four weeks to crush the Warsaw ghetto. Heinrich Himmler ordered the liquidation of all Jewish ghettos! Goebbels officially announced that Berlin was free of Jews. Gary Cooper stared in Hemingway’'s "For Whom the Bell Tolls. " Mussolini was deposed and American troops were on the offensive in Italy. ‘"Marzi Doats" "‘Oh What a Beautiful Morning"’ and ‘"Comin’ in on a Wing and a Prayer"’ were songs being sung this year, and Jane Russell starred in ‘"The Outlaw." 

In Talmage, a check dated December 1943 to Duchesne County indicates that Mark and Pete paid $96.36 in taxes. A Farnsworth Canal assessment for 1943 was $150.00. In April of this year, Barbara, Joan, Marlene and Verl had german measles. It was also in 1943 when Leo and Hazel Farnsworth bought a farm from Mark Bleazard southeast of Talmage.

All of Mark's daughters can remember their Dad sleeping and snoring on the couch through all the family noise and activity, but when the kids went outside to play and it was quiet, Mark would soon be awake and checking to see what was happening. They all also remember the big sacks of peanuts and the family sitting around the table shelling and eating them while stories were told. The girls remember their Dad teasing them into shelling either peanuts or pine nuts for him to eat!

Joan remembers when a large beaver made it down the ditch. It was the only beaver she remembers seeing in Talmage. She also doesn'’t remember seeing deer or elk but there were birds, the killdeer, red winged blackbirds, magpies, bluebirds, blackbirds, pheasants and sage hens.

Mark was on the Board of the Moon Lake Water Users from 1952 to 1962. In a conversation Mark and Pete both expressed regret at not having had more formal education. Mark said that, "Old Doc Jenkins nominated me for President of the Moon Lake Water User’s Board and I almost fell through the floor. I know a lot of things that I did on those Boards but I didn’'t get credit for much. I learned how things work but I couldn'’t put it over right."” Pete said, "‘If you don'’t have an education what you think doesn't seem to count for much. With a degree it would be much easier." Mark continued, "Oh, man, all my life I'’ve thought ‘If I'’d just had an education!’ Debate is one thing I think all kids ought to take up - and also a year or so of Law, because then you would know how things work and could talk well. Without an education they just laugh at you. When we built that ditch to Blue Bench we learned how to build a ditch that a second foot would run all the way through. People said. '‘You can’t do it’,' but we did do it!

"“When the ditch was built above Altonah, Louie Gadon was the engineer, and that ditch leaked and always did leak cause there were holes they never could fix. Some of the men from Altonah ran a crow bar down in there and turned a good stream of water right out of the bottom of the ditch. They were lining it with creosote and tarpaper and everything else just to stop it from leaking. I told them they didn'’t have to do that to just take their Cat and build it right. You can build it with a Cat so it won'’t leak. Louie Gadon and they just laughed at me. I said, "‘Let me fix one.'’ I went up there and took the Cat and fixed it just right dug a hole pushed the dirt back. They had spent thousands of dollars on tar and stuff but they quit all that when they saw how my thing worked and sealed the cracks.

“"On the Farnsworth ditch, when I was President, there was a cut through a hill when the Little Reservoir broke and it washed the ditch out. Reed Lyons was on that ASC Committee and he said you sign that project up and I'’ll see that we get money to make that wide enough and to slope the banks. I had to get most everybody to sign all the stock owners. The money got appropriated and we fixed it and they'’ve never been back to work on it since. I don’'t get credit for it though. I’'ve always had trouble with that.

“"When we built those reservoirs on Blue Bench, we just laid a little longer pipe up the bank. Me and Jack put them in and proved to them it would work. Old Galloway was an engineer and there were things he said wouldn’'t work cause the pipe would rust and other things. It worked."”

In May l945 a very strange thing happened to the Farnsworth Canal. The Canal brought water to Mountain Home and Talmage and the water was running straight into the ground and about 65 feet of water a second disappeared down a sink-hole in the bottom of the ditch. Before the water was shut out a cone-shaped hole was washed that measured 150 feet long, 60 feet wide and 75 feet deep. An effort was made to repair the ditch as soon as possible and a diversion ditch was quickly constructed, but the bottom fell out of it also. A new ditch about one mile long was dug 1/4 mile north of the hole and it cost about $3,000 and took 30 days to complete. Much damage was done to crops that could not be watered. Joan remembers being at the Canal and seeing the cone-shaped hole with all the water running into it and disappearing.

Farrell Mowers was the ditch rider in Talmage. He was raised in Fairview and came from a big family. Joan remembers that Farrell would often go to Duchesne. He came to the house one night and obviously had been drinking while in Duchesne and got in a fight. Both of  his ears had been chewed on and the top of one ear was almost gone. There was blood all down his face and shirt. He always used twine for a belt, and he had no laces in his shoes. Joan remembers that Farrell would lift his calves over the fence to graze on other people's property or he would let them wander the roads. Verl remembers being frightened of Farrell and hiding behind her Dad when he and Farrell were talking.

There are papers that indicate Mark and his neighbors, Claude McDonald and Farrell Mowers, often assisted one another with work on their farms. Mark says, "“Farrell was always in a little trouble and was a little overbearing. He run a bluff on some of them around Talmage. Some people didn’'t dare drive his cows out of their fields. He’'d tell them that if they drove the cows out he’'d just wipe the earth with them! He never got around to tacklin'’ me though and I don't know why. Mont (Farrell’'s son, Monte) walked on his hands and feet at one time. He’'d had his arms broke and they did not set straight. Nothin' else was wrong with him as far as I know or could see. Bobby, Mont and Johnny were the kid’'s names. Farrell’'s wife, Vera, married Hap Birch after Farrell died and then she married a guy named Muir. She sold the property at Talmage and moved to Duchesne and built a home where Blue Haven Motel was just east of Duchesne. She'’s probably a wealthy woman now. She had several oil wells and property that Farrell had and then she got all of Hap’'s property.”"

Joan remembers being in the home west of where Claude McDonald’ lived in another McDonald's home and seeing a little boy playing with the flies in the window, catching them and eating them. She can'’t remember the little boy‘'s name or what his problem was. The home was about a half mile directly west of the cabin and west of the Claude McDonald home that Guy Lindsay bought.

Mark purchased a bull from his father, John William "Will" Bleazard on February 5, 1944 for $50.00.

In 1944, Martin Bormann, Hitler'’s personal secretary devised a plan to purify the German race by taxing unmarried Germans and childless couples, and by encouraging unmarried women to bear children of the Nordic elite, and requiring the children to be placed at birth in one of twenty-two state homes to be raised by ‘Germans.’ Two hundred thousand other children with Aryan characteristics had been taken from parents in Norway, Poland and Czechoslovakia and were to be raised as Germans. Also during this year the Americans captured by Japanese in the Philippines during the fall of Corregidor and Bataan were beaten, starved and shot during a long ‘death march’ to Japanese prison camps. General Douglas MacArthur began his drive through the Pacific Islands. U.S. planes bombed Berlin, and the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that ‘negroes’ could not be barred from voting in Texas, and Senator James Eastland of Mississippi, responded that the decision would ‘destroy state sovereignty.’ Hitler gave permission for full German withdrawal from the USSR. Roosevelt signed the G.I. Bill of Rights. In 1944, Rome, The Eternal City, was the first European capital to be liberated from the Nazis, and Allied forces landed in great strength in Normandy on June 6th. General George Patton launched his drive on Paris. Reporters viewed Maidanek, a 650 acre concentration camp in Poland where officials estimate nearly 1.5 million people were killed. At Maidanek about 1900 bodies were burned each day and their ashes were sold to German farmers for fertilizer. In Germany teenagers and old men were called for war service. MacArthur returned to Leyte in the Philippines fulfilling his 1942 promise of, "I shall return".’ In November of 1944, Roosevelt was elected President to serve a fourth term, and everyone was singing, "‘Swinging on a Star". 

Pete's brother, Andrew Jenson, entered the service on February 14, 1944 at Fort Douglas, Utah. Andrew went to Sioux Falls, South Dakota for about seven months and was then sent to Yuma, Arizona for gunnery and flight training. He received an honorable discharge at Fort Douglas, Utah on July 23, 1945. Her brother, Hal Jenson, entered the service in November 25, 1944. He took basic training in Memphis, Tennessee. He received an honorable discharge on September 20, 1946.

Mark became a member of a non-profit agriculture cooperative association, Producers Livestock Marketing Association, on December 31, 1944, and in the fall of this year, Joan fell while playing on and around the root cellar of her grandparents, Will and Wease Bleazard. She was playing tag with her cousins.

Joan had her right leg amputated in 1945 and that event and many other family and world actions made 1945 a very eventful year!

In 1945 George Albert Smith became President of the Mormon Church and served from 1945 to 1951. It was this year that Hitler broke a five-month silence and told the German people that war would not end until the Reich was victorious. The Russian Red army invaded Germany in the east and west, and Grand Rapids, Michigan became the first community in the U.S. to fluoridate water. On January 27th of this year the concentration camp, Auschwitz, in Poland was liberated by Soviet troops. At Auschwitz 5,000 dazed and starving prisoners were found, and most of them                    were Jews. The gas for the ovens had been turned off in November of last year and when the Nazis knew the Russians could not be stopped. They had lined up 60,000 prisoners and forced them to march in the direction of Germany and most were killed or died on this ‘march.’ Allied forces dropped 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin, and the U.S. Marines stormed ashore on Iwo Jima. The minimum hourly wage in the U.S. was 55 cents an hour. Eisenhower opened a wide offensive in the Rhineland, and Allied bombs blasted Germany’'s beautiful historic and residential city of Dresden for two days. As many as 550 RAF Lancaster bombers and 450 U.S. B17’s pounded Dresden and at least 130,000 people were killed. Priceless art, museums, churches and architecture from the 17th and 18th centuries were destroyed. The Big Three (Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin) met at Yalta in February, and during that same month, the stars and stripes were raised over Mount Surabachi in Iwo Jima. American B-29’s ravaged Tokyo on February 25th dropping 2,000 tons of bombs on its industrial sections, and in March, 300 U.S. B29’s again bombed Tokyo killing 100,000. Japan closed schools and ordered all citizens over six years old to war service. Also in March, Anne Frank died in the Bergen-Belsen Nazi concentration camp, and Hitler ordered a total scorched earth policy. On April 5th, the Soviet Union renounced its neutrality pact with Japan. In April, President Roosevelt died, and Harry S. Truman (D) became the 33rd President of the US. In late April, the concentration camp, Dachau, was liberated and twenty thousand ‘living dead’ were found within the camp. Buchenwald was liberated. The incinerators ran out of coal in March and 1800 corpses were stacked like firewood around the camp. A detail of prisoner laborers had been forced to place as many bodies as possible into trucks and then to climb on the bodies as the trucks went to nearby woods. The laborers were then forced to dig large burial pits and place the bodies in the pits and then refill the pits with earth leaving one end of the trench open. When the burial was complete the prisoners were forced to stand at the trench where the SS guards shot every one of them and they fell into the pit. The father of Italian Fascism, Benito Mussolini, was shot April 28th, and two days later Adolf Hitler, the maniacal force behind the European war, committed suicide! Also in April, forty seven representatives from many nations met in San Francisco to organize what President Truman said would be, “a world body which would enforce justice and make another war impossible.” In June the United Nations was formed. Soviet soldiers raised the hammer and sickle flag on the Reichstag in Berlin on April 30th. The Reich Propaganda Minister, Joseph Goebbels, committed suicide on May lst, and Churchill resigned. The Germans surrendered unconditionally on May 7th, 1945. Albert Speer, Minister of Economics and Production was arrested and declared, "“It is a good thing it is over. It was just an opera anyway." Heinrich Himmler, the evil mind behind the concentration camps, swallowed a suicide pill shortly after his arrest. In June the bloodiest land battle thus far in the Pacific war occurred in the battle for Okinawa, a large, strategic island 300 miles south of Japan. In Salina, Utah on July 8th an army soldier, Bertucci, opened fire on German prisoners of war, killing eight and wounding twenty. Marlene Dietrich returned from an eleven month USO tour. On July 16th the atomic bomb was tested in the Los Alamos, New Mexico desert. Japan turned down an Allied surrender ultimatum. Wartime partners divided up the Reich, east to Russia, north to Britain, south to the U.S., and the west to France.

At 9:15am on Monday August 6, 1945, a U.S. plane, The Enola Gay, with Pilot Colonel Paul Tibbets, released an atomic bomb over the city of Hiroshima killing over 60,000 people. The U.S.S.R. declared war on Japan on August 8, 1945, and the next day a second atomic bomb was released over the city of Nagasaki killing 10,000. It was estimated that as a result of the bombings, at least 120,000 persons were wounded. Truman warned Japan to "“Quit or be destroyed!" On this day the Soviets invaded Korea. On the August 10th, Japan offered to surrender. On the 13th, the U.S. resumed a bombing assault on Japan. The rationing of gas and fuel oil ended in the U.S., and 100,000 U.S. jobs were lost as war contracts ended. The speed limit of 35 mph ended. Japan surrendered unconditionally on August 15, 1945. The official documents were signed in a brief ceremony on the American battleship Missouri on September 2nd. MacArthur assumed control over post-war Japan. Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, and French troops landed in Indochina. Japan surrendered Hong Kong to British rule, and Britain decided to refer the issue of Palestine to the United Nations. On Sept 8th, Tokyo Rose was arrested. In October, Jackie Robinson became the first Negro player hired by a team in organized baseball. The Arab League was formed by Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon and its founders warned that a Jewish state in Palestine would mean war. Shoe, meat and butter rationing ended in the U.S. The Nuremberg war crimes trials of twenty-one top Nazis opened on November 20th. Eighty-eight German scientists holding Nazi secrets arrived in the U.S... DeGaulle was elected President of France, and General George S. Patton, master of tank warfare,                    died in December.

What a year it was! While all this was happening in our country and world, the following was occurring in the lives of Mark, Pete and their daughters. Joan loved to listen to the soap operas and other entertainment radio, but when her father entered the house, the dial on the radio was always immediately tuned to news about politics and the war! Mark and Pete were both very interested in and concerned about what was going on in politics and the world. In Utah, the Mormon President, Heber J. Grant, died this year. He had been President of the church for twenty-six years. During this time the membership of the church doubled and the temples in Hawaii, Cardston Canada and Mesa Arizona were dedicated. George Albert Smith became the 8th Mormon President. Mark and Pete were always proud Democrats. 

In 1944 Mark, Pete and the girls were visiting at the Bleazard homestead of Mark's parents, (William "‘Will"” and Louisa "Wease" Bleazard) and all the cousins were playing on their Grandma's root cellar. Joan fell and twisted her leg and screamed and she was in excruciating pain. About a year later when she was eleven years old and on July 5, 1945, she had her right leg amputated at the LDS Hospital in Salt Lake. She had osteogenic sarcoma, a particularly deadly form of bone cancer. Her doctor was Dr. Okelberry. Prior to the amputation, Pete made many trips to Roosevelt, Heber and Salt Lake with Joan to see doctors. Dr. Miles in Roosevelt wanted to put her leg in a cast. A correct diagnosis of the problem was not made for many months. Pete was with Joan in Salt Lake for most of June and July 1945 and Joan was getting strong x-ray/radiation treatments at the hospital, Pete and Joan stayed at the home of Bertha (Bird) Bleazard Miles, Mark's Aunt, at 2862 South 700 East.

The week before Joan’'s surgery, Mark drove with his other daughters, Barbara, Marlene and Verl, to Salt Lake to see Pete and Joan. At this time pictures were taken. In Talmage, the store owned by Glen and Alice Sorenson had a gas pump and it had the only phone in town. It also served as the town post office. Barbara remembers her Dad going to the Sorenson Store and getting the phone call from her Mother telling him that the doctors were going to remove Joan'’s leg. She remembers when her Dad got back home he cried and had trouble telling the girls what was happening. She remembers her Dad taking the girls to Salt Lake to see Pete and Joan, just before Joan'’s leg was to be amputated. After the surgery Pete stayed with Joan, and Mark took the other girls home to care for them and to do the work on the farm. Barbara remembers tending Verl most of the summer. Marlene was nine years old in 1945 and she wrote in a letter to her mother and Joan dated June 8, 1945, "We are getting along just fine. We thought we would go to Sunday School but we didn'’t go, we are sitting at home. How is Joan's leg now? I bet it sure does hurt." In 1999 Marlene sent Joan an email and wrote that this was a sad time for everyone. She said, "“Both you and Mom were gone for so long and you were so frail and sick when you did come home. That was also the summer that I had those terrible ring worms on my leg and it took all summer for things to begin to return to some degree of normal".” Marlene wrote on July 3, 1945 just two days before Joan was operated on, “"Joan, how are you getting along out there? We are just fine. Joan, your colt sure is cute now. I guess you know that Blackie has a calf. Do you listen to Chick Carter out there? It sure is good. I guess we will stay with Grandma and Grandpa Bleazard while Daddy is out there." Marlene remembers Aunt Anna Dee combing her hair, and Barbara remembers that Anna Dee spent some days helping Mark take care of his home and girls.  Joan wrote in her diary on July 3, 1947, "“It was two years ago today since I went to the hospital. I remember Grandpa Bleazard and Mama took me up there." Mark wrote the following to Pete and Joan on July 12, 1945 after having returned to Talmage with Barbara and Marlene. He said, "“Dear Pete and Joan. I hope you are still getting along OK. We look forward to getting a letter from you each day and I try to have the girls write each day. Barbara and Marlene went to the show last night. They said it wasn't very good. The weather is cloudy but no rain just dry and hot. We are getting along just fine. Let us know what the Doctor says about Joan coming home. Shelby and Elma were here yesterday. Austin Mayhew died and they came out to the funeral. Lots of the field is sure burning. Love Daddy."

In 1945, the year Joan had her leg amputated; Mark and Pete had 100 sheep, 25 cows and 5 horses. Mark once said that he raised sheep to support his cow and horse habits. It was also in 1945 when he wintered cows along the Strawberry River.

Pete always worked hard keeping the cabin tidy and the front lawn green and mowed. She planted several trees. There were long rows of beautiful yellow Iris (flags) by the fence and near the road. In the fall of 1945, Mark and Pete dug the basement for their new home. Joan remembers her astonishment when the school bus stopped and she saw the beautiful lawn and many of the flags gone and a large hole and huge mounds of dirt. Mark and Pete were building a new home for their family. Verl remembers                    fixing tea and taking it to the new house where her Dad was working. She had a little tea set and remembers this 'tea party' as being a very special time with her Dad. Joan remembers a day when Rayda and Cliff and their family came to visit and all the kids were playing on the hills of dirt surrounding the basement site. The cousins were laughing, shouting and running and chasing one another with buckets of water. Barbara and Jack were involved and Joan remembers the two of them were soaking wet. Joan also remembers a day when Max locked the keys to his parent’'s car in the car, and then he hid from them. It took a long time to find Max and everyone was very worried.

In January of 1946, Ho Chi Minh was elected President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, and the United Nations General Assembly held its first session. Churchill warned about The Iron Curtain and said that Western capitalism and Eastern communism seem irreconcilable and that the Soviet Union desired "indefinite expansion" of its power and doctrines. Farm prices in the U.S. were at the highest level since 1920. This year, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public transportation is unconstitutional. Nine Nazi war criminals were hanged in a prison in Nuremberg, Germany. The French government proclaimed martial law in Vietnam on Dec. 8th and full-scale war appeared inevitable.

 Barbara writes that in the summer of 1946, a Bleazard family reunion/surprise birthday party for Grandma Bleazard was held. She notes that all of the children of Will and Wease and their families were in attendance, with the exception of Ralph and his family. Grandma Bleazard was given a platform rocker for her birthday gift.

In October of 1946 Mark and his brother, Ralph Bleazard, poured the basement steps of the new home. They took a few days off work this month to go deer hunting.

Mark and Pete moved into the new pink cinderblock home on December 23, 1946, just in time for Christmas! Barbara was 14 years old, Joan was 12, Marlene was 10, and Verl was 5. This home was the first brick home in Talmage and the first home with indoor plumbing. It had a half basement with a furnace in it. The front of the house faced west. At the north of the house were three bedrooms, the master bedroom on the west, Verl and Joan's little room in the middle, and Marlene and Barbara's room on the east. The very eventful year must have ended on a very happy note with this family moved into its new home in time for Christmas.

In January of 1947 the first year the family lived in the new home many interesting things were happening in the world. Al Capone, Chicago gangster, died. Truman watched Congress on television in the first broadcast of a Session, and he asked for mandatory military training in the US. Stanford University isolated the polio virus. In Vietnam the French opened an assault on Hue, and the US signed a 99 year lease on Naval bases in Philippines. Congress proposed limiting the Presidency to two terms. Henry Ford, Willa Cather and Carrie Chapman Catt died. Rockefeller donated land for the United Nations center, Ho Chi Minh called France to the negotiation table, and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar was born. Babe Didrickson became the first US woman to win the British Open. The Taft Hartley Labor Bill, curbing union power, became law over Truman objections. Truman became the 1st US President to pay a state visit to Canada. Sugar rationing ended. The Marshall Plan designed to assist economic recovery in Europe was approved. 4,530 Jews aboard the ship Exodus tried to land in Palestine and were turned away by the British at Haifa. O.J. Simpson and Johnny Bench were born. Britain granted independence to India and Pakistan. In October the NY Yankees beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 5-2 and won the World Series. Ronald Reagan, Cooper and Montgomery insisted that Reds did not control the Actors’ Guild, and the Hollywood Ten were blacklisted by the Motion Picture Association. In November, Princess Elizabeth married her cousin, Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburg. The UN Assembly voted Palestine partition into Arab and Jewish states and Arabs reacted violently. Tennessee Williams’ play "“Streetcar Named Desire"” was a hit. Pablo Casals refused to play publicly in Franco'’s Spain. On television, Gorgeous George shook his peroxide blonde hair and performed for wrestling fans. A Bedouin shepherd boy found the Dead Sea Scrolls.

 Joan wrote in her diary on March 19, 1947, "When will I ever go back to school? I’m still staying home. The Bishops from different towns came to look at our place." On the next day she wrote, "“I went to school at last! Mr. Evans even said he had missed me. We are going to the Ward Reunion tonight and Mother made 160 sandwiches."

On April 6, 1947 Bert and Dorothy Jenson, Pete‘'s parents, drove from their home in Montana to Talmage/Mountain Home. Lula Jenson (Mortenson), their daughter and Pete‘'s sister, was with them and so was Lula's son, Bert, age seven. Bert and Dorothy only stayed a couple of days and then returned to Montana. Lula and "Little Bert" stayed with Mark/Pete in Talmage and Cliff/Rayda in Mountain Home for quite awhile. Little Bert was named after his Grandpa Bert Jenson. Joan wrote in her diary on April 19, 1947, "The water came from Moon Lake. I took Bert for his first horseback ride. Val McDonald came to play with him". “Lula and Clint Mortenson had three sons and divorced. Lula was afflicted with severe rheumatoid arthritis and other health problems. Joan remembers combing Lula's hair, and also remembers Lula reading the book "The Yearling" to her and her sisters. In July 1947, Lula's oldest son, Clinton Morley, came to Talmage to visit. Joan doesn't remember Lula's son, Danny Errol, ever coming to Talmage. Little Bert had been born with a genetic problem that severely deformed his body. Joan remembers he always appeared to be sitting with his knees under his chin. He couldn't put his legs out straight. Little Bert'‘s teeth touched in the back of his mouth but could not touch in the front -he had difficulty eating and closing his lips. Little Bert, however, had a great sense of humor, and he and Verl became great pals. Verl would put her arms under his arms and around him and would drag him where he wanted to go -in the house or in the yard! They were always laughing and playing.

Barbara writes, "On Mother's birthday (April 10, 1947) we had a chicken supper and we made her a cake and decorated it. It really was pretty.

"“On May 5, 1947 Aunt Rayda took Aunt Lula to Roosevelt to the doctor and they kept her down there. She will be able to come home about May 13th. Little Bert is staying with us.

"Mother was sick with the flu on May 10, 1947, and Dad just about got the old house torn down on this day. It sure looks different".”

On the day the old slant/roofed cabin was burned, Barbara and Joan were riding their horses to attend a party. They were near the Talmage store when they looked back toward their home and saw the fire burning the old log cabin.

Mark would lift Little Bert onto a horse and hold him there while Marlene would lead the horse around the yard, and sometimes Verl was on the horse with Bert.

Joan wrote that on June 6, 1947, "We went to Salt Lake with Uncle Cliff. I went to three doctors, Dr. Heater, Dr. Kirby and the man who fixed my leg. Mom and I stayed at Aunt Elma and Shelby Mayhew’s home. We went all over the city.”

On June 7, 1947, Joan wrote, "We took Dorothy to her doctor and found out about Bert. He can go to the Shriner'’s Hospital in July where they will teach him and try to help him. We came home on this day."

On June 8, 1947, "We went to church. All of the men are growing beards, even Daddy. When we came home from Salt Lake, we brought strawberries with us."” On June 17, 1947, Joan writes, '“Marlene is still in Price with Uncle Ralph.'  

“The family went to Duchesne to a County Fair and Little Bert went on the merry-go-round and the ferris wheel with the rest of the kids. He had a great time! In July the family and Lula and Little Bert went to Duchesne to see Jack's Wild Animal Show.”

Barbara writes, "“Joan, Mother and I went to Salt Lake to take Joan to get x-rays. I went to the Intermountain Clinic where Dr. Maw took out my tonsils on Monday, July 15, 1947. We stayed at Aunt Bird's home, and we were in Salt Lake for eight days. Joan came home Wednesday with Walt Kennison. We went to the Centre Theater to see, ‘The Unfaithful’ with Ann Sheridan and Lew Ayres the night we got in town. Rhoda, Rulon and Steve Orton came to Aunt Bird’'s house on Sunday. We went to the Centennial Fair Grounds and saw all we could see and had some rides and went through the fun house. On Sunday we went to Temple Square and went on a tour. We went to the Lyric Theater and saw ‘Belita’s Rhapsody on Ice.’ Floyd and Anna Dee Rowley took us to see his folks, and Anna Dee took us to the Doctor the next day. On Friday, Anna Dee, Mom and I went to see Joan Fontaine in ‘IVY.’ On Saturday we came home."

Rhoda and Rulon Orton and their son, Steve, visited for about two weeks in the summer of 1947.

Little Bert was baptized a member of the LDS Church on August 1, 1947. He was baptized in a pond north of Talmage. On August 21st Lula, Morley and Little Bert went to Escalante, Utah to see their son and brother, Danny. They returned to Talmage for a while and then went back to Montana. In 2001 Andrew Jenson wrote: "We called him “little Bert and he never walked at all and his legs were never straight. He had cerebral palsy. He was very smart and liked to tease and he traveled around the house on his bottom. Mother said that his back and his body might have been injured by the Doctor during a difficult delivery. One day he told his Grandmother that he thought he would just die, and a couple of days later he died." Little Bert died in Montana on July 10, 1948. Pete and Verl went to the funeral.

Joan wrote in her diary, "On July 4, 1947 we celebrated at Mountain Home. We had dinner with Aunt Rayda. They had a ball game, races (Dad raced) horse races, etc. Uncle Grant and Ben Lyons got in a fight." On July 13, 1947, Joan was back in Salt Lake and wrote, "“I went to the Wandamere Sunday School and later to the temple grounds".”

Barbara writes, "On August 22, 1947. I went to Salt Lake to the doctor, and on September 2, 1947 I was operated on for my sinus. A passage was made into my lower sinus on one side. I stayed with Anna Dee and Floyd Rowley. Their baby was born on August 18, 1947 and they named him Floyd Dee. Grandma Bleazard was there also. Mother came out to be with me when I was operated on. I came home on the Wolf Creek bus.

“"I went back to the doctor on the 27th of September and was in Salt Lake for a week. Uncle Bill and Aunt Bev have a new baby girl. She has more hair than any baby I ever saw. I saw, ‘The Bachelor & the Bobbysoxer’ with Shirley Temple & Cary Grant, and ‘The Unfinished Dance' with Margaret O’Brien. I saw Louise Wilde (Bearden) while I was in Salt Lake. I came home with Clyde Rowley on Saturday October J, 1947.”

On September 14, 1947 Lygia F. Rust was sustained as Relief Society President, with Loretta Burton as First Counselor, and Evelyn Bleazard as Second Counselor. They were released from their assignments on September 26, 1948.

Mark posted a Farm Listing September 27, 1947 noting all of the "240 acres were cultivated and that there was no dry land. Taxes $140; 750 shares of Farnsworth Canal water ($15 a share); hay and grain approx 200 tons; glazed new cinder home with five rooms; water, sewer, toilet, furnace and 1/2 basement. Some other buildings. One team and equipment to operate place. Mortgage contract "clear." Price $22,000 in cash. Remarks "exempt LDS Church from paying commission."

After moving into the new house, Pete had a terrible reaction to a smallpox vaccination and she was really sick for quite a long time. Barbara remembers waking up and hearing her mother calling for help. She went into the bathroom and found Pete on the floor where she had passed out and been unable to get up. Barbara ran to wake her Dad and they helped her up and carried her to her bed. Barbara said she had to leave the bedroom because it frightened her so much and felt that she might also pass out. Joan remembers Pete's arm being huge and black.

Barbara writes that on November 8, 1947, Pete's sister, Alta and her husband, Roy Stott and their son, Stanley Stott, came for a visit. She also writes, "During the fall and winter of 1946-47 Grandpa and Grandma Jenson, Hal Jenson, Pat and Parley Schenk and their children Glenn, Jan, Bruce and Virginia Lynn visited in Talmage and Mountain Home".”

Joan remembers when she and her Dad went to lower Blue Bench near Duchesne to get a load of fence posts. The horses named Bess and Sis pulled the wagon. It was a very long and hot day, but Joan remembers enjoying the day very much.

When Joan would have to go to Salt Lake for check-ups, x-rays or for prosthesis fittings, she and others would almost always stay at the Wasatch Hotel or the Mills Hotel which were both on about Third South and West Temple. The Fitwell Artificial Limb Company was across 3rd south directly south of the Wasatch Hotel. 

Barbara and Joan both remember when their Dad or Mother would ride to Salt Lake with Cliff Stevenson. He would often be hired to use his truck to transport cattle to Ogden. They both remember that on these trips, fresh fruit or other produce would often be purchased, and brought home. Barbara remembers grapefruit and oranges, and Joan remembers riding in the back of Cliff’s truck and sneaking and eating about a half crate of strawberries before they got home!

On March 3,1947, Mark and his brother, Jack Bleazard, and Albert and Walt Kennison , went to Vale, Oregon to look at some land they were considering buying.

Joan remembers a big tub of little pigs in the kitchen of the new home being warmed and fed and cared for by her mother. Barbara remembers little calves and lambs also being cared for in the cabin and/or the house.

Joan remembers a little bummer lamb that had both of its back legs broken. Pete put little braces on both legs and a brace between the legs to keep them from moving. The little lamb would walk around on its front knees. The legs healed and the lamb grew and, even though its legs were crooked, it walked and was a fine, big ewe.

When living in the Cabin, Joan remembers her mother hauling water from the ditch, heating it on the wood stove, carrying the water to tubs in the yard and washing clothes on a scrubbing board and the entire yard smelling of her homemade lye soap. The clothes were placed on the clothesline to dry, and those that were ironed were ironed with an iron heated on the cast iron stove. Joan can't remember how clothes were washed and dried in the winter, although she can remember the sheets being stiff and frozen. Her mother always had red geraniums in the windows and during the winter they had to be placed on the table and away from the windows at night.

Joan wrote in her diary, "Tomorrow, July 23, 1947 is Rodeo day. Dad is a pick up Man. I can'’t hardly wait to see how good he is." Also on that day Joan wrote, "Marlene and I rode Dad’'s horses to the Rodeo. Dad did very good. Uncle Grant almost got drug to death.” The next day Joan wrote, "We went to Altamont to the Rodeo again today. Dad did pick-upping again. Aunt Lois was queen".” 

Barbara writes, "On July 23-24, 1947 we attended the rodeo and celebration at Altamont Park. Daddy was a hazer. Verl, Steve, Joan and Marlene were in the Parade. This year is the Utah Centennial. On July 27th we had a Bleazard Family Reunion and birthday party for Gma Bleazard at the river. All the Bleazards’ were there but Bill, Bev, Boyd, Louise and Grandpa." 

Pete designed and hand stitched a beautiful red, white and blue Centennial Patriotic Quilt in 1947. After her death, it was given to Verl and in year 2002 it is in Verl'’s home in Roosevelt.

In January of 1948 Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated, and cities in India were swept by riots. Truman proposed free two-year community colleges for all who want education, and he banned flying over atomic energy plants. In Jackson, Mississippi 4,000 white ‘Jeffersonian Democrats’ met to oppose Truman’s civil rights program, and he called for an end to ‘Jim Crow’ laws. The US Supreme Court ruled that religious instruction in public schools is unconstitutional. Humphrey Bogart searched for the ‘"Treasure of the Sierra Madre."’ The Nation of Israel came into existence, and Egypt invaded Israel and bombs fell on Tel Aviv. Chiang Kai-shek became President of China. The NY subway fare was doubled to ten cents. Joe Lewis scored an 11th round knockout of Jersey Joe Walcott. Chuck Yeager exceeded the speed of sound in Bell XS-l plane. President Truman ended army segregation on July 26th. Communist spy mania gripped American’s attention, and President Truman criticized the House on un-American Activities (HUAC) as being more un-American than those it investigated. Prince Charles, heir to the British throne, was born. Axis Sally was indicted for treason, and North Korea was made a Republic. Confounding pundits and prophets, Truman was elected to a full term as President, defeating Thomas Dewey in a major upset. T. S. Eliot won the Nobel Prize for Literature, and the Kinsey Report on sex startled Americans, The UN adopted a Human Rights Declaration. Tojo and six collaborators were hanged for war crimes. "All I Want for Christmas is my Two Front Teeth’" was sung, and Andrew Wyeth painted ‘Christina’s World.’

Barbara wrote on January 7, 1948 that her Grandpa, Will Bleazard, "...has been awfully sick He was operated on for gall stones in Salt Lake and is still out there and is much better. Grandpa Bert Jenson was operated on about the same time as Grandpa Bleazard was operated on. He had a growth in his bladder."

In her journal Barbara wrote that on Father's Day, June 20, 1948 her Uncle Ralph Bleazard, "...brought our car back from Price where he had been working on it. He had painted it blue. We took him to the Duchesne Airport. Howard Campbell came out after him in an airplane. He took Daddy up over our place and over all Talmage. He took Lois Bleazard, a cousin, and Joan and I over Duchesne.  It was really a grand experience."

During the summer of 1948, Mark took the family to Duchesne to see "‘Green Grass of Wyoming"’ and Barbara wrote, "When Mother came home from Montana on June 23, 1948, Afton Stott, Alta’'s daughter, came back with her. Afton stayed until July 9th.” 

"On July 5, 1948 our family went to Neola to celebrate. Uncle Ralph, Uncle Jack, Uncle Bill, Uncle Grant and Uncle Rulon Orton, Junior Bleazard, Von Anderson and Daddy went on a fishing trip from July 22nd to July 25th. We had the car so we went to Alta Loma to celebrate on July 23 and 24. Rhoda, Rulon and Steve came out on July 20th, Bill, Bev and family on the 21st and Anna Dee and Floyd on the 24th. They all left on July 29th. Joan went back with them to get her new leg.

“"Joan and I had a lawn party on August 31, 1948. It wasn'’t too much fun!”"

In September, Mark purchased a Ford Tractor from Snow Machinery in Roosevelt, Utah. On its owner registration is noted that the size of his farm was 280 acres with 100 acres tillable, the type of soil is listed as ‘rocky’, and the land is ‘rolling.’ It notes that on the land there are 9 acres of corn, 10 acres of wheat, 30 acres of barley and 140 acres of hay. Mark estimated that he would work 300 hours hauling on his new tractor and 15 hours custom work. The tractor replaced ‘horses’ for farm power. He stated he chose the Ford tractor because of its control and equipment.

Joan can also remember the beautiful designs in the ice on the inside of the cabin window and she remembers sleeping in a bed with her two sisters, Barbara and Marlene.

Pete made the most wonderful homemade bread and she spent the entire summer working in her garden and canning fruits and vegetables. She had a large garden each summer and she planted blackberry and gooseberry bushes. She made super cottage cheese. Joan remembers enjoying shelling peas and snapping beans with her mother.

Joan said at her parent’s 50th wedding anniversary, "We can see our Dad walking behind a horse, reins around his neck and sweat running down his face. His hands holding the handles of a plow blade as he prepared a garden spot for Mom. Marlene or I would ride on and guide the horse as he walked and worked."

Pete would raise chickens and kill and pluck them. The chickens were well fed and had lots of room to roam and good, natural stuff to eat. The chicken tasted wonderful whether baked or fried, and the broth was always filled with her homemade noodles. The family ate mutton stew with the grease as thick as it could get! Mark always said the fat was his favorite part of any meat. He would bring home sage hens and occasionally a pheasant.

Each fall the men of the community would participate in the Deer Hunt. Mark and his brothers and uncles looked forward each year to the Deer Hunt. The deer were always taken care of and the hides were used or sold, and since there was no refrigeration, the meat was cured, bottled and eaten by families or animals. The antlers were measured and displayed and the stories were exaggerated and continuous.

Joan remembers the pig pen and her mother carrying big buckets of slop to the pigs. Once Joan and the other girls were ordered to the house. They heard gunshots and loud squeals. Peeking out a window, Joan saw dead pigs on double trees being lowered into boiling water.

When Joan was very small, the post office in Talmage was in the home of Mrs. McDonald and was a bit south and east of the school. Joan would ride a horse the mile and a half to get the mail when she was four or five years old. Some say she was younger than that. Joan would yell until Mrs. McDonald would bring the mail out to her because she couldn't get off and on the horse.

Mark's livestock brand was Bar AY. A line (bar) was at the top and beneath it were the letters AY.



On September 26, 1948 Evelyn Bleazard was sustained as President of the Young Women’s Mutual Improvement Association (YWMIA). Zella Barrett was sustained First Counselor, Anna Kennison, Second Counselor and Rhea McDonald, Secretary. They were all released from their assignments on June 4, 1950.

In November 1948 Alta and Roy Stott spent Thanksgiving Day with Pete and Mark. Roy's father had died and they brought him to Meadow, Utah to be buried. Immediately after eating dinner they left because they had word that Stanley had been called on his mission. The family went to Aunt Rayda’'s home later in the day. 

Barbara wrote a note, "Grandpa Bert Jenson has cancer of the throat."

In December 1948, Barbara went with her Aunt Rayda to Roosevelt when she took Max to the doctor about his foot.

On Christmas Day of this year, Mark, Pete and daughters went to Alice and Ray Oman's home for dinner. It was this Christmas that the family got the player piano. Barbara notes that, "“Daddy, Mom, Verl and all of us went to Altamont and watched Altamont beat Tabiona by one point in a game of basketball." 

During the year 1949 the Chinese Communists occupied Peking, and later in the year the Communist forces swept through China. Congress raised the presidential salary to $100,000 with $50,000 expense allowance. Ingrid Bergman went to Italy to make a film with Roberto Rossellini, and RCA introduced a 45 rpm record. The Yankees gave Joe DiMaggio $90,000 for one year, the highest salary ever in baseball. The AMA proposed voluntary health insurance plan to oppose Truman’'s federal plan, and a jet bomber crossed the US in under four hours. A B-50 flew non-stop around the earth. Joe Lewis gave up his gloves after his lighting punches had won him 25 title defenses with only one loss. Mao organized headquarters in Peking, and the Allies organized NATO. Rita Hayworth married Aly Khan a Muslim play-boy. Truman declared that the US was hysterical over the Reds, and Jackie Robinson refuted Paul Robeson and declared that the Negroes would fight communism. Rome announced that Communists would be excommunicated from the Catholic Church.

Margaret Mitchell, author of ‘Gone with the Wind’ died, and Tokyo Rose was given ten years and a fine of $10,000. Harvard Law School began admitting women. Truman raised the minimum wage from 40 cents to 74 cents per hour. Young Frank Sinatra was popular among the bobby-sox crowd. In China the People'’s Republic was established and the Communists ruled. Louis Armstrong ‘Satchmo’ took New Orleans jazz to Europe. George Orwell’'s "‘Nineteen Eighty-Four"’ arrived. Truman banned federal housing aid where racial or religious bias existed. Joseph Bracken Lee, Republican, became Governor of Utah and he served as Governor until 1957. He battled against the federal income tax and increased appropriations for state building and highway construction. He later served as Mayor of Salt Lake City during 1959-71.

Barbara wrote, "Grandma & Grandpa Bleazard are in Salt Lake after spending all summer and winter in Hailey, Idaho. Uncle Jack and Aunt Viola have a baby boy named Michael and he was born at Roosevelt on February 5, 1949. This winter there has been lots of snow. The snow along the fences is over the fences in places. We missed two days of school last week because of snow.

"Grandpa Bert Jenson and Afton Stott came down for a few days when Marianne Schenk was born. Mom and Aunt Rayda went back with them on April 14, 1949 for a few days."

Joan remembers a cow named 'Brock'‘ with only one horn. She also remembers the day she found the cow's head in a field.

Joan remembers when people in Talmage got together and made mattresses. 

Mark served as President of the Pigeon Water Cattle and Horse Association for several years. Mark said, "I was the last one to receive water through the Farnsworth Canal Company ditch system and was actively involved with and held every office in the Company while we lived at Talmage. I was the last one                    on my ditch in Talmage. Farrell was the last on his ditch and Leo Farnsworth was the last on his ditch."

“"After Claude and Vera McDonald moved into a small home directly across the street from our cabin, I would sometimes lose water. Every night I wouldn'’t get nothing watered, so I went checking up the ditch. There were boards in the ditch and I had trouble getting through the willows to get to the ditch to jerk the boards out. He had the whole stream. His story was that a board accidentally got caught in the stream. Fred Birch used to say, ‘'If you don'’t want them to steal the water, don'’t put none in the ditch!’'  Birch also said '’You could throw $5 bills on the floor clear up to their knees and it would be OK, but if you put a drop of water in the ditch, they'’ll take at least half of it.' "

Joan was always advising and telling other people what they should do or not do. Her father gave her some good advice that she remembers but has not always taken. The advice was to ‘Take care of yourself and you will have a full time job without trying to take care of everyone else.’”

Joan remembers that her job often was to find kindling and wood for the cast iron stove. Easy access to wood became impossible especially in mid winter. Claude had a huge pile of cut wood across the street and Joan remembers being tempted to 'borrow' some of the cut wood but can't remember that she ever did borrow the wood.

Claude and Vera McDonald moved away and sold their home and land to Guy and Dolly (Iris Lou McConkie) Lindsey. They remodeled and built additional rooms on the home. Dolly and Pete became very good friends and quilted together and often visited and helped one another. Guy and Dolly's children were Burke, George, Charles, Gary, Terry, Rosie, Cindy and Kim. Joan remembers one spring when George fell in the ditch and was about to go in the culvert or pipe under the road. The water was very high and fast. Dolly was pregnant with Charlie but she made it over the fence and to the ditch, grabbed him and saved his life. He never would have made it through the culvert.

Joan remembers a time when her Dad couldn't get her to go to the house and she saw two little lambs born.

Joan remembers that during World War II, Pete, Dolly and the girls gathered wool from barbed wire fences and elsewhere and sent the wool back east where a company processed, colored and weaved it into a beautiful pattern and made floor carpet for both homes. Some of the carpet was taken from the Talmage home and placed in Mark and Pete's bedroom and hall in the Arcadia home. When the Arcadia home and property was sold, Marlene removed the carpet and placed pieces of the carpet in beautiful frames for her children and for others. 

The fields were planted in the fall or in the spring and when harvest time came the threshers arrived! The threshers were a group of men, neighbors and relatives who all assisted one another in harvesting the crops. The men and women rotated and were always helping one another with the harvest. There were no tractors or other mechanized machines to do the work. It was men, horses, wagons and pitchforks. The work was very difficult and the hours worked were long. There was, however, a sense of community, laughter, cussing and lots of stories and experiences were shared.

While the men were in the fields, the kids played and the women cooked huge, wonderful meals comprised of potatoes, pies, homemade biscuits/bread, meat, vegetables and homemade ice cream. Joan thinks she also remembers the women quilting on these days.

Pete was an accomplished and talented quilter. She designed, stitched and assisted others as they quilted hundreds of quilts. All of Pete’'s children and grandchildren were given quilts, Pete’'s art work. The quilting bees when Rayda, Viola, Dolly Lindsay and many other women gathered around the quilts placing teeny tiny stitches and laughing and enjoying one another were days of happiness. Again, the kids were running around and playing.

Verl remembers when a sheep tick was stuck in her arm and Pete used a lighted match on the tick to force it to withdraw from her arm.

Joan remembers crawling through a culvert under the road between the house and Lily Hill and coming out of it with wood ticks all over her. Pete had her undress outside of the house and then she checked Joan’'s hair, under her arms and everywhere for the miserable little ticks.

Joan remembers when Verl was small, maybe six or seven years old, and had long, blonde hair. One day Verl took scissors and cut the back of her hair to her neck! Looking at her from the front she looked fine with her long, pretty hair, but when she turned around her hair was gone! Her father was not happy with her new look.

Grandpa Will Bleazard brought Brownie, the wild horse Mark and Jack had caught, to Talmage for the girls to ride to school. Brownie was a horse that was loved by many people. He had a wonderful, gentle nature. Joan remembers the day that she and Barbara were riding Brownie to school . Barbara was facing the horses's head and holding the reins, and Joan was sitting backwards and holding her movie star picture collection for Hobby Day at school.

Mark had two beautiful Percheron horses, Gilda and Mona Lou. They were huge and strong and made a great team. Smoky (Blue) may have been the best horse that Mark ever owned. Smoky was a large, spirited, strong and beautiful horse. Mark also had a beautiful appaloosa horse and many shetland horses, and just horses.

Mark'‘s team of horses, Bess (black) and Sis (reddish/brown), were a great team sired by the stallion, Frank. Joan remembers when they, or it may have been his team, Golda and Mona Lou, were in a horse pulling contest at Talmage on the 4th of July. The teams pulled a big truck with its brakes locked. Some 4th of July celebrations were at the Talmage School, where there were tubs of ice containing bottles of red soda pop and other drinks, and the men played baseball.

Joan remembers Paint. Paint was a spunky, sorrel mare with several white spots. Once Joan was riding Paint and holding the reins but the horse was definitely in control! Paint wouldn'‘t leave the corral or the yard and was kicking up, ears back and being generally ornery. Mark tried to give Joan a willow to help gain control but Joan didn't want to hit the horse. Mark told her to take the whip and whip the horse or he would whip her! Joan bawled as she took the whip and she was soon making the horse mind.

Mark said, “"Dad never was to our place at Talmage very much. When he got old and was sick he came to our place and Pete took care of him for awhile.”"

Joan remembers the Friday night 'shows' at the Talmage Ward. There were lots of Gene Autry and Roy Roger films, and every week there was an adventure serial segment. There were newsreels keeping the community aware of the War action.

Joan remembers the shearing of the sheep and the fat, awful ticks. The fluffy wool sheared from the sheep was put into very large burlap bags. She remembers the fluffy sheep going into the barn and the naked and somewhat confused sheep coming out of the barn. Verl remembers wanting to help stomp the wool in the sacks but her Dad thought she was too small to help. She jumped in anyway and had to be 'fished' out.

Joan remembers that each spring she would help catch the little lambs so her Dad could dock them. The tails of the female lambs were cut very short, and the tails of the male lambs were left a bit longer. Joan loved the little bummer (orphan) lambs and feeding them with bottles.

Barbara remembers the family picnics to Moon Lake and her mother‘s wonderful fried chicken and potato salad.

Pete had trouble with her teeth and they were extracted. Barbara went with Mark and Pete to Roosevelt that day to tend Verl, who was "...just a little thing." Barbara played with her at the doctor's office (hospital) for a long time and then her Dad came out and gave them a little money and said they could walk to town and back. Barbara remembers it being a very hot, long day. She remembers that after walking to and from town, she went into the room where her mother was and saw her still under anesthetic and looking very miserable. Barbara says she thought at that time that her day might not have been so bad.

Joan and Marlene stayed at home the day Pete had her teeth extracted and Joan remembers her Dad carrying her mother into the house and how sad she felt seeing her mother without her teeth and in so much pain. 

Verl remembers, "“My long blonde hair and Dad cussin'’ about it. It took Mother so long to comb and untangle it from the weeds and to shampoo it. Then she had to braid it."

Joan wrote in her diary that on July 21, 1949, "“I went to piano lessons. Marlene started taking them today.. Later Dorothy, Karen and Andrew came over to visit."

In 1949, Mark, Jack and Grant formed Bleazard Brothers, Inc. They purchased land on Blue Bench and water rights that would take water from Big Hollow through Talmage and to the Bench. Big Hollow is about midway between Mountain Home and Talmage. They built fifteen miles of canal to transfer the water to Blue Bench. Many people said that water could not be made to run uphill from Big Hollow to get it to Blue Bench, but they made it happen, “the water ran uphill.” After they built the canal the water allowed them to grow crops of corn, alfalfa and grain on Blue Bench. The Bureau of Reclamation filed suit against them and stopped them from transferring water from the Lake Fork drainage to the Duchesne drainage.

In 1950, George Pritner was born. It was this year that Alger Hiss was sentenced to five years in prison, and Mao recognized the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The U.S. Senate approved the Equal Right’s Amendment (ERA) by a vote of 63-19. Truman ordered development of a hydrogen bomb. McCarthy launched an anti-Red crusade in the US and was denounced by Truman as a saboteur of US foreign policy. The new Cadillac four-door sedan offered a curved, one-piece windshield. Four Vietnam battalions attacked the French. Truman asked for statehood for Alaska and Hawaii to strengthen national security. The US offered military aid to France for its action in Vietnam. In East Berlin 500,000 persons marched carrying Lenin flags and the Supreme Court barred segregation at two colleges. Ben Hogan won the US Golf Open, and North Korean Reds invaded South Korea. The UN and US agreed to send troops to aid Korea and McArthur arrived as Seoul fell to the North. Truman declared ‘the US was not at war.’ The Soviets protested UN intervention as it prepared to fight in Korea, and Truman extended the draft until 1951. The Census Bureau counted 150 million US citizens, and the U.S. army called up 100,000 troops and included reservists and Nat’l Guard. US troops began fighting and dying in Korea. Britain, Australia and New Zealand sent troops to Korea under UN command. Althea Gibson became the first black woman allowed to compete in US tennis. Florence Chadwick swam the English Channel in 13 hrs. 23 minutes. Truman added ten million to the Social Security rolls. In September, Seoul Korea was retaken by UN forces, and China’'s Chou En-lai threatened to intervene if North Korea was invaded, and when the invasion occurred the Chinese Reds entered the Korean War. The Yankees took the World Series in four straight over the Phillies, and the FCC authorized CBS to begin commercial color TV broadcasts. The Roman Catholic Church protested teaching sex education in the public schools. Truman threatened the use of atomic bombs in Korea. George Bernard Shaw died, and drive-in theatres were the rage in the US. Truman threatened to beat up the critic who criticized his daughter'’s (Margaret) singing.  Mona Lisa"’ and "‘You Belong to Me’" were hit songs.

The Bouncing Pen is a cedar tree and sagebrush fenced area of about 40 acres. It is located about twelve miles north of Duchesne. The Bleazards purchased this land in the 1950s. It was about 1956 when Mark and his brothers fenced and gated the acres. It was always used by the Bleazards as a place to confine sheep and cattle at various times each year. It is called the ‘Bouncing Pen’ because the sheep and/or cattle would be held within it and then ‘bounced’ to the upper country in the spring, and ‘bounced’ to their winter location in the fall. At a Duchesne County Commission meeting held in 1998, information was given regarding the land. Commissioner Larry Ross said, “…it was patented land in 1918 in the name of Collecta S. Dixon. It was later transferred to the Dixon Ranch and was subsequently sold to the County in 1932 for delinquent taxes. In 1936 an auditor’'s tax deed deeded the property to the County, and in 1956 the county deeded the property to Mark and Jack Bleazard and the properties have remained in the name of the Bleazard family since that time.” In 1998 Mark and Pete had left the 20 acres to the east to their four daughters, and the 20 acres to the west were owned by Jack and Viola Bleazard. Joan bought the acres belonging to her sisters and Jack’'s acres with the intent to put water and a septic tank on it and eventually to build a cabin on the 40 acres. Mark and Pete deeded acres on Blue Bench to grandchildren. (2015 -The Bouncing Pen has a water line and a septic tank on it but a cabin has not been built on it. The 40 acres are now in the Thomas Family Trust.  joan bleazard thomas)

Mark said, "“I purchased a forest permit for 22 head of cattle from Linwood Kennison in 1950. I also used my Dad’'s permit for 22 head to pasture cattle on Pigeon Water. When the Forest Service wanted to cut the permit, I talked them into cutting the time rather than the number of cattle. As a result I could run 61 head for a shorter period of time. This same formula is still in effect today."

On June 4, 1950 Evelyn Bleazard was again sustained as President of the YWMIA, with Alta Beckstead as First Counselor, Anna Kennison as Second Counselor and Zella A Barrett as Secretary. They were released from their assignments on August 22, 1951.

Barbara graduated from Altamont High School in the spring of 1950 and remembers her father and mother being sad when she left for Salt Lake. Barbara lived with other friends from the Basin and worked at the Central Supply Company.

The first oil well in the Basin was the Brinkerhoff Rig #17 which was drilled in the Altamont field and on land belonging to Rue Miles. Oil discovery created changes in the Basin as schools became over crowded and housing hard to find. Isolated communities were turned into ‘boom towns’ over night and the ‘boom’ continued for many years and somewhat changed the character of the Basin.

On February 16, 1950 a Snow Mark Truck was purchased for $750.00, a wool check was deposited on 5/19/50 for $320.52. A check was written to Art Instruction on 3/16/50 for $10.00. On 3/28/50 a check for $21.40 was written to American National Insurance.

In the spring of 1950, the family of Bert and Dorothy Jenson met for two days at the home of Pat and Parley Schenk in Bancroft, Idaho. There were about forty-five persons present. Lula and her son, Danny, were present. Mark, Pete, Barbara, Ralph, Marlene and Verl were at the reunion. They stopped in Hailey, Idaho on the way home and visited with Mark'’s parents, Will and Wease Bleazard. 

On June 24, 1951 Barbara and Ralph Franklin Freeman married. In January of 1951, David 0. McKay became President of the Mormon Church and served from 1951 to 1970. UN forces stopped the Red drive in Korea. In April, Truman fired MacArthur, and McArthur received a hero’'s welcome when he arrived in San Francisco. In November, a truce was reached and lines drawn in Korea. Open-air atomic tests in Nevada rattled the Southwest US. The US Presidency was limited to two terms. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were found guilty of wartime espionage in the nation’s first atomic bomb spy trial and they received the death penalty. ‘"The Caine Mutiny’" by Herman Wouk was published. The UN estimated that Communist casualties in Korea were 890,000, and UN deaths were 248,000. Outfielder Willie Mays, age 20, joined the NY Giants. The hydrogen bomb was tested in May, and Truman extended the draft to the year 1955, and increased the length of service to two years and lowered the age to 18.5. Twenty-one communists were indicted by a federal jury in NY for conspiracy to teach and advocate the overthrow of the US government by force and violence. William Randolph Hearst died. ‘"A Place in the Sun’" starring Montgomery Clift and Elizabeth Taylor filled theatres. Sgt 1st Class John R. Rice age 37, a Winnebago Indian who died on a Korean battlefield, was denied interment in a Sioux City cemetery because of a Caucasian only policy. Truman interceded and a hero’'s burial was conducted for John at Arlington National Cemetery. The average income for each man, woman and child in 1950 was $1,436 according to Commerce Department reports. The Swiss Parliament killed a woman suffrage bill. "‘A Streetcar Named Desire"’ with Marlon Brando and Vivian Leigh was a hit. Picasso, deeply affected by the horrors of war, painted ‘Massacre in Korea

On October 27th Rocky Marciano stopped Joe Lewis’ bid to become the first man to regain a heavyweight title. The Giants won the pennant on Bobby Thompson’s 9th inning homer called ‘a shot heard around the world.’ Joe DiMaggio retired from baseball. In 1951 the Mormon President, George Albert Smith died. During his Presidency the Idaho Falls Temple was dedicated. David O. McKay became the 9th President of the Mormon Church. His primary emphasis was on education and he encouraged strong family commitment. 

On January 16, 1951, Bert and Dorothy Jenson celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary at the LDS hall in Bynum, Montana. Son-in-law, LeRoy Stott, officiated as they renewed their wedding vows of fifty years ago. There was an open house from two until eight in the evening and at nine in the evening, dancing began. The Montana Ranch Boy'’s Band provided the music for about 250 persons who were present, and at midnight homemade cookies and fruit punch were served.

Joan graduated from Altamont High School on Wednesday, May 16, 1951 and she left for Salt Lake the following Monday. She lived with Barbara and her friends when she first came to Salt Lake to work. That fall Joan attended BYU and remembers going to Mountain Home for her Grandma Bleazard‘'s funeral. Mark's mother, Louisa May Walker Bleazard, died on October 18, 1951 in Hailey, Idaho.

Barbara had met Ralph Freeman while working in Salt Lake and they were married in the Talmage home on June 24, 1951.  Ralph's parents, Oscar and Elizabeth Freeman, his sister, Elizabeth, and his brother and sister-in-law, Robert and Matha were there. Bishop Leon Burton presided over the ceremony. Pete later arranged for a bridal shower for Barbara at the Talmage Ward.

On the day that Barbara and Ralph married, Pete's sister, Lula Annie Mortenson, died. Andrew Jenson wrote in 2001, "“My sister died of rheumatoid arthritis, kidney failure and a broken heart." Barbara and Ralph went with Pete to Montana to attend Lula's funeral.

Ralph and Barbara got Mark and Pete their first refrigerator. Ralph was so good to Mark and Pete and was always helping them with home and appliance repairs and in other ways. 

Marlene says, "When we were driving the cattle up over Towanta Flats in the spring it seemed like we never would get there. It was always hot and there were the little calves to watch. Dad and the other guys would go on to build a fence after we got up on the flat. As a child it seemed to take all day to go up over the Flat seemed like twenty miles at least." Mark said, “"It was a straight flat piece of road that looks like a long way but it is 2 l/2 miles from the telephone line up into Pigeon Water. When I rode for the Association I rode up that side of Rock Creek."

Joan remembers the cattle drives and that it would take a day to get the cattle and calves to the Bleazard homestead in Mountain Home where they would stay for the night, and another day to get the stock to Pigeon Water/Gooseberry Flat. She remembers the dust, the smell of the horses and cattle, the sounds and the fun! Nothing was more fun and she loved the cattle drive. Several of Mark and Pete's grandchildren later loved the cattle drives.

Verl wrote the following in a letter to Joan, Barbara and Ralph in about 1952, "I got Dolly to do my ears today. I need some earrings for my pierced ears very bad. I had to use a pair of Dolly's earrings today. After Dolly did Ann McDonald’'s ears, Mom had her do mine. It really hurt when she was making the holes, but my ears are OK now. Marlene was there to help Dolly, and she passed out on us!"

Pete wrote the following to Joan in July 1952, "If you get a chance to come out for the weekend bring all your dirty clothes and we can wash them in the washer for you. Marlene I went to 4-H today and they had a picnic and went swimming. I guess we will stay home tomorrow because the closest celebration is in Bluebell. Talmage is full of whooping cough. Blaine Brotherson, Roy Sorenson, Betty Potter, and all her little kids, have whooping cough. When are you coming out? 

"“We stayed home all day on the 4th, what did you do? Fred, Jennie and kids came here while we were eating breakfast and they stayed until nearly noon. Guy and Dolly and kids and Verl went with them up to Rock Creek and had lunch and fished for a little while. We'’ve all been fighting fire today. Johnny Mowers set their straw stack on fire with firecrackers. It burned a lot of things. Be careful and come out when you can. Love, Mom."

In January of 1952 guerrilla actions continued against the French in Indochina. In England, George VI died and his daughter, Elizabeth II, age 25, became Queen. Three-colored traffic lights are adopted in NY, and Elizabeth Taylor married Michael Wilding. Bogart and Hepburn were stars in "African Queen." Truman withdrew from the Presidential race, and Batista seized power in Cuba. Truman signed the Japanese peace treaty on April 15th officially ending World War II in the Pacific region. Allied fighter bombers staged the largest air strike of the Korean War on May 8th. Truman ordered railroads handed back to owners after 21 months of army control. Greece granted the vote to women, and the famous educator John Dewey died. Groton, an exclusive boy’'s prep school, admitted its first Negro. “"The Diary of Anne Frank" is published in the US. “"The Winning Team" opened starring Ronald Reagan. General Motors began air conditioning its cars, and Puerto Rico became the first US commonwealth. Eva Peron died at age 33 and Argentina mourned. Weizmann, Israel’'s Washington, died. The US Supreme Court stopped segregation on interstate railways. In India, the lst international organization supporting birth control was founded. John F. Kennedy was elected to the US Senate. Albert Schweitzer received the Nobel Peace Prize, and Walter Reuther was elected President of the AFL-CIO. Ralph Ellison wrote "The Invisible Man." Christine Jorgenson, formerly male, became female. Nine Jewish doctors were arrested in the Kremlin. The US budget deficit was about $10 billion, and Hank Williams died.

In 1953 Dwight David Eisenhower became the 34th President of the US, and he served two terms. Mary Hochstetler (Coyle) was born on June 20th. Joseph Stalin and Jim Thorpe died. Ike gave France $60 million in aid for its war in Vietnam. Salk polio vaccine was approved for use, and after 63 years, the bones of Sitting Bull were moved from North to South Dakota. Senator Wayne Morse ended the longest speech in Senate history, as he spoke for 22 hours, 26 minutes on an Offshore Oil Bill. Churchill became a Knight of the Garter. A bill prohibiting birth control for married or unmarried women was debated in the Connecticut State Senate, and Pilot Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound. The Rosenberg death verdicts were upheld for the 3rd time, and on June 19th they were executed. In June, Soviet tanks crushed a surprise East Berlin uprising. For the first time in three years the shooting stopped in Korea on July 27th. In a stark setting at Panmunjom, the war came to an end with the signing of the Korean armistice. At this time nearly 25,000 American soldiers were dead and more than 100,000 injured, more than a million South Koreans and more than a million Communists lost their lives. Marilyn Monroe and Jane Russell were stars in "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes." Liberace was a hit playing the piano, and many citizens began moving to the suburbs. On September 12th John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Lee Bouvier married. Earl Warren was chosen as a US Supreme Court Justice, and the Yankees won the fifth World Series in a row. Ozzie and Harriet were America’s favorite family. Truman refused to testify before HUAC and Joe McCarthy accused him of aiding communists. Israel devastated a Jordanian village. Dylan Thomas died. French troops organized a last defense in Vietnam at Dien Bien Phu. Gary Cooper was the box office king for 1953, and citizens were singing ‘"How much is that Doggie in the Wndow" and reading “"The Crucible" by Arthur Miller.

Ralph remembers a deer hunt when Ern Mitchell was present. There was plenty of ‘fire water’ and lots of drinking during the hunt. One day, Ern stayed at camp all day and while there he made mutton stew for the rest of the group and sipped wine. There is probably much more to this story!

Grandpa Bert Jenson wrote to his daughter, Pete, from his home in Bynum, Montana on April 18, 1953 and he writes, "“Good morning folks. Received your card telling about your trip home and I'm glad you got along so well. We have sure missed you up here. Alta is sure good and she comes here two times every day. She sure works hard to get mom’'s arm well and I think mom is doing quite well. She still has me to worry about. Pete, the night after you left, I mean Thursday night, I had an awful bad time and almost passed out. They got busy and got all the Priesthood from Bynum and Choteau, and I am sure it was by the power of that Priesthood that I was permitted to stay here a little longer. I was quite bad again last night, but I am feeling quite well again this morning. Thanks Mark and girls for getting along by yourselves and letting your Mom come up and try to take care of us. Afton didn’'t come home and Alta was very disappointed. Hope you are all well. With love and thanks, Pete, for your kindness to us. Love from Dad and Mom."

Albert Swen (Bert) Jenson, Pete’'s father, died July 7, 1953 in Bynum, Montana. He was 78 years of age and he died from cancer that started in his throat and spread. His funeral was on July 11, 1953, and he is buried in the Bynum cemetery.

Max Stevenson, Cliff and Rayda's son, was drafted into the army and he married Minnie Lou Jessen just prior to leaving for Korea. He was killed in Korea July 16, 1953 and he was not brought home for many months. His wife brought their little daughter, Maxie Bee, who was about two months old, to her father'’s funeral in Mountain Home. This was a very sad time for our family as well as for Cliff and Rayda’'s family and the community. Max was a very special and favorite nephew and cousin. Joan remembers her mother being gone from home for many hours and days as she stayed with and tried to help Rayda and her family during this terrible time.

Ralph remembers being on a deer hunt when word came that the remains of Max was arriving in Mountain Home. The hunters immediately packed their gear, got on their horses and returned home.

In about 1953 the Mark and Pete Bleazard family went on The Fishing Trip. Pete remembers the Family Fishing Trip to the High Uintas as "...the best vacation I ever had was the one when we all went to the mountains together and we were all happy." The Trip took about fifteen days and began at the top of Rock Creek, went north over Dead Horse Pass and past the lakes of the Uintas until they could see into Wyoming, and then back to Moon Lake. Verl was eight years old and Ralph and Barbara were married. Joan remembers her Dad and Marlene shoeing and getting all the horses ready for the trip. Mark said, "Nobody knows how much work that was and few appreciated it. Now they come and want horses with shoes on and saddles and get aggravated as hell." Pete got all the food, clothing, bedding and packs ready for the trip. Joan remembers riding Blue (Smoky) and getting charly-horses in her arms from trying to hold him back, and she remembers Ralph getting charly-horses in his legs trying to get his damn horse to move. Joan remembers the porcupine that visited the camp one night and feasted on the saddles and scared everyone. Her Dad took care of that porcupine.

On The Trip, there were no clear and used trails in many areas and the trail was found by locating the hatchet marks on trees. Pete says, "“Mark had to go ahead and throw rocks and things out of our way and sometimes the trail would almost go straight down, and back and forth. “At night hobbles were put on                    the horses so they could wander about and eat, but not get away. Sometimes it was hard to find and catch the horses in the morning." ” Mark said, "... on one hill the slide rock came down on the trail and we thought we were going to lose all the horses. Joan remembers the driving rain and the terrible thunder and lightning storm as they went over Dead Horse Point, and Verl remembers she was on the third horse following Joan on Smoky/Blue, and she remembers sometimes being 'scared to death."'

Mark and Pete and Jack and Viola Bleazard and family members rode horses into the High Uintas on at least two other fishing trips. The one Joan went on was a Family trip with Mark, Pete, Barbara, Ralph, Joan, Marlene and Verl only. When Joan graduated from Altamont and moved to Salt Lake, she lived with Barbara and Ralph for a while and then moved to Douglas Ave where she lived with Phyllis Armstrong Webster (Minch) and Marion Winterbottom. When Marlene graduated from high school and moved to Salt Lake she also lived at this home for a while. Mark and Pete went on trips with Barbara and Ralph. One time they went through Las Vegas to San Diego, up the pacific coast and then to Montana. Barbara remembers that her Dad was worried every minute about the farm and animals. At another time they went to Missouri.

On January 5, 1953 a check was written for $5.00 for Joan's birthday, and on January 8, 1953 one was written for $15.00 for Marlene's Pep Club clothes.

On November 1, 1953 Mary L. Tew was sustained President of the Relief Society, I with Louise Thompson as First Counselor, Evelyn Bleazard as Second Counselor and Sarah Taylor as Secretary. They were released from their assignments on November 9, 1956.

In 1954 Joe DiMaggio and Marilyn Monroe married. and the first US atomic submarine, Nautilus, was launched. Ted Mack'’s ‘Amateur Hour’ was broadcast in color. Elvis Presley, age 19, paid $4 to record ‘"Casual Love’" and "I'll Never Stand in Your Way".’ The US Senate voted $214,000 for McCarthy’'s inquiry, with only Sen. Fulbright dissenting. McCarthy’'s commie hunt had focused on the State Department, but in 1954 he turned his sights on the Army. Edward R. Murrow, CBS commentator, challenged McCarthy and his committee, and eventually the Congressional hearings drew a standing room crowd every day. Scientific reports linked lung cancer to cigarette smoking, and Frank Sinatra won the Oscar for "‘From Here to Eternity."’ In April, the US began flying French paratroopers to Vietnam and the sporty Kaiser-Darrin arrived. Westinghouse                    cut the retail price of its 12.5 inch color TV set from $1295 to $1110. On May 9th Dien Bien Phu fell to the Communists, and the French were kicked out of Vietnam. In Italy Pius X became the 70th pope to be canonized, and on May 17th the U.S. Supreme Court ordered school integration. Babe Didrikson won her third US women’'s open golf championship, and Ike proposed an interstate highway system. The Pope allowed US clergy to deliver sacraments in English. Packard and Studebaker approved a merger. A bill to destroy the Communist Party as a political and legal entity in the US was signed into law by President Eisenhower on August 24th. India outlawed bigamy, and Mao was re-elected as Chinese Chairman. With encouragement from Cardinal Spellman and Tom Dooley, Catholics and other Christians in North Vietnam were urged to flee the godless communists in the North and resettle in the South under US approved Catholic leader, Diem, and thousands left for the south. Ike approved plans for intensive training of the South Vietnam army, and the US approved $216 million in aid to South Vietnam. Democrats gained control of both the House and Senate. Ed Sullivan signed a 20 year contract with CBS, and Alger Hiss was freed after 44 months in prison. GM produced its 50 millionth car, and the US Senate on a 67 to 22 vote condemned Joseph R. McCarthy for conduct unbecoming a Senator,

Verl wrote on January 5, 1954, ’"Dear Jo: Glory, sakes alive! Is it true what I have been hearing about you and Ken? I hope so! Marlene was at school today and told everybody and everybody says congratulations.’

"“I took my puppy, Honeybee, to the show Monday night and everybody sure thought the puppy was cute. Grandma Jenson has been here about a week and we don'’t know when she is going back over to Aunt Raydas.

"Dolly and Guy are going on a trip tomorrow and we get to keep the Baby (Gary) while they are gone. School is wonderful most days but not today. I have a big arithmetic assignment and a bunch of 9th grade boys took my math book away. I don't know what'’s going to happen tomorrow.

"“Karen Stevenson and I have our summer vacation planned we are coming out on the 4th of July weekend so be ready! That'’s what we want to do, unless I end up in a school out there for the summer again. I sure hope I don'’t, a week or two is OK but six weeks is awful.

“"Dad’ has been working on the wrench all week or rather all the time. Ralph, June and kids were out here New Year's weekend See ya’ soon, lots and lots of love, Verl."

Verl mentions Ken Davis, Dick, Larry Hansen, Lila Gomm and Sherrie Hartman as her friends. Marlene graduated from Altamont High School in 1954 in a graduating class of 57 students, the largest number in the history of the school. In the fall of that year she went to Salt Lake and her first job was as a maid for a Mr. and Mrs. Brown at 3900 So Highland Drive. Later she worked for Strevelle Patterson Finance as a lithographer. She lived for a time with Joan, Phyllis Armstrong and Marion Winterbottom.

A meeting of the BASK TOOL COMPANY (Bleazard, Allred, Sorenson, and Kennison) was held on October 11, 1954. Hugh Colton was the company attorney. 

Joan Bleazard and Arthur Kenneth (Ken) Thomas married September 2, 1955. In the year they married the median family income in the United States was $4,418 and the Dow Jones average was a low 388.20 and a high 488.40. A gallon of gas cost 29 cents, a loaf of bread 18 cents and postage stamps were three cents. The minimum wage in the US was .75 cents and Tootsie Roll candy cost 5 cents. The best movie was ‘"Marley"’ with Ernest Borgnine and other movies being watched were "Rebel Without a Cause"’, "Mister Roberts" and "The Seven Year Itch".’ Wilt Chamberlain was recruited by the University of Kansas, and the NBA champs were the Syracuse Nationals. James Dean at age 24 was killed in a car crash. A large-scale vaccination program of Salk polio vaccine began, and Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California. The President of the United States was Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Vice President was Richard M. Nixon. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus, and flying saucer sightings were rampant across America. A patent was granted for Velcro and Coca. Cola used the name ‘Coke’ for the first time. The first successful kidney transplant was announced. Ford introduced the Thunderbird, and Chevrolet introduced the V8 engine. TV favorites were ‘"Gunsmoke’" and "‘The Mickey Mouse Club". ’ Albert Einstein, Dale Carnegie and Theda Bara died, and Bill Gates and Kevin Costner were born. The Hit Parade featured ’"Rock Around The Clock"’, "‘Only You’" and ‘"16 Tons".’ Churchill retired as British Prime Minister, The Presbyterian Church voted to accept women as ministers. The US Supreme Court ruled that states must end racial segregation ‘with all deliberate speed.’ Johnny Carson began hosting the Tonight Show. Scientists and specialists developed guided missiles for the US at the Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. The US Congress authorized building 45,000 public housing units, Ike increased the minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour, and the Brooklyn Dodgers won its first World Series. Debbie Reynolds married Eddie Fisher. David Ben Gurion returned as Premier of Israel.

In 1955 Mark began purchasing property in Arcadia. Arcadia is located about midway between Talmage and Roosevelt. The transactions continued until the spring of 1962 when they moved to Bridgeland/Arcadia. In December of 1955, Verl had the mumps.

Joan married Arthur Kenneth (‘Ken)‘ Thomas on September 2, 1955 in the Salt Lake Temple. Apostle LeGrande Richards performed the ceremony. They had a wedding reception in the Harvard Ward in Salt Lake City that night. Mark's father, John William "Will" Bleazard, attended the wedding reception in Salt Lake. Grandpa Bleazard (Will) died three months later.

Mark and Pete arranged for a wedding reception for Joan and Ken at the Talmage Ward on September 3, 1955.

Joan remembers that after her Grandma Bleazard (Wease) died, and when her Grandpa Bleazard (Will) was sick, Pete took care of him in the Talmage home for awhile. Joan and her sisters were giggling and running around the house and he screamed at them to ‘shut up and stop that running around.’ He later lived with his daughter, Anna Dee, in Magna, Utah, where he died on December 15, 1955. Mark's parents are both buried in the Mountain Home cemetery.

Dennis Bleazard, Ralph's son, often visited with and worked on the farms of his Aunt Pete and Uncle Mark in Talmage and Arcadia. Marlene remembers when Dee Rowley, Anna Dee's son, and Dennis would visit the farm and when they would ride her horse, Rusty.

When sitting around the dinner table, Mark would always tease his girls and any children who visited at the farm. He would point to something outside the house and ask them to look -and then he would take their dinner plate and hide it. This never failed to get a surprised look from the kids, and a laugh from everyone. Mark would also give some of the kids a salt shaker and tell them they could catch a rabbit by sprinkling its tail with salt.

Dennis flew a plane for a predator control agency, and at one time landed his craft on the highway near Mark's house. He often buzzed them when he flew over the farm. At least on one occasion Dennis took Mark in his plane and flew all over the Basin. Mark talked about being able to locate everything on the ground and he really enjoyed the flight. 

Stephen Ernest Thomas, Mark and Pete's first grandchild, was born on May 21, 1956 and Steve’'s future wife, Kathy Lynn Kimball was born the same year on December 13, 1956. In 1956 the median family income in the US was $4,780, the Dow Jones high was 1520.77, a gallon of gas was 29 cents, postage stamps cost 3 cents and the minimum wage was $1.00 an hour. A Plymouth Fury 2-door hardtop sold for $2,866, and Ingrid Bergman was Best Actress for her role in "‘Anastasia"’. Elvis was singing "‘Heartbreak Hotel"’, "Love me Tender"’ and "‘Don'’t Be Cruel".’ The NY Yankees won the World Series and Don Larson pitched a perfect game. Eisenhower was President and Nixon was Vice President. Grace Kelly married Prince Rainier II of Monaco, and the American Cancer Society announced that smoking causes lung cancer. Autherine Lucy, a young Negro woman, had eggs and rocks thrown at her as angry crowds protested her admission to the University of Alabama and Negroes were boycotting buses in the south. The U of Alabama suspended its first black student citing safety reasons. In Montgomery, Alabama a grand jury indicted 115 Negroes who were involved in a bus boycott. Virginia sanctioned state funding of private schools enabling segregation. Connie Mack died and so did Fred Allen. Heavyweight boxer, Rocky Marciano, retired undefeated. ‘"My Fair Lady’", a Lerner and Loewe musical opened on Broadway and was an immediate hit. In Birmingham whites attacked Nat King Cole as he was singing to a white audience. Ike signed the Colorado River Bill. On April 24h the Supreme Court declared that bus companies in the South could no longer force Negroes to sit at the back of the bus. Prince Rainier II married actress Grace Kelly in Monaco. The US tested a powerful A-bomb over Bikini Atoll on the island of Namu. Ike signed a farm bill which allowed the government to store agricultural surpluses. Marilyn Monroe and Arthur Miller married. In Alabama, a state court ordered the NAACP to cease operating. Golda Meir replaced Moshe Sharett as foreign minister in Israel, and Nasser was elected Egyptian President. In the US.  650,000 steel workers went out on strike. Guatemala imposed a state of siege due to alleged Communist plot. Khruschev denounced Stalin. The British gave up its 72-year occupation of the Suez Canal Zone, and Nasser took over the Canal. In Johannesburg, South Africa, 100,000 non-whites were removed from the city. In Tennessee and Kentucky, the National Guard was activated to stop riots over the admission of Negro children to public schools. Don Larsen, NY Yankee, pitched a no-hitter in the World Series. Tommy Dorsey died. John F. Kennedy wrote, Profiles in Courage‘"Around the World in 80 Days"’ won the Academy Award for best motion picture of the year.

Mark and Pete's first grandchild was Stephen Ernest Thomas born May 21,1956 in Salt Lake City, Utah. Ken was working in Dugway, Utah and was looking for a home for his family when Steve was born. Pete stayed with Joan and baby Steve in the Bateman basement home for a week after the baby was born. She helped with the baby, and helped Joan get ready for the move to Dugway. Joan and Ken moved to Dugway, Utah in June 1956.

Mark applied for a grazing permit for 22 head of cattle from 6/1 to 10/15 on Rock Creek on January 17, 1956. On the application it states they had 70 head of cattle, 3 horses and 250 sheep. They had 160 acres cultivated and 200 acres improved pasture, 340 acres of winter range and 220 acres spring and fall range. It states that last season on the cultivated lands they had 50 tons of hay, purchased an additional 50 tons of hay and 10 tons of supplemental feeds.

In the summer of 1956 Pete wrote, "'Dear Joan, Ken, Verl and Stevie: Sure glad you like your house and hope you have it cleaned and everything in place. We can'’t hardly stand not seeing Stevie often. We gave Barbara money to give Verl to come home on the bus this weekend but if we can arrange it, we will                    come to S.L. and get Verl so we can see you all for a little while anyway. We found out what Honeybee is good for. A mouse got in the house the other night and she simply went wild until we had killed it. She ran and barked and scratched under everything to let us know where the mouse was. Now we know she'’s part Cat. Bye Now. Love, Mom and Dad."

On November 9, 1956 Louise Thompson was sustained as Relief Society President, with Maude Anderson as First Counselor, Evelyn Bleazard as Second Counselor and Kathryn McDonald as Secretary. They were released from their assignments on May 12, 1957.

Mark, Pete, Barbara, Ralph, Joan, Ken, Stevie, Marlene and Verl all attended the 1956 Christmas Eve program at the Talmage, Ward. 

Mark Kevin Thomas was born on October 19, 1957. Marlene married Francis Patrick Coyle on April 11, 1957. He was Marlene’'s first husband and is the father of Rachel Evelyn Coyle (Bryson), Francis Patrick II Coyle, Margaret Lorraine Coyle (Pritner) and John Mark and Mark Bleazard Coyle. Marianne'’s first husband, David Wayne Tuttle, was born on 23 September 1957. In 1957 President Eisenhower was sworn in as President for a second term, with Nixon again as his vice president. Ike defeated Adlai E. Stevenson. In Utah, George Dewey Clyde ® became Governor of Utah and he served as Governor until 1965. He increased state funding for schools, highway construction and the construction of state buildings. He also initiated the state library and the state park system. The median family income in 1957 was $4,966 and the Dow Jones high was 520.77. A gallon of gas was 29 cents and postage stamps were 3 cents and the minimum wage was $1.00. A Pontiac Bonneville sold for $5,782. The Milwaukee Braves won the World Series. Dr. Seuss published "‘The Cat in the Hat"’ and Dick Clark became host of American Bandstand. Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1957 which provided penalties for violation of voting rights, and Eisenhower sent troops to integrate Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. The USSR launched Sputnik, the first earth satellite, Humphrey Bogart and Joseph McCarthy died. Fidel Castro was fighting Batista’s' troops from a secret jungle outpost. Sugar Ray Robinson regained the middleweight boxing title by defeating Utah’'s Gene Fullmer. Ike and Vietnamese Pres. Ngo Dinh Diem met and pledged to work together to resist communism in Vietnam. The Brooklyn Dodgers and the NY Giants got permission to move to LA and San Francisco. After three years and $250 million of research, Ford presented its Edsel. Senator Strom Thurmond talked for 24 hours against a bill designed to assure voting rights for Negroes. Approval of the first major civil rights bill since Reconstruction was a major victory for Senator Lyndon Johnson. Throughout the south, Dr. Martin Luther King was leading a non-violent revolution against discrimination and segregation. King’s efforts were met with violence and resistance by southern whites. In Nashville, Tennessee bombs ripped through schools that admitted Negroes. Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus defied federal law and ordered state militia troops to Little Rock to stop Negro students from entering a white school. Violent and angry whites surrounded schools, and on September 25th federal troops converged on Little Rock and with bayonets saw to it that Negro children were admitted to Central High School. Gov. Faubus promised to appeal the federal intervention in Arkansas. In Saigon Vietnam, a bomb explosion injured thirteen US servicemen and five civilians. In London England, women were allowed to sit in the House of Lords for the first time in history. In the Soviet Union the first man made satellite, Sputnik, was launched into orbit around the earth. Ayn Rand’'s ‘"Atlas Shrugged"’ arrived in bookstores, and ‘"The Bridge on the River Kwai’" won the Academy Award. 

Joan wrote to Mark and Pete on January 5, 1957 and asked, “"How is Grandma Jenson and is she over her cold? How long is Grandma going to be with you? There is an epidemic of measles in Dugway and we hope Steve doesn'’t get them. Thanks for the meat you brought to us because we really needed it. Thanks, also, for the drapes and the rug. Hope we can see you soon, Lots of love, Joan.”"

While in Salt Lake, Marlene met Francis Patrick Coyle and they were married in Evanston, Wyoming on April 11, 1957. Pete arranged for a lovely bridal shower for Marlene at the Talmage home. Marlene and Frank "Pat" moved to Pennsylvania in August 1957.

On May 12, 1957, Eva Christensen was sustained as President of the Relief Society, with Evelyn Bleazard as First Counselor, Hazel Farnsworth as Second Counselor and Kathryn McDonald as Secretary. They were released from their assignments on September 22, 1957.

In June 1957 a Bert and Dorothy Jenson Family Reunion was held at Bynum, Montana, with about 56 people in attendance. One day was spent in Bynum, one at Browning, and one at the river on John and Glenna Peebles ranch. Five members of Pete's family were in attendance. Pete, Barbara, Ralph, Verl, Joan and Steve were present.

On September 22, 1957, Lorna Jensen was sustained as President of the Relief Society, with Evelyn Bleazard as First Counselor, Loretta Burton as Second Counselor and Kathryn McDonald as Secretary. They were released from their assignments on November, 10, 1957.

Mark and Pete's second grandson, Mark Kevin Thomas, was born in Dugway, Utah on October 19, 1957. Mark and Pete's first granddaughter, Rachel Evelyn Coyle, was born November 11, 1957 at Sayre, Pennsylvania, and Rachel’'s husband, Joseph Bryson was also born in 1957.

Mark and Pete spent Christmas 1957 with Joan, Ken and their sons, Steve and Mark, in Dugway, Utah. Joan wrote in her journal, "Our thoughts were much about Marlene and her tiny baby. It was Marlene'’s first Christmas away from home." 

Lisa Johnson was born August 27, 1958. In 1958, Linus Pauling presented a petition of 9,000 scientists asking the UN to work to stop nuclear testing. The Gallup Poll showed Eleanor Roosevelt as the most admired woman in the US. On February 1st the US launched its first space satellite, Explorer I, into orbit. Elvis Presley, age 23, reported to a draft board in Memphis Tennessee and his monthly salary went from about $100,000 to $83.20. In Georgia, Arnold Palmer won the Masters. Richard Nixon was stoned, spat upon and threatened while in Latin America, and the US sent troops to the Caribbean as Venezuelan mobs attacked Nixon. Wilt Chamberlain signed a contract with the Harlem Globetrotters. Edson Arantes do Nascimento, PELE (also known as The Black Pearl) was cheered as the best player in the world’'s most popular sport football/futbol/fussball or simply, Soccer. Ike sent 5,000 US Marines to Lebanon. US troops landed in Cuba to aid Batista against Castro and the rebels. Martin Luther King was arrested for loitering and fined $14 for refusing to obey the police. John XXIII became pontiff after the death of Pius XII. Thalidomide use created a major epidemic of severe, deforming birth defects in about 7,000 babies. The sons of Cuba'’s Batista arrived in NY saying that Cuba’s fall to Castro was near. Pasternak's, "‘Dr. Zhivago"’ was in theatres. The Dalai Lama left Tibet under Chinese rule. 

Mark and Pete were with Joan and Ken and boys in their new home at 746 East 4255 South in Salt Lake for Christmas 1958. It was at this time that Barbara and Ralph owned the A&W. Barbara and Ralph visited at Ralph's brother and sister-in-law's home (Robert/Matha) on Christmas eve, and then stayed overnight at Joan and Ken's home so they could enjoy Christmas morning with Steve and Mark.  

In January of 1959, the year Blaine Kenneth Thomas, Brent Farnsworth and Frank Coyle were born, the median family income was $5,417, and the Dow Jones high was 679.36. A gallon of gas was 30 cents and postage stamps were 4 cents. The minimum wage remained at $1.00 an hour. The Chevy Corvette Convertible could be purchased for $3,631, and 47% of all Americans over the age of 14 smoked. The first telephone cable linking the US and Europe was installed. Fidel Castro conquered Cuba replacing the government of Fulgencio Batista. DeGaulle became French President, and Indira Gandhi was elected President of the Congress Party in India. Cecil B. DeMille, Ethel Barrymore, and Frank Lloyd Wright died. Alaska became the 49th and largest state. Ike signed a bill making Hawaii the 50th state. Oklahoma ended fifty-one years of prohibition. The US Postmaster General banned "‘Lady Chatterley'’s Lover’" from the US mail. The Kitchen Debate occurred between Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev as they argued the virtues of capitalism and communism. James Arness played Sheriff Matt Dillon on "‘Gunsmoke"’. The lst cable telephone link occurred between the US and Europe. Castro charged that US planes had bombed Havana. Charleton Heston starred in ‘Ben Hur, and Ford dropped the Edsel. 

On February 14, 1959 (Barbara's 27th birthday), Pete, Verl, Barbara and Steve met Joan and baby, Mark Kevin, at the bus stop in Duchesne. Joan wrote that the boys loved the tiny, black Pomeranian, Honeybee. The women quilted a baby quilt for Jill Bleazard during the week. Joan, Steve and baby Mark went back to Salt Lake on the bus on Saturday.

Mark went to Salt Lake to see a heart specialist and a dermatologist on February 8, 1959. He had some moles removed and a growth on his lip checked. He also had a cardiogram. The doctor said his heart was OK. Mark was always bothered by asthma and got a prescription for medicine for this problem. When he and Pete went back to Talmage they took their grandson, Steve, with them for a visit.

Joan has an undated letter from her mother where she writes about a grandson who she thinks is Steve; "“He coughed all the time and said his chest ached. It lasted about an hour. The tears ran down his little cheeks and his face was really flushed. I wondered if the pillow might have caused it so I didn'’t let him use a pillow the rest of the time he was here. Hope he is OK since he has been home. Come out when you can and please write to us. Love Mom. P. S. How'’s the rabbit? I hope it gets away soon as I don'’t think the boys should handle it, but I couldn'’t break a little boy'’s heart over the darn thing. Mom."

On March 2, 1959, Pete wrote, "We are pretty well and lonesome here. How are my little boys? Are they ready to come back to the farm? Was Ken to the bus to meet you and was he glad to see ya' all?”

“"Marlene phoned on February 22nd and said she was lonesome. We have worried all week about her. Then Saturday night she called again and told us she had made up her mind that two years was long enough and she couldn'’t stand it any longer. She has an appointment with a lawyer tomorrow (Tuesday) and was going to find out what to expect. She didn'’t know whether he would advise her to stay there until things were settled or if she could come right to Utah. We expect to hear from her as soon as she finds out by letter we think or maybe she'’ll phone, and then we will send her money. She talked like this was final but we don'’t  know, so we hardly know what to expect. I will let you know. Please read this to Barbara because she is worrying with the rest of us. Love, Mom." 

On March 4, 1959, Pete wrote that Marlene and Rachel would soon be coming for a visit and on March 15th, when Joan phoned her mother, she was told that Marlene was going to give it another try...and that the money that had been sent to her would help with expenses for her to come home."

In April 1959, Joan, Ken, Barbara, Steve and Mark packed the Easter chicks into a car and took them to the farm in Talmage. At this time Mark and Jack were lambing over 500 ewes on Blue Bench and had hired two young men to care for the sheep.

Pete, Verl, Lois Bleazard and her three girls, came to Salt Lake on May 4, 1959 to attend the wedding of Janice Bleazard and Bob Steinhorst. Joan writes, "The bride was beautiful and the groom handsome...they will live in Wisconsin...none of the other Bleazards’ attended, Jack'’s brothers and sisters were not there. Carol’'s 3rd baby was overdue and she was there. Lois was present and her new little #6 baby was just eight days old. Mom, Lois and girls left for home early Saturday morning because Lois had to get home to get dinner for shearers. Verl stayed with us over the weekend. Verl’'s current boyfriend is Norman Koyen. He works in Salt Lake and came to our house Saturday Afternoon, and he and Verl went on a date Saturday night. He seems to be nice and considerate of Verl. "

Writing about a trip to the farm between May 31-June 5, 1959, Joan says, "We were at Talmage for seven days and the boys had such a wonderful time. Stevie saw his first calf branded. He loved gathering eggs and would take his bucket to the coop and check for eggs a dozen times a day. He actually broke eggs in his pocket stuck his hands in his pockets and then licked his hands!

"“Anna Dee and her family came out for Memorial Day. Anna Dee's daughter, Louise, and Steve were riding on Frisky and fell off. Steve went fishing and bee hunting with Gary Lindsay and gathered clover and grass for Burke'’s rabbits. He helped his Grandpa Mark take cattle to the range, rode the tractor every chance he got and pestered Verl constantly to take him for a ride. Markee was a doll baby. He loves the farm, especially Mutt and Honeybee. He isn'’t afraid of anything, and he would fight with Honeybee over meat and pretend to shoot at her. Honeybee growled at Mark and even bit him, but Mark just kept chasing him and giggling. Honey liked Mark however and would growl at Mutt whenever Mark would begin to play with Mutt. Mother bought material for a little pink satin quilt for Dolly who is due on June 6th. I marked it and we quilted part of it while I was there. Mother went to Peoa on June 3rd with Cliff Stevenson to attend the funeral of Hy Jorgenson. (Hy was Dorothy Jorgenson Jenson’'s brother -Pete’'s Uncle.) Grandma Jenson was there with Cloyd and Alta Stott but went back to Montana with them and did not come to Talmage at this time. 

"Verl came back to Salt Lake with me and the boys on Thursday morning. The trip was just fine and it was my first solo drive for that distance. Verl wants to find work in Salt Lake this summer." ”

Pete wrote to Joan in mid summer 1959, "'Dad is going to try to water that big patch of corn now so he will really be busy. It did rain a little yesterday. Tell Stevie I put his bucket up so it will be ready for him to gather eggs in when he comes out. We shipped our yearling steers Saturday so maybe the rest of the cattle will have feed this dry summer. Tell Barbara that we look for her every Friday night, and wonder why she doesn’'t come out. How are Barbara and Ralph? Tell Verl to write. How is your lawn? Bye with love, Mom - Grandma Pete."

Joan writes in her journal on July 27, 1959, "Verl has been with me much of the summer. The boys love her very much and she has been a great help to me. She is going to tend the boys while I am in the hospital. Marlene and Rachel are out to Talmage. They arrived several weeks ago and spent almost a week with us before going to Talmage. Rachel is a beautiful baby doll. Mom and Dad spent the July 4th weekend with us in Salt Lake, and then took Marlene and Rachel to Talmage with them. When they came to Salt Lake they brought the player piano to me! Our new home now really feels like a home. I am so thrilled with the piano!"

Marlene and Rachel visited with Joan in Salt Lake during August 1959. Blaine Kenneth Thomas was born August 6, 1959 in Salt Lake City. Marlene, Rachel and Verl tended the boys, Steve and Mark, when Ken took Joan to the hospital. Marlene was pregnant with Frank and she and little Rachel later went to the farm in Talmage. Verl cooked meals and bathed and tended the boys. Verl, Ken, Steve and Mark came to the hospital to bring Joan and baby boy, Blaine, home.

The afternoon of August 7, 1959, Pete, Barbara, Ralph, Rayda and Cliff went to Montana to attend an open house for Pete and Rayda‘'s mother, Dorothy Jenson, on the occasion of her 80th birthday. There were about 40 persons in attendance and they had lunch together on Dorothy's lawn, and an open house from 2 to 6pm. Pete phoned Joan while they were in Salt Lake and said that when she got back from Montana she would stay with her for a few days.

Pete writes on August 15, 1959, “"The infected eyes are pink eye and Grant's son, Ross,  has had it for a week and still isn’'t too good but Lois’'s girls have had it but not so bad. I guess some of Ann'’s kids had it before they came out and some have had it since then. It is infectious so if you haven'’t gotten it, it might still be a good idea to wash the toys the kids played with out here. If your kids don'’t get measles before next Sunday, they probably won’t get them because that’'s twenty-one days.

“"Dad is going to try to water that big patch of corn now so he will really be busy. It did rain down where he’'s working a little yesterday. How'’s my girl, Verl? Also, how are my little boys? Tell Stevie I put his bucket up so it will be ready for him to gather eggs in when he comes out. We shipped our yearling steers Saturday so the rest of the cattle may have enough feed this dry summer. “Tell Barbara that I look for her every Friday night. Why doesn’'t she come out? How are Barbara and Ralph?

“"Joan, I do hope your cold or sinus infection, or whatever you have, is better and that Markie is better too. Write us a note so we will know, and please tell Verl to write. Karen Thacker is home. She had to quit her job on doctor’s orders and on account of a nervous condition. I don'’t know what that means. I went up to Christensens’ to a bridal shower for Roberta Jenson last Saturday. She lives in Vernal and will be married in March. Please take good care of yourselves and write soon. How’s your lawn? Bye with love, Mom - Grandma Pete."

Pete wrote to Joan on October 8, 1959, "“Dad’'s foot is still pretty bad and he can'’t wear his boot yet. Looks like some infection in the broken place on the ankle. We are keeping pine gum salve on it. I have a rotten cold but Grandma Jenson and Verl are OK. Grandma arrived on Tuesday morning, and I met her in Duchesne."

Mark and Pete went to Idaho and purchased two top grade Shetland sorrel fillies at the I. G. Prescott Pony Sale October 1959. They eventually had many of the little Shetland ponies. Pete said, "The little mares we bought are pretty nice, three sorrel ones, one pinto, one is the color of Frisky and one is black and white. I was on the front page of the Idaho paper with the ponies -now that is a first! We love you, Mom."

Marlene and Frank's son Francis Patrick Coyle II was born in Elmira, New York on October 25, 1959.

Mark said, "“My Dad had a monkey wrench of solid metal that he used at the Homestead in Mountain Home. It was used to tighten wagon hubs and stuff when they came across the plains. For years I thought that it was the best wrench and I used it for almost anything I ever did. One time I put it on the bumper of the pickup and started for Roosevelt and lost the wrench."

Mark and Pete, Barbara and Verl stayed with Joan and Ken at their home on 746 East 4255 South on Christmas Eve 1959. Mark said, "There were more things in the house Christmas morning than our family had my entire childhood." 

Sharry Lee Tryon was born on February 25, 1960. She married Mark Thomas in 1981. In 1960 Albert Camus died as a result of an auto accident, Negro sit-ins integrated lunch counters in the south. MLK was arrested on perjury charges in the Alabama bus boycott, and MLK urged federal involvement. In Houston Texas white youths beat a young Negro with chains and carved six K’s in his chest. The AFL-CIO pledged union support for boycotts. Luci and Desi ended their marriage. The US spy plane, the U-2, was shot down by the Russians, and its pilot, Gary Powers, was indicted as a spy and got a ten-year prison sentence. Israel captured Eichmann, the death camp chief. John D. Rockefeller Jr died at age 86, and Oscar Hammerstein died at age 65. Vice President Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge ran as the Republican Presidential ticket, and John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson as the Democrat ticket. Nixon and Kennedy met in the lst TV presidential candidate debate. Castro nationalized all US property in Cuba. The Beatles performed in a striptease bar in Hamburg, West Germany. Attendees at the Rome Olympics watched Wilma Randolph (the Black Gazelle) perform. Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali) and many US blacks won medals at the Olympics. Grandma Moses celebrated her l00th birthday. Iraq, Iran, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia formed OPEC. Emily Post, Richard Wright and Clark Gable died, and Ted Williams left baseball. Castro delivered a four-hour speech before the United Nations. Nikita Khrushchev banged his shoe on his desk at a UN session. MLK was again arrested for a sit-in in Atlanta, Georgia. The US placed an embargo on goods to Cuba. Cassius Clay fought his first bout as a professional boxer. MLK got four months in prison for another sit-in, and Robert Kennedy phoned Coretta King about her husband’s imprisonment. 2,000 persons rioted in New Orleans against integration. A birth control pill went on sale in the US, and "‘Itsy Bitsy Teeny Weenie Yellow Polka Dot Bikini"’ was a popular song. 

In a letter dated January 7, 1960, Pete said, "The weather has been so cold since Christmas that I haven't been anywhere that I could buy a present or even get a card for you for your birthday, so will write you a note. We are pretty well but have colds that are not too bad. I guess Barbara told you about Dad and I going out in the desert in the middle of the night hunting for Verl and her friends? Tell Barbara that the rest of the kids got home about 9 pm that night but they couldn'’t get Lister’'s car started. We were really worried about the kids because it was such cold weather - somewhere around 10-12 degrees below zero!

“"We haven’t heard from Marlene yet and I am anxious to get a letter and the pictures she said she was sending. Verl sure had a nice time at your house, only she gets so attached to the boys that she can’"t hardly stand leaving them.

“"Tell Barbara if she does move and wants to store anything out here that of course she is welcome to do so. I help Dad grain the sheep on Blue Bench nearly every day so I don'’t do much else -only the cooking and dishes and sometimes I clean a little.

"“I have sewed a little this week. I had to make Verl's pep club uniform. It’'s a dark blue, corduroy skirt and a weskit. She has to wear it tomorrow night and I'm afraid all of the uniforms will be different as the mothers and girls have had to make them so each will be a little different. I hope you have a very nice birthday and we love you all, Love, Mom."

Pete wrote to Joan and family on February 26, 1960, "We are glad you got home safely and we are really glad to hear about Blaine’'s tooth. I have a sore throat today but am doctoring it so I hope I don't get worse. We went and got the pickup Monday evening. Love, Mom."

On May 4, 1960, Pete, Gerald, Dorothy and their sons, Karen and Rayda came to Salt Lake. Joan went with them to the wedding reception of Cloyd and Geneal Stott in Orem, Utah. Roy and Alta Stott and Lloyd and Marge Stott were there.

On May 5, 1960, Joan wrote that Barbara took all three of her boys to Pleasant Grove to a Shetland pony auction and to see their Grandma Pete and Grandpa Mark.

In July 1960, Jennie Peterson died and Grandma Dorothy Jenson, Andrew and Charlene and their two babies stayed at Joan's home. Verl watched Joan's boys and the other babies while everyone went to the funeral. Pete and Rayda went with them to the funeral.

In July 1960, Ken, Joan and boys went to the farm. Steve, Mark and Gary Lindsay took turns riding Blackie. Ken got hay fever and returned to Salt Lake at 3am. The others stayed for a few days and then Ken came back out for his family. The boys, as usual, cried when they left for Salt Lake.

Ken writes, "There is talk of selling the farm, but neither Joan nor I can believe that it will actually come about."

Early July 1960 Joan writes, “"Mark stayed with Mother and Dad for a week and wasn'’t anxious to come home. He cried when we left for Salt Lake and said ‘I want to go back which way we went."’”

Marlene has a wrench in its original box and in good condition. She and Frank also found a used, rusty wrench. Grant, Jack and Mark Bleazard, Glen Sorenson, Lorin Allred, and Albert and Walt Kennison were engaged in efforts to produce and market a wrench. They got a patent on the design. Marlene remembers the men making a trip to Los Angeles, California where they talked with Walker (maybe Abe Walker) about how to mass-produce and market the wrench. Walker was an Uncle to Mark, Jack and Grant. He gave them tools, vats and equipment estimated to be worth about $20,000. They had a shop in Duchesne and produced some of the wrenches. The operation was apparently not a success, and nothing further is known about what happened to the business.

July 11, 1960 Pete wrote, " Markee ready to come back to the farm? We are ready to have him back. Dad says to tell you that he isn't going fishing as the bugs and flies are too hungry and would eat us up. So we are looking for you folks out to stay as long as you can during your vacation, as it’s mighty lonesome out here. 

“"Rayda and I want to make a quilt for Ona'’s new baby, so could you borrow and bring Till'’s patterns - the patterns you use to mark on quilts? How is Verl? Has she found a job? Tell her if she doesn'’t write to us soon, she will have to come home. We can'’t stand not hearing from her. Has Richard found her? ’Love the boys and hurry out. With love, Mom and Dad."

About October 1960 Joan writes, "Verl has a job in the General Welfare Office of the Church and is so pleased with it. She is living in an apartment house close to her work. I wish we could see her more often. She really is a lovely young woman and on December 2nd will be 19 years old. Barbara still works at Zion’s Bank as a bookkeeper. She has a very responsible job that makes lots of demands on her. She is planning on quitting her job about February 1st and is going back to New York to help Marlene when her baby arrives. I hope things work out so she can go, although I don’t know what I’'ll do if she leaves Salt Lake. The boys love her so much and we would all miss her very much."

In October 1960 Pete wrote, "Here'’s a little note to thank you for letting Markie Kevin stay with me for a few days. Did he wonder where I was when he woke up? I hope he cried for me as this house is mighty lonesome here alone. Love all the kids for me. I’m feeling better this am, but I was rather under the weather yesterday. Yesterday we went to the funeral for Farrell Mowers. It was big and nice.

“"Dad is away with a group of men from the Bureau of Reclamation and Moon Lake Water Board looking the water system of the Basin over. I hope they come up with something helpful. They spent all day yesterday and today looking and tomorrow they are having a meeting about it.

"Tell Barbara and Verl hello and that I'’m looking for them to come out. Love, Mom."

In October 1960 Joan wrote, "Aunt Alta, Uncle Roy, Stanley and Beverly Stone stayed at our home while in Salt Lake for Fall Conference of the Church. They were here in the evenings and mornings and it was quite chaotic, but it is nice visiting with them."

“Pat and Parley have stayed with us before, also Andy, Charlene and children. Grandma Jenson has been down here several times, and always stays with us some of the time. We enjoy visiting with all of them. I have done quite a bit of research and jotted down many stories that Grandma has told me."

A week before Thanksgiving in 1960, Joan and her three boys went to Talmage with Barbara in her beautiful, black 1959 Ford. Ken came out on Wednesday evening. Joan writes, "“I helped mother quilt a baby quilt for Marlene, and I drew a couple of satin bedspread designs for Dolly and mother. We had a lovely Thanksgiving dinner with all of us together, except Marlene-and she was in all of our thoughts all day." 

Joan writes in November 1960, "“Dad is finishing negotiations on a 200 acre farm in Arcadia."”

Pete wrote Joan on November 9, 1960, "...enclosed find a check for $165.00. Will you please go to Southeast Furniture and buy me the Westinghouse Dryer that they advertised last night while the election returns were coming in? It’s supposed to be $238.00 but they are on sale for the $165.00 and a bonus is an electric blanket. They had cheaper ones but I’'d like this one if possible. If you can'’t go get it maybe Barbara or Ken could go after work tomorrow. I told Dad I needed other things worse, but he has wanted me to have a dryer for quite a while - maybe he’'s ashamed of my clotheslines (haha). They are screaming on the television TV ‘WE WANT KENNEDY! I guess we will have him. I am glad but I feel sorry for him as I think he has an awful big job ahead. I hope you are watching TV. Kennedy and his wife look so humble and nice. I sure hope you and yours are all well. Sure hope little Blaine is better.

“"I hope the weather holds off so you can all come out for Thanksgiving and let’'s Plan it that way. Then if the weather or anything happens so you can’'t come, I hope we can come in to your place.

"“Do you know anything about Verl? We haven'’t heard from her since she was out here. Dolly is coming home today with her fat cute baby boy (Charles). Burke and George stayed home and did the chores and they ate their meals over here while Dolly was in the hospital. We haven’'t heard from Marlene. I will phone them on Rachel’'s birthday. We haven'’t heard from Ona either. We are anxious about her as she expected her baby in October. Tell Barbara and Verl the news that I have written to you.

“"Dad went to Vernal today to see Colton and try and settle with the Indian Department about the land in Arcadia. Thanks for being my shopper and don't lose the check. Write soon, love, Mom."

Mark had pneumonia in December 1960 and spent Christmas Eve and Day in the Roosevelt hospital. Pete came to Salt Lake with Jack and Viola Bleazard on Christmas Eve, and she and Barbara and Verl were at Joan and Ken's home on Christmas eve and morning. Pete gave Joan the beautiful brown satin bedspread this Christmas. Barbara told Joan that just before Christmas when she was in Talmage and helping with quilts for Christmas presents, Pete would sit in the evenings and soak her fingers in lemons so they would heal enough that she could continue quilting the next day. Pete had helped Rayda make spreads for Helen, Minnie Lou and Pat and also had helped Dolly make a quilt for her mother.

Verl got a diamond from Richard Lister for Christmas 1960. Richard spent Christmas Eve and morning at Joan and Ken’'s home, and then he and Verl went to Idaho to show the diamond to his folks. Jewel Alexander is living with Verl at her apartment.

On December 26th of this year, Pete wrote: "“Dear Joan and all: We just arrived home. We had snowy and icy roads most of the way but we never had any trouble. Surely hope little Blaine is feeling better. Be sure and send Dad’'s new coat that is hanging in the living room closet home with Verl when she comes. I think it will go in her suitcase. We love you all and wish you a Happy New Year, Mom and Dad.”" 

1961, the year Stanton Bruce Thomas and Lorraine Coyle were born, the family median income was $5735. Verl married Richard Eugene Lister on August 19th. Richard was Verl’'s first husband and the father of Tamara Sue Lister (Farnsworth), Grant Eugene Lister and Kevin Richard Lister. Inez R’ell Gillespie was born on August 27, 1961. In 1961 the price of a new house was about $16,900, and a gallon of gas was 31 cents. A postage stamp cost 4 cents and the minimum wage was raised to $1.15 an hour. The Dow Jones high was 734.91. John Fitzgerald Kennedy (D) became the 35th President with Lyndon Johnson his Vice President. The Peace Corps was established. Ike warned against a military/industrial complex in the US, and the US broke diplomatic ties with Cuba. A Presidential Press Conference was televised for the lst time, and Kennedy named Dean Rusk as Secretary of State and Henry Kissinger as National Security advisor. Kennedy increased aid to Southeast Asia. The Soviet Union put the first man in space. 1400 armed exiles organized by the CIA, landed at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba and were defeated. Diem swept to electoral victory in Vietnam, and Alan B. Shepherd Jr. became the lst American in space. Gary Cooper, Ty Cobb, James Thurber and Dashiell Hammett died. The Freedom Rides on buses in the South began, and mobs clubbed and attacked riders and reporters in Montgomery Alabama. Robert Kennedy, US Attorney General, ordered federal marshals to Montgomery. Castro declared Cuba as a socialist country. The Supreme Court upheld anti-communist laws in the US. Rudolf Nureyev performed in the "‘Sleeping Beauty"’ ballet a week after defecting from the Soviet Union. Ernest Hemmingway committed suicide. The Berlin Wall went up between West and East Germany, splitting Berlin in half. Utahan Gene Fulmer retained the middleweight boxing title against Fernandez of Cuba. Bob Dylan, age 20, performed his songs/music in Greenwich Village, and Bertrand Russell was jailed for protesting atomic bomb testing. Diem said that struggle with the Viet Cong was now a war, and 16,000 US advisers were in Vietnam. 200 Air Force instructors were sent to Vietnam. In December of 1961 James Davis became the lst US soldier killed in Vietnam. Stalin was removed from Lenin'’s tomb, and Mr. Sam (Proud Democrat) Rayburn died at age 79. Rayburn often said, "‘I always say without prefix without apology that I am a Democrat." Grandma Moses died at age 101. Eichmann was sentenced to death in Israel, ‘"West Side Story’" won the Oscar and citizens were singing ‘"Moon River’" and "‘Love Makes the World Go Round’."

For many years Joan collected stories and genealogy information from her grandmothers and many others and in 1960 she worked on a story about her maternal grandparents, Bert and Dorothy Jenson. In January 1961 she had it printed and distributed.

In January 1961, Barbara went to New York to be with Marlene when she had her little girl. Margaret Lorraine Coyle was born January 28, 1961 at Montour Falls, New York.

A letter to Joan from Pete on January 30, 1961 says, "...I sure hope Verl arrived early at your house yesterday and that she had calmed down so you and the boys can visit with her. She was so nervous or something all weekend that I couldn'’t even talk to her without her leaving or crying. I'’ve been really upset about her and I suppose it’'s my fault. How did she act when she got there? Please do what you can to help her because I don'’t seem to do anything right. How are you, honey? Did Verl leave the car there so you will have a way to go to the doctor? I guess Verl told you about the phone call Dad got from Marlene. I was down to Faucets’ with Lillis to Sylvia’'s reception at the time. Marlene’'s baby, Margaret Lorraine, was born Saturday morning and weighed about 7 lbs. She said they were fine and that Barbara took credit for Frankie walking alone. I’'m really glad the baby is here and that she is OK, and that Marlene is OK. Barbara will be able to stay with her a week or more after she gets home from the hospital. If you get a letter from them with any particulars about the baby and about Marlene, please send it out to me, and I'’ll do likewise for you. How are the boys?

“"I can 't stand the thoughts of so much time flying by and us not spending much of it with any of our children who we love so much. Love the boys for me and tell them that Grandma loves them very much and would love to see them real soon. ’Dad is moving our sheep home today so it will be a feeding job each and every day the rest of the winter, so please write to us once in a while and I'’ll try and write to you. Have you decided what you’'d like me to make for our new Thomas baby? ‘Loves and kisses for you all from a Grandma who loves you all.”"

Pete wrote to Joan on February 17, 1961, "I'm still worrying about you all the time and hoping you are feeling better each day. I’'ll keep looking for the genealogy information you asked me for. We had a big long letter from Verl this morning telling us her plans and I guess all we can do is go along with her plans. Love the boys for us. The wind is blowing but no storm yet. If you can’'t understand some of the genealogy, phone or visit Aunt Emma Marchant. I think she knows it real well on the Jenson side. With love, Mom."

A letter to Joan, Ken and boys dated March 3, 1961 said, “"Days have gone by and I don'’t get a letter written to anyone. All I do is work around here and wonder how you all are. We are OK here. Uncle Grant has been helping Dad make a cab on the big tractor to keep him from freezing so he can get to plowing up his new place in Arcadia. He wants to plow, level and reseed all of it so he has his work cut out for him. They have worked on the cab for three days. I think they are almost done. 

“"How are the boys? Are they being good and helping you do your work? Tell Auntie Barbara and Auntie Verl hello for us and all of you come out and see us when you can. I don'’t know what I answered when you asked if I wanted a sack of old coats and skirts but I do want them! I could piece quilt tops or make rugs out of them, so if you haven'’t burned them or given them away send them out the first chance you get. Maybe Barbara would bring them out. The ground was white with frost and fog this am, but it’s all melted now. Take care of yourselves and write soon. With love, Mom."

Joan writes, "“Barbara returned from New York with much news about Marlene and family. She really enjoyed her visit and plans on quitting her job soon and going back to New York to find work maybe in the summer. I hate the thought of both she and Marlene being so far away."

March 8, 1961 Pete writes, “"It'’s 7am and Dad has left for Arcadia to get silage for the calves. The roads are getting really muddy from the oil. It’'s just like driving through a tunnel as we have so much snow and the wind has blown quite a bit lately. The state trucks worked passed here all day yesterday just to keep up with the wind-and I had a quilting. We got the little quilt for Marlene done and put a little one on that Aunt Rayda and I are making to send to your Aunt Charlene. The family letter says she is expecting in March. Dad and I have colds.

"“Honey, we don’t know when we will move but it won'’t be until April or May any way. We will be glad to have you and yours come and visit us any time you can. Do you know yet if Ken has to go away again? Of he does, why don'’t you come and stay then so you won'’t be alone. Anytime is fine for us, we'’re so anxious to see you. Guy is trying to get money to buy this place. How are my little boys? Tell Stevie that I'’ve got a new bridle that will fit Candy. The horses are all down on the river. There'’s so much snow that Candy couldn’'t even walk without her belly dragging. Dad borrowed my old car to go to Roosevelt the other day and came back with a 1955 Ford for me, so we can go visiting when you come out the next time. Maybe Barbara would bring you out one-week end and take you back the next, or Ken could come out and get you. In the Jenson Family letter Aunt Pat and Aunt Alta both said how nice they thought the story was. Love the boys for us and let us hear from you often. We love you Mom and Dad."

Pete wrote in April 1961, "“Rayda and Dorothy came and ate dinner with us on my birthday."” She also wrote to Joan: "“... the wind has blown here so hard all day that we could hardly feed the livestock and it sure makes me feel tired. Marlene phoned last night about 10:30pm and said that they were all well and were planning on coming home when school is out. I told her we would look for them about July 1st. Cecil and Carol are moving to Mt. Emmons this week They have sold their home in Roy and they are going to leave their little deaf girl at the school in Ogden. Tell the boys we counted forty little calves today out in the field and that Candy is going to have a little colt soon.

“"I tried on the dress that you sent me and it feels and looks very nice. Thanks so much for it. Barbara gave me a pretty black dress and Rayda and Dorothy came and ate dinner with us on my birthday.

“"When are you coming out? I think spring must be here even if it gets cold at night.

“"We sure miss Blaine. He was a fine good boy and helped us a lot. He sure did like Jersey'’s calf? Write to us soon. We love you. Mom and Dad P. S. Did you know Uncle Ralph is sick again? "

Early in the morning of May 11, 1961, Joan phoned Verl and asked her to tend the three boys. Ken drove Joan to the hospital where she birthed their 4th son. Stanton Bruce Thomas was born May 11, 1961 in Salt Lake City, Utah. Pete came out for a week the last of May to help Joan. At this time Joan wrote, "“Mother seems so discouraged or depressed, and her ankles are swollen and she looked so tired. Dad is working on the new farm he bought in Arcadia and he is gone from home all day every day with never a day off. Mother had the job this spring of lambing and it has been a hard job. I wish they would take life a little easier and that we could see them more often. Baby Stan gave his first precious smile to his Grandma Pete when she was bathing him."

Pete wrote to Joan in May 1961, "this will be short but wanted to let you know that I’'m interested in how you are getting along, even though I can't do anything about it . When did you and baby go home? Does Markie think he’'s as cute as Kimmie was? What do all the boys think of him? ls Verl or Mrs. Thomas staying with you? See, I’m full of questions. Can you wear your leg?

"This is sure is a mess out here. The sheep are big, young and wild and a lot of them have big teats and have to be caught- so more fun. I'’m looking for the boys out Friday night with Aunt Barbara. Be sure and send coats and caps to wear on the tractor in the wind. I love you and yours and hope you are taking it easy and getting along just fine. Please write a note. With love, Mom."

In June 1961, Pete wrote, “"Just a note to let you know we are getting along just fine out here and really enjoying the little boys. Markie just this minute came and said ‘'Hi Grandma',’ and I said '‘What?' ’ and he said '‘We have a new baby!’' The boys like to ride on the tractor and they think the little lambs are pretty cute. They sleep really good and Blaine likes this little bed just like his own, and takes his pacifier and blanket and climbs in the bed when he’'s tired They all sure like Verl and Blaine cries if she goes anywhere without him. Surely hope you are able to get a little rest and help so your back will be able to carry your burden, and all of your little boys.

Dad leaves early and comes home late. The boys are tickled to see him. We love you and hope you are just fine, Love, Mom." 

Verl and Richard Lister met in high school and married on August 19, 1961 in the Mountain Home Ward. Mark and Pete had arranged for a reception and dance for them after the ceremony. Joan writes that “Mother worked so hard preparing for the reception and it was wonderful. Marlene came from New York with her three little children to be at the wedding. Marlene and her children, Rachel, Frank and Lorraine, stayed only a couple of weeks.”

Between 1959 and 1961, Pete wrote this to Joan, "We are getting along just fine. Steve seems to be enjoying everything he does. He was too tired to write much tonight and will try to do better after we get the cattle to the mountains.”

“"Dad, Richard, Steve and I branded 42 calves last evening after about 4pm. Steve headed the chute so the calves didn't get away before they were branded and he really was a good help.

“"Steve has ridden his Grandpa’'s mare a couple of times and handles her pretty good. We start home with the cattle Saturday morning and it will take three big long days. We love you, Mom."

Pete wrote Joan on September 19, 1961, "We were very glad to receive your note and the pictures the other day. It doesn’'t take beautiful clothes to make beautiful pictures, all it takes is my grandchildren. Yes, I think they are adorable and thanks very much for them. I know how busy you must be each day to keep everything done. I’'m so glad that Ken’'s mother is close enough and sweet enough to come and help you out once in awhile. Tell Steve that I'’m taking good care of his rocks, and that I found a few more when I was down in the field yesterday. Do Steve and Mark like school?

“"It's one month ago today since Verl and Richard'’s wedding and we have only seen them once. They don'’t even write. Do you see them very open? Are they OK? Did Richard start his barber schooling? Love Mom. P. S. Dad has nine Shetland ponies that he bought for $100 each."

Thanksgiving 1961 Barbara fixed a turkey and brought it to Joan's house. Markee had stayed at her house and helped her fix it. Verl, Richard, Mark and Pete were all at Joan and Ken's home, and Barbara asked Ralph and one of his friends to come to dinner. 

In the spring of 1962, Mark and Pete moved to Arcadia- Bridgeland, Utah. During that year, the Kennedy Administration announced it was backing a broad economic and social program in Vietnam that would cost far more than the $136 million appropriated in 1961. (In May, a month before Mark and Pete moved to Arcadia) the US began spraying foliage in Vietnam with pesticides to reveal Viet Cong guerrillas. Jackie Robinson was elected to Baseball'’s Hall of Fame. An Atlas rocket sent Friendship with Lt. Col John Glenn aboard as the lst American to orbit the earth, and First Lady Jackie Kennedy gave the world a televised tour of the White House. Robert Kennedy declared that the US would stay until communism was destroyed in Vietnam. A March for Peace was held in Washington DC, and JFK defended the US role in Vietnam. Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points in a basketball game. Arnold Palmer won the Masters. A 400 man US helicopter unit joined war against Viet Cong, and the Celtics won their 4th NBA title. In New Orleans Negroes were offered free one-way bus transport to Northern cities. JFK ordered resumption of atmospheric atom tests. Israel hanged Eichmann. Kennedy sent 4,000 US troops into Thailand to aid Laos, and in the Pacific the US exploded four atom bombs in ten days. JFK ordered ships and 1800 Marines to Indochina to counter Communist gains in Laos. The Supreme Court banned official prayer in schools. William Faulkner died. Jack Nicklaus won the U.S. Open. An H-bomb test lighted the night skies from Hawaii to New Zealand. Martin Luther King was again jailed for leading a protest march without a permit. Marilyn Monroe committed suicide. The US national debt exceeded $300 billion, and the world’'s population was estimated to be over three billion. JFK federalized the Mississippi National Guard and ordered the state, and its Governor Ross Barnett, to yield on integration and to stop segregation. The US began supplying Israel with short-range missiles. In September, rioting erupted at the University of Mississippi over admission of a Negro student, James Meredith. Kennedy sent troops to force compliance with the law and three people died and at least fifty were injured. The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred and the week was called ‘the week that shook the world. ‘ JFKs brinkmanship forced Khrushchev to take missiles out of Cuba. Eleanor Roosevelt died on November 10th, and Edward Kennedy was elected as US Senator from Massachusetts. Richard Nixon lost his bid to become California'’s Governor and, he said, ‘"You will not have Nixon to kick around anymore."’ JFK banned religious or racial discrimination in federally funded housing. Bob Dylan’'s "Blowin' in the Wind" was a hit, and "‘Lawrence of Arabia" won the Academy Award. The Nobel Prize for literature was given to John Steinbeck, and Linus Pauling received the Peace Prize for his efforts against nuclear weapons. 

Joan writes, "“Mother was with me for a few days during the middle of January 1962 and we marked and stitched a quilt for Blaine. He loves it. Mother was quite nervous and worried about Dad all the time she was here. The temperature in Roosevelt was 25 degrees below zero or less."

Joan receives a letter from her Aunt Rayda dated February 18, 1962: "“Dear Joan and Family. This is your slow old Aunt Rayda. I decided I was going to write this letter today if nothing else gets done. I have been trying now for a solid month to get at writing. But I was trying to finish a little gift I was going to send you, but I had better write to you and send the gift later. Seems like I can'’t keep at anything long enough to finish it. I had a letter from Minnie Lue the other day, and she said everything is so peaceful and quiet around there that she thought it would be a good time to write a letter. It doesn’'t seem as if things are ever peaceful and quiet around here. Of course you couldn'’t have that trouble at your house with four little boys, could you?

“"Joan, I think the story is just wonderful. I am so happy and thrilled with it. I appreciate so very much all the time and hard work you put into it. Thank you so very much. I never would have been able to write one and I wanted it so badly. And also thank you for the picture you sent, it is so like Max the way he is standing and all you could tell it was him even if you couldn'’t see his face. And we also enjoyed the slides you let the girls bring home for us to see.

“"How are you and Ken and those little Thomas'’s? We are all pretty good but I feel pretty sick every time I hear your Dad or Mother talk about moving. I don'’t know what I will do without your Mother close enough to at least call her on the phone everyday. Now when I have a car I can run over there if I have an hour or two, but I don'’t know how I could get down to Arcadia very often.

“"I had a letter and card from Aunt Pat for my birthday. Glen, Jill and family are being transferred back to Monterey, California where he is to go to school for another year. Also Aunt Alta wrote and sent a birthday card. She said Mother had come home the night before. She hadn'’t seen her but she had talked to her on the phone, and she was fine. She had a nice time in Spokane but was glad to be home. I wish Mother could write, we would hear from her much more often and know how she felt about things.

“"I finally received a picture of little Joel R. Stevenson. He looks like a cuddly little boy doll. It makes me wish I could get a hold of him more than ever. It isn'’t hardly fair for kids to move so far away from their folks that we can'’t see their new babies when they are born, is it?

“"Well, Joan, it is time for the school boys to be coming home. So I had better bring this to a close. This money I am enclosing is nowhere near what I think the story is worth, but maybe it will help repay a little of what you put out on it. Thank you both again so very much. All our Love. Hope to see you soon. Rayda."

On March 20, 1962 Pete wrote, "The snow is almost gone in Arcadia so maybe when you come out we can go down so you can see our new home.

"“I think about Barbara so much. It won't be long until she will go to New York to help Marlene. I hope she can come out again before she goes. Dolly, her two little ones, and I have been gadding lately. We helped Lillis quilt on Friday, went to Jewel'’s Beauty Parlor and had our hair fixed on Saturday, went to Sunday School on Sunday and over to Lindsays’ for a while on Monday. So you can see we are really getting a lot done.

“"Aunt Rayda wants to do a little quilt for Minnie Lue one of these first days and I'm hoping I can go help her with it. If we move this spring and I guess we will, we will really be busy as Dad wants to do so much on his new place. I don'’t know how he will ever get it done. He is anxious to get at it though. We will have to shear the sheep before long as they start lambing about April 10th.

“"We are anxiously waiting for our big boys to be on T V.  Do they think the bridle is cute and do they think it will fit Candy? I saw the horses yesterday and all of them are going to have little colts. We will have 20 or more colts. Guy thinks it looks pretty bad for us to be feeding all those horses while some people haven'’t hay for their milk cows. He grinned when he said it. Hurry out as soon as you can, love Mom & Dad."

On April 12, 1962, Verl wrote, "We'’ve watched Steve and Mark on television every minute they have been on. Grandpa Mark wasn'’t here Monday to watch but has watched with a big grin on his face all three other days. Grandma Pete sure thought it was nice when Stephen said it was her special day - and when Steve was telling about the binoculars this morning. Markee is so cute! We wonder what the rest of the kids think when Markee answers all of the questions. Mom thinks he will really be a good student because he answers questions so fast and good. Mark sure danced good with that girl. We think they are the cutest ones on there. Gary Hicken watches them all the time and won'’t leave the television when they are on. Love, Verl."

Pete wrote in April 1962, "We surely enjoyed the boys on TV. I don’t know what I'’ll do this week to start my day off. We hope you are OK. Here are a few of the things they did that I remember. Stephen wishing me a special day on my birthday. Stephen showing the glasses (binoculars) and saying, ‘'We are going to use them on a nature hike, and my grandpa uses them to find his sheep that are down in Arcadia past Duchesne.'   Then Markee said ‘'Sometimes we go down to his sheep camp.'’ Markee’'s story about the bear that lives in Hollywood. Another day when the group was making up a story and a forest fire was mentioned and Mark said 'I'’ll tell Smoky the Bear about it.' The bridle story was really cute if Miss Barbara had let Stevie alone and let him tell about it. It was pretty cute anyway. And Markee singing, "Oh where, Oh where has my little dog gone" was mighty nice. What thrilled me most was how handsome both looked and how well they acted and how very well they answered questions when asked."

Marlene and Frank‘'s son, John Mark Coyle, was born on April 14, 1962 in Elmira, New York. Barbara was with Marlene when Lorraine was born in 1961 and she again flew to New York to be with Marlene when John was born.

On April 16, 1962 Barbara wrote: "What a busy time we’ are having. I’'ve talked Rachel and Frankie into writing letters to you also. We have a baby boy 7 lb 1 oz and 19 inches tall, born April 14th at about 9:35pm, and his name is John Mark. We talk to Marlene on the phone a couple of times a day and she said she had been resting so hard she hadn'’t written you yet and supposed Verl had told you. Everyone here is really anxious for the baby to come home. We know Rach knows what to expect but we're not sure of the other two. Marlene thinks she'’ll be home tomorrow. The kids are really good with me, especially Frankie. Rach was and is still really tickled I'’m here and is good to me and then there’'s that gal 'Painy Rainy' as they call her. She runs all over and says a few words. Every time she sees me she says “Boo” and wants to play and be picked up. I can’'t believe she’'s as big as she is. I ’m taking many pictures and hope they turn out good. We’'ve had one roll developed and they were pretty good. I sent one of Lorraine to Mom this morning. ‘How are the TV stars of the family? I’'ve sure wondered about them. Did Blaine stay out home for a few days? How is the weather there, it has snowed everyday here. Hope it clears up before I leave. They would like me to stay but I don'’t have any money so I’'ll be back. Please call Dorothy and Karen will you and tell them I’'m too busy doing dishes, changing diapers, washing, cleaning house and playing with kids to write and to be prepared when I get back as I’'ll need to rest. How’'s Gerald doing about getting a job? Did he go home? How’'s Verl? Are they out home? Frank took me and the kids on a ride to Pennsylvania yesterday, his brother, John, lives there. It is 9 o ’clock and he isn’'t home yet. The kids are tired so better close and get them to bed. ‘Rainy has been to bed for quite a while. “Write to us. By the way, Marlene got the story a couple of days after I got here and I haven't had time to read it yet. Love Barbara and all.”"

Verl and Richard stayed at Joan's home for a couple of weeks before the arrival of their baby girl, Tamara Sue Lister. Tami was born May 7, 1962 in Salt Lake City, Utah. After her birth, Verl, Richard and Tami went to Talmage where Richard worked for Mark during the summer. On May 15, 1962, Verl wrote to Joan, "“I know it was hard on all of you to put up with us while we were both so upset and nervous. I’'m no good at saying or writing what I really mean but we do love you and everything was really appreciated. The flowers were so beautiful when they were brought into the hospital room. Our tiny Tami has been so good and so sweet, and her grandparents adore her. Grandma Pete talks to her and tears come to her eyes every time. Grandpa Mark goes in the bedroom and gets her every morning before the school bus comes and takes her out for the Lindsay boys to see. She looks so cute in the pretty white dress you gave her. Love all four boys for us. We love you all and thank a million for everything. Kenny, this thanks goes to you too. We all three really appreciate your putting up with us for so long. Thanks a million. 

"“Does Stanton walk yet? After living with the little boys so long I really miss them. Wish you could all come out. Mom really looks neat in her new outfit, the blouse is beautiful and she really was tickled with it. We love you, Verl, Rich and Tamara Sue."

In about 1961 or 62, Pete writes, "Dad is having the usual trouble trying to get his corn and oats chopped. The big John Deere tractor is broke down, and they have had to order parts for it. He has about 2/3 of the crop in a silage pit, about 300 tons, so he will be busy if he hauls it all back out and feeds it to his stock this winter. I suppose no matter when you come out that Dad might not be home, he'’ll only be here to sleep. We’'d love to have you come out anyway or anytime. It will be a long winter if you can'’t come and break the monotony so come any time you can. Did you think you could keep the big boys out of school a week? Does Stan still take canned milk? We love you, Mom."

Verl and Richard once lived in little home on 7th East in Salt Lake, and Richard attended a Barber School.

In the spring of 1962, Mark and Pete sold the home and property in Talmage to Anthony (Tony) and Josephine (Jo) Smith. They paid $32,500 for the place and retained 1/2 of the oil rights. The Smith's owned this home and property for about 20 years and lived on it part of the time. In 1981 Smith sold the home and land to Burke Lindsay who farmed it for a while. Joan spoke with Tony in October 1998. At this time Tony and Jo Smith lived at Redondo Pl, in Salt Lake. In 2002 the Talmage home and property belonged to Lloyd Miles. The home was not occupied and it and the trees and yard were in bad condition. It was said that Lloyd wanted $50,000 for the home and the small lot around it. Tony and Jo said they loved the Talmage place and wished they had kept it for their grandchildren. When the Smiths’ owned the property, a new roof was placed on the home and a fireplace built in the living room and the pink cinderblock was painted white. Smith said that they always had to pump water from the basement. Tony owned other homes and property and often hired someone to run the place and at one time he ran a herd of purebred Angus cattle on it. Tony laughed when Joan told him that her Dad, Mark, had often said that Tony paid silver dollars for the property. Tony said that he did pay cash for it and there may have been some silver dollars. He thought it was a great story.

Tony Smith died from cancer on February 12, 2002. His obituary was in the Deseret News February 15, 2002. He was 76 years old and survived by his wife, Jo, and his children, Fred and Debra and grandchildren. His parents, six brothers and six sisters preceded him in death. In 1974 he was President of the Fort Douglas-Hidden Valley Country Club. He served as President of the Nevada Wool Growers Association.

Mark and Pete moved to Arcadia, Utah in June 1962.

Notes from Joan

Note: Next and last in My Book is "Hot Summers, Hard Winters and How to Make a Living, and How to Make a Life worth Living." joan